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Books-continued. prejudice to any rights acquired previously to such revocation or alteration. § 17. $
The Act 7 d: 8 l'ict. c. 73, repealed.-9 & 10 Vict. c. 58, § 1. (Aug. 18, 1846.]
Whenever Her Majesty has, by virtue of any authority vested in her for that purpose, declared that the authors,* inventors, designers, engravers, or makers of any books, prints, or other works of art first published in any foreign country or countries shall have the privilege of copyright therein, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, if she think fit, from time to time, by any order in council, to declare that from and after a day to be named in such order, in lieu of the duties of customs from time to time payable on the importation into the United Kingdom of any of the classes of articles enumerated in the Schedule to this Act annered, there shall be payable only such duties of customs as are set forth in the said Schedule. $ 2.
Reciprocity.-If at the time of the publication of any such order in council there be subsisting between Her Majesty and any other foreign country any treaty or convention concluded before the date of the passing of this Act, and directly or indirectly binding Her Majesty, either conditionally or unconditionally, to admit books, prints, or drawings published in and imported from such country into the United Kingdom, upon the same terms as those published in and imported from the most favoured nation, and if in the case of such treaty being conditional such country have fulfilled the conditions required in return for such privilege, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, it she think fit, from time to time, by order in council, after reciting the date of such treaty, and if the same be conditional stating that such country has duly fulfilled the conditions required in return for the aforesaid privilege, and is entitled thereto, to declare that from and after a day to be named in such order, in lieu of the duties of customs from time to time payable on tbe importation into the United Kingdom of any of the classes of articles enumerated in the Schedule to this Act annexed, there shall be payable only such duties of customs as are set forth in the said Schedule. $ 3.
Other countries.— It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, if she shall think proper, from time to time, by order in council, to declare that such duties only shall be charged upon books, prints, or drawings published in and imported from any foreign country or countries to be named in such order as are set forth in the Schedule to this Act annexed. $ 4.
Perocation.-It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, by any further orders in council, from time to time to revoke the whole or any part of any orders issued by Her Majesty under the authority of this Act. $ 5. Works originally produced in the United Kingdom, and repub- £ 8. d. lished in the country of export, cwt.
2 10 0 Works not originally produced in the United Kingdom, cwt. 0 15 Prints and drawings (plain or coloured): Single, each
0 0 0 Bound or sewn, doz.
15 Repeal.-Section 18 of 7 & 8 Vict. c. 12, [foregoing Act) shall be repealed, so far as the same is inconsistent with the provisions hereinafter contained. 15 Vict. c. 12, $1. [May 28, 1852.),
Prerention of Publication.—Her Majesty may, by order in council, direct that the authors* of books which are, after a future time, to be specified in such order, published in any foreign country, to be named in such order, shall, subject to the provisions hereinafter, be empowered to prevent the publication in the British dominions of any translations of such books not autho
Their executors, administrators, and assigns to be understood in each case.
Books-continued. rised by them, for such time as may be specified in such order, not extending beyond the expiration of five years from the time at which the authorised translations of such books hereinafter mentioned are respectively first published, and in the case of books published in parts, not extending as to each part beyond the expiration of five years from the time at which the authorised translation of such part is first published. $ 2.
Lav of Copyright. Subject to any provisions or qualifications contained in such order, and to the provisions hereof, the laws and enactments for the time being in force for the purpose of preventing the infringement of copy. right in books published in the British dominions shall be applied for the purpose of preventing the publication of translations of the books to which such order extends which are not sanctioned by the authors of such books, except only such parts of the said enactments as relate to the delivery of copies of books for the use of the British Museum, and for the use of the other libraries therein referred to. $ 3.
Dramatic Works.-Her Majesty may, by order in council, direct that authors of dramatic pieces which are, after a future time, to be specified in such order, first publicly represented in any foreign country, to be named in such order, shall, subject to the provisions hereinafter mentioned or referred to, be empowered to prevent the representation in the British dominions of any translation of such dramatic pieces not authorised by them, for such time as may be specified in such order, not extending beyond the expiration of five years from the time at which the authorised translations of such dramatic pieces hereinafter mentioned are first published or publicly represented. $ 4.
Unauthorised Translations.---Subject to any provisions or qualifications contained in such last-mentioned order, and to the provisions hereinafter, the laws and enactments for the time being in force for ensuring to the author of any dramatic piece first publicly represented in the British dominions the sole liberty of representing the same shall be applied for the purpose of preventing the representation of any translations of the dramatic pieces to which such last-mentioned order extends, which are not sanctioned by the authors thereof. $ 5.
Imitations or Adaptations.- Nothing herein shall be so construed as to prevent fair imitations or adaptations to the English stage of any dramatic piece or musical composition published in any foreign country. 86.
