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have duly registered their copyright in the offices mentioned in the preceding article, in conformity with the laws of the respective states.
4. Duty.--In lieu of the rates of duty which may at any time, during the continuance of this convention, be payable upon the importation into the United Kingdom of foreign books, prints, and drawings, there shall be charged upon the importation of books, prints, or drawings, published within the dominions of of Prussia, and legally importable into the United Kingdom, only the rates of duty specified in the table.
See p. 55.
It is understood that all works, of which any part was originally produced in the United Kingdom, will be considered as "works originally produced in the United Kingdom, and republished in Prussia," and will be subject to the duty of 50s. per cwt., although the same may contain also original matter produced elsewhere; unless such original matter shall be at least equal in bulk to the part of the work originally produced in the United Kingdom, in which case the work will be subject only to the duty of 158. per cwt.
5. Stamps.—It is agreed that stamps shall be provided according to a pattern to be made known to the officers of customs of the United Kingdom, and that the municipal or other authorities of the several towns in Prussia shall affix such stamps to all books intended for exportation to the United Kingdom. And no books shall, for the purposes of this convention, so far as the same relates to the rates of duty at which such books are to be entered, be deemed to have been published in Prussia, except such as appear by their title page to have been published at some town or place within the dominions of Prussia, and which have been duly stamped by the proper municipal or other authority of any such town or place.
6. Prohibition.—Nothing in this convention shall be construed to affect the right of either of the two high contracting parties to prohibit the importation into its own dominions of such books as, by its internal law, or under its treaties with other states, are declared to be piracies, or infringements of copyright.
7. Treaty with a Third Power.-In case either of the two high contracting parties shall conclude a treaty of international copyright with any third power, a stipulation similar to that contained in the preceding article shall be inserted in such treaty.
8. German States of Commercial Union.—Those German states which, together with Prussia, compose the customs and commercial union, or which may hereafter join the said union, shall have the right of acceding to the present convention ; and books, prints, and drawings, published in any state so becoming a party to this convention, and exported from any other state also, being a party to the same, shall be considered, for the purposes of this convention, to have been exported from the country of their publication.
9. Commencement.—The present convention shall come into operation on September 1, 1846. It shall remain in force for five years from that date, and further, until the expiration of a year's notice, which may be given by either party, at any time after September 1, 1851.
10. Ratification. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Berlin, at the expiration of two months, or sooner, if possible.
În witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done at Berlin, the thirteenth day of May, in the year of our Lord, 1846.
Protocol signed by the two Plenipotentiaries on the conclusion of the preceding
Convention. The undersigned plenipotentiaries of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and of His Majesty the King of Prussia, met together
this day in order to sign the treaty drawn up on the basis of the negotiations which have taken place for the reciprocal protection of the rights of authors against piracy and unauthorised reproduction.
The two original copies of the treaty having been examined and found to correspond in form and contents with the concerted stipulations, the plenipotentiaries proceeded to sign the same, under the following conditions ; such conditions, though not appearing of a nature to be admitted into the text of the treaty, nevertheless to be considered, on the ratification of the treaty, as thereby agreed to and ratified :
1. Fees.-With respect to article 24Both governments engage that the fees which may at any time be levied for the registering of a single work in the register book of the Company of Stationers in London, or in the catalogue of the office of His Prussian Majesty's Minister for Ecclesiastical, Educational, and Medical Affairs, shall not exceed the sum of one shilling sterling, or of ten silver groschen, as has been already declared on the part of Great Britain in a letter from the Board of Trade.
2. Delivery of Copy.-—With reference to the same article :-The delivery of a copy gratuitously shall take place in Great Britain at the Stationers' Company in London, and in Prussia at the office of the Minister of Ecclesiastical, Educational, and Medical Affairs at Berlin. 3. Duty on Musical Works. With reference to article 4:
-Both governments agree, that the duty on musical works imported from Prussia into Great Britain shall not be greater than the duty on books imported from Prussia into Great Britain.
