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RECIPROCITY.

How all-enlivening trade to rouse, and wing
The prosperous sail from every growing port,
Uninjur'd, round the sea-encircled globe,
And thus, in soul united, as in name,
Bid Britais reign the mistress of the deep.-Thomson.

Equal Footing.—If it be made to appear to Her Majesty that British vessels are subject in any foreign country to any prohibitions or restrictions as to the voyages in which they may engage, or as to the articles which they may import into or export from such country, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty (if she think fit), by order in council, to impose such prohibitions or restrictions upon the ships of such foreign country, either as to the voyages in which they may engage or as to the articles which they may import into or export from any part of the United Kingdom or of any British possession in any part of the world, as Her Majesty may think fit, so as to place the ships of such country on as nearly as possible the same footing in British ports as that on which British ships are placed in the ports of such country. 16 & 17 Vict. c. 107, § 322. [August 20, 1853.]

As to Duties.- If it be made to appear to Her Majesty that British ships are either directly or indirectly subject in any foreign country to any duties or charges of any sort or kind whatsoever from which the national vessels of such country are exempt, or that any duties are imposed upon articles imported or exported in British ships which are not equally imposed upon the like articles imported or exported in national vessels, or that any preference whatsoever is shown either directly or indirectly to national vessels over British vessels, or to articles imported or exported in national vessels over the the like articles imported or exported in British vessels, or that British trade and navigation is not placed by such country upon as advantageous a footing as the trade and navigation of the most favoured nation, then and in any such case it shall be lawful for Her Majesty (if she think fit), by order in council, to impose such duty or duties of tonnage upon the ships of such nation entering into or departing from the ports of the United Kingdom, or of any British possession in any part of the world, or such duty or duties on all goods or on any specified classes of goods, imported or exported in the ships of such nation, as may appear to Her Majesty justly to countervail the disadvantages to which British trade or navigation is so subjected as aforesaid.

§ 325. Specification of Ships.-And in every such order Her Majesty may, if she so think fit, specify what ships are to be considered as ships of the country or countries to which such order applies, and all ships answering the description contained in such order shall be considered to be ships of such country or countries for the purposes of such order. $ 326.

Books, Prints, &c.-See Books in Tariff, &c.

TREATIES.

By 0. C., May 15, 1852, it is declared that the foreign powers with which any reciprocity treaties are subsisting, are the several powers hereinafter mentioned, riz. :

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria.
His Majesty the King of the Belgians.
The Republic of Bolivia.

TREATIES continuer.

The Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.
The Republic of Costa Rica.
His Majesty the King of Denmark.
The Dominican Republic.

The Republic of the Equator.
The French Republic.
The Free City of Frankfort.
His Majesty the King of Greece.
The Republic of Guatemala.
The Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg.
His Majesty the King of Hanover.
The Republic of Liberia.
The Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Lubeck.
His Serene Higliness the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin.
His Serene Highness the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz.
The Mexican Republic.
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands.
The Republic of New Grenada.
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
His Highness the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
The Republic of Peru.
Her Majesty the Queen of Portugal.
His Majesty the King of Prussia, and other States forming the German Com-

mercial Union, viz. :-Bavaria, Saxony, Wurtemburg, Baden, the Electorate of Hesse, the Grand Duchy of Hesse, the Siates forming the

Customs and Commercial Union of Thuringia, Nassau, and Frankfurt. The United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. His Majesty the King of Sardinia. His Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies. His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway. His Imperial and Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Tuscany. The United States of America. The Oriental Republic of the Uruguay. The Republic of Venezuela. Brazil, 0. C., October 24, 1853. Roman States, 0. C., January 14, 1854. Tahite, O. C., January 30, 1854.

READY RECKONING.

A PENNY SAVED.

I recommend to the consideration of all, from the statesman to the apprentice, a position replete with mercantile wisdom, A penny saved is twopence got."- Dr. Johnson.Rambler, No. 77.

8.

It may not be amiss to remind the reader that

£
75 0 is three-fourths, or

50 0 one-half. 1001. value 25 0 one-fourth

12 10 one-eighth
10 0 one-tenth
5 0 one-twentieth

8. d. 15 0 10 0 5 0 2 6 2 0

0 )

in the f.

READY RECKONING—continued.
Cut., or., and lb., may be readily reduced into lb., thus :-
Cwt. gr. lb.

13 5

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156 multiply by 12, carrying out two figures.
33 the odd qr, and 5 lb.

1189 lb.

The Tare or per Centage on hundreds-weight, quarters, and pounds is quickly found thus:-

Cwt. qrs. Ib. 3 per Cent, on 123 2 21

2 qrs, or 56 lb. 3

21

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369

2 add for the 2 qrs. 21 lb. as shown annexed 3 112)371(3 cwt. 1 qr. 7 lb. amount required. 112)231(2 336

224

35 or 1 qr. 71b.

7

Of a Ton.

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Cwt.
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is three-fourths

three-fifths one-half two-fifths one-fourth one-fifth

one-eighth Of a Cut.

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Qrs. Ib. 2 or 56 1 or 28

16 14 8 7

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Of a pound Sterling.

d. 15 0 is three-fourths 12 0

three-fifths 10 0

one-half 8

two-fiftlig 6 8

one-third 5 0

one-fourth 4 0

one-fifth 3 4

one-sixth 2 6

one-eighth 2 0

one-tenth 1 8

one-twelfth 1 0

one-twentieth Of a Shilling. d. 9 is three-fourths 8

two-thirds 6

one-half 4

one-third 3

one-fourth 2

one-sixth 11

one-eighth one-twelfth

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Ib.
14
7
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31

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The pence in the price of an article become shillings in the dozen, and the pence in the price of a dozen become shillings in the worth of a gross.

