The Steeple of Peesen's being between the two lighthouses on the English. man's Bank a hand-spike's length to the east of the large lighthouse ;

The 1st white buoy is placed in 44 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon at Schiermonnikoog S.E.
The aforesaid large lighthouse S. I W.
The 2nd white buoy lies in 39 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon S.E.
The aforesaid large lighthouse, S. & W.
The 3rd white buoy is placed in 70 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon S.E. | S.
The aforesaid lighthouse S.S.W.
The 1st black buoy is placed in 55 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon S.E.
The aforesaid lighthouse S. W.
The 2nd black buoy is placed in 55 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon S.E.
The aforesaid lighthouse S.W. 1 W.
The 3rd black buoy is placed at the steep side, in 130 palms depth, bearing
The aforesaid beacon S.E.
The aforesaid lighthouse S.S.W.

The course in the middle of the channel from the red buoy to the 2nd white buoy is S.E. } E.

From the 2nd white buoy to the 3rd white buoy E.S.E.
From the 3rd white buoy to the striped buoy S. by E. } E.

The latter striped buoy (half red and half white) lies in the place of the 4th black buoy at the junction of the Middle Gat, and north east Friesland Sea Gat; the courses to be observed from this buoy further inland remain the same as heretofore.

In the Middle Gat the water is shallowest near to the 2nd white buoy.

It must be borne in mind that in this entrance from sea the flood tide sets in on the south coast, and the ebb tide on the opposite side.

The bearings are taken by unadjusted compass, and the depths at ordinary low water. The Minister aforementioned,



The Hague, October 27, 1853. The Minister of Marine hereby informs persons interested, that the Catadioptic light of the first class, applied to the lighthouse at Kijkduin, was first lighted on the evening of the 25th September last.

This improved stationary light is situated in 52° 57' 4" north latitude, and 4° 43' 30" longitude east of Greenwich. It is raised full 49 ells (about 161 feet) above ordinary high water, and illumines an arc of 270 degrees of the horizon, namely, from the south 30° west by west, north and east, to east 30° south.

From experiments made at the height of the deck of a pilot cutter, the eye being 3 ells (9 feet 10 inches) above water, it was ascertained that the light of Kijkduin bearing N.E. 1 N., and, at the same time, the Egmond coast lights bearing south, in the depth of 8} fathoms water, is lost sight of, or sinks; this being a distance of 4 German sea miles (about 21 English miles).

From further experiments on board the pilot cutter, at a height of 15 ells (49 feet 24 inches) from the water in the rigging, the Kijkduin light bearing N.E. I N., with the Egmond coast lights in sight from the deck S.E. by E.

E., in the depth of 81 fathoms, the former light was lost sight of or sunk.

Therefore the Kijkduin light was visible at the said height in the rigging, at a distance of 5 to 51 German sea miles (about 23 to 253 English miles). According to the state of the atmosphere, it will be visible at a greater or less distance.

Two or three days later, upon a favourable occasion for observation, the experiments were continued in the same pilot cutter off the Island of Texel.

With the eye 3 ells (9 feet 10 inches) above water, the Kijkduin light bear. ing S. 1 W. was lost sight of, whilst the Vlieland light at E. I S. was quite visible; which cross bearing indicates a distance of full 4 German sea miles (18; English miles) from the Kijkduin light. Then keeping E.S.E. by the coast, the latter light, with the eye 15 ells (49 feet 24 inches) above water, was seen over the sand downs of the Island of Texel, in the direction S. by W., when it disappeared behind the sand downs of the island, with the lead at the depth of 13 fathoms water at a short distance from the Eijerland flats.

The Kijkduin light, therefore, in its improved state, has become, even upon ordinary occasions for observation, very serviceable for the approaching of the Texel channels; and it appears, from all the experiments herein mentioned, that it retains a very clear light until it sinks altogether, and that it likewise makes its appearance above the horizon bright.

The ell measure herein mentioned is the Netherland ell (or French metre39:37 inches English), and the bearings of the compass are uncorrected, the deviation being calculated at 21° 51' north west.


Minister of Marine.


The Hague, December 15, 1853. The Minister of Marines give notice :

1stly.—That the red buoy on the North Pampus of the Mouth of Goeree, has been substituted by a black buoy, and is likewise now placed north westerly, in the following directions :

The steeple of Brielle in the wood of Rockanje, and the church steeple of Helvoetsluys in the small wood at the Kwak;

Soundings-Goeree, S.W. W.

Helvoetsluys, S.E. by unadjusted compass, at the depth of 52 palms at ordinary low water, which buoy, when entering, has to be kept on the larboard side.

