CHARACTER OF THE FIRST EDITION. From the summary view which we have taken of this work, it appears to contain the most important information relative to the nature and management of commercial concerns, and to present an interesting display of commercial regulations; and, under the impression which it has made on our minds, we can have no hesitation in saying, that it appears entitled to a place in the house of every merchant, shipowner, or other person, in any respect connected with the maritime commerce and manufactures of the United Kingdom. --Tradesman; or, Commercial Magazine, April, 1812.

Mr. Pope appears to us to have performed his task well; and to have compiled a volume which may be said to supply a good clue to the labyrinth of our Custom-house.—Monthly Review, September, 1812.

Whoever remembers the discussion which took place on Mr. Pitt's memorable plan for the simplification of the Duties of Customs, and the eloquent panegyric which Mr. BURKE, though at that time in opposition, pronounced on the ability, perseverance, and skill of the Minister in digesting such a system, and in rendering it intelligible to the plainest understanding, needs no further information respecting the vast difficulty and labour attending the accomplishment of such a scheme as that which Mr. Pope has perfected. Of the consequence of a plain, practicable, and intelligible abridgment of those complicated laws, in the execution of which so many thousands of the inhabitants of this commercial country are daily and hourly concerned, every man must be aware. It would be a matter of astonishment to us, that there is not one work which affords this desirable information, if we were not fully sensible of the extreme labour and great skill requisite for so arduous an undertaking. Mr. Pope has not been discouraged by this consideration, and he has performed his task with grcat perspicuity, diligence, and talent. - AntiJacobin Review, May, 1813.

CHARACTER OF THE SECOND EDITION. A most valuable feature of this edition is the table of Bounties and Drawbacks on British Goods Exported, and which in itself renders this book of essential utility to the Merchant and Custom-house Agent. We can only repeat our high approbation of the manner in which Mr. Pope has executed his task, and we are convinced that the commercial world in general cannot fail to reap the most important benefits from his meritorious labours.-Tradesman; or, Commercial Magazine, June, 1814.

This is a work of great labour, and no small difficulty. It presents, in as narrow a compass as possible, a mass of information that entitles it to a place in the counting-house, where it will be found useful as a book of reference, on innumerable occasions. These ADJUDGED Cases we deem particularly valuable as they show the opinions and feelings of the higbest law authorities.--Literary Panorama, June, 1814.

CHARACTER OF THE THIRD EDITION. In our opinion, Mr. Pope is deserving of great credit for his very labous undertaking; it is a work that we feel pleasure and confidence in recommending, not only to Officers in the Navy, but likewise to Merchants, and the Masters and Mates of vessels in their employ; and also to the principal Officers attached to the Customs and Excise, in the outports and abroad; each of whom ought to possess a copy of this extremely useful publication.--Naval Chronicle, March, 1817.

CHARACTER OF THE FOURTH EDITION. Altogether, this is the completest manual of MERCANTILE Law which has ever issued from the British Press; and the variety, extent, and accuracy of the information it contains, claim for it a place on the desk of every mercantile man, as well as every officer of the Customs and Excise, throughout the British dominions.-Literary Panorma, Oct. 1818.

CHARACTER OF THE EIGHTH EDITION. The utility of works of this kind is best exhibited negatively, by imagining the misery and mischief wbich may be consequent upon the want of them. No man can say that, unassisted, he can act prudently and promptly in mercantile transactions, if he is to ransack libraries and consult lawyers upon every multifarious occasion which occurs in the course of business. He may mistake or be chcated; and if he chooses to avoid either or both of these, he loses time which may be profitably employed. The only question then is this: Is the work so comprehensively and so accurately executed as to answer the indispensable purposes of utility and safety? We use the latter term, because modern Acts of Parliament are so clumsily composed, that an appearance of intelligibility and grammar in a compression of them may lead to a justifiable suspicion, that the almost incomprehensible meaning of the original is not faithfully preserved.* We own, therefore, that the neatness, precision, aud judgment of Mr. Pope have alarmed us; but as the work has passed through eight editions, and of course, been put to most ample test, we have no right to doubt the accuracy of the Chart which he has compiled to aid our NAVIGATION through these rocks and quicksands. --Gentleman's Magazine, May, 1823.

CHARACTER OF THE ELEVENTH EDITION. We have looked into the work, with no small degree of national pride, as a record of the triumph of British enterprise in every corner of the world ; and we award to Mr. Pope the high meed of having “done the state some service." --Liverpool Kaleidoscope.

As a book of reference, its usefulness extends to all classes of society engaged in mercantile pursuits. It is a MERCANTILE MAGAZINE, stored with a great and multifarious mass of valuable information.- London Weekly Rericw.

