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MONTHLY COMPENDIUM.

UNITED STATES.

one million three thousand and twenty Gold Coinage.—There were coined four bales of cotton-viz. : to Great Briat the Mint of the United States, during tain 738,836 bales ; France, 209,073 ; the week ending sixth of September, other ports, 55,115. The principal ports $80,000; of which $25,000 were in quar- of export were Savannah, Charleston, ter eagles. On the same day there re New-York, Virginia, New-Orleans, and mained uncoined, $651,000. There Mobile. To the latest dates, there had were deposited for coinage, during the been an aggregate excess over the ex. week ending the 13th of September, of ports of last year, of 170,869 bales. uncoined bullion $120,000; of coins of the United States, of former standard,

NEW YORK. $4,000; of foreign coins, $208,000-in CHOLERA.—The first official report of all, $332,000. There were coined du- the New-York Board of Health, upon ring the week, ending the 13th, $180,000; | the subject of the Cholera, was made on and there remained uncoined on that Monday, the ninth of August, up to day, $803,000.

which day, from the twenty-third of JuBANKS IN

THE UNITED STATES.- ly, the time of its first appearance, there The following is a general abstract of had been fourteen deaths. The followthe State Banks in the several States ing—for which we are indebted to the and territories in the Union, compiled Commercial Advertiser-contains the from returns made in the year 1833–34 whole number of deaths, from the first to the Legislatures of the several States, to the last report of the Board, and the and from estimates; together with suspension of the disease. To Saturstatements of the number of Banks, and day, 9th of August, fourteen deaths; the amount of capital authorized since on Sunday, 10th, three ; Monday, 11th, the said returns were made out.

The five;

Tuesday, 12th, four; Wednesday, number of the State banks is as follows, 13th, six ; Thursday, 14th, eleven ; Frinamely :

day, 15th, nine ; Saturday, 16th, sixMaine has 29 ; New-Hampshire, 22 ; teen; Sunday, 17th, eighteen ; Monday, Massachusetts, 102 ; Rhode Island, 51; 18th, seventeen ; Tuesday, 19th, sevenConnecticut, 21 ; Vermont, 17; New- teen; Wednesday, 20th, fifteen; ThursYork, 78; New-Jersey, 26; Pennsyl- day, 21st, twenty ; Friday, 22d, twelve; vania, 41; Delaware, 7; Maryland, 8; Saturday, 23d, eighteen ; Sunday, 24th, Virginia, 4; Ohio, 20; Kentucky, 3 ; nineteen; Monday, 25th, nineteen; Tennessee, 3; North Carolina, 7; Tuesday, 26th, twenty-one; WednesGeorgia, 13 ; Alabama, 5; Louisiana, day, 27th, twenty-four; Thursday, 28th, 10; Mississippi, 3 ; District of Colum- twenty-six ; Friday, 29th, twenty-nine; bia, 3; Florida, 6 ; Michigan, 5: To- Saturday, 30th, seventeen; Sunday, tal, 506. With a capital of $170,122, 31st, ten ; Monday, September 1st, se792 12 paid in. The number of banks venteen ; Tuesday, 2d, nineteen; Wedchartered, but not in operation when the desday, 3d, twenty-four; Thursday, above returns were made, is 43, with a 4th, twenty-one ; Friday, 5th, twentycapital of $30,270,000. Total banking one; Saturday, 6th, twenty; Sunday, capital authorized and paid in, $200,323, 7th, nineteen; Monday, 8th, twenty791 12. Notes in circulation, $77,438, one ; Tuesday, 9th, twenty-two; Wed782 82. Specie and specie funds on nesday, 10th, thirty ; Thursday, 11th, hand, $17,081,704 65.