2ndly.—That at the dry north easterly point of the Scheelhoek Bank, a white buoy is stationed in the directions.

The steeple of Goeree on the eastern side of the pier head, of said place; and the pilot office of Helvoetsluys, touching the point of the Kwak :

Soundings-Goeree, W. S.

Lighthouse of Helvoetsluys, S.E. ( S. at 46 palms depth at ordinary low water to be kept on the starboard side on entering.

3rdly.--That the white buoy, stationed at the north point of the bank, Scheelhoek, termed North Pampus, has been furnished with a white flag on a pole in order to its being better distinguished from the before

mentioned white buoy.

The Minister aforesaid,



The Hague, March 20, 1854. The Minister of Marine gives notice that, in consequence of the giving way of the western point of the Sandbank on the Kalcot, Western Schelde, the white buoy stationed, on sailing up from Flushing, has, to prevent misdirection, been removed from that point, and that in lieu thereof, in a more easterly direction upwards, a red buoy has been placed at 31 fathoms depth, showing :

The castle of Rammekens close outside of the corner of the sea dyke to the Eastward of the South Watering:

The Orange Mill of Flushing against the first Berm to the eastward of the Dock Harbour.



The Hague, July 14, 1853. The Minister of Marine gives notice that the submarine cable between the English and Dutch coasts lies at about a quarter of a mile westward of the lighthouse at Scheveningen, in a direction W.N.W. towards Orfordness, and from Orfordness Lighthouse in a direction E.S.E. with the lighthouse on, with the Gedgrave igh trees bearing W.N.W

Masters of vessels and pilots are warned not to anchor within these marks or bearings, in order to avoid damaging the submarine cable or the loss of their own anchors.

PROGRESS OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. The Dutch Government has published returns of the commerce and navigation of the Netherlands during the year 1852. They show considerable increase under the several heads of imports, exports, and transit. The total value of the imports was more than 322,000,000 florins, or 19,000,000 more than that of the previous year; and the total value of exports in 1852 was 272,000,000 florins, 30,000,000 more than in 1851. The total value of the transit trade is represented by 115,000,000 florins, being an augmentation of 17,000,000 fiorins compared with the former year.-Ed.

Convention of Navigation between Her Majesty and the King of the Netherlands, signed at

London, March 27, 1851.

[Ratifications exchanged at London, April 16, 1851.] Art. I. Tonnage, &c. - Duties.- No duties of tonnage, harbour, lighthouse, pilotage, quarantine, or other similar or corresponding duties, of whatever nature or under whatever denomination shall be imposed in the ports of either country upon the vessels of the other enuntry, from whatever port or place arriving, which shall not be equally imposed in the like cases on national vessels; and in neither country shall any duty, charge, restriction, or prohibition, be imposed upon, nor any drawback, bounty, or allowance, be withheld from, any goods imported into or exported from such country in vessels of the other, which shall not be equally imposed upon or withheld from such goods, when so imported or exported in national vessels.

II. Vessels.-All vessels which, according to the laws of Great Britain, are to be deemed British vessels, and all vessels which, according to the laws of the Netherlands, are to be deemned Netherland vessels, shall, for the purposes of this Convention, and of the treaty of October 27, 1837, be deemed British vessels and Netherland vessels respectively.

III. Pririleges.--If any Act should hereafter be passed by the Legislature of either country, by which any of the privileges in regard to navigation and commerce which are respectively conceded by the British Act of Parliament of the 12 & 13 Victoria, cap. 29, and by the Netherland Law of August 8, 1850, should be withdrawn, then and in such case, either of the high contracting parties shall be at liberty, to terminate the present Convention, on giving to the other six weeks' notice of its wish to that effect.

IV. The present Convention shall be considered as additional to the above-mentioned Treaty of October 27, 1837, and shall have the same duration as that Treaty, unless in the case provided for by Article III. preceding. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications

shall be exchanged at London as soon as may be within the space of four weeks from the date of its signature.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms. Done at London, May 27, 1861.


TARIFF. TARIFF of the Principal Articles Imported into, and Exported from, the

Netherlands.—(By Authority. Translated specially for Pope's YEABLY


Gilders. Cents. Coffee, 100 kilo. .

2 0 Corn, last

0 20 Cotton, raw




Gilders. Cents. Fish, dried, as herrings, smoked (bloaters), 1,000

0 90 Other dried fish, 100 kilo.

0 20 Flax or hemp, raw, val.

