az should arrive at the ports of Great Britain with cargoes in Paraguayan or British vessels.


Ratifications exchanged at London, July 17, 1843.-See p. 47.


Principal Ports.--Copiopo, Coquimbo, - Chacao, Chilo (Islands of), Huasco, Valparaiso.

RECIPROCITY. Convention between Her Majesty and the Republic of Chili, for the Reciprocal Abrogation of Differential Duties.

Signed at Santiago de Chili, May 10, 1852. [Ratifications exchanged at Santiago de Chili, November 10, 1852.) See p. 47.


British Consulate General, Santiago, June 13, 1853. My Lords - I have the honour to announce, for your Lordships' information, that a new port, called “ Manso,' in the department of Hlapel, in this republic, has been declared open to foreign vessels for the purpose of loading ores and and other productions of the country.

E. A. J. HARRIS. Right Hon. the Lords of the Committee of Privy

Council for Trade, &c.

ESTABLISHMENT OF BONDED WAREHOUSES. Translation of a Decree authorizing the establishment of bonded warehouses at the Port of Talcahuano (the Harbour of Concession), of which the following is an extract:

Art. I. From January 1, 1854, goods may be deposited in the Custom-house of the Port of Talcahuano upon the same terms as in that of Valparaiso, according to the Customs ordinances.

Art. II. The collector of customs of Talcahuano will contract for those stores, belonging to private individuals, which are to be rented for the purposes and deposit of goods, according to the foregoing Article.


Valparaiso, October 15, 1853. A law has been passed fixing the storage on merchandize in the bonded warehouses at one quarter per cent. on its value per quarter for the first year, and one-eighth per cent. per quarter thereafter.

LOTA COAL MINES. We have been informed that the American ship America took in her coals from the Lota mines in Chili, that they have proved to be a most excellent steam coal, clean, quick, and in every way suitable for steam purposes. As this coal can be sold at the mine in Chili at six dollars per ton, and delivered here at a much lower cost than English or American coal, it is likely to effect a vast saving in the great expense attendant on steam navigation on the Pacific, consequent upon the high price of coal ; 2,000 tons are about being sent to San Franciso---Panama lIerald, February, 1854.


Valparaiso, May 15, 1854. In the Valparaiso market fair average sales have been made for Guayaquil, Mexico, Bolivia, &c. Auction sales of imported goods have been pretty frequent, and the prices generally good. Flour dull. Copper in steady demand at 20 dollars 75 cents. Nitrate, 21 to 21} reals per quintal. In freights, good first-class vessels for ores to England and the United States were wanted. Nearly 2,000 tons of shipping arrived in ballast from Melbourne.-Cor.


Exchange on London 60 days, 48. 6d. per Chili dollar.
On Paris 90 days, 5 f. 5 c.
On Hamburg 404 s.
United States, par.
Gold, 15 to 17 cents above ley.
Silver bars, pure, 10 18% per mark.



Principal Por18.--Arica, Callao, Lima, Payta, Quilca.

RECIPROCITY. Treaty of Friends'ip, Commerce, and Navigation, between Her Majesty and the

Republic of Peru.

Signed at London, April 10, 1850. Ratifications exchanged at London, October 15, 1852.


MEASUREMENT OF THE GUANO. A note has been received at the Peruvian Legation from the Minister of Finance of the Republic, bearing date December 24, 1853, in which the following is communicated to the Chargé d'Affaires :-“The Government nominated a deputation, composed of Mr. Charles Faraguet, a French engineer in the service of Peru, and many other engineers and professors of chymistry, native as well as foreign, in order that they might undertake the measurement of the guano of the Chincha Islands. This therefore has been effected, by men best qualified for the purpose, with as much accuracy as could possibly be obtained, adopting the latest improvements in the scientific proceedings, and the following result has been given :-That the island situated at the north contains 4,189,477; the centre island, 2,505,948; the south island, 5,680,675; or, a total of 12,376,100 tons. (This aggregate indicates tons of measurement which will yield an increase of one-third when reduced to tons of weight, which are those sold in the market.) Calculating on this well known fact, the above 12,376,100 tons will yield 16,501,466 tons of weight saleable.

