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Elements of Surveying: With a Description of the Instruments and the ...
Uten tilgangsbegrensning - 1840
axis azimuth base line bearing called centre ciphers clamp-screw coincide column comp corresponding cosine Cotang course curve decimal fraction degrees determined difference of level direction divided double meridian distance draw east error example feet field notes figures given angle given line given logarithm given number given point greater ground half hence horizontal distance horizontal line horizontal plane hypothenuse inches instrument intersection latitude and departure length less line of collimation marked measure multiplied º º ºff paper parallel passing perpendicular plane of reference plane triangle PROBLEM protractor quotient radius right angles right-angled triangle scale of chords scale of equal screws secant sector similar triangles sine spider's lines staff station subtract surface survey Tabular difference Tang tangent telescope theodolite Trigonometry vernier plate yards
Side 10 - FRACTION is a negative number, and is one more than the number of ciphers between the decimal point and the first significant Jigure.
Side 32 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.
Side 17 - Two lines are said to be parallel, when being situated in the same plane, they cannot meet, how far soever, either way, — both of them be produced 13. A plane figure is a plane terminated on all sides by lines, either straight or curved. If the lines are straight, the space they enclose is called a rectilineal figure, or polygon, and the lines themselves, taken together, form the contour, or perimeter of the polygon. 14. The polygon of three sides, the simplest of all, is called a triangle; that...
Side 33 - The secant of an arc is the line drawn from the centre of the circle through one extremity of the arc, and limited by the tangent passing through the other extremity. Thus, OC is the secant of the arc AB.
Side 126 - Let this board be so fixed to a vertical staff" as to slide up and down freely ; and let a small piece of board