4. Stamping.-With reference to article 5:-It is understood that the stamping agreed to in this article will be confined to books and musical works (according to the interpretation of the word "books ” 5 & 6 Vict., c. 45, July 1, 1842, p. 55,) whereas all other objects mentioned in article 1 of the convention this day signed, will not require to be stamped in order to enable them to be imported into Great Britain at the rate of duty fixed for these objects by article 4 of the present treaty. Done at Berlin, May 13, 1846.
By T. L., October 30, 1846, books published in Prussia, and stamped in Saxony, or any other state which may have acceded to the convention, are to be treated as Prussian, and vice versa; the same are to be admitted at the duty prescribed by the convention to be levied upon books published in Prussia, and imported into this country with the Prussian stamp affixed.
GERMAN CONFEDERATION. Treaty of peace between His Majesty the King of Prussia, in his own name and
in the name of the Germanic Confederation, on the one part, and His Majesty the King of Denmark on the other part.
Art. 1. Peace.—There shall in future be peace, friendship, and good understanding between the Germanic Confederation and Denmark. The greatest attention shall be devoted by both parties to the maintenance of the harmony 80 happily re-established, and they will carefully avoid everything which may affect it.
2. Treaties, &c.— All the treaties and conventions concluded between the Germanic Confederation and Denmark are by this present treaty re-established.
3. The high contracting parties reserve all the rights which reciprocally belonged to them before the war.
4. Holstein.-- After the conclusion of the present treaty, His Majesty the King of Denmark, as Duke of Holstein, in conformity with the federal laws, shall be in a position to claim the intervention of the Germanic Confederation to assist in re-establishing the execution of his legitimate authority in Holstein, at the same time, however, communicating his intentions with respect to the pacification of that country. If the Confederation shall not deem it its duty to interfere for the present, or if its intervention shall prove inefficacious, His Majesty the King of Denmark shall be at liberty to extend military measures to Holstein, and to employ for this purpose his military forces.
5. Germanic Confederation.— Within the space of six months after the signing of this treaty, His Majesty the King of Denmark and the Germanic Confederation shall appoint commissioners, in order to determine, according to the documents and the proofs thereunto relating, the limits of the territories of His Majesty comprised within the Germanic Confederation, and of those which belong thereunto.
6. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications thereto exchanged at Berlin, within the space of three weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In faith of which the minister of the mediating power and the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty, and fixed thereto their seals. Given at Berlin, July 2, 1850, WESTMORELAND,
F. Von PECHLIN,
A. W. SCHEEL,
NAVIGATION. The Minister of Commerce at Berlin has drawn up a statistical table of navigation in Prussia. The return is less in 1852 than in 1851. In 1851 the import navigation trade gave the figures—6,983 vessels, of the amount of 557,724 tonnage, and of which 3,954 had an effective freightage of 310,189 tons, The export trade was, vessels, 5,884 ; tonnage, 496,949. In 1852 the number of vessels that entered was 5,650 ; tonnage, 457,305; of which 3,948 bad cargoes to the amount of 316,057 tons. The export trade was—vessels, 5,737 ; tonnage, 481,672; and of which 4,519 vessels had cargoes of 368,974. The increase on the whole statement is 572 vessels and 218,942 tonnage— the difference between 1,678 vessels, with 832,466 tonnage, and 1,106 vessels, with 613,524 tonnage. Of this increase, nearly the entire amount arises from an augmented trade with the Australian colonies and New Zealand.
Berlin, Feb. 26, 1854. Memel is just now the chief port of shipment for Russian tallow, hemp, and flax; the high price of the former in London has already led to its transport over-land to that port, so as to admit of taking advantage of the early open navigation. The house of Loder and Co., in St. Petersburg, is reported to have netted 150,0001. solely on the advanced price of their stock of tallow in London. A good deal of the hemp and flax just lately brought into Memel had been lying in Riga on English account, and has just been removed to the latter place as a measure of precaution. We are informed on Hamburg authority, that a number of English masters of trading vessels have applied there to become citizens of that free republic, so as to be on the safe neutral side when hostilities break out between England and Russia.—Cor.
Duty. £ 8. d.