Thus 10d. each is 108. per dozen.

18d. per doz. 188. per gross.

The shillings in the price of an article become pounds in the score.

Thus, 9. the score, will be 98. each, &c. Double the farthings in the price of a lb., call them shillings, add as many

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READY RECKONINGcontinued. groats as there were farthings in the said price, the result will be the value of 1 cwt.

far.
Ex.--Rice, at 2 d.=11 X 2=22, and 11 groats, 3s. 8d.

Then 22s. + 38. 8d.=258. 8d. 11. 58. 8d. per cwt.

8.

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In estimating iron, copper, &c.
d.

£ 8. d.
$ per lb. amounts to 2 l. or 2 6 8 per ton.
will be

7 0 0
14 0 0
21 0 0

28 0 0 And for every additional farthing, add 21 68. 8d. 'In calculating the long hundred, viz., 120, or sixscore pounds (the cwt. of 112 lb. being in these trades called the short hundred), call every penuy 108. &c.

Thus, 3d. per lb.=308. per cwt. and 301. per ton.
41d. =458.

451.
6d.
=60s.

601.

The pence in the price of a quart of wine become guineas in the value of a hogshead.

Thus, Wine at 48. 2d. per quart, viz., 50d., will be worth 50 guineas

per hogshead, or 100 guineas per pipe. At 258. per gallon, viz. 68. 3d. per quart=75d., the hogshead will be

75 guineas, and the pipe 150 guineas.

DISCOUNT, &c. 5 per cent. per annum is 1d. in the £ per month. Thus the discount of a bill for 701., having 3 months to run, would be 178. 6d., 70d. being 58. 10d., multiplied by the 3 months, produces the 178. 6d.

CUSTOMS TARIFF.

GRANTED BY 16 & 17 VICT., c. 106, Aug. 20, 1853, UNLESS

OTHERWISE MENTIONED.

£ $. d. AGATES or CORNELIANS, set £100 val.

10 0 0 not set, cut, or manufactured

Free not cut or manufactured

Free ALBUMEN

Free ALE. See BEER ALGANOBILLA SEED

Free Alcali, not being BARILLA

Free ALKANET Root

Free Almonds, not Jordan, nor Bitter, cwt.

0 10 0 Jordan, cwt.

0 10 0 Bitter

Free Paste of, lb.

0 0 2 For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.

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ALOES:

Free Alty, Roch

Free not Roch

Free AMBER, rough .

Free Manufactures of, not enumerated (except Beads) Free

DISCOVERY. Pieces of amber have for some time past been found on the coast of Courland, but in such small quantitles that it was hardly considered worth while to collect them. In recently cutting a canal for draining a lake near that of Anserche, on the eastern coast of Courland, between 57° 10' and 58° 20' of north latitude, and not far from the Gulf of Riga, pieces of amber were found,-and, on the search being continued more pieces were picked up on the banks of the Lake of Anserche itself. At first the discovery was kept secret, as the lakes belong to the crown,--and the amber was secretly sold for small sums by the persons who found it. But the inhabitants of the adjacent villages gradually became acquainted with the fact, and they made a practice of going en masse on Sundays to collect the amber. The priests, annoyed at seeing the churches abandoned, made inquiries as to the cause, and, on learning it, made it known to the authorities. The quantity of amber already sold by the peasants to Jew dealers has brought them in not less than 4,000 silver rvubles (the rouble is 4 franks 5 cents), but that is considerably less than its real value. The pieces of amber are for the most part transparent, and some of them are so large that they fetch from five to six roubles. "In some of the pieces winged insects have been found. - Cor. AMBERGRIS

Free AMBOYNA WOOD

Free ANCHOVIES. See Fish ANGELICA

Free ANIMALS (living), Asses, Goats, Kids, Oxen and Bulls, Cows,

Calves, Horses, Mares, Geldings, Colts, Foals, Mules,
Sheep, Lambs, Swine and Hogs, Pigs (sucking)

Free
SUPPLIES.

April 19, 1852. April 18, 1853. April 17, 1854.
Beasts....
4,886
4,092

3,384
Sheep
26,420
20,460

17,870
Calves....
221
188

100
Pigs...
380
305

350

-- Economist, April 22, 1854. COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF PRICES, AND SUPPLY AT SMITHFIELD MARKET,

May 15, 1854. Beef ... 38. 8d. 4s. 20. 4s. 6d. | Beasts ...

4,100 Mutton. 48. Od. 48. 6d. 48. 10d. Sheep and Lanıbs

25,092 Veal 48. Od. 58. 3d. Calves

294 Pork 3s. 10d. 48. 6d. Pigs

308 Lamb...

58. 8d. 68. 8d.

...

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Monday, May 16, 1853. Beef ... 38. 6. 48. 2d. 48. 6d.

Beasts ...

4,060 Mutton. 38. 10d. 58. 2d. 58. 6d. Sheep and Lambs

20,463 Veal 4s. Od. 58. Od. Calves

219 Pork 38. 4d. 48. Od. Pigs

330 Lamb...

58. 6d. 6s. 4d.

Monday, May 17, 1852. Beef ... 2s. 4d. 38. 6d. Beasts ...

3,710 Mutton 38. Od. 48. 4d. Sheep and Lambs

22,975 3s. 4d. 48. Calves

206 Pork 3s. Od. 38. 8d. Pigs

334 Lamb... 58. Od. 58. 8d.

-- T'imes, May 16th, 1854. It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, from time to time, by order in council, to prohibit the importation or introduction into the United Kingdom, or into any particular port thereof, of cattle, sheep, horses, For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.

Veal ...

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4d.

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