The Life of

Ludwig van Beethoven

By Alexander Wheelock Thayer

Edited, revised and amended from the original
English manuscript and the German editions
of Hermann Deiters and Hugo Riemann, con-
cluded, and all the documents newly translated


Henry Edward Krehbiel

Volume II

Published by

The Beethoven Association
New York

Copyright, 1921.
By Henry Edward Krehbiel

. ..... .


From the press of G. Schirmer, Inc., New York
Printed in the U. S. A.

Contents of Volume II

Chapter I. The Year 1803—Cherubini's Operas in Vienna
and Rivalry between Schikaneder and the Imperial
Theatres—Beethoven's Engagement at the Theater-
an-der-Wien—"Christus am Olberg" again—Bridge-
tower and the "Kreutzer" Sonata—Career of the
Violinist—Negotiations with Thomson for the Scottish
Songs—New Friends—Willibrord Mahler's Portrait of
Beethoven—Compositions of the Year—A Pianoforte
from Erard

Chapter II. The Year 1804—Schikaneder Sells His
Theatre and is then Dismissed from the Manage-
ment—Beethoven's Contract Ended and Renewed by
Baron Braun—The "Sinfonia Eroica"—Prince Louis
Ferdinand of- P^s^aV^Quarrel between": IBeethqyea, -
"and von Breuning—Tne^'Waldsteih" Sonftta:rTScmid,ei\hy-.
ner, Treitschke and Gaveaux—Paer and His Opera
"Leonora"—"Fidelio" Begun—Beethoven's Growing
Popularity—Publications of the Year

Chapter III. The Year 1805—Schuppanzigh's First Quar-
tet Concerts—First Public Performance of the "Eroica"—Pleyel—The Opera "Leonore," or "Fidelio";
Jahn's Study of the Sketchbook—The Singers and the
Production—Vienna Abandoned by the Aristocracy as
French Advance—Rockets Story of the Revision of the
Opera—Compositions and Publications of the Year

Chapter IV. The Year 1806—Repetitions of "Fidelio":
A Revision of the Book by von Breuning—Changes
in the Opera—The "Leonore" Overtures—A Second
Failure—Beethoven Withdraws the Opera from the
Theatre—Marriage of Karl Kaspar van Beethoven—A
Journey to Silesia—Beethoven Leaves Prince Lich-
nowsky's Country-seat in Anger—George Thomson and
His Scottish Songs—Compositions and Publications of
the Year—The "Appassionata" Sonata and Rasoumow-
sky Quartets—Reception of the Quartets in Russia and
England—The Concerto for Violin

Chapter V. Beethoven's Friends and Patrons in the

First Lustrum. olT tEe "Nineteenth Century—Archduke

Rudolph, an Imperial Pupil—Count Andreas Rasou-

mowsky—Countess Erdody—Baroness Ertmann—Marie

Bigot—Therese Malfatti—Nanette Streicher—Doctor


Chapter VI. Princes and Counts as Theatrical Direc-

tors : Beethoven Appeals for an Appointment—Vain

Expectations—Subscription Concerts at Prince Lobko-

witz's—The Symphony in B-flat—Overture to "Corio- X

lan"—Contract with Clementi—Errors in the Dates

of Important Letters—The Mass in C—A Falling-out

with Hummel—The "Leonore" Overtures again—Per-

formances of Beethoven's Works at the "Liebhaber"

Concerts—The Year 1807

Chapter VII. The Year 1808—Johann van Beethoven
Collects a Debt and Buys an Apothecary Shop in
. -Linz.r-WjHiehn jRugt^Rlaits'Ibr:^^. Operas—Sketches
Y(6r;^iiiDttth" the "Pastoral" Symphony—Count Oppersdorff and the Fourth Sym-
phony—A Call to Cassel—Organization of Rasoumow-
sky's Quartet—Appreciation of Beethoven in Vienna:
Disagreement with Orchestral Musicians—Mishaps at
the Performance of the Choral Fantasia

Chapter VIII. Jerome Bonaparte's Invitation—A New
Plan to Keep Beethoven in Vienna—The Annuity Con-
tract—Ries's Disappointment—Farewell to Archduke
Rudolph in a Sonata—The Siege and Capitulation of
Vienna—Seyfried's "Studies"—Reissig's Songs—An
Abandoned Concert—Commission for Music to "Eg-
mont"—Increased Cost of Living in Vienna—Dilatory
Debtors—Products of 1809

Chapter IX. The Years 1807-09 : a Retrospect—Beet-

hoven's Intellectual Development and Attainments:

Growth after Emancipation from Domestic Cares—His

Natural Disposition—Eager in Self-Instruction—In-

terest in Oriental Studies—His Religious Beliefs—Atti-

tude towards the Church

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