Articles in Newspapers and Periodicals.- Notwithstanding anything in the said International Copyright Act or in this Act, any article of political discussion which has been published in any newspaper or periodical in a foreign country may, if the source from which the same is taken be acknowledged, be republished or translated in any newspaper or periodical in this country; and any article relating to any other subject which has been so published may, if the source from which the same is taken be acknowledged, be repub. lished or translated in like manner, unless the author has signified his intention of preserving the copyright therein, and the right of translating the same, in some conspicuous part of the newspaper or periodical in which the same was first published, in which case the same shall, without the formalities required by the next following section, receive the same protection as is by virtue of the International Copyright Act or this Act extended to books. 87.
Requisitions.—No author shall be entitled to the benefit of this Act, or of any order in council issued in pursuance thereof, in respect of the translation of any book or dramatic piece, if the following requisitions are not complied with :
1. The original work from which the translation is to be made must be registered and a
copy thereof deposited in the United Kingdom in the manner required for original works by the said International Copyright Act, within three calendar mouths of its
first publication in the foreign country. 2. The author must notify on the title page of the original work, or if it is published in
parts, on the title page of the first part, or if there is no title page, on some con
spicuous part of the work, that it is his intention to reserve the right of translat3 The translation sanctioned by the author or a part thereof, must be published either
in the country mentioned in the order in council by virtue of which it is to be protected or in the British Dominions, not later than one year after the registration and
Books-continued. deposit in the United Kingdom of the original work, and the whole of such transla
tion must be published within thirce years of such registration and deposit. 4. Such translation must be registered, and a copy thereof deposited in the United
Kingdom within a time to be mentioned in that behalf in the order by which it is protected, and in the manner provided by the said International Copyright Act for
the registration and deposit of original works. 5. In the case of books published in parts, each part of the original work must be
registered and deposited in this country in the manner required by the said international Copyright within three months after the first publication thereof in the
foreign country, 6. In the case of dramatic pieces the translation sanctioned by the author must be
Lublished within three calendar months of the registration of the original work. 7. The above requisitions shall apply to articles originally publishel in newspapers or
perio licals if the same be afterwards published in a separate form, but sliall not apply to such articles as originally published.
Pirated Copies.-All copies of any works of literature or art wherein there is any subsisting copyright by virtue of the International Copyright Act and this Act, or of any order in council made in pursuance of such Acts, and which are printed, reprinted, or made in any foreign country except that in which such work shall be first published, and all unauthorised translations of any book or dramatic piece the publication or public representation in the British dominions of translations whereof not authorised as in this Act mentioned shall for the time being be prevented under any order in council made in pursuance of this Act, are hereby absolutely prohibited to be imported into any part of the British dominions, except by or with the consent of the registered proprietor of the copyright of such work or of such book or piece, or his agent authorised in writing. $ 9.
The provisions hereinbefore contained shall be incorporated with the InterDational Copyright Act, and shall be read and construed therewith as one Act. (Foregoing Act, 7 & 8 Vict.]
French Translations and Dramatic Pieces.--During the continuance of the convention, and so long as the order in council already made under the International Copyright Act remains in force, the provisions herein before contained shall apply to the convention with the French, and to translations of books and dramatic pieces which are, after the passing of this Act, published or represented in France, in the same manner as if Her Majesty had issued her order in council in pursuance of this Act for giving effect to such convention, and had therein directed that such translations should be protected as hereinbefore mentioned for a period of five years from the date of the first publication or public representation thereof respectively, and as if a period of three months from the publieation of such translation were the time mentioned in such order as the time within which the same must be registered and a copy tliereof deposited in the United Kingdom. $ 11.
Rates of Duty.—The rates of duty shall not be raised during the continuance of the convention; and if during the continuance of the convention any further reduction of such rates is made in favour of books, prints, or drawings published in any other foreign country, Her Majesty may, by order in council, declare that such reduction shall be extended to similar articles published in France. $ 12.
Doubts.-And whereas doubts have arisen as to the construction of the Schedule of the Act of 9 & 10 Vict. c. 58, it is hereby declared, that for the purposes of tbe Act every work published in the country of export, of which part has been originally produced in the United Kingdom, shall be subject to the duty payable on "works originally produced in the United Kingdom, and republished in the country of export," although it contains also original matter not produced in the United Kingdom, unless it be proved to the satisfaction of the Commissioners of Customs by the importer, consignee, or other person entering the same that such original matter is at least equal to the part of the work produced in the United Kingdom, in which case the work shall be subject only to the duty on “works not originally produced in the United Kingdom." 8 13.
Lithographs, dc.—The provisions of former Acts are intended to include prints taken by lithography, or any other mechanical process by which prints Books—continued. or impressions of drawings or designs are capable of being multiplied indefinitely.
By 0. C. Feb. 11, 1854, it is stated, that their lordships have communicated with the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council, with a view to the alteration of the order in council giving effect to the treaty of international copyright with Hamburg.
My Lords are informed that in the opinion of the lorils of the council, Her Majesty in council does not possess the power to amend the order in question, or any of the orders in council which have been passer under the Act 9 & 10 Viet. cap, 58, (page 57] so as to make the duties to be levied under such orders in council in accordance with those imposed by the Customs Tariff Act.
