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men that a slave compelled to labor at the oars of the Roman galleys had a princely station compared with the lot of the anthracite mine worker, and make him think that he has grievances which have never existed; that the foremen, bosses', and superintendents' sole efforts in life are to keep them down, and that their only salvation is to pay the United Mine Workers' treasury their monthly dues, and they (the organizers and agitators) will right all wrongs and correct all imag inary grievances through the Civic Federation, or others high in authority.

On the other hand, if there are any who do not care to join the organization they are ostracised, and in some cases their houses stoned and children abused. We have had men come in this office with tears in their eyes, saying that they did not care to join the organization because they had no confidence in its officers and did not believe in its methods, but they were eventually forced into it for their self-preservation and that of their families.

This is one of the results of attempting to organize, on sensational lines, a lot of boys and ignorant foreigners. If the organization comprised only English-speaking people above the age of 21 years, dealing with them would be an entirely different question.

We have had no serious trouble during the year just passed, with the exception of the firemen's strike. These men demanded an eighthour day and ten hours pay, and on July 16 were ordered out by the International Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen. They returned to work in about a week under the old conditions. Only about one-third of this company's collieries were affected by this order.

Hardly a week has passed, however, since October, 1900 (when the men throughout the anthracite region were granted a 10 per cent increase), but what we have had some petty disturbances to contend with, owing largely to the unfortunate manner in which the strike was settled. It also resulted in making the lives of the bosses, foremen, and superintendents far from pleasant, owing to the “cocky” and insolent attitude assumed by some of the boys and ignorant mine workers.

We have probably had more trouble at our Archbald mines than any other colliery, owing to the leadership of one Mike Healey.

First. The union ordered the drivers to stop the cars to one W. G. Howells, because he was not a member of the United Mine Workers of America. This boycott was finally raised, and, I believe, Howells was forced by the men to join the union.

Second. The breaker boys closed down the mines one day because the foreman would not inform them, on demand, what time he was going to allow them for the fifteen minutes the breaker stopped in the forenoon on account of the chutes being blocked.

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Third. In January the runners and drivers went on a two days' strike because the paymaster would not pay them every other Saturday, instead of semimonthly.

Fourth. On August 1 the card inspection committee sent home 35 miners and 40 laborers because they did not have their union cards with them that day. This was done by the committee visiting the men in their working places, and before the foreman in charge was aware of their action.

Fifth. A miner by the name of Charles Grosspayitch was noticed riding on a street car in September, while the street-car employees were on strike. He was called a scab,” the drivers refused to deliver cars to him, and it resulted in a lot of trouble for all concerned.

On this record I understand Mr. Healey was entitled to promotion, and has now been made a district organizer for the union.

The record of the Taylor mine was not much better. The first trouble we had there was April 11, 1901, when the driver boys on the culm dump went on strike because one of their members was discharged for disobeying orders.

On May 14 the boys quit work for one day on account of circus in town.

On May 16 the breaker boys went out again. When asked why, they gave no reasons, but the inference was that their action was instigated by some of the older boys and men working inside who were in want of a holiday.

The mine was idle on April 1 in compliance with the following notice posted in conspicuous places:

NOTICE.

TAYLOR BRANCH, No. 1013,
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA,

Taylor, Pa., March 29, 1901. Members of the above-named local: In accordance with the request of our national president, it was resolved that we observe Monday, 1st day of April, 1901, as a holiday. All members will please abide by same.

BY ORDER OF LOCAL.

We also had considerable trouble at this mine on account of certain of the miners not being willing to join the union, and the drivers refusing to give them cars. The result was they were eventually forced into joining.

On June 7 the miners in one of the veins struck for an increase in price on the car. As it was the same price we were paying in the same vein at adjoining collieries, and was found, upon investigation, to be eminently fair, no action was taken and the men finally returned to work.

In January, when the company decided to check in and out all men employed by the company, objections were raised by the local. They were told that they would either have to do this or the mine would be closed down indefinitely, and they finally decided to obey the rule.

On May 28 we had trouble at our Hallstead mine on account of drivers refusing to give cars to a nonunion man who had taken the place of a union man. Work was suspended at this colliery for about sixty days.

In May we arranged to work some of our collieries nine and ten hours. The runners and drivers at the Pyne mines objected to this and declined to work more than eight hours, and the laborers refused to load more than eight hours coal. The leaders in this movement were discharged, and the following notice was posted by the union:

THE UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA,

PYNE LOCAL, No. 901, Taylor, Pa., May 31, 1901. All members of the above-named local are hereby notified that at a meeting held on the above date it was unanimously carried that all employees of this (Pyne) shaft should work the number of hours required of them until otherwise ordered by said local. [OFFICIAL SEAL.]

BY INSTRUCTION OF LOCAL.

During the summer we had frequent requests to close down the mines for United Mine Workers' picnics, etc.

The men at Storr's mines refused to work one day on account of a United Mine Workers' picnic in Providence. They made no request to have an idle day, but it was ordered by the local. From actual canvass made the following day it was found that only 15 per cent of the employees of that mine attended the picnic, but they stated they had their orders from the district board.

At Brisbin mines, when we were short of driver boys for a few days, we were compelled to utilize our company men as drivers. One of the men, receiving 25 cents per hour, refused to drive, and he was discharged. The other company men who were driving quit work in sympathy. The foreman requested several miners and laborers to go out and drive, in order to keep the mine running. This they refused to do, saying they would not “scab.” The men brought this up before their local, who refused to sustain them in their action.

We have had a considerable amount of trouble on account of not allowing the union to examine cards at the head of our shafts, but nothing serious. Also no end of trouble on account of some employees refusing to join the union, and the attempts of the union to force them into their organization. We had a strike of one day at Continental mines on account of one of the breaker boys not being in the union.