Mr. Pope's work is peculiarly valuable, from its containing all the COMMERCIAL TREATIES AND CONVENTIONS, which are not to be met with in any other work. It is, indeed, a volume which no MERCHANT, STATESMAN, or LEGISLATOR ought to be without. Literary Chronicle.

CHARACTER OF THE SEVENTEENTH EDITION. The great merit of a Work of this kind must depend upon its accuracy, and the authenticity of the documents from which the information has been derived. Mr. POPE appears, as far as it is possible, from a general inspection of his volume to form an opinion, to have executed his task with fidelity, and to have conferred A USEFUL FAVOUR UPON THE COMMERCIAL MEN OF HIS COUNTRY.--Timer, March 17, 1836.

CHARACTER OF THE EIGHTEENTH EDITION. The YEARLY JOURNAL OF Trade, edited by Mr. Pope, is a most valuable body of mercantile statistics and legal information on matters of commerce, and comprises a complete Annual Register for the Merchant, a chronicle of the past and a guide for the future. It is very creditable to the talents and industry of the cditor.- Gentleman's Magazine, February, 1838.

* It ought not, however, to be expected, says Dr. Johnson, that the Stones which form the dome of a temple should be squared and polished like the diamond of a ring.--Ed,

CHARACTER OF THE TWENTY-FIRST EDITION. This is the edition for the year of an invaluable work of commercial reference. The completeness with which Mr. Pope performs his editorial duties cannot fail to be appreciated by the mercantile reader. Morning Post, January 16, 1843.

It is superfluous to enlarge on the merits of a work long established, and highly appreciated ; we can only announce to our readers the publication of the new volume, maintaining the high character of its predecessors. -Herepath's Railway and Commercial Journal, January 28, 1843.

This appears to be a work essentially necessary for the use of the Shipmaster and Naval Officer, as well as for the Merchant; for it comprises an immense mass of important information, collected from various sources, and arranged under different appropriate heads, so as to be readily referred to. Thus we have all that can tend to the information of our commercial and naval marine. Besides the above, there are many valuable staTISTICAL TABLES, TRADE REPORTS, TARIFF3, and COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS, for the guidance of those who have to transact business with foreign countries.- Naval and Military Gaz., January 28, 1843.

A new edition (the twenty-first) of a volume containing the most complete body of information on all subjects connected with trade and commerce which has ever fallen under our notice in any single work. It is, in fact, a copious ENCYCLOPÆDIA of TRADE and COMMERCE. The present edition of Mr. Pope's work presents a vast improvement on its predecessors. Indeed, we may express our confident opinion that it must eventually find a place in the cabin of every vessel in our Commercial Navy, as well as in every merchant's counting-house in the United Kingdom.—United Service Gaz., January 28, 1843

This is, we believe, the twenty-first annual publication of this very useful book. In its pages we meet with information, essential to a just and correct understanding of commerce, its relations, regulations, &c., &c., to be found in no other compilation; and, at one view, not only affording us a multitude of facts, for which we were previously constrained to scarch throughout a variety of works, but facts which are not to be found elsewhere. In truth, on every point conected, however remotely, cither with mercantile pursuits or commercial transactions, this work will be found a competent and unerring instructor. We had nearly omitted to mention, that an excellently well engraved map of the world, exhibiting the limits of the East India Company's Charter, and, in separate compartments, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and the West Indies, accompanies the work.-The British Friend of India Magazine, and Indian Review, February, 1844.

The very circumstance of this work having reached its twenty-first yearly edition, is a sufficient guarantee of the importance and value of the information which it contains, and proves that it is duly appreciated by the mercantile public. This long experience, therefore, of Mr. Pope, and the responsible situation which he holds as comptroller of accounts in the port of Bristol, must afford many facilities for obtaining exclusive information on commercial and naval matters, the giving publicity to which must be of high importance to the shipping and trading interests of the kingdom. Mr. Pope's work is one which we have long had at our elbow, as a ready and correct work of reference on all that relates to the law of nations, custom and excise regulations, foreign tariffs, and treaties, &c. The edition for this year comes before us in an enlarged and improved form, and contains much valuable statistical information. The patronage of the work by Prince Albert, to whom it is dedicated, shows the readiness of his Royal Highness to give his countenance and suppori to all that promotes and furthers the interests of the trade and commerce of the British nation. The YearLY JOURNAL of Trade is a work which should be found in the cabin of every British vessel, and the counting-house and library of every merchant and man of business at home and abroad.–Mark Lane Express.