0 90 0 9 0 0 12 0
and waddings, 1101 lb.
thread, 1104 lb. LINEN MANUFACTURES : –
raw twilling and drilling, 1104 lb.
ribbons, batiste, borders, fringes, gauze, cambric, woven trimmings, laces, stockings, &c. &c., 110; lb.
thread lace, 110 lb. COFFEE, 110 lb.
0 12 0
4 10 0 9 0 0 0 15
GRAIN, &c. [Translation.]
Berlin, Sept. 8, 1853. According to an agreement made by the States of the Zollverein, the king has authorized that the levying of the import duty on corn, codded grain o all sorts, flour, bruised and shelled grain, peeled barley, groats, and bruised or peeled corn, shall be suspended from the 15th inst. to the end of the year 1853. This is hereby made known to the public, and notice is also given that the customs and revenue authorities have been provided with instructions regarding the suspension of the duty.
BODELSCHWING, the Minister of Finance.
Berlin, October, 1853. The prolongation of the period assigned for the free importation into Prussia of corn and farinaceous products till September 30, 1854, is announced in the Staats Anzeiger. Most of the various other States of the Zollverein either have already promulgated the same notice or are about to do so.
Berlin, Dec. 19, 1853. The general report on the harvest, which has lately been published, the results of more than 300 reports of agricultural societies shows, that the harvest has been by no means so bad as expected, and that there is no fear of scarcity. Reports to the same effect have come in from almost all parts of Germany. Every difficulty that stood in the way of the despatch of corn by canal has been removed by an energetic concentration of efforts, and the import duty on all grain has been repealed till after next harvest shall have been got in. By these measures Prussia has been saved from dearth, without the intervention of any prohibition of exportation or other violent measures.—Cor.
DUTY ON RICE.
Staats Anzeiger, November, 1853. An order has been issued from the Finance Minister for the repeal of the duty on rice till the end of this year. The approaching accession of the Steuerverein, in which this duty has also been temporarily repealed, made it necessary for the Zollverein also to take the same step to prevent duty-free rice being imported from Hanover after the turn of the year without further pay. ment of duty, and thus competing unfairly with duty-paid rice in the Zollverein.
FOREIGN SYRUP. By royal ordinance and despatch from H. M. Minister at Berlin, May 4, 1854, the duty of two thalers per centner on foreign syrup, prescribed by the ordinance of the 11th of June, 1853 (Gesetz-Sammlung), from the 1st of January, 1854, to the end of August, 1855, shall apply only to ordinary syrup, that is to say, to such as, according to the result of the tests which are to be directed for this purpose by the customs authorities, contains no crystallizable sugar, or only a small quantity. Any syrup which is found to be incompatible with the terms of the aforesaid rule shall be charged with the import duty of four thalers per centner.
This order shall be applicable to all the clearances already effected, from January 1, 1854.
The money of account in this country is stated in thalers divided into thirty silver groschen. The bank notes bear a relative value with the silver currency. The Prussian thaler being calculated at the rate of fourteen to the Cologne mark weight of fine silver. The present exchange with London is 6:15 per pound sterling. The Berlin standard is adopted throughout Prussia to regulate the money of account. 1 Prussian thaler
30 silver groschen. 1 silver groschen
Bank notes of 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 5, and 1 thalerg.
The Cologne mark is in use here as in other parts of Germany for the purchase and sale of precious metals. The mark being equal to 36087 grains troy.
ADAM SPIELMANN & Co.
The weights adopted as the basis of the tariff are the hundred weight of the Great Duchies of Baden and Hesse, and the toll cwt, which is divided into 100 lb., of which
935 136 1000 Prussian (Electoral Hesse) lb.
1000 Würtemburg lb.
1000 Saxon (Dresden) lb. The Toll-Pounds.
14 = 15 Prussian (Electoral Hesse) Ib.
2 = 1 Rheno-Bavarian kilogramme.
14 = 15 Saxon (Dresden) lb. The Toll—Cwt.
36 35 Prussian (Electoral Hesse) cwt. of 110 lb.
2 1 Rheno-Bavarian quintal of 50 kilogrammes.
-Parl. Report of Sir J. Bouring.