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HUMANE METHODS OF SLAUGHTER

Act of August 27, 1958_SEC. 3.1 The public policy declared herein shall be taken into consideration by all agencies of the Federal Government in connection with all procurement and price support programs and operations and after June 30, 1960, no agency or instrumentality of the United States shall contract for or procure any livestock products produced or processed by any slaughterer or processors which in any of its plants or in any plants of any slaughterer or processor with which it is affiliated slaughters or handles in connection with slaughter livestock by any methods other than methods designated and approved by the Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter referred to as the Secretary) pursuant to section 4 hereof: Provided, That during the period of any national emergency declared by the President or the Congress, the limitations on procurement required by this section may be modified by the President to the extent determined by him to be necessary to meet essential procurement needs during such emergency. For the purposes of this section a slaughterer or processor shall be deemed to be affiliated with another slaughterer or processor if it controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such other slaughterer or processor. After June 30, 1960, each supplier from which any livestock products are procured by any agency of the Federal Government shall be required by such agency to make such statement of eligibility under this section to supply such livestock products as, if false, will subject the maker thereof to prosecution,' title 18, United States Code, section 287. (7 U.S.C. 1903.)

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'P.L. 85–765, 72 Stat. 862.

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To amend the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, to provide permanent legislation for the

transportation of a substantial portion of waterborne cargoes in United States-flag vessels.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 901 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended, is hereby amended by inserting "(a)” after "SEC. 901.” and by adding at the end of the section the following new subsection: "(b) (1)3 Whenever the United States shall procure, contract for, or otherwise obtain for its own account, or shall furnish to or for the account of any foreign nation without provision for reimbursement, any equipment, materials, or commodities, within or without the United States, or shall advance funds or credits or guarantee the convertibility of foreign currencies in connection with the furnishing of such equipment, materials, or commodities, the appropriate agency or agencies shall take such steps as may be necessary and practicable to assure that at least 50 per centum of the gross tonnage of such equipment, materials, or commodities (computed separately for dry bulk carriers, dry cargo liners, and tankers), which may be transported on ocean vessels shall be transported on privately owned United States-flag commercial vessels, to the extent such vessels are available at fair and reasonable rates for United States-flag commercial vessels, in such manner as will insure a fair and reasonable participation of United States-flag commercial vessels in such cargoes by geographic areas: Provided, That the provisions of this subsection may be waived whenever the Congress by concurrent resolution or otherwise, or the President of the United States or the Secretary of Defense declares that an emergency exists justifying a temporary waiver of the provisions of section 901(b) and so notifies the appropriate agency or agencies: And provided further, That the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to cargoes carried in the vessels of the Panama Canal Company. Nothing herein shall repeal or otherwise modify the provisions of Public Resolution Numbered 17, Seventy-third Congress (48 Stat. 500), as amended. For purposes of this section, the term "privately owned United States-fag commercial vessels" shall not be deemed to include any vessel which, subsequent to the date of enactment of this amendment, shall have been either (a) built outside the United States, (b) rebuilt outside the United States, or (c) documented under any foreign registry, until such vessel shall have been documented under the laws of the United States for a period of three years: Provided, however, That the provisions of this amendment shall not apply where, (1) prior to the enactment of this amendment the owner of a vessel, or

See also Public Resolution 17 of March 26. 1934 (15 U.S.C. 616a).
?P.L. 83-664, 68 Stat. 832, Aug 26, 1954. Amended by P.L. 87-266, 75 Stat. 565, Sept. 21, 1961. Section 3 of the Act
of August 3, 1956, P.L. 84-961, 70 Stat. 988, provides that the sales of fresh fruit and the products thereof under Title
I of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 shall be exempt from the requirements of the
cargo preference laws. (7 U.S.C. 1701 note, 15 U.S.C. 616a note, 46 U.S.C. 1241 note.)
* Subsection (b) was redesignated as subsection (b)(1) by P.L. 91-469, 84 Stat. 1034, Oct. 21, 1970.

contractor for the purchase of a vessel, originally constructed in the United States and rebuilt abroad or contracted to be rebuilt abroad, has notified the Maritime Administration in writing of its intent to document such vessel under United States registry, and such vessel is so documented on its first arrival at a United States port not later than one year subsequent to the date of the enactment of this amendment, or (2) where prior to the enactment of this amendment, the owner of a vessel under United States registry has made a contract for the rebuilding abroad of such vessel and has notified the Maritime Administration of such contract, and such rebuilding is completed and such vessel is thereafter documented under United States registry on its first arrival at a United States port not later than one year subsequent to the date of the enactment of this amendment.

"(2)4 Every department or agency having responsibility under this subsection shall administer its programs with respect to this subsection under regulations issued by the Secretary of Commerce. The Secretary of Commerce shall review such administration and shall annually report to the Congress with respect thereto." (46 U.S.C. 1241(b).

* Subsection (bX2) was added by P.L. 91-469, 84 Stat. 1034, Oct. 21, 1970.

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AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 1970, AS AMENDED?

COST OF PRODUCTION STUDY SEC. 808. The Secretary of Agriculture, in cooperation with the land grant colleges, commodity organizations, general farm organizations, and individual farmers, shall conduct a cost of production study of the wheat, feed grain, cotton, and dairy commodities under the various production practices and establish a current national weighted average cost of production. This study shall be updated annually and shall include all typical variable costs, a return on fixed costs equal to the existing interest rates charged by the Federal Land Bank, and return for management comparable to the normal management fees charged by other comparable industries. These studies shall be based upon the size unit that requires one man to farm on a full-time basis. (T U.S.C. 1441a.)

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WHEAT AND FEED GRAINS RESEARCH SEC. 810. In order to reduce fertilizer and herbicide usage in excess of production needs, to develop wheat and feed grain varieties more susceptible to complete fertilizer utilization, to improve the resistance of wheat and feed grain plants to disease and to enhance their conservation and environmental qualities, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to carry out regional and national research programs.

In carrying out such research, the Secretary shall utilize the technical and related services of the appropriate Federal, State, and private agencies.

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section, but not more than $1,000,000 in any fiscal year. (7 U.S.C. 428b.)

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IMPORTED COMMODITIES SEC. 814. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Secretary shall encourage the production of any crop of which the United States is a net importer and for which a price support program is not in effect by permítting the planting of such crop on setaside acreage and with no reduction in the rate of payment for the commodity. (7 U.S.C. 1434.)

EMERGENCY SUPPLY OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SEC. 815. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture shall assist

farmers, processors, and distributors in obtaining such prices for agricultural products that an orderly, ade

P.L. 91-524, 84 Stat. 1358, Nov. 30, 1970.
2 Secs. 808-815 were added to Title VIII of the Act by Sec. 1(27) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of
1973, P.L. 93–86, 87 Stat. 237, 238, 240, Aug. 10, 1973.

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