Our attention has been called to a most valuable publication, which deserves to be more generally known in the Colonics. We refer to the YEARLY JOURNAL of Trade, edited by CHARLES Pope, Esq., Comptroller of Accounts in tho port of Bristol. This most important work is devoted to a consideration of the different laws, tariffs, duties, orders in council, proclamations, treaties, &c., affecting the commercial relations of different countries; and is accompanicd by a large mass of miscellaneous information connected with trade, which is not to be found in any other publication. It is indeed, an annual ENCYCLOPEDIA of


COMMERCE, and as such is patronized by nearly all the public boards and trading corpo. rations in the old country, as well as by Her Majesty's ministers, and a large number of the members of the two Houses of Parliament. The editor, Mr. Pope, was formerly principal Secretary to the Chairman of the Board of Customs, and is fully equal to his task.Montreal Courier, May, 1813.

This excellent publication should be found in the library of the legislator, the countinghouse of the merchant, and in the possession of every man who is anxious for correct information on the various subjects to which the attention of the zealous and talented author has been directed.-The West Indian, July 24, 1843. Published at Barbadoes.

This is an annual really full of information of great value to the mercantile world, and systematically brought down to the latest time by a gentleman who seems fully competent to the task. His present position, indeed, would seem to vouch for so much, had he not previously held the office of principal secretary to the chairman of the Board of Customs. The mass of intelligence presented, in a closely printed and frequently tabular form, comprchends clear statements respecting the laws of custom and excise, treaties with foreign powers, tariffs, duties, stamp and post-office rules, proclamations, orders in council and by government boards, law reports connected with trading cases, geographical sketches and recent discoveries, exchanges, de., &c., with a vast variety of miscellananeous matters relating to all the world, a map of which is very properly prefixed to the volume. Having hastily run over the principal items of the contents, we shall only add, that the performance is quite equal to the promise. - Literary Gazette, September 30, 1843.

CHARACTER OF THE TWENTY-SECOND EDITION. (1844.] Every year shows a marked and manifest improvement in this old-established annual, which we learn to look for as the attendant at our right-hand corner, and an essential work of reference on the state of trade and the manufactures of the past year; as a manual of commerce. It contains a vast fund of useful information.-Simmond's Colonial Mag. January, 1844.

This important, because highly useful, volume to all engaged in commercial and mercantile pursuits, has already obtained a large portion of confidence in those circles for which it is especially designed, and requires only to be known in order to its being the inmate of every counting house, and the companion of every mercantile clerk in the three kingdoms. The variety and minuteness of its information on all matters pertaining to trade and commerce, and the assurance of correctness and integrity which the character of its editor, and a reference to the several authorities whence the articles are derived, will inspire confidence in commercial men who refer to it for information.Globe, January 9, 1844.

CHARACTER OF THE TWENTY-THIRD EDITION. The YEARLY JOURNAL OF TRADE is a work which should be found in the cabin of every British vessel, and the counting-house and library of every merchant and man of business at home and abroad.-Mark Lane Express.

This is not only an Annual but a Perennial, and of a particular kind, as it exhibits new varieties almost every year, according to the changes in the Natural and Commercial World. Quicquid agunt homines” in the way of business, is the theme of Mr. Pope. As this book, it may be supposed, is not for continuous perusal, an elaborate Index is added, to facilitate the reader's finding what he wants.-- Spectator.

We remember, many years since, to have expressed a favourable opinion of this work; a twenty-third edition is good proof that the public have confirmed our judgment.Athenæum.

The vast quantity of Mercantile and Miscellaneous Information which the experienced editor puts together in these annual volumes (this is the 23rd edition) renders them very valuable to all persons concerned in Trade. No subject seems to be neglected, the examination and report upon which can be of use to the important interests of the Trading Community.-Literary Gazette.

We have received the Prospectus of the new edition of Mr. Pope's YEARLY JOURNAL Of TRADE, which is one of the most valuable COMMERCIAL Records ever published.-Bristol Times.

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The earth is full of thy riches. So is this great and wide sea also. There go the ships.Pealia civ.

The Acts of 3 & 4 Wm. IV. c. 54–8 & 9 Vict. c. 88—-12 & 13 Vict. c. 2916 & 17 Vict. e. 107, and 17 Vict. c. 5—March 23, 1854-repeal what, with alterations from time to time, was in force for very nearly two centuries, and is still known, as “ THE NAVIGATION Act.”—Mr. Cardwell's and Lord Stanley's Speeches, and the several documents prefixed to this Journal, show the working of the new system popularly termed “Free TRADE.”Ed.



HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1854. Mr. CARDWELL rose to move for leave to bring in a bill to give effect to that passage of the speech from the Throne in which the Queen proposed that they should strike off the last remaining fetters from the free navigation of the sea. He did not anticipate any real objection to the present motion, but he hoped the House would bear with him when he asked whether any reasonable fears could be entertained on this subject, when the increase of the tonnage had been so surprising as it had been since 1849, and the wages were scarcely ever known to be so high as they were at the present moment. Last session a gloomy foreboding had been expressed that youths would not be found who would enter the service, and that the apprenticeship had fallen off, and would still further decrease. Notwithstanding such fears, however, there had been


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