portraits are some of them broadly humorous, they are no unreal creations. The style is, in general, natural and nervous—and in those portions of the work which embody most of the peculiar dialects of some of his originals, it may be thought something too much so. Aside from the interest which, as an attractive work of fiction, it is well calculated to excite, it contains valuable reflections upon prominent American topics, which show the author to be, not merely a man of quick observation, keen satire, and abundant humor, but also a man of sound judgment and comprehensive views. With several perceptible faults it possesses many beauties. The materielthe jewels are there; and those who may suggest defects in the setting, cannot controvert their claim to be classed as brilliants. We are not sorry to learn, that the author does not intend to repose upon his laurels.

Todd's Johnson's DicTIONARY of the English Language, in Miniature. By THOMAS REES, LL.D., F. S. A. Philadelphia : KEY AND BIDDLE.

A VERY few words may serve to inform the reader, that this is a most neat and convenient edition of Johnson's Dictionary, revised by Todd. To the main part is appended a copious vocabulary of Greek, Latin, and Scriptural Proper Names, divided into syllables, and accentuated for pronunciation. The whole is executed upon a clear, fine type, and good paper, and the letter-press and binding are unexceptionable.

MECHANIC's MAGAZINE, and Register of Inventions and Improvements. Edited by John

KNIGHT, late publisher and proprietor of the London Mechanic's Magazine. New-York : D. K. MINOR AND J. E. CHALLIS.

We know of no publication in this country better calculated to extend useful and important knowledge among the mechanics, and the scientific portion of the community, than the Mechanic's Magazine, a work, which, since its establishment, has been constantly increasing in value. It is not merely a compendium of Inventions and Improvements. It treats them in a clear and admirable manner, and explains and illustrates them by numerous engravings. It reflects credit upon the discernment and justice of the public, that it enjoys a liberal patronage.



In the Treasury on the Congress.-On the 30th of June, the 1st January, 1834, 7,985,790 first session of the Twenty-third Congress was brought to a close, after a Total,

$27,983,790 sitting of seven months. No bill was New CABINET.—The following nopassed in either house, that was not de- minations of the President were all confinitively acted upon by the other. The firmed by the Senate, during the last subjoined are a few of the more impor- days of the session. Hon. John Fortant appropriations : Making appropri- syth, of Georgia, (of the Senate,) to be ations for the Revolutionary Pensioners Secretary of State, vice Louis M’Lane, of the United States, for the year 1834. of Delaware, resigned. Hon. LEVI To enable the Secretary of State to pur- WOODBURY, of New-Hampshire, (of chase the papers and books of General the Navy Department,) to be Secretary Washington. To attach the territory of the Treasury, vice R. B. Taney, of of the United States, West of the Mis- Maryland, rejected. Hon. MAHLON sissippi river and North of the State of DICKERSON, of New-Jersey, (lately apMissouri, to the Territory of Michigan. pointed Minister to Russia,) to be Se Granting a township of land to certain cretary of the Navy, vice Levi Woodbuexiled Poles, from Poland. Making ry, promoted. The remainder of the appropriation for the improvement of Cabinet will stand as heretofore: Hon. the navigation of the Hudson river, in Lewis Cass, of Michigan, Secretary of the State of New-York. To provide War. Hon. BENJAMIN F. Butler, of for the payment of claims for property New-York, Attorney General. Hon. destroyed by the enemy while in the William T. Barry, of Kentucky, Post military service of the United States Master General. Hon. WILLIAM WILduring the late war with the Indians on KINS, Senator from Pennsylvania, has the frontiers of Illinois and Michigan been appointed to the post of Plenipoterritory.

tentiary to Russia, vacated by the trans. The charge upon the Treasury, for fer of Mr. Dickerson. There was no the present year, will be as follows, nomination for Minister to England. viz :

Gold.-Under the law which has Appropriations, at late

passed Congress, to increase the value session,

$22,000,000 of gold, old coinage, now in existence, Public Debt, principal, 4,760,081 will pass thus: The Eagle $10 66 3-4; Interest on

