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REDUCTION OF DUTY ON MATERIALS AND TOOLS.

Feb. 4, 1854. By despatch from Her Majesty's Minister at Copenhagen, the customs duty on all materials and tools imported for the purpose of being employed in works for bringing water into towns, lighting them by gas, and improving their drainage, will be reduced to 5 per cent. ad valorem, whenever the duties levied on such materials by the tariff shall exceed that rate.

MONEYS.

Copenhagen. In this country accounts are stated in Rigsbank or Rix-Banco dollars, which are divided into 6 marks or 96 skillings. The paper currency is made by law of equal value with the silver coinage, two rix dollars being 1 species dollar, 91 of which go to the Cologn mark.

1 Rigsbank dollar, or 6 marks of 16 skillings

96 skillings.

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GOLD.

COURSE OF EXCHANGE. £ 8. d. Double Frederic, or

London, 2 months, 9.25 for £1 sterling. Christian d'or. 1 12 8 Amsterdam, 2 months, 190 Rg. dollar for 1 ditto

0 16 4 250 florins.

Hamburg, 2 months, 200 Rg. dollars for SILVER

300 marks banco. 1 species dollar 0 4 5 Paris, sight, 35 skillings for 1 fr. 1 or 1 Rigs

bank dollar. 0 2 21 It has long been customary, that bills are 1 of 32 Rigs

collected eighteen days after they fall due, bank skillings 0 0 87 besides three days' grace. Bills at sight are 16 Rigs

payable twenty-four hours afterwards. bank skillings . 0 0 41 Paper money in the same ratio as coin. गी

8 Riga-
bank skillings . .0 0 25

ADAM SPIELMANN & Co.

LEGALIZING RUSSIAN DOCUMENTS. According to advices from St. Petersburg, received on Monday, the Prussian Consul in London had been appointed to legalize all official documents for Russia. It appears, however, that it is the Danish Consul-General, and not the Prussian Consul, by whom the service is to be undertaken, arrangements to that effect having been made by the Danish Minister at this Court Times, June 22, 1854.

PROGRESS OF RAILWAY. A report, issued May 31, 1854, of the progress of the Royal Danish Railway states, that the distance between Tonning and Flensburg, forty-five miles, will be open for traffic in about five weeks, and that the whole undertaking will be completed in October and opened in the presence of the King. Great commercial interest attaches to the effect to be produced from the transit between the North Sea and the Baltic by the line from Tonning to Flensburg.

GREAT AND LITTLE BELTS.-SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH.

June 3, 1853. Submarine telegraphic wires have been laid down in the Great and Little Belts, having marks of wooden buoys painted white, which, by their position, show the line of the wires; navigators passing the Great or Little Belt are, therefore, prohibited to anchor over the marks indicated.

LONDON.
Envoy EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTER PLENIPOTENTIARY,

[VACANT.)
SECRETARY OF LEGATION_COUNT HENCKEL

FIRST CLERK – P. ROUX.

SECOND CLERK-M, ALBERTS.
CHAPLAIN TO THE LEGATION-REV. ADOLPAUS WALBAUM.
CONSUL GENERAL FOR GREAT BRITAIN AND FRELAND,
CHEVALIER B. HEBELER, K.C.R.E.,

15, York Place, Baker Street.
Consulate Office, 106, Fenchurch Street.

CONSULS.
Liverpool Otto Burchardt, Esq.
Edinburgh-J. Gibsone Thomson, Esq.

VICE-CONSULS.
Aberdeen- A. Thomson, Esq.

Lynn & WisbeachW. Garland, Esq. . Belfast-6. Heyn, Esq.

Middlesbro-upon-Tees --- H. Bolckow, Berwick-upon-Tuceed - James Sinclair, Esq. Esą.

Montrose-Robert Miller, Esq. Birmingham--G. R. Collis, Esq. Newcastle-upon-Tyne-W. Losh, Esq. Bristol-H. Visger, Esq.

Newport (Monmouthshire) — C. H. CardifR. W. Parry, Esq.

Stonehouse, Esq. Cork-G. N. Harvey, Esq.

Padstowe—Thos. R. Avery, Esq. Coroes (Isle of Wight)-W. S. Day, Esq. Penzance-R. Pearce, Esq. Dartmouth-R. L. Kingston, Esq. Perth & NewburghJohn Lowe, Esq. DealGeorge Hammond, Esq. Peterhead-Alex. Robertson, Esq. Dorer-S. M. Latham, Esq.

Plymouth-_John Luscombe, Esq. Drogheda--Thomas Carty, Esq. Poole-Edward Patzcker, Esq. Dublin-John E. Martin, Esq. Portsmouth-L. M. vanden Bergh, Esq. Dundee-F. W. Brickmaun, Esq. Ramsgate Margate Victor Weber, Palmouth-R. B. Fox, Esq.

