« ForrigeFortsett »
sines, &c. - - - - -
Of Measuring Timber - - - 646
Miscellaneous Questions - ' - - 647
LAND SURVEYING - - - - 651
GAUGING - - - - - - 663
MECHANICS - - - - - 673
Matter, Motion, Forces, &c. - - - ib.
On the Laws of Motion - - - 677
Of Uniform Motions - - - - ib.
On the Motion of Sound - - - 679
On the Motions of Bodies accelerated or retarded by
the action of constant and uniform Forces - 680
On the Laws of Gravity, and the descent of Heavy
Bodies - - - - - 684
Of the Composition and Resolution of Forces - 687
On the Collision of Bodies - - - 691
On the Collision of Elastic Bodies - - 694
On the Mechanical Powers - - - 698
On the Wheel and Axle - - - 703
On the Pulley - - - - 704
On the Inclined Plane - - - 706
On the Wedge - - - - 707
On the Screw - - - - 709
On the Motions of Bodies on the Inclined Planes 710
On the Motions of Projectiles without resistance 713
G L OSS ARY OF TERMS, USED IN THE MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES.
Abbreviation, in Arithmetic, &c. the reducing of Fractions to lower terms. Aberration, in Astronomy, an apparent motion of the celestial bodies. Absciss, or Abscissa, is a part or segment cut off from a line, terminated at some certain point, by an ordinate to a curve. 45solute Number, in Algebra, that term or number of an equation, that is completely known. Abundant Number, in Arithmetic, a number the sum of whose aliquot parts is greater than the number itself. Accelerated Motion, that which receives fresh accessions of velocity, either uniform or variable. Adjacent angle, in Geometry, an angle which is immediately contiguous to another, so that they have one common side. Affected or Adfected Equation, in Algebra, one which contains two, or more several powers of the unknown quantity. Affirmative or Positive quantity; one, which is to be added, or taken effectively. Algebra, a method of performing the calculations of all kinds of quantities by means of general signs or characters. Aliquot part, such a part of a number as will exactly divide it without a remainder. Alternation or Permutation of quantities, the varying or changing the order or position of them.
Analysis, the method of resolving problems by reducing them to
equations. Angle in geometry, the mutual inclination of two lines, or two planes.
Approximation, a continual approach, nearer and nearer to a root or any quantity sought.
Apses or Apsides, are the two points in the orbits of planets, when they are at their greatest and least distance from the sun or the earth, and the line which joins them is called the sign of Apsides.
Asymptote, properly a right line which approaches nearer and nearer to some curve, or it may be considered as a tangent to the curve, when conceived to be infinitely produced.
Ariom, a self-evident truth, or a proposition immediately asserted to, when the terms of it are properly understood.
Azis, in Geometry, the straight line in a plain figure, about which it revolves, to generate a solid.
Binomial, a quantity consisting of two terms or members connected by the sign + or -.