285,000 half Eagle $5 32 1-2 ; the rter Ea. Former Appropriations

gle $2 66 3-4 ; this being the true value unsatisfied at the close

of the pure gold now in those coins ; 5,964,572 the new coinage will contain as much

less pure gold as will make the Eagle

$32,903,653 and its parts pass at $10, $5, and $2 50. From the last item deduct

British gold will pass thus: The Guinea as an ascertained ex

$5 3-4 ; the Sovereign $4 84 ; the Louis cess of appropriations, 774,383 d'or of France about $375; the Doub.

loons, Spanish and Patriot, $15 60. All

$32,135,270 these values suppose full weight, as the The Receipts of the Treasury, for the value is always to be corrected by year 1834, may be stated as follows, viz: weight. Estimated receipts from

Tue Navy.-Among the late acts of all sources

$15,500,00 Congress is one appropriating $180,000 Probable Excess of Re

to rebuild the frigate Congress; another, ceipts over Estimates

1,500,000 appropriating $50,000 to procure a live

of last year,

per cent.


oak frame for a frigate to be called the

NEW-YORK. Paul Jones. Also, $40,000 for build BANKS.—The stock of eight new ing a naval store ship. Also, $70,000 banks chartered or increased by the for building two brigs or schooners of Legislature at the last session, has been war.

offered, with the following results: Statistics.-The following table exhibits the

Names. Where. Nou Cap. Subscribed. population of the several States and Territories Phenix Bank N. York, $1,000,000 $3,146,925 of the United States in 19:30, and the increase per Lafayette


300,000 1,819,000 cent. of each for the ten years preceding-like.

Commercial dlo.

500,000 1,296,130 wise an estimate of the population for 1810, found. Albany City Albany 500,000 1,142,900 ed upon the same ratio of increase.

Far. & Manuf. Po keepsie 205,000 1,650,400 Population Increase Estimate

Highland Newburgh 200,000 951,400 States. in

Orleans Co. Albion

200,000 680,200
for 10 ys.

1810 Skl's Harbor Skl's llarbor 200,000 ab'1 600,000 Maine,

399,437 33.8 534,446 N. Hampshire, 269,326 10.3 297,066

$3,400,000 $11,316,975 Vermont, 280,657

333,981 HARBORS. — Among the appropriaMassachusetts, 610,408 16.4 710,514 tions at the late session of Congress, Rhode Island, 97,199 17. 113,722 Connecticut, 297,675 8.1 321,796

were the following for harbors in this New York, 1,918,608 47. 2,820,353 State:New Jersey, 320,323 15.5 370,550

Oswego Harbor

$30,000 Pennsylvania, 1,348 333 28.4 1,731,259 Ohio,

Big Sodus Bay

15,000 937,895


1,509,948 Indiana, 343,031 126.2 775,936 Genessee River

20,000 Illinois, 157,445 183.1 449,885 Black Rock Harbor

12,000 Mich. Territory, 31,639 255.6 111,508

Buffalo Harbor

20,000 Total - Nonslave-holding 7,012,476



RAIL-ROADS.-The Worcester RailDelaware, 76,748 5.5


road has commenced business under the Maryland, 447,040

9.7 490,402 best auspices. On Friday, the 18th Virginia, 1,211,403 13.7 1,377,367 ultimo, there were not less than three Dist. Columbia, 39,634


47,999 North Carolina, 737,987 15.5 852,374

thousand persons in the cars, yielding South Carolina, 581,185 15.4 670,687 a sum to the proprietors of no less than Georgia, 516,823 51.5 182,986 eight hundred dollars. There is a new Alabama, 309,527 142. 749,055 Mississippi, 136,621 82.4 249, 196

route in contemplation, viz: from BosLouisiana, 215,739 40.6 303,329 ton to Salem, over the turnpike; which, Missouri, 140,455 110.9 296,219 when completed, will probably be exKentucky, 687,917 21.7 837,046 Tennessee,

tended to Portsmouth, N. H. a distance 681,903 62. 1,103,682 Arkansas, 30,388 112.8 64,673 in which space there is nothing that deFlorida,