3 per cent. dyed or printed linen, including table cloths, damasks, &c., val.

6 per cent. Ginger, value

1 per cent. preserved, 100 kilo.

6 0 Hides, unenumerated, fresh, salted or dried, vai.

* per cent. prepared, 100 kilo.

10 0 Machinery and steam engines, val.


per cent. Manufactures of silk or cotton, and all others unenumerated,

6 per cent. Molasses, 100 kilo. Rum and other spirits, val.

1 0 Sugar, raw, 100 kilo.

10 0 refined, 100 kilo.

36 Tools and articles of steel, val. .

6 per cent. Wine, vat

1 in bottles of 116 or more to the vat, 100 bottles

4 Wool, sheep's

Free. combed or dyed, 100 kilo.

5 Woollen as cloths and kersemeres, &c., 100 kilo.

45 All other woollens, of which 6 Netherland ells weigh a kilo. or more, 100 kilo.

34 0 All other woollens, raw and imported to be dyed, 100 kilo.

0 All other woollens, of which the 6 Netherland ells weigh less than 1 kilo., val.

6 per cent. All other woollens, raw and imported to be dyed, val.

5 per cent.



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FOOD, &c.—ROYAL DECREE. In consequence of the extraordinary measures taken by neighbouring States to encourage the importation of grain and other articles of food, it appears necessary here also to facilitate their introduction. We, therefore, &c., decree :

Art. 1. The duties on the importation of the under-mentioned goods shall be diminished to the following scale :Potatoes

5 cents. per 10 mud. Millet


100 kilos. Wheat


Maize, barley, malt, buckwheat, oats, beans,
vetches, peas, lentils, groats, pearl barley

100 kilos.


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Art 2. The above regulations shall come into operation five days after the date of the Staats Blad and Staats Courant in which this decree is published, and shall remain in vigour till the 1st of July, 1854, or till it is otherwise determined by law. Utrecht, Sept. 15, 1853.



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Decree of December 23, 1853, relative to measures for the encouragement of

the Import of Grain and other Provisions :Art. 1. The levying of the duties on the importation of potatoes and millet, as fixed by tariff added to the law of June 19, 1845, and of the duties on the importation of wheat and peeled spelt, rye, maize, or Turkish corn, barley and malt, buckwheat, oats, and unpeeled spelt, beans, tares, peas, and lentils, groats, grits, and peeled barley, as fixed by Art. 2 of the law of May 30, 1847, and by the law of March 3, 1852, is suspended till October 1, 1854.

Art. 2. Till the above-mentioned period, the duties on the importation of the named grains and provisions will be levied as follows :Potatoes

5 cents. per 10 mud. id. sterling. per 14 cwt. Millet


100 lb. {th of a 1d. Rice


100 lb. = ths of a ld. 220 lb. Rice in husks or paddy 2

100 lb. fths of a ld.

220 lb. Grain :Wheat and peeled spelt 10


2d. stg. per 10 qrts. Rye, maize, or Turkish corn 10



101 Barley and malt...



103 Buckwheat



101 Oats and unpeeled spelt 10



10 Beans, tares, peas, and lentils 10


2d. Groats, grits, & peeled barley 10


220 m, lb. Bread, biscuit, and flour of

all kinds of grain, vermicelli, maccaroni, semorile, and bran

4f. 10

100 lb. = 6s. 10d. ,

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Rotterdam, April 26, 1854. Considerable anxiety is felt among the Dutch importers of Russian grain regarding their position in consequence of the war. This trade between Hollaud and Russia is large, particularly in rye, which is used for the manufacture of spirits, and it appears that it has been the custom of the merchants to effect purchases during the winter, for delivery at the opening of the navigation at all the various ports, Archangel included, and meanwhile to make heavy advances. For the whole to arrive, it is alleged, it would be necessary to allow shipments during the entire summer; and, as the orders in council recently issued by the British government are not considered to convey a certainty of such permission being granted, a deputation is contemplated of the leading grain importers of Holland to proceed to London. These gentlemen, it is said, will wait upon Lord Clarendon, with the view of petitioning the government for special licences for the transport in Dutch vessels to Holland of such boná fide property as they may now have lying in Russian hands. --Cor.

HERRING FISHERY. The herring fishery on the coast was unusually productive last season. In 1851 it produced 8,100,000 fish; in 1852, 9,569,000 ; and in 1853, 16,570,000, which is the greatest number that has been ever caught.-Cor.

MONEYS. The currency of this country is in florins or gulden and cents. The par of Exchange on London being 12 florins per £ sterling. The late gold coinage

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