The Life of

Ludwig van Beethoven

By Alexander Wheelock Thayer

Edited, revised and amended from the original
English manuscript and the German editions
of Hermann Deiters and Hugo Riemann, con-
cluded, and all the documents newly translated


Henry Edward Krehbiel

Volume III

Published by

The Beethoven Association
New York

Copyright, 1921,
By Henry Edward Krehbiel


From the press of G. Schirmer, Inc., New York
Printed in the U. S. A.

Contents of Volume III

Chapter I. The Year 1819—Guardianship of Beethoven's
Nephew Karl—Mother and Uncle in a Legal Struggle—
The Lad's Education—Conversation Books—A Wed-
ding Song—In Travail with the Mass in D—The
Commission for an Oratorio from the Gesellschaft
der Musikfreunde—Visits from Zelter and Friedrich
Schneider—Creative Work of the Year

Chapter II. End of the Litigation over the Guardianship of

the Nephew—A Costly Victory—E. T. A. Hoffmann—An

Analytical Programme—Beethoven's Financial Troub-

les—Adagios and English Hymn-Tunes — Stieler's

Portrait—Arrested as a Vagrant—Negotiations for the

Mass in D begun with Simrock—The Last Pianoforte
Sonatas—Compositions of the Years 1820 and 1821

Chapter III. The Year 1822—The Mass in D—Beethoven

and His Publishers — Simrock — Schlesinger—C. F.

Peters—Phantom Masses—Johann van Beethoven:

His Appearance and Character—Becomes His Brother's

Agent—Meetings with Rochlitz and Rossini—Franz

Schubert—"The Consecration of the House"—Revival

of "Fidelio"—Madame Schroeder-Devrient — The

Bagatelles—A Commission from America

Chapter IV. The Year 1823—The Roman Ritual and

the Mass in D—Subscriptions Asked from Royal

Courts—Incidents oFthe Appeal—Goethe and Cheru-

bini Enlisted as Agents—A Medal from the King of

France—Further Negotiations with Publishers and

Societies—Operatic Projects—Consideration of Grill-

parzer's "Melusine"—The Diabelli Variations—Summer

Visitors—An Englishman's Story—Weber and Julius

Benedict—Ries and the Ninth Symphony—Franz Liszt

and Beethoven's Kiss

Chapter V. The Year 1824—The Symphony in D

Minor—Its Technical History—The Choral Finale

and Schiller's "Ode to Joy"—First Performance of the

Work and Portions of the Mass—An Address to

Beethoven—Laborious and Protracted Preparations

for the Concert—A Financial Failure—Beethoven's

False Accusations against Friends and Helpers Drive

Them from the Dinner-Table 144

Chapter VI. Incidents and Labors of the Year 1824—A

Truce with the Hated Sister-in-Law—The Gesell-

schaft der Musikfreunde's Oratorio—Bernard's Li-

bretto—The Society Forgives Beethoven His Debt and

Elects Him an Honorary Member—Book of "The

Victory of the Cross"—Summer Sojourn at Penzing

Interrupted by Curious Visitors—The London Phil-

harmonic Society Receives the Symphony in D

Minor—Further Negotiations for the Mass—New

Publishers—Probst—Schott and Sons—A Visitor from

London—Beethoven's Opinion of His Predecessors—The

Quartet in E-flat, Op. 127—Trip to England Deter-

mined Upon 170

Chapter VII. The Year 1825. The Invitation from the

Philharmonic Society of London—The Ninth Symphony

Performed a*t Aix-la-Chapelle—Mass and Symphony

Delivered to Schott and Sons—Unpleasant Results of an

Attempted Joke on Haslinger—Beethoven and a

Copyist—The String Quartet in E-flat Taken Away

from Schuppanzigh after a First Performance—Karl

Holz—Beethoven Authorizes Him to Write the His-

tory of His Life—Early Biographers—Visits of Rellstab,

Kuhlau, Smart and Others—Sir George Smart's Recol-

lections—Dedication of the Mass in D—Stephan von

Breuning—Wegeler asks Beethoven to Defend the Honor

of His Mother—The Quartets in A Minor and B-flat 186

Chapter VIII. A Year of Sickness and Sorrow—The

Last String Quartets — Wolfmayer Commissions a

"Requiem" and Pays in Advance—Many Works in

petto—-Controversy with Prince Galitzin and His

Son—The Fugue in the B-flat Quartet—"Muss es

sein?"—Dedication of the Ninth Symphony—The King

of Prussia and His Gift of a Dubious Diamond^—Abbe

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