34,730 Unknown 60,000 serves the name of a hill, and the whole Total Slave

route might be finished without blasting States 5,848,302

7,965,984 a single rock, and with perhaps half the

expense of the Harlaer Rail-road, a disTotal U, S. 12,860,778


tance of only about seven miles. Interesting Statement. The following eche. COMMERCE OF Boston.-The numdule shows the number of troops furnished by ber of foreign arrivals from January, 1 each Colony or State during our struggle for In. dependence, viz:

to June 30, 1834, was 511-during the Continental. Militia. Total, same time last year, 480—excess over New Hampshire, 12,495 2,093 14,589 last year, 31. The number of foreign Massachusetts, 68,007 15,155 83,162 Rhode Island,

clearances from January 1 to June 30, 5,908 4,284 10,192 Connecticut, 32,029 7,792 39,921 1834, was 478—during the correspond

-147,764 | ing time last year, 412_excess over last New York, 18,321 3.304 21,635 New Jersey,

year, 66. The amount of duties accru10,726 6,055 16,781 Pennsylvania, 25,322 7,357 32,679

ed from January 1 to June 30, 1833, Delaware,

2,317 376 2,693 was, $1,818,465 14. Maryland,

13,912 4,127 18,039 Virginia,

First quarter 1834 655,714 56 26,668 5,620 32,288 North Carolina,

Second quarter 1834, 7,263

7,263 South Carolina, 6,417

6, 117

864,800 00 Georgia,



$1,520,514 56 282,025 58,163

EDUCATION OF THE BLIND.-The last Grand Total, 288,238 ! Annual Report of the Trustees of the

New England Institution for the Edu- , hours covered completely over with wacation of the Blind, exhibits the condi- ter. Sheep, hogs, and cattle were swept tion and prospects of this establishment away and drowned, principally of the in a favorable light. After the com- former, to the amount of several hunmencement of its operations, about two dreds. The bridges at Columbus and years since, with very limited resources at Circleville, have been swept away by and under discouraging circumstances, the onward rush of waters. The Ohio it soon awakened a deep interest in the Canal has also been damaged to a great public mind, and secured a liberal share extent. of public patronage. The munificent

NEW JERSEY. donations by Mr. Perkins, of Boston, of DELAWARE AND RARITAN CANAL.his valuable mansion-house, as a per. This undertaking is now accomplished, manent residence for the blind, was and an entire inland navigation is comspeedily followed by contributions from pleted from New York to Baltimore. the public to an amount exceeding fifty A large barge proceeded a few days thousand dollars. The Legislature of since from Bordentown in the Delaware, Massachusetts appropriated $6,000 per having on board Gov. Vroom, General annum, for the education of the indigent Wall,

the Secretary of State, and most blind of that state. The Legislature of of the Directors and many of the StockConnecticut, made an annual appropri- holders, on its passage through the Caation of $1,000 for twelve years, for the nal, for the purpose of observing minutesame purpose. The Legislature of Newly its formation and peculiar fitness for Hampshire voted $500 and a temporary a great and valuable object. The Ca. appropriation, and Vermont an appro- nal, we understand, is now open for the priation of $1,200 per annum for ten passing of shallops, etc. from the Delayears. With these resources, the insti ware to the Raritan—the supply of watution, having provided the requisite ac ter is good and appears to be abundant commodations of school rooms, work for a depth of six or seven feet. It is shops, play grounds, etc. opened its perhaps one of the largest and most subdoors for the reception of pupils from stantial works of the kind in the Union. all parts of the country last September. Length of the main Canal from the Since that time the number of pupils steam-boat wharf, at New Brunswick, has gradually increased, and more are via Trenton, to Bordentown, on the expected. The whole number admitted Delaware, about forty-three miles, eighhas been thirty-eight; the actual num- ty feet wide by eight feet deep. 'The ber is thirty-four; of these twenty-four Feeder extends from Trenton, up the are from Massachusetts; foor from New Delaware to Bull's Island, a distance of Hampshire; two from Connecticut; one twenty-three miles-forty feet wide by from Rhode Island; one from New five feet deep. York; one from Ohio; and one from Virginia.