Lima, Norember 2, 1853. It being unnecessary that the vessels occupied in carrying Guano, and which go with this object to the Chincha Islands, with the permission of the Government, should return to Callao for the purpose only of fulfilling the formality of finally closing their register, which can be effected at the said islands, that measure causing to the shipping the loss of some days which can be employed to the benefit of the long voyage which they have to make to arrive at their destination, and that at the same time they suffer much injury by the desertion of the crews consequent upon the vessels staying in the Port of Callao: it is resolved, that the captains of vessels loaded with guano, who wish to depart direct from the Chincha Islands to the place of discharge, may do so, and in such case they must be cleared by the chief of the station, or the Government which may be established there, who shall give notice to the Custom House of Callao of those to whom the permission is conceded. And in consideration that, by this measure, the owners of ships derive a benefit, and that the excessive cost occasioned by the demurrage on account of the impossibility of exporting the quantity of tons required for the demands of the different markets, ten lay days more than those fixed in the charters for Guano, shall be allowed in compensation for the concession made. At the same time the consignees of those ships shall exact, that they leave at the islands the quantity of water allotted to hem, until the Government can make other arrangements. Communicate, register, and publish this.






PROCLAMATION. Kamehameha III., King of the Hawaiian Islands.—Be it known to all whom it may concern, that we, Kamehameha III., King of the Hawaiian Islands, hereby proclaim our entire neutrality in the war now impending between the great maritime powers of Europe; that our neutrality is to be respected by all belligerents, to the full extent of our jurisdiction, which by our fundamental laws, is to the distance of one marine league, surrounding each of our islands of Hawaii, Maui, Kahoolawe, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, and Niibau, commencing at low water mark on each of the respective coasts of said islands, and includes all the channels passing between and dividing said islands, from island to island ; that all captures and seizures made within our said jurisdiction are unlawful ; and that the protection and hospitality of our ports, harbours, and roads shall , be equally extended to all the belligerents, so long as they respect our neutrality. And be it further known to all whom it may concern, that we hereby strictly prohibit all our subjects, and all who reside within our jurisdiction from engaging either directly or indirectly in privateering against the shipping or commerce of any of the belligerents, under the penalty of being treated and punished as pirates. Done at our Palace of Honolulu, this 16th day of May, 1854.

KAMEHAMEHA. KEONI ANA. By the King and Kuhina Nui.

RECIPROCITY. Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation between Her Majesty and the

King of the Sandwich Islands.

Signed at Honolulu, July 10, 1851.
Ratifications exchanged at Honolulu, May 6, 1852.

See p. 47.

IMPORT DUTIES. There shall be levied on all goods imported into this kingdom, from any port in China, or the Phillipine Islands, a duty of fiften per cent. ad valorem upon the invoice cost thereof; provided, however, that no more than five per cent. duty shall be levied on the article of rice, and further provided that this shall not be construed into a repeal of any part of “ An Act levying specific duties on sugar, syrups of sugar, and coffee," passed June 6, 1852.

The increase of duties provided for in the first section of this Act shall not affect goods which are the growth or manufacture of any foreign country having a treaty with this kingdom.



Honolulu, April 22, 1854. The arrivals of merchant vessels thus :—1850, 469; 1851, 446; 1852, 235 ; 1853, 194. The Minister recommends the extension of the city into the harbour, and encouragement of steam navigation. The imports of 1853 amounted to 1,281,951 dol., but a considerable proportion of the merchandise was not for the use of the resident population, but of the seafaring visitors to the islands ; the exports amounted to only 281,599 dols.-Cor.


Lahaina, Jan. 1854. From the 24th of August to the 7th of December, 1853, 251 whalers visited the islands. They had taken in all, 20,857 barrels of sperm, 359,795 barrels of whale, 3,387,500lb. of bone. The average catch in the Ochotsk Sea has been about three times as large during the last season as in the Arctic Ocean. -Cor.



RECIPROCITY. By 0. C. Jan. 30, 1854, the trade and shipping of Tahiti shall have the benefit of the provisions of the Act 15 and 16 Vict. c. 107 [p. 47].


GUANITE. The appendix to the report of the Department of Science and Art contains some correspondence respecting the crystals of guanite, which, it is stated, are found in considerable quantities at the Falkland Islands. The Duke of New castle requested Dr. Lyon Playfair to obtain some information with respect to this mineral; and the Doctor had it analyzed at the Royal College of Chy. mistry, and made inquiries with respect to its value. Mr. Way, the chymist, reports that guanite, when properly ground to powder for application to the land, will make an excellent manure, suitable for corn and green crops, and that it would be worth from 71. to 81. per ton in England. Icahboe guano, he says, which had a ready sale at 7., contained on the average a little more ammonia, but only half as much phosphoric acid as guanite. Dr. Lyon Playfair had before drawn attention to the crystals of guanite, which he observed in the samples of guano sent home from the Falkland Islands ; he stated that guanite, being in reality phosphate of magnesia and ammonia, must form a rich manure, well worthy of being imported.

Farewell to the Reader. Having now shown you, to the very best of my ability, both in head and in purse, the Trade of every part of the World, allow me to bid you FAREWELL, till we meet again; and to add, with sincerity,

Where'er you roam, whatever realms you see,
With health and wealth, most blessed may you be.-Ed.

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