£ 8. d. Corn, &c., Rye Meal and Flour, cwt.

0 0 4 Pea Meal, cwt.

0 0 Bean Meal, cwt.

0 0 Maize or Indian Corn Meal, cwt.

0 0 Buck Wheat Meal, cwt.

0 0 45 While the earth ren neth, seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. --Genesis viii. 22.

Land and trade are knit together, and together must wax or wane ; so that it never shall be well with land, but trade be better for it, nor the trade shall suffer but land shall feel it. -Sir Joshua Child.

COMPARATIVE SUPPLY. While the quantity of corn imported from Russia increased in the interval 1840—2 and 1851–3 more than fourfold, the quantity imported from Egypt increased of all kinds of corn tenfold, and of wheat thirtyfold ; and the quantity imported from the United States increased of all kinds of corn sevenfold, and of wheat and flour more than sixfold. Our increasing supplies, therefore, are coming in greater proportions from other countries than from Russia. It is highly satisfactory to see, though the supply of all kinds of grain from the United States does not much exceed that from Russia, that the supply of wheat and flour on the average of the three last years exceeds the supply from Russia by 407,265 qrs. It further appears, too, that while the quantity of wheat and flour imported from Russia was about 16 per cent. of our total importations, that the quantity imported from the United States in the three years 1851—3 was more than 23 per cent. of the total imports.-Economist, April 1, 1854.

An account of the wheat, flour, barley, and oats, imported into the port of
London in the first three months of 1854, with a comparison of the imports in
the same period in previous years. From tables kept by Messrs. Gillies and
Horne :

Wheat. Flour Barley. Oats.


q18. Total

351922 293282 pkgs. 73152 165553 Weekly average arrivals 27301

22560 pkgs. 5627 12734

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Shillings per Quarter.
Dantsic, mixed

79 to 83 high mixed 83 85 extra 88

77 79


Rostock, new

79 80
fine 81

American, white

80 85


Pomera, Meckbg., and Uckermk.,

red 75 78 extra 80 Silesian

75 78 white 79 81 Dauish and Holstein

75 80

none Odessa, St. Petersburg, and Riga

68 71 fine 71 74 Barley Grinding

35-38 Distilling

39 - 41 Oats Dutch, brew, and Polands

29-31 Ditto, feed

27 - 29 Danish and Swedish feed

29-31 Stralsund


- 32 Russian

31 --- 32 Beans Friesland and Holstein

42-48 Konigsberg

47 - 50 Egyptian

45 - 47 Peas Feeding

50 - 54 Fire boilers ...

55-58 Indian corn White

45-48 Yellow

45-48 Flour American, sour, per barrel

37 - 40 Ditto, sweet, ditto ...

40 - 43 -- Times, April 25, 1854.

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(Sittings at Nisi Prius, before Chief Justice JERVIS and Special Juries.)


Mr. Serjeant Byles and Mr. Montague Smith were counsel for the plaintiff; Mr. Knowles, Q. C., and Mr. Willes appeared for the defendant.

This was an action upon a contract to deliver 1,036 quarters 6 bushels of Syrian barley, of fair average quality, of the season of 1851, by the Helen, from

Jaffa to London. The question was, whether the cargo which was delivered was of the fair average quality of Syrian barley of the season.

Mr. Serjeant Bylfs, in opening the case, said, that he should prove that the barley was excessively foul, and contained dirt, stones, straw, and camels' dung, was heated and tainted, and that he should test the quality by that of Syrian barley brought by the Hannah, the Lauriston, and the Hector, which sailed from Jaffa (the ancient Joppa, where Simon the tanner had his house by the sea-side) to British ports; that the cargoes of these vessels weighed respectively 461 lb., 451 lb., and 44} lb. per bushel, whereas that of the Helen weighed only from 40 lb. to 414 11.

Hinckley, a lighterman, proved that he took 200 quarters from the Helen. The weight was from 409 lb. to 41 lb. per bushel. He never knew such barley; it contained quantities of straw, stones, camels' droppings, and insects of various kinds. The stones (exhibited to witness) were a fair specimen. In the process of winnowing witness threw away 40 sacks of dust and insects, 11 of straw and stubble, half a sack of large stones, and had three four-bushel sacks full left-equivalent to 30 quarters altogether. After winpowing the weight was 46} ]b. per bushel. In consequence of the great loss by winnowing, he recommended it to be screened only.

It appeared the witness was speaking of Egyptian barley, but was ignorant of what would be a fair average for Syrian.

Baby, the last witness's foreman, spoke to the same effect, and said it had a bad smell, and contained mould. Cross-examined —He had never seen a cargo of Syrian barley before.

Mr. Wright, a cornfactor, said the cargo was heated from excessive foulness. A loss of 4 or 5 per cent. was not a great loss on Syrian or Egyptian barley.