To give you an idea of the methods adopted by the organization, I quote the following resolution which was adopted at a mass meeting in Nanticoke, February 5, 1902:

That we postpone definite action until the 3d, 4th, and 5th days of March, when the next showing of the cards takes place, and on the morning of the 5th day of March, 1902, all employees who have not the union working card in sight will be classed as nonunion employees, and we will then and there refuse to descend the mines or work with such employees until they become members of our organization.

(Signed by the president and secretary.)

This notice was published in the newspapers, and was intended to cover six local unions in the vicinity of Nanticoke.

Another notice, posted in the upper district, reads as follows:

NOTICE.

LOCAL UNION No. 1681,

UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA. There will be a special meeting in St. Mary's Hall Saturday at 2 p. m. to receive dues and give out working cards. Any man not able to show his card on Monday morning, April 8, 1901, can not work.

(Signed by the president and secretary of union.) Our efforts to shorten the working hours and increase the pay of our firemen by dividing the long twenty-four hour shift into three short shifts, allowing them full time therefor, did not please the firemen at the Pettebone mines.

When the proposition was made to them, it was explained to them that it would result in a little over 7 per cent increase in their pay, that they would have to work no longer hours, and that by reducing their pay to an hour basis it would result in increasing their wages from 14 cents per hour to 154, cents per hour. They replied that this was a violation of the posted notices, and stated that they would work their twelve and twenty-four hour shifts as at present, and apparently looked upon this whole proposition as an outrage and refused positively to make a change of shifts as desired.

They were then asked if they were willing to lose one-half of the twenty-four hour shift. They replied they were not, and they either wanted to work the hours they had been working, or else they wanted to be paid on the straight eight-hour shift.

They were then asked if they would make a request in writing to be allowed to work the twelve and twenty-four hour shifts without change. This they also declined to do, and when they were told the twenty-four hour shift must be discontinued in one of the ways suggested, they dropped their tools and left the fire room on the night of February 22, and we were obliged to employ other men to take their places.

The United Mine Workers indorsed their action and a strike was ordered.

They afterwards went to the adjoining mines at Avondale and Woodward and got the firemen to quit work at those places.

Committees representing the different firemen waited on the superintendent and were advised that it was hard to discover just where they had any grievance. The company had not asked them to work longer hours, nor had they asked them to accept less pay. The only excuse they could give for their action in quitting work was that they thought it was an effort on the part of the company to forestall their proposed action to demand an eight-hour day, and take away from them their argument in connection with the injustice of the twentyfour hour shift, should there be any general trouble throughout the region.

The proposition was favorably received at the other mines of the company, and in some instances the firemen have expressed their gratitude to the foremen and others in charge.

These are but a few of the many annoyances and threatened strikes we have had to contend with. In fact, nearly half the time of our foremen and district superintendents has been taken up in attempting to avoid suspension of work for all sorts of trivial causes, and in receiving committees and explaining to them the difference between the words “discipline" and "grievance." Respectfully, yours,

E. E. LOOMIS.

EARNINGS OF CONTRACT MINERS AND THEIR LABORERS, AND AVERAGE NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED PER DAY AND RATE PER HOUR AND DAY, FROM JANUARY 16 TO 31, 1902, INCLUSIVE.

[We are unable to give the actual time miners spent in the mines from January 1 to 15, inclusive.]

Name of col

liery.

Miners.

Gross
earn-
ings.

Net
earnings

Average
Average
Miners'

Aver-
Labor-after de

number

number ers'

Aver- age rate monthly

of hours ducting

of hours

earnings wages. laborers'

age rate per day contract breaker on this

while

per
(a)

miners
wages
basis.
worked

hour. in and

worked per day.

mine. supplies.

per day.

District No. 1.

.334

. 471

Storrs No. 1.... Wm. Milas..... $53.01 $17.67 $29.87 $59.74 8.1 5.2 $0.439 $2.30 Storrs No. 2.... Mt. Fermiski 53. 89 17.96 28. 96 57.92 8.1 6.6 .337 2 23

Mike Munley.. 56.42 18. 80 33. 36 66. 70 8.1 4.6 .556 2.57 Storrs No. 3.... Beni Butkins. 46.53 15.51 24.05 48. 10

8.1
6

2. 00 Jehu M.Jehu.. 64. 34 21.44 35. 83 71. 66 8.1 8.4

3.98 Cayuga... John P. Kelly.. 51.77 17. 25 30.61 61. 22 8.1

5

.510 2. 55 Like Evans.. 48.02 16.00 27.27 54. 54 8.1

5
.496

2.48
F. Graffee.
50.46 16. 82 30. 16 *60. 32 8.1

5
503

2.51 Mt. Corcoran 52. 95 14.31 30. 28 60. 56 8.1 4.8 .522 2.52 John M. Jehu.. 79. 03 26.34 45. 29 90.54

5

. 755 3. 77 Diamond Davis Harris.. 51.50 17.17 29.83 59. 66 8.3 4.4

8.1

2.49 T. V. Gallegher 59.78 19.93 36.55 73. 10 8.3 5.9

2.98 John Mark ....

65. 25 21.75 38. 69 77. 38 8.3 5.4 .553 2.81 John Harris. 66.04 22.01 36.53 73. 06 8.3 4.4 .630 1.97 W. A. Phillips.. 62. 35 20. 78 35.57 71. 14 8.3 3.2 .868

2. 06 Adam Girdis 50.57 16.86 25. 62 51.24 8.3 5

.394 2. 16 a Miners pay their laborers all sorts of prices, in some instances more than one-third of the gross earnings.

.563
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