Esq. Glasgow—John Robt. Lamb, Esq. Scilly IslesFrancis Banfield, Esq. Gloucester_W. P. Price, Esq., M.P. Sheerness, Rochester, & Faversham-Grangemouth-T. Th. Salvesen, Esq. Wm. W. Bentham, Esq. Great Grimsby-William Marshall, Esq. Shoreham & Brighton-J. Brown, Esq. Guernsey-John Le Marchant, Esq. Shields (North & South)-John Fawcus, Hartlepool-George Geipel, Esq.

Esq. Harwich-0. J. Williams, Esq. Southampton-Charles Baker, Esq. Hull-H. S. Bright, Esq.

Stockton--C. Martin, Esq. Jersey -Philip de St. Croix, Esq. Sundorland-George R. Booth, Esq. Kirkwall, Orkney-Robert Scarth, Esq. Swansea & Llanelly-Robert Dunken, Lerwick, Shetland - Andrew Suther- Esq. land, Esq.

WaterfordW. M. Ardagh, Esq. Limerick-F. Spaight, Esq.

Weymouth-Vacant. Londonderry-A. H. Stewart, Esq. Yarmouth-Isaac Preston, Esq.

WAR WITH RUSSIA.
As to ENGLAND, see p. 177.
As to FRANCE, see under that Title in this part.
As to OTHER PLACES, see the names of the several Kingdoms, &c.

TREATY BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND AUSTRIA.

OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE TREATY BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND

AUSTRIA.

Berlin, April 20, 1854. Art. 1. His Majesty the King of Prussia and His Imperial Apostolic Majesty reciprocally guarantee to each other the possession of their German and nonGerman territories, so that any attack made upon the territory of the one, no matter whence it may come, shall be regarded as a hostile attack on the territory of the other.

2. In the same manner the high contracting parties hold themselves bound to safeguard the interests of Germany from all and every inroad, and regard themselves, consequently, as bound to resist every attack upon any portion of their territory, in case that one of them should, in accord with the other, find itself required to move (voran-zugehen) in defence of German interests. Agreement as to the initiative (Eintritt) of the eventuality just mentioned, as well also as to the extent of assistance to be afforded, shall form the subject of special arrangements, which are to be considered as integral portions of the present treaty.

3. In order to give the necessary weight and strength to the offensive and defensive treaty concluded by them, the two great German powers bind themselves, in case of need, to hold a portion of their military force fully prepared for war, at given epochs and at given points to be determined between them. Special resolutions shall also ensue as regards time, extent, and mode of employing this military force.

4. The high contracting parties will invite all German States to adhere to this alliance, in such measure as is provided for by Art. 47 of the Vienna con. cluding acts, so that the legal federal obligations shall receive such extension by adhering States as the present treaty points out.

5. Neither of the high contracting parties will, during the existence of this alliance, conclude any separate treaty whatever with other States, which does not fully harmonise with the principles of the present treaty.

6. The present treaty shall be submitted, as soon as possible, to the ratifications of the august Sovereigns.

Von MANTEUFFEL.
Vox HESS.
Vox Thun.

SINGLE ARTICLE.

Berlin, April 20, 1854. The Imperial Austrian legation will, on its part, address to the Imperial Russian court propositions (croffnung) having for object to procure from His Majesty the Emperor of Russia the requisite orders for the suspension of all further advance of his army into the Turkish territory, as well as to obtain from His Majesty complete (vollguttige) securities for the speedy evacuation of the Danubian Principalities. The Prussian government will, with reference to its representations already transmitted to St. Petersburg, again energetically support these propositions.

Should the replies of the Imperial Russian court, contrary to all hope, be of such kind that they should not afford complete tranquillity as regards the two points afore-mentioned, then will one of the contracting parties, in order to obtain the same, adopt measures, under the stipulations of Art. 2 of the offensive and defensive treaty concluded this day, to the effect that every hostile attack upon the territory of one or both high contracting parties shall be repulsed by the other by all the military force at its disposal.

An offensive action on the part of both (Ein offensives beiderseitiges vor Gehen) would, however, be first occasioned by the incorporation of the Principalities, or through an attack or passage of the Balkan on the part of Russia.

The present agreement shall be submitted to the ratifications of the august sovereigns simultaneously with the treaty just mentioned.

BARON OTTO FEODOR VON MANTEUFFEL.
HENRY Baron OTTO von Hess, Lieutenant-General.
F. von Thun.

BUOYS.
WEST COAST OF SCHLESWIG.

June 11, 1853. In the course of a few days the following alterations will be made in the buoys in the undermentioned channels, viz :

Lister Deep.-Instead of the black buoy marked No. 2, Romo, there will be placed in the north-west bight of Jordesands Flat a seven-feet black and white checkered buoy, which, on entering for Romo, must be kept on the starboard side, and for the Hover Channel on the larboard. Instead of the red buoy by the Hunning Shoal, a white and black striped five-feet buoy will be placed, which, on entering the Hover Channel, must be kept on the starboard, and to the List Roads on the larboard. Further, in the course of eight or ten days the following additions and alterations in the buoying of this channel will be made:- Instead of the customary buoy at the entrance of the channel, a “Placock's" buoy, with a vane marked "Lister-dyb." This seamark appears like a floating beacon, is 12 feet above the water, and can serve as a refuge for 12 persons.