nineteen ; Friday, 12th, fifteen ; SaturCOMMERCE IN Cotton.—There were day, 13th, thirteen ; Sunday, 14th, ten; exported from the United States, during Monday, 15th, ten; Tuesday, 16th, five. the period commencing with October 1, Total number of deaths, six hundred 1833, and ending with August 1, 1834, and thirty-six. By comparison of the

year 1832 with the present, it will be The Wesleyan University at Middleseen, that in the former the first report town, held its commencement on Wed. was made on the 2d July, and continued nesday the 3d ultimo. The exercises, daily to the 28th of August, inclusive; a which were witnessed by a numerous period of fifty-seven days. The greatest concourse of the inhabitants of that city number of deaths reported on any one and of the adjacent towns, reflected day of that time was one hundred and great credit upon the authors and the four. This occurred on the 21st of Ju- institution to which they belong. On ly. On the previous day there had been the previous evening there was an exone hundred. On the day that the Board hibition of the Peithologian Society, ceased reporting, the number of deaths which is also highly spoken of. The dewas six. The whole number of deaths gree of Bachelor of Arts was conferred by cholera that year, as reported, was by the University on eight young gen. two thousand one hundred and sixty- tlemen, viz: Aaron C. Bangs, William five. In the present year, it will be per- M. Burton, Fisher A. Foster, Ambrose ceived by comparison, that the disease P. Merrill, John W. Merrill, David Patcommenced three weeks later than itten, Jr., Gardner Rice, Peerlee B. Wil. did in 1832—viz: on the 23d of July, ber. The degree of Master of Arts, was and that the reports have embraced a conferred on Harleigh H. Bulkley, John period of fifty-five days. The greatest Swinburn, Principal of White Plains number of deaths on any one day has Academy, and Lieut. W. W. Mather, been thirty, and this occurred on the of West Point. The degree of D.D. 10th of September. The average in was conferred on Rev. Stephen Olin, 1832 was about 39 per day, and the pre- President of Randolph Macon College, sent year but little more than eleven. Virginia, and Rev. Jabez Bunting, of

the Wesleyan connection in England. CONNECTICUT.

BATTLE OF Fort GRISWOLD.-The Education. The annual commence- citizens of New-London and Groton ment of Washington College took place celebrated, on the 4th ultimo, the annion the 7th of August, in Christ Church, versary of this sanguinary massacre, by Hartford. The literary exercises by the walking in procession to the scene of the graduates were varied by eleven distinct conflict, and by appropriate religious performances, which are spoken of in services. Rev. Mr. Copp, pastor of the high terms of approbation. The degree village church, delivered a short extemof Bachelor of Arts was conferred on the poraneous address, and two hymns, following gentlemen, alumni of the in- written for the occasion, were sung by stitution : Daniel S. Dewey, William those assembled. The services were H. Warren, William Payne, Abel Ni- closed by a most excellent and approchols, Luther H. Perkins, Henry Per- priate prayer and benediction by the kins, Gurdon W. Russell, George W. clergyman. Natt, William B. Ashley, Solomon G. Hitchcock, William Cooke, Ferdi

MASSACHUSETTS. nand Rogers, and David J. Capron. The commencement at Amherst Cole The degree of Master of Arts was also lege on the 3d ultimo, has received conferred on Richard Johnson, John R. warm cominendation. A discourse was Case, Thomas H. Vail, Jacob E. Clarke, delivered before the Literary SocieElias P. Ely, Charles J. Russ, Marcus ties by Hon. Gulian C. VERPLANCK, of M. Filley, the Rev. Nathaniel E. Corn this city. It partook of the ease and wall, and the Rev. Richard C. Moore, finish, not less than the solidity and usealumni of the College ; on Edward In-fulness, which are the characteristics of gersoll, an alumnus of Yale College ; | its author's writings. The degree of on the Rev. G.C. V. Eastman, an alum- Bachelor of Arts was conferred upon nus of Middlebury College ; and the ho- Charles B. Adams, Dorchester; Henry norary degree of A. M. on the Rev. Ja- W. Beecher, Cincinnati, Ohio; Henry cob Ě. Huber, Professor of Modern W. Billings, Conway, Benjamin F. Languages in the Wesleyan Univer. Brown, Goshen; Albert Clark, Consity. The last term commenced on the way ; Plin B. Day, South Hadley; Na. 25th ultimo, under very favorable au- thaniel M. Dexter, Plympton ; Franklin spices.