Re-examined. It is used for feeding pigs and poultry. Mr. Hutchinson said, -It was discoloured and very foul. Not being a distiller, he could not say whether it would do for that purpose. The market for it would be limited. By the custom of the corn trade quality had reference to the time of shipment.

The Cmer JUSTICE (who entertained a different opinion) took a note of an objection raised on this point.

Cross-examined. The last witness said the quantity of dirt in all Mediterranean cargoes was about the same.

Mr. Asser. -Had been at Smyrna. The harvest is at the end of May. They have no fails. The threshing is done by the treading of oxen. The CHIEF JUSTICE, in summing up, said Syrian barley was an article not much introduced into this country, and it was plain no one knew much about it. The question was, whether, notwithstanding the mixture of dung and other things, the quality was a fair average for Syrian barley? There was little in the evidence to show how the barley was got in in Syria; they had not Garret's winnowing-machine there yet. Upon the evidence, necessarily slight, the jury must satisfy themselves that the cargo of the Helen was of fair average quality of the season of 1851. If the barley was, in their opinion, of a fair average quality for Syrian barley of that season, the damages would be the difference between the value of it, supposing it had answered the plaintiff's contract, and the value of it such as it was. The Jury found a verdiet for the plaintifi-Damages, £77 14s.

£ 8. d. COWRIES


East India Piece Goods, viz. :· Calicoes and Muslins, White

Free dyed or coloured

Free Nankeens, not dyed or coloured

Free dyed or coloured

Free Handkerchiefs, dyed or coloured

Free Manufactures, not being Articles wholly or in part made up, not otherwise charged with duty

Wool. See Wool.

Fringe, lb.

0 0 2 Gloves, of Cotton or Thread, doz. pairs

0 0 3 Stockings, of Cotton or Thread, doz. pairs

0 06 Socks or Half Hose, of Cotton or Thread, doz. pairs 0 0 3

Articles or Manufactures of Cotton, wholly or in part made up, not otherwise charged with Duty, lvol. value

5 0 0


USES. Mr. Wallis notices, in the report of his visit to America at the time of the New York Industrial Exhibition, that the cheapness of cotton in the United States, as a raw material, causos it to be used for many of the purposes for which flax and hemp are alone employed in Europe. There was cotton sailcloth at our own Great Exhibition in 1851, and in the Exhibition at New York there were very excellent specimens of the use of cotton in the manufacture of cordage and twine. Fishing-nets of cotton-twine, woven ou a loom at Baltimore, are stated to be quite equal, in every respect, probably superior, to hand-made nets. Seamless grain-bags are another novel and important article of trade, and a company at Manchester, New Hampshire, have 126 looms employed in producing them. The inventor of the seamless-bag loom has lately patented an adaptation of the invention to the weaving of cotton hose for fire-engines. Mr. Wallis describes it as coming largely into use in the

covering of articles of furniture and for carriage linings. CRANBERRIES



Free CRYSTAL, rough

Free cut or manufactured, except Beads


Free CUBIC NITRE. See Nitre. CUCUMBERS, preserved in Salt

Free CURRANTS, Cwt. (and 5 per cent.)


: 0 15 0

(Sittings at Nisi Prius, before Lord CAMPBELL and Special Juries.)


Bramwell, 2.C., and Mr. Bovill appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Serjeant Sheo and Mr. T. Jones for the defendants.

The plaintiff, J. C. M'Andrew, was a fruit merchant in London, and the defendants were Mr. J. Lidgett (of the firm of Messrs. Lidgett and Sons, shipowners in Billiter-street)


and a Mr. Seaman, of Bridlington in Yorkshire. The action was brought against the defendants, as owners of the ship Sir Thomas Gresham, to recover the sum of 2221.

, being the amount of the alleged loss on the sale of a quantity of currants shipped in casks on board that vessel in the month of July, 1853, at New York. The loss complained of was occasioned by the alleged negligence of the defendants in the stowage of the currants. According to the evidence given by the plaintiff's witnesses, a large quantity of turpentine had been placed on board and packed with oilcakes, which, becoming heated, caused the turpentine casks to open, and a large quantity of turpentine to escape, which impregnated the currants, and so occasioned the damage complained of. Lord Campbell observed that the “proof of the pudding was in the eating," and a witness was called who proved that he had had a pudding made of some of the least damaged currants, and that it tasted strongly of turpentine.

The defence was, first, that there had been no damage, and, secondly, that there had been no negligence in the stowage. The cargo was a general cargo of spirits of turpentine, oilcakes, flour, currants, &c., and evidence was given to show that the goods had been properly stowed. It was stated, however, by the master, that oilcake was placed between the casks as broken stowage.