On the north side of Saltsand Shoal another black buoy will be placed. There will thus be two black buoys on this shoal, marked “List No. 1 and No. 2." The white buoy A will be placed further to the N.W. in 14 feet of water at the S.W. end of the "Rist" Shoal.

To the south of the “Havsands” Reef, on which there is only two feet of water, a 13-feet white buoy will be placed, with a black ball, marked “List C.”.

New Hover.-Between the white buoys C and D a white buoy, without letter, will be placed on a projecting point of the 'North Sandgrund.' The green wreck buoy will be taken away.

North Elbe.--Instead of the white buoy A, a 13-feet white water-ballast buoy, with a black ball. The floating beacon on Gehlsand Flat will be taken away

SWINEMUNDE.

Lloyd's Office, Stettin, May 8, 1854. By a publication of the Minister for Commerce, Trade, and Public Works, dated Berlin, April 29, 1854, the following notice is given to mariners :

The hill situated near the village of "Osternothafen,” known by the name of "Siebenfichtenberg," with seven large fir trees on its top, which appears to vessels arriving before the port of Swinemunde from the N.E. to N. and from N.W. in a distance of 2 to 24 leagues, and is forming one of the marks of the said port of Swinemunde, is to be levelled in the course of the month of July of this year.

Notice thereof is hereby given to mariners, who at the same time are informed, that in the place of this mark no other one will be erected for some time, so that the said port of Swinemunde in future is to be recognized only by the other marks already known, viz. the land marks on the “Streckelberg," and on the “Kiesberg,” the light and the beacon on the East Mole, and the beacon in the Eastern Downs.

PROSCHWITZKY AND HOFRICHTER,

Lloyd's Agents.

THE SEVEN PINE MOUNTAINS.

Berlin, April 29, 1854. In the course of the month of July next will be demolished the point near the village of Osternothafen, consisting of seven tall pine trees, known by the name of Siebenfichtenberg (Seren-Pine Mountain), and visible at a distance of

2 or 2} miles (8 to 10 English miles) to vessels nearing the harbour of Swinemunde from north-east to north.

No other countersign will for the present replace it, and the harbour will henceforth only be recognized by the other usual marks :-The land beacons on the Streckel-and-Kies Mountains, the fire beacon on the Easter moat, and the revolving beacons on the Eastern Strand-down.

VON DER HEYDT. Minister of Commerce, Trade, and Public Works.

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT.

Convention between Her Majesty and the King of Prussia, for the Establishment

of International Copyright. Signed at Berlin, May 13, 1846. [Ratifications excchanged at Berlin, June 16, 1846.]

1. Copyright.---The authors of books, dramatic works, or musical com. positions, and the inventors, designers, or engravers of prints, and articles of sculpture ; and the authors, inventors, designers, or engravers of any other works whatsoever of literature and the fine arts, in which the laws of Great Britain and of Prussia do now or may hereafter give their respective subjects the privilege of copyright, shall with regard to any such works or articles first published in either of the two states, enjoy in the other the same privilege of copyright as would by law be enjoyed by the author, inventor, designer, or engraver of a similar work, if first published in such other state; together with the same legal remedies and protection against piracy and unauthorised republication.

The lawful representatives or assigns of authors, inventors, designers, or engravers, shall, in all these respects, be treated on the same footing as the authors, inventors, designers, or engravers themselves.

2. Registry.--No person shall, in either country, be entitled to the protection, stipulated by the preceding article, unless the work in respect of which copyright is claimed shall have been registered by the original producer, or by his lawful representatives or assigns, in the manner following :

First. If the work be one that has first appeared in the dominions of His Majesty the King of Prussia, it must have been registered in the register book of the Company of Stationers in London.

Secondly. If the work be one that has first appeared in the dominions of Her Britannic Majesty, it must have been registered in the catalogue to be kept for that purpose at the office of His Prussian Majesty's Minister for Ecclesiastical, Educational, and Medical Affairs.

Nor shall any person be entitled to such protection as aforesaid, unless the laws and regulations of the respective states in regard to the work in respect of which it may be claimed shall have been duly complied with ; nor, in cases where there are several copies of the work, unless one copy of the best edition, or in the best state, shall have been delivered gratuitously at the place appointed by law for that purpose in the respective countries.

A certified copy of the entry in the said register book of the Company of Stationers in London shall be valid in the British dominions, as proof of the exclusive right of republication, until a better right shall have been established by any other party before a court of justice :- and the certificate given under the laws of Prussia, of the registration of any work in that country, shall be valid for the same purpose in the Prussian dominions.

3. Dramatic and Musical Works.The authors of dramatic and musical works which shall have been first publicly represented or performed in either of the two countries, as well as the lawful representatives or assigns of such authors shall likewise be protected in regard to the public representation or performance of their works in the other country, to the full extent in which native subjects would be protected in respect of dramatic and musical works first represented or performed in such country ; provided they shall previously

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