Dodge, Groton ; Samuel H. Emery,

Andover ; Thomas P. Field, Boston ;/ ney paid in is entirely covered by the John P. Foster, Holden; Orson S. Fow- revenue of even this small portion of the ler, Cohocton, New-York; Montgomery road. S. Goodale, Pottsdam, New-York; Da Fifteen miles of the Boston and Provid Gould, Bernardston ; Alonzo Gray, vidence Rail-road have been completed, Townsend, Vermont; Henry S. Green, from the former city to Canton. SplenBoston; John Haven, Jr. Holliston ; did cars, connected with the steam-boat Thomas Hervey, Newburyport; George line of stages between the two cities, F.Homer, Boston;T.Jackson, Newton; traverse the finished track daily. 0. Lombard, Springfield; Erastus E.

RHODE ISLAND. Marcy, Greenwich; Humphry Morse,

Education.-On Wednesday, the Newbury; Henry Neill, Philadelphia, 10th ultimo, the sixty-fifth annual comPa.; Washington A. Nichols, Buckland; James O. Parker ; Shirley ; Tho-celebrated in the first Baptist church at

mencement of Brown University was mas E. Payson, Rowley; Alonzo San Providence. The exercises, which were derson, Deerfield; Henry H. Smith, highly interesting, commenced at ten Gouverneur, N. Y.; Rufus P. Stebbins, o'clock, and closed at half past one. Wilbraham; Timothy D. P. Stone, An. The graduating class consisted of twendover, James P. Terry, Enfield, Conn. ; ty-five young gentlemen, but the numEli Thurston, Boston ; William Thurs- ber of speakers did not exceed sixteen. ton, Dedham ; James W. White, Phi- In the afternoon, at the same place, the ladelphia, Pa.; Robert M-Rae White, Rhode Island Alpha of the Phi Beta Cochranville, Pa.;. William Williams, Kappa Society celebrated their anniverGoshen; John Winn, Walthourville, Geo.; John H. Wright, Boston. The sary. The Hon. Tristam Burges de

livered before the Society a beautiful and degree of D. D. was conferred, we understand, upon Rev. George Redford, ROBBINS an oration. The latter exhi

pathetic poem, and the Hon. ASHER of England; and that of LL. D. upon bited, in the treatment of his subject the Gulian C. Verplanck. The commencement of Harvard Uni- which he was already distinguished.

profound classical acquirements for versity took place at Cambridge on the

A State Convention has been hold. 27th. The honorary degree of LL. D. was conferred upon Gov. Davis, Hon.E. Liv; the purpose

of amending the State Con

en in this State during the month, for ingston, and Professor Greenleaf; and stitution. The material changes are as that of D. D. upon Rev. F. Parkman, follows:-The right of suffrage is to reRev. Henry Ware, Jr. and Rev. J. C. main limited by the present freehold Palfrey. The honorary degree of A. B. was conferred upon Christopher Dun- qualification. A change has been made kin, Instructor of Latin in the Univer- which the number of its members is to

in the constitution of the Senate, by sity. Owing to late unpleasant diffi- be augmented to fifteen, who are to be culties, seventeen of the fifty-four members of the Senior class either refused, elected in the several counties, and are or were refused degrees.

apportioned among them for that purINTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