As regards, however, books admitted under the authority of Orders in Council from foreign countries with which treaties of international copyright have been concluded, my Lords are pleased to direct that such books shall come in at the rates of duty imposed by the Act 16 & 17 Vict., cap. 106 (this tariff], although such rates are lower than those mentioned in the treaties, and sanctioned by the Orders in Council.
With regard to prints of a larger kind-when a dozen would weigh more than 1 lb., such prints, if admitted at the rate imposed by the Tariff Act of last Session, would be subject to a higher duty than that stipulated for in the treaties.
My Lorils are therefore pleased to direct that as regards prints admitted under the treaties referred to, the duty sanctioned by the orders in council shall only be levied when it would be lower than that imposed by the Act of last Session. In all other cases they should come in at the rate imposed by this tariff.
SIZES. Folio is the largest size, of which 2 leaves, or 4 pages, make a sheet. Quarto (4to.) 4
leaves or 8 pages. Octavo (8vo.), 8 leaves, or 16 pages. Duodecimo (12mo.) 12 leares or 24 pages. Octodecimo (18mo.) 18 leaves, or 36 pages.-Ed.
AUTHOR'S PROPERTY. It has been decided by the most eminent judges that an author has at common law, and according to the eternal rules of justice, a property in what he writes, so that no one can print it or reprint it without his permission. The statutes which have been passed upon this subject, from the reign of Queen Anne to the reign of Queen Victoria, have been in abridgment of the rights of authors, giving them, by way of compensation, improved remedies when their property is invaded.-Lord Campbell, Dr. Milman, and Mr. Grote's decision on the Question of “ Underselling,” May 19, 1852.
£ 8. d. BORACIC ACID.
Free Borax, refined
Free Borax, or Tincal, unrefined
Free BOTTLES, of Earth and Stone .
Free Boxes of all sorts, excepting those made wholly or partly
of Glass, on which the proper Glass Duty will be levied, 1001. val.
10 0 0 Box WOOD
Free Brass, Manufactures of, not otherwise enumerated, cwt. 0 10 0 Powder of
Free Old, fit only to be re-manufactured
Free BRAZIL Wood .
Free BRAZILETTO WOOD
Free Bricks or Clinkers, Dutch
Free other Sorts
Free BRIMSTONE, unrefined .
Free refined, in Rolls
Free in Flour
Free BRISTLES, rough and in the tufts, and not in nuy way soited Free
in any way sorted or arranged in colours, and not
Free BROCADE, of Gold or Silver, lb.
0 5 0 BRONZE, all Works of Arts
Free Manufactures of, or of Metal bronzed or lacquered, cwt.
0 10 0 Powder
Free For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.
£ 8. d. Brushes, Paint
Free Bullion and Foreigs Coix, of Gold or Silver
Free BUTTER, cwt.
0 5 0 of and from a British Possession, cwt.
02 6 ITTONS of METAL
Free other Sorts
Free CABLES (not being Iron Cables), tarred or untarred, old and new
Free CAMEOs, not set
Free CAMOMILE FLOWERS
Free CAMPHOR, unrefined
-Economist, April 22, 1854. CANDLES, viz., SPERMACETI, cwt.
0 2 4 Stearine, till April 5, 1858, unless the duty upon tallow
be repealed at an earlier time, in which Case, or after
0 3 6 Tallow, cwt.
0 2 4 Wax, cwt.
0 2 4 CANDLEWICK
Free CANELLA ALBA
Free CANES, viz., BAMBOO
Free Rattans, not ground
Free Reed Canes
Free Walking Canes or Sticks, mounted, painted, or otherwise ornamented, 100
0 6 0 Umbrella and Parasol Sticks, 100
0 3 0 or Sticks, unenumerated
Free Manufactures of, lb.
0 04 Capers, including the Pickle, lb.
0 0 13 CARDAMOMS
Free CARDS, viz., Playing Cards, doz, packs
0 15 0 No pack or parcel of playing cards imported into any part of the United Kingdom shall be sold or exposed or kept for sale without being separately encloserl in a wrapper pro; vided by the Commissioners of Inland Revenue, with such device thereon as they shall direct, and securely fastened round or over the same by means of some adhesive substance, anu si that such wrapper cannot be opened without being destroyed; and if any person sell, or offer or expose or keep for sale, any pack or parcel of playing cards, not being a pack of cards within the meaning lof an act passed in the present session, chapter fiftynine, and enclosed in a wrapper of a licensed maker of playing cards approved by the sud Commissioners, and the same not being bona fide waste cards within the meaning of the same act, without the same being enclosed in a wrapper provided by the last-mentioned Commissioners in pursuance of this act, and fastened as herein-before in that behalf mentioned, he shall for every such pack or parcel of car is forfeit, if he shall not be a licensed maker of playing cards, £10, and if he be such licensed maker £20 whether such cards shall have been made in the United Kingdom or imported, 16 and 17 Vict., c. 107, sec. 114, Aug. 20, 1853. Commissioners of Inland Revenue shall provide wrappers for enclosing cards imported into the United Kingdom, in such form and with such device and with any words and figures thereon as they shall think proper, at any port or place where the same shall be required, to enclose in such wrappers any cards imported.
For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.