THE MORMON WAR.-Advices from Flood.-A heavy flood has occurred | the West seem to indicate that the war on the Sciota river, which is remarkable between the citizens of Jackson county, on account of its happening in July; Missouri, and the disciples of the Book an incident never noticed since the set of Mormon, who have encamped among tlement of Ohio. The corn and wheat them, and whose conduct has rendered on the western bottoms of the river were them peculiarly obnoxious to those entirely under water, comprising the among whom they have taken up their best crop known for years. The latter abode. An attack was made on the was just fit for cutting, and indeed some Mormon village some time since, in had been already reaped, when the fresh- which much damage was done to their et came and destroyed the whole. The property, and they were peremptorily most destruction was effected upon the ordered to decamp from that section. corn, with which almost the whole of Since then, bands of their brethren have those rich bottoms, owned principally been seen crossing the Ohio and Missis. by large stock raising farmers, was sippi to join them, and it is probable planted. Thousand of acres, in the that their increased numbers will soon highest state of cultivation, were for ten | cpable them to bid defiance to their foes.


" AMERICAN POETS AND THEIR Critics.”—We are glad to perceive that the article in our last number, under this title, has received invariable praise. We are pleased at this circumstance, because it convinces us that the reign of impudent hypercriticism, exercised by the weak obscure, is well nigh over. The facts and passages adduced in the article in question, were all truly quoted; no distortion nor perversion was allowed in any instance, and as much more of the same tenor could have been given in each case.* The dramatic quotations were derived from the pieces as played, and as remembered by the audience; many of whom, when desirous of a laugh, have since compared notes on the subject. There is a variation in one instance, from the printed copy-namely, the burst of eloquent inquiry which overwhelmed the supernumerary in the Usurper. It is well known in Philadelphia, however, that the printed Tragedy differs materially from the production as played. It was indeed so intolerably bad, that many of the actors burnt their written parts in the Green-room, on the evening of the second representation, being determined to repeat their characters no more.

A correspondent has inquired if it can be possible that such a writer has gained admission into a respectable Quarterly for so long a time? Yea, verily, it is; and on every appearance, he has received universal condemnation. In the last instance, all the journals of authority among us, have already expressed their disdain and censure. In using an occasion to expose some of the ridiculous inconsistencies and poor judgment of this individual, we were actuated by the honest desire to secure something like justice hereafter to our native writers, by showing the invidious motives which have withheld it, as well as the incapacity which has substituted a watery hypercriticism in its stead. The extracts that were given afforded all the proof that was necessary to establish the incompetence of the dramatico-critic. They have spoken for themselves ; their meaning is inherent, though separated from the other, and often “baser matter," by which they are surrounded, in the pages whence they were taken. The field from which these fiowers of literature were culled, and the anecdotes with which their presentation might be garnished, are inexhaustible : whether they are to be sought hereafter, or to “waste their sweetness upon the desert air” of Oblivion, will depend upon the inducements offered by the assumptions of the critic himself.

We are thoroughly convinced of one fact-namely, that no medium of communication with the public, however dignified its pretensions, can sanctify dulness, or give force to that kind of false acumen at which sense and taste revolt with a smile of ridicule. We take the public to be the umpire in letters; and we look upon any opinions which clash with a verdict from that source, as of very little value indeed. They are suspicious in their origin, and utterly unsuccessful in their aim. Instead of the pitiable sneers of envy or ignorance, (given while the public smiles,) we hold, with the North American Review, that a competent critic will approach with respect the literature of a great nation. “If a good book contains the best thoughts and sentiments of a fine mind, the “ life-blood of a master spirit,' the literature of a nation contains all the noble feelings, the creed, the morals, and the aspirations of a people. To condemn it in a mass, is to pronounce the sentence of worthlessness against a large part of the whole sum of human existence. Respect for human nature, therefore, allows no hasty judgment against a national literature.”

* A typographical error or two escaped the vigilance of the proof-reader in the text of the article in question ; but the intelligent reader will readily correct them.

« ForrigeFortsett »