The Life of

Ludwig van Beethoven

By Alexander Wheelock Thayer

Edited, revised and amended from the original
English manuscript and the German editions
of Hermann Deiters and Hugo Riemann, con-
cluded, and all the documents newly translated


Henry Edward Krehbiel

Volume II

Published by

The Beethoven Association
New York

ML- Lj to

V > 1
C 'V

Copyright, 1921,
By Henry Edward Krehbiel

From the press of G. Schirmer, Inc., New York
Printed in the U. S. A.

Contents of Volume II

Chapter I. The Year 1803—Cherubini's Operas in Vienna

and Rivalry between Schikaneder and the Imperial

Theatres—Beethoven's Engagement at the Theater-

an-der-Wien—"Christus am Olberg" again—Bridge-

tower and the "Kreutzer" Sonata—Career of the

Violinist—Negotiations with Thomson for the Scottish

Songs—New Friends—Willibrord Mahler's Portrait of

Beethoven—Compositions of the Year—A Pianoforte

from Erard 1

Chapter II. The Year 1804—Schikaneder Sells His

Theatre and is then Dismissed from the Manage-

ment—Beethoven's Contract Ended and Renewed by

Baron Braun—The "Sinfonia Eroica"—Prince Louis

Ferdinand of Prussia—Quarrel between Beethoven

and von Breuning—The "Waldstein" Sonata—Sonnleith-

ner, Treitschke and Gaveaux—Paer and His Opera

"Leonora"—"Fidelio" Begun—Beethoven's Growing

Popularity—Publications of the Year 22

Chapter III. The Year 1805—Schuppanzigh's First Quar-

tet Concerts—First Public Performance of the

"Eroica"—Pleyel—The Opera "Leonore," or "Fidelio";

Jahn's Study of the Sketchbook—The Singers and the

Production—Vienna Abandoned by the Aristocracy as

French Advance—-Rockel's Story of the Revision of the

Opera—Compositions and Publications of the Year 41

Chapter IV. The Year 1806—Repetitions of "Fidelio":

A Revision of the Book by von Breuning—Changes

in the Opera—The "Leonore" Overtures—A Second

Failure—Beethoven Withdraws the Opera from the

Theatre—Marriage of Karl Kaspar van Beethoven—A

Journey to Silesia—Beethoven Leaves Prince Lich-

nowsky's Country-seat in Anger—George Thomson and

His Scottish Songs—Compositions and Publications of


the Year—The "Appassionata" Sonata and Rasoumow-

sky Quartets—Reception of the Quartets in Russia and

England—The Concerto for Violin 57

Chapter V. Beethoven's Friends and Patrons in the

First Lustrum of the Nineteenth Century—Archduke

Rudolph, an Imperial Pupil—Count Andreas Rasou-

mowsky—Countess Erdbdy—Baroness Ertmann—Marie

Bigot—Therese Malfatti—Nanette Streicher—Doctor

Zizius—Anecdotes 78

Chapter VI. Princes and Counts as Theatrical Direc-

tors : Beethoven Appeals for an Appointment—Vain

Expectations—Subscription Concerts at Prince Lobko-

witz's—The Symphony in B-flat—Overture to "Corio-

lan"—Contract with Clementi—Errors in the Dates

of Important Letters—The Mass in C—A Falling-out

with Hummel—The "Leonore" Overtures again—Per-

formances of Beethoven's Works at the "Liebhaber"

Concerts—The Year 1807 98

Chapter VII. The Year 1808—Johann van Beethoven

Collects a Debt and Buys an Apothecary Shop in

Linz—Wilhelm Rust—Plans for New Operas—Sketches

for "Macbeth"—Imitative Music and the "Pastoral"

Symphony—Count Oppersdorff and the Fourth Sym-

phony—A Call to Cassel—Organization of Rasoumow-

sky's Quartet—Appreciation of Beethoven in Vienna:

Disagreement with Orchestral Musicians—Mishaps at

the Performance of the Choral Fantasia 114

Chapter VIII. Jerome Bonaparte's Invitation—A New

Plan to Keep Beethoven in Vienna—The Annuity Con-

tract—Ries's Disappointment—Farewell to Archduke

Rudolph in a Sonata—The Siege and Capitulation of

Vienna—Seyfried's "Studies"—Reissig's Songs—An

Abandoned Concert—Commission for Music to "Eg-

mont"—Increased Cost of Living in Vienna—Dilatory

Debtors—Products of 1809 135

Chapter IX. The Years 1807-09 : a Retrospect—Beet-

hoven's Intellectual Development and Attainments:

Growth after Emancipation from Domestic Cares—His

Natural Disposition—Eager in Self-Instruction—In-

terest in Oriental Studies—His Religious Beliefs—Atti-

tude towards the Church 163

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