-The Bos- pose. The number of representatives ton and Worcester Rail-road was open the Supreme Court are to be elected for

is increased to eighty-three. Judges of ed for the first nine miles on the 16th six years, in such a manner that the of April, 1834, and for four miles more

term of one will expire' every two years. on the 7th July, 1834. The number of General officers are to be elected by a passengers carried is, for April, 2,882 ; May, 8,363; June, 7,634; July, 11,412;

plurality of votes. August, 13,664. In all, 43,965 passen

SOUTH CAROLINA. gers. The cash received for passage COMMERCE DE CHARLESTON.-The money was, for April, $1,021,26 ; May, annexed statement speaks favorably for $3,021,81 ; June, $2,679,40 ; July, the foreign trade of South Carolina :$3,881,66 ; August, $4,705,66. In all, Foreign arrivals from 1st Jan., 1833, to $15,309,79. The number of way-pas- 31st Aug. 127; do, do. from Ist do. 1834, sengers, by itself, is, for April, 277 ; to 31st Aug. 174; gain 47. Foreign clearMay, 1,581 ; June, 2,222 ; July, 4,987; ances from 1st Jan. 1833, to 31st Aug. August, 6,166. In all, 15,233. It will 249; do. do. from 1st do. 1834, to 31st be perceived that the interest of the mo- ' August, 274; gain 25.

EDITORS' TABLE.

CALAVAR, A TALE OF Mexico.-We feel a just pride and sure confidence in predicting that this new novel by our gifted countryman, Dr. MONTGOMERY BIRD, will surprise the reading public, by the strength and beauty which it invariably displays. It is the first attempt of the writer in this department of authorship; and he has most judiciously occupied the untrodden ground which has been so long and unaccountably overlooked, and laid his scene in Mexico, at the time of the invasion by the Spaniards under Cortes. But his work, with all the charm of an intensely-interesting tale, can scarcely be called a fiction ; for it is so mingled with historic facts and descriptive sketches relating to the beautiful country wherein the incidents are placed, that the reader will arise from its perusal with equal entertainment and instruction. We shall be exceedingly mistaken if the work do not at once place the author in the very highest rank among the writers of America. He has addressed himself to his labor with the amplest knowledge of his subject, and a mind glowing with inspiration.

The Romance is headed by an Introduction which it well deserves,-a fine intellectual overture, abounding with periods eloquent in diction, and flowing with a harmony in perfect keeping with the subject and the matter that follows. We shall be borne out by the public in this cordial estimate, and therefore we speak freely. We know that the author of Calavar has never placed a pen to one of its pages without feeling his soul fortified by copious draughts from the rich wells of Mexican history: he has arranged and combined all his circumstances, facts, and incidents in an ensemble so perfect, that the reader will unhesitatingly acknowledge that no American novelist has ever charmed him more wisely, by mingling the beauty of Fiction with the strangeness of Truth.

To analyze the work, would be to forestal the delight that is in store for the public; and a task, moreover, which, however agreeable in itself, would occupy too much of the space allotted for this department of our Magazine. Besides the personal adventures of the fictitious characters, the author has introduced every historic event of note which intervened betwixt the landing of Narvares, (the commander of the 2d army of invasion,) and the rout of the Mexicans on the famous field of Otumba. The work, in truth, as we have before hinted, just touches the equipoise between a Romance and a Chronicle ; for the history is not falsified, and the fiction seems to be the truest part,—so wonderful and romantic are all the circumstances of the Conquest. The contest between the rival invaders, Narvares and Cortes, terminated among the burning temples of Zempoula ; the march to Mexico,-over the battle-fields of Tlascula ;-through the ruins of Cholula, among the volcanoes; the descent into the valley; the entrance into the Royal Tenochtitlan; the battles by day and night, at the palace, in the streets, on the pyramids,-the death of Montezuma ;-the horrible retreat during the ever-memorable Noche Triste, or Melancholy Night;—these are some of the subjects presented by Mexican annals to the capable fancy of our author; materials calculated for the utmost affluence of thought and description. The splendid Conquistadores of that country seem to have flourished for romance. Did there ever exist a more romantic desperado than Cortes? Had ever a novelist the shape and image of a Character more adapted to his purposes than the militant astrologer and magician, Botello ? And then the Mexicans ;-Montezuma was born to point a tale.' The author remarks very properly in his introduction, that all the history is a romance; and the magic of his work will be found to lie in the felicitous manner which he has adopted, of resolving that history into the romance consistency and form. The fictitious cha