Lord CAMPBELL left it to the jury to say whether there had been any damage, and whether it resulted from bad stowage. The Jury found for the plaintiff-Damages, 2291. 198. 11d.

£ s. d. CUTCH


0 0 3 DATES, cwt.



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LARGE DIAMOND. One of the largest diamonds known was deposited on February 7th, 1854, at the Bank of England by a London house, to whom it was consigned from Rio Janeiro. Its weight is 254 carats, and its estimated value according to the scale, 280,0001. It is said to be of the finest water, and without flaw, and was found by a negro slave, who received his freedom as a reward. This extraordinary diamond has been submitted to the Queen by the consignees, Messrs. Dovey and Benjamin. It weighs

254) carats, and is alleged to be likely, when polished, to exceed in size and brilliancy the Koh-i-noor.--Cor.

Diamonds are, in general, weighed by the carat, which is a term well known to jewellers, and equivalent to four grains. Thus a diamond of 1 carat was worth 48

10 carats were worth £300

3,200 72




- Prof. Purrant at the Society of Arts. DICE, pair

1 1 0 Divi Divi

Free Down.

Free Drugs, not enumerated



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WURRUS (CAPILA-PODIE DYE OF AINSLIE.) A few days since, we observed in the hands of a drug-broker in the City, a sample of this substance, of which one chest, imported from Bombay, was offered for sale as Dragon's Blood

Wurrus is a brick-red powder, collected from the seed-vessels of a euphorbiaceous tree, Rottiera tinctoria, Rorb., occurring in Arabia, Eastern Africa, and in various parts of India. It is used in these countries as a dye for silk. Examination with a good lens and solution in alcohol, readily distinguish it from Dragon's Blood, which is sometimes brought to Europe in a state of powder.-Pharmaceutical Journal, Dec. 1853. EARTHENWARE, not otherwise enumerated, cwt. 0 10 0 EBONY

Free EGGS, 120

0 0 4 of and from British Possessions, 120



Silk Net, figured with the needle, being imitation lace, and articles thereof, lb.

0 10 0 Cotton Net, figured with the needle, being imitation lace, and articles thereof, lb.

0 8 0 For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.


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EMBROIDERY-- continued.

£ 8. d. EMBROIDERY-Curtains, commonly called Swiss, embroidered on muslin or net, lb.

0 1 0 All other Embroidery not enumerated, 1001. val.

10 0 0 of and from British Possessions, 1001. val.

5 0 0 ENAMEL

Free ESSENCE of SPRUCE, 1001. val.

10 0 0 EXTRACT of CARDAMOMS, 1001. val.

. 20 0 0 Coculus Indicus, 1001. val.

20 00 Guinea Grains of Paradise, 1001. val.

. 20 0 0 Licorice, 1001. val.

. 20 0 0 Nux Vómica, 1001, val.

. 20 00 Opium, 100l. val.

20 0 0 Guinea Pepper, 1001. val.

20 00 Peruvian or Jesuit's Bark, 1001. val.

. 20 00 Quassia, 100l. val.

. 20 0 0 Radix Rhataniæ, 1001. val.

. 20 0 0 Vitriol, 1001. val.

20 0 0 Chesnut Bark or Wood

Free Quercitron Bark

Free Logwood

Free Safflower

Free Bark, or of other Vegetable Substances to be used for tanning or other manufacturing purposes

Free EXTRACT or Preparation of any article, not particularly enumerated, nor otherwise charged with duty, 100l. val. 2000

Or, and in lieu of the above duty, at the option of the
importer, lb.

0 5 0 FEATHERS for Beds, in Beds or otherwise

Free Ostrich, dressed, lb.

0 3 0 undressed

Free Paddy Bird, dressed, lb.

0 3 0 undressed

Free not otherwise enumerated, viz. :dressed, lb.

0 3 0 undressed

Free Figs, cwt. (and 5 per cent.)

0 15 0 FIG CAKE, CWT.

0 15 0 FISH, viz. :

Anchovies, Cod, Caplin, Eels, shiploads or in small quantities

Free Herrings

Free Lobsters, Mackerel, Oysters, Salmon, Soles, Sounds and Tongues, Turbots, Turtle

Free fresh, not otherwise enumerated

Free cured, not otherwise enumerated

Free Flax, dressed.

Free rough or undressed

Free Tow and Codilla of

Free FLOCK for Paper Stainers



Free FLOWERS, Artificial, whether of Silk or of other Materials

, Cubic Foot as packed ; no allowance for vacant spaces, Cubic foot

0 120 FRAMES for Pictures, Prints, Drawings, or Mirrors :

Free Fruit, raw, not otherwise enumerated, bush.

0 0 2 For QUANTITIES, see MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION, prefixed to the Journal.


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