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PART III. PRICE SUPPORT, SALES, AND OTHER DISPOSAL-Continued

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Sec. 401. Availability of agricultural commodities

Sec. 402. Definition of "agricultural commodity"

Sec. 403. Appropriation to carry out Act.
Sec. 404. Humanitarian objectives -
Sec. 405. Encouraging self-reliance in friendly countries
Sec. 406. Farmer-to-farmer program, teaching, research
Sec. 407. Advisory committee-
Sec. 408. Report to Congress
Sec. 409. Expiration date
Sec. 410. Applicability of sec. 620(e) of Foreign Assistance Act
Sec. 411. Sales and donations to North Vietnam
Sec. 412. System of food reserves

Sec. 413. Multiyear basis

SEC. 32 AND RELATED STATUTES:

Sec. 32 of Public Law 320, 74th Cong.

Act of June 28, 1937. Purchase of commodities for utilization under section

32_

Agricultural Act of 1949. Sec. 404. Utilization of Commodity Credit Corpora-

tion in section 32 and school lunch programs_-
Agricultural Act of 1956. Sec. 205. Appropriation to supplement section 32

funds_

Act of August 11, 1939. Purchase and distribution of fishery products-

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Act of March 8, 1938

P.L. 87–155. Annual appropriation to reimburse Commodity Credit Corpora-

tion

Sec. 4. Borrowing power

Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1966. Interest

Sec. 5. Taxation

Act of July 16, 1943. Sec. 3. Federal Reserve Banks as fiscal agents

1980 Agriculture appropriation act. Commodity Credit Corporation-Adminis-

trative expense limitation

Act of July 16, 1943. Sec. 4. Reimbursement by other agencies -
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. Sec. 391(c). Crop insurance premium and

conservation material advances.
Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1950. Classing or grading with-

out charge for producers obtaining price support-
Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1952. Classing or grading with-

out charge-reimbursement-

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PART I

SOIL CONSERVATION AND LAND USE PROGRAMS

SUBPART A. SOIL CONSERVATION AND DOMESTIC

ALLOTMENT ACT

EXPLANATORY NOTE Sections 1 to 6, which were enacted April 27, 1935 (49 Stat. 163), vested certain powers in the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to the control and prevention of soil erosion and provided for the Soil Conservation Service to be established as the agency to exercise such powers.

Sections 7 to 17 were enacted February 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 1148), to replace, in part, certain provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 which were invalidated by the Supreme Court on January 6, 1936. Section 17 provides that the entire Act may be cited as the "Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act." Under the agricultural conservation program formulated pursuant to sections 7 to 17 of the Act, farmers are assisted through payments and grants of aid in carrying out approved soil and water conservation measures. Originally the States were given the opportunity to submit State plans for the administration of the conservation program pursuant to section 7 of the Act. However, only one State submitted a plan, and it was unacceptable. The Congress had on many occasions extended the authority of the Secretary to conduct the conservation program, pursuant to section 7 of the Act so as to provide the States additional time to submit these plans. The Secretary's authority was to expire on December 31, 1962, and the Congress repealed the State Plans provisions of the Act and granted the Secretary continuing authority to carry out the agricultural conservation program on a national basis. (Pub. L. 87–703, 76 Stat. 605.)

Section 16(b) was enacted August 7, 1956 (70 Stat. 1115), to provide specifically for a conservation program in the States of the Great Plains area.

Secton 16(e), providing for long-term cropland conversion contracts, was added by Pub. L. 87-703, 76 Stat. 606, approved September 27, 1962.

Section 8 was substantially amended by Section 1501 of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (Pub. L. 95–113, 91 Stat. 1019, September 29, 1977) to provide for financial assistance to agricultural producers for carrying out enduring conservation and environmental enhancement measures. Section 8 was also amended (1) to set forth the factors which the Secretary of Agriculture shall take into consideration in establishing a national program and (2) to provide that the Secretary is authorized to establish the maximum payment which may be made to any person under the program.

Section 15 was also amended by Section 1501 of the 1977 Act to provide, among other things, that a specified percentage of the appropriations for the program shall be designated for long term agreements and that amounts appropriated for the program shall remain available until expended.

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