racters, though well drawn, are few. They consist solely of the Knight, Calavar ;-his kins. man and esquire, Don Amador de Leste, (the hero) with his followers ; an expatriated Moor

of Grenada, and his child, Jacinto; the captain of the caravel, and one or two others of min - nor note. Calavar is one of those exiled Knights of St. John, whom the fall of Rhodes scattered for a time over the Christian world, until they were collected together again by Charles V. in the isle of Malta. He is old, war-worn, broken, and indeed somewhat infirm of brain—the - ruin of a gallant spirit, wrecked by early sorrow and crime. His faithful esquire, Don Amador de Lestema character drawn at the greatest length, as the flower of honor, religion, and philosophy-in fact, a dignified and reasoning Don Quixotte, in whom a love of war is perpetually at strife with the philanthropy of his nature,—is a nobly-depicted personage, and a fit associate of the penitent knight. The fable in which the destinies of these two are united and continued to the end, is singular, wild ;-and, like the history which it illustrates, is repleto with incidents that warm the fancy and stir the blood. We forego further remarks at present, - as the public will in a few weeks be possessed of the work; and we unhesitatingly predict that it will receivo a triumphant verdict of admiration and approval.

The Fine Arts.We have seldom enjoyed a richer treat, than in an examination of fivo paintings now exhibiting at the American Academy of Fine Arts, in Barclay-street. They consist of the Destruction of the City and Temple of Jerusalem, the Loss of the Kent East Indiaman, a Panoramic view of London, Captain Ross's Interview with the Natives of Felix Harbor, Boothiania, and the Interior of Trinity Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral. The design of the first is from the pencil of our countryman, BENJAMIN WEST; and it possesses many of the grand and beautiful characteristics of his style. The power of contrast is every where most forcibly employed. The clouds—the magnificent architecture—the contending hosts the countenances of the despairing and helpless,—and the dreadful slaughter "i' the imminent deadly breach,' are all given with sublime and startling effect ; although, as a whole, the picture seems to lack the glowing warmth of which the subject is susceptible. The Loss of the Kent East Indiaman is ascribed to the celebrated artist DANIEL. Most readers have perused thrilling descriptions of the loss of this noble vessel. The time taken by the painter is about three hours after the flames have broken out. The Cambria is seen bearing down from the distance to save the sufferers-some of whom are represented as clinging to the shrouds and rigging, and others hurrying from the terrific fire, which gleams wildly upon the raging element below,-upon a boat. crowded with affrighted passengers, and just about to be swallowed up by the hungry surge-and upon the agonized features of those who, having failed to reach the craft, are struggling with the billows as they roll over them. The whole picture is a powerful embodiment of the trite saying, that • Fire and Water are good servants, but hard masters.' Captain Ross's Interview with the Natives of Felix Harbor, attracted much attention in London-having been visited, in six weeks, by twenty-one thousand persons. It was painted from the drawings, and under the supervision, of the hardy navigator himself, and represents the winter-quarters of the vessel he commanded, in latitude 70°, longitude 92°, west ; and an interview with a tribe of the Esquimaux, held upon the thick-ribbed ice near the ship. The grouping of the figures,-the twilight sky of those regions, studded with stars the icebergs and fields of ice, give to this part of the exhibition great attraction. Pictorial illusion, it seems to us, can no further go, than in the splendid painting of the Interior of Trinity Chapel, in Canterbury Cathedral. The perspective is perfect. The damp gathers upon the walls; the spider has woven his tissue over the pilasters, and his filmy net hangs dimly upon the lofty columns. The struggling light falls upon the massive stone floor, and throws into solemn shadow the long galleries above. An air of listless repose marks the figures reclining on the picturesque and decaying steps in the middle distance. The perfect nature of

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