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pliance with the opinion on file, is not withheld because of the presence therein of such attempted reservation; but such approval is not to be taken to imply that such right of review can thereafter exist, or that such attempted reservation has any effect to make the remittitur other than absolute and unconditional."
In assertion of the right attempted to be reserved Woodworth prosecutes this writ of error.
A motion is made to dismiss the writ of error, and we think it should be granted. Woodworth is in the somewhat anomalous position of having secured a judgment against Chesbrough and yet seeking to retract the condition upon which it was obtained. This he cannot do. Koenigsberger v. Richmond Silver Mining Co., 158 U. S. 41, 52. He encounters, besides, another obstacle: If the remittitur be disregarded the judgment entered upon it must be disregarded and the original judgment of the Circuit Court of Appeals restored, which, not being final, cannot be reviewed.
UNITED STATES ET AL. v. ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY.
APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS.
No. 310. Argued April 13, 16, 1917.-Decided May 21, 1917.
An order of the Interstate Commerce Commission assigning a cause for hearing upon an issue of reparation is not an order in the sense of § 1 of the Commerce Court Act, 36 Stat. 539; Judicial Code, § 207; and the District Court has no jurisdiction to enjoin the Commission from proceeding with such hearing. Procter & Gamble Co. v. United States, 225 U. S. 282.
244 U. S.
Opinion of the Court.
THE case is stated in the opinion.
Mr. Assistant Attorney General Underwood, with whom Mr. Blackburn Esterline, Special Assistant to the Attorney General, was on the brief, for the United States.
Mr. Joseph W. Folk for the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Mr. Robert V. Fletcher, with whom Mr. Blewett Lee was on the brief, for appellee.
MR. JUSTICE MCKENNA delivered the opinion of the court.
Appeal from a decree cancelling an order of the Interstate Commerce Commission fixing a hearing of certain complaints made to it by certain coal companies for damages for alleged failure to furnish cars upon demand, and enjoining proceedings upon the complaints.
The decree was granted, three judges sitting, upon the petition of appellee, herein referred to as the railroad company.
The railroad company is an intrastate and interstate carrier of freight and passengers and among other commodities transports coal on its line, which, during the years 1911, 1912 and 1913, was shipped in interstate commerce by producers thereof on through rates established by the railroad company.
Certain coal companies, shippers over the lines of the railroad company, filed petitions before the Interstate Commerce Commission asking that damages be assessed against the railroad company for an alleged failure to supply a sufficient number of coal cars for their respective shipping needs.
The petitions were received by the Commission and
were by it treated as substantially presenting but a single complaint, were so numbered as to indicate the fact, and were thereafter in all proceedings treated and disposed of together by one report and order.
The railroad company filed an answer to each complaint in which it denied the jurisdiction of the Commission to award damages for failure to furnish coal cars and averred that in actions of such character exclusive jurisdiction is in the courts. In due course a hearing was had by the Commission and the railroad company objected to any further proceeding before it on the ground of want of jurisdiction, at least as to so much of the complaints of the coal companies as dealt only with damages, and moved that so much of the complaints as dealt with the demand for damages be dismissed.
At the argument of the motion counsel for the coal companies expressly declared that so much of the complaints as charged any undue and unlawful discrimination by the railroad company in the distribution of its cars was dismissed and it was stipulated that the complaints should be considered as so amended as to omit such charges. Thereafter the matter proceeded upon the sole issue of damages for alleged failure to furnish cars upon demand.
On January 30, 1915, four members of the Commission filed a report holding that the Commission had jurisdiction to consider the complaints and award whatever damages might be proved. Three members dissented. The reports are attached to the petition.
A petition for rehearing was made and denied and on August 18, 1915, the Commission entered its order assigning the cause for further hearing upon the issue of reparation. The following is the order entered:
"No. 6128-Vulcan Coal and Mining Company vs. Illinois Central Railroad Company. No. 6128 Sub-No. 1-St. Louis-Coulterville Coal Company vs. Illinois Cen
Opinion of the Court.
tral Railroad Company. No. 6128 Sub-No. 2-Groom Coal Company vs. Illinois Central Railroad Company.
"The above-entitled cases are assigned for hearing October 1, 1915, ten o'clock a. m., at Hotel Jefferson, St. Louis, Mo., before Examiner Wilson.
"By the Commission."
In the appellee's petition in the District Court it alleged that the hearing would be proceeded with unless restrained, that the railroad company would be compelled to attend such hearing, would be put to great expense and that in all probability an order of reparation would be made; that the railroad company would be forced to defend at great trouble and expense three separate and several suits at law based on such awards, all of which would depend upon the same facts and principles of law, thereby subjecting the railroad company to a multiplicity of suits; and that if reparation should be awarded it would be placed at great disadvantage in defending suits based on the awards, since the Commission's finding of the ultimate facts is by statute made prima facie correct and no opportunity is given for a judicial review of the strength and competency of the evidence upon which such a finding rests.
A subpoena against the United States was prayed and an order annulling the order of the Commission and, pending the hearing, restraint of the Commission and its members from action.
The United States, appearing by its counsel, moved to dismiss the petition on the grounds that—(1) The action of the Commission did not constitute an order within the meaning of § 1 of the act entitled "An Act to Create a Commerce Court" and that the court, therefore, was without jurisdiction to enjoin or annul or suspend the same in whole or in part. (2) The petition is an attempt in advance of any action or order of the Commission to enjoin it from acting and proceeding on a complaint
Opinion of the Court.
244 U. S.
brought and pending before it. (3) The Act to Regulate Commerce makes an order for the payment of money only prima facie evidence, cuts off no other defense, takes no question from court or jury nor in any wise denies due process of law; that "such an order is merely a rule of evidence, and notice of a hearing at which such an order may be entered is not an order within the meaning of section 1 of the act entitled 'An act to create a Commerce Court,' etc., approved June 18, 1910, and the court has no jurisdiction to enjoin, set aside, annul, or suspend the same in whole or in part."
The motion to dismiss was denied and the United States, without waiving it, moved to dismiss the petition on the ground that it was without. equity and did not state a cause of action.
It was decreed that the Commission had no jurisdiction to hear and determine the complaints of the coal companies, that its order be cancelled, and it be permanently enjoined from further proceeding with the hearing of the complaints.
The Interstate Commerce Commission appeared in the suit and also moved to dismiss the petition on the grounds -(1) That the order of the Commission was merely a notice of a hearing and not a reviewable order. (2) That the principal office of the Commission is in Washington and suit to enjoin any of its proceedings must be brought in the District of Columbia, and not in the Eastern District of Illinois. (4) That irreparable injury was not
After certain admissions and denials of the petition the Commission asserted its jurisdiction.
In support of the decree the contention of the railroad company is that the Interstate Commerce Commission has no jurisdiction to award damages for failure to furnish cars and that this was the only issue submitted to the Commission and the only issue decided by it. The Com