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As Promoted by the
With Historical References
Origin and Enforcement of the Anti-trust Laws
WILLIAM F. NOTZ, PH. D.
School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University
RICHARD S. HARVEY, PH. B.
Law School and School of Foreign Service
THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED TO
EDMUND A. WALSH, S. J., Ph. D.,
FIRST REGENT OF THE
SCHOOL OF FOREIGN SERVICE OF GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY IN RECOGNITION OF HIS DISTINGUISHED SERVICES
IN ORGANIZING THE FIRST DEPARTMENT
OF AN AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
DEVOTED EXCLUSIVELY TO TRAINING MEN
FOR OVERSEAS COMMERCE.
"To cherish and stimulate the activity of the human mind, by multiplying the objects of enterprise, is not among the least considerable of the expedients by which the wealth of a nation may be promoted. *** Every new scene which is open to the busy nature of man to arouse and exert itself, is the addition of a new energy to the general stock of effort."
In meeting the new situation that confronts the United States as a leader in world-trade, Congress has made a notable contribution through legislation directed to the promotion of American foreign trade. Two legislative acts in particular stand forth as mile-stones in the advance toward the goal of larger activity in the foreign commerce of the United States, viz., the Export Trade Act (Webb-Pomerene Law) and the Edge Act. These measures demonstrate a national realization of the essential requirements of trade with foreign lands, and denote a fixed determination on the part of our government to protect and foster the efforts of its citizens in their dealings in overseas trade.
These laws are of such tremendous importance that they have aroused widespread interest not only in this country but in foreign lands as well. Many business men already are actively availing themselves of this new trade machinery, while foreign governments, recognizing the merits of our foreign trade policy, are employing it as a model for legislation to accomplish similar ends.
As these laws are of vital interest, an earnest demand has sprung up for information as to their origin, meaning, practical operation and ultimate effect.
Thus far the available information has been scattered, much of it being inaccessible to the business man, the lawyer, librarian, banker, exporter or to the student who plans to enter the foreign service field.
Universities, law schools and schools of commerce, which have instituted courses of foreign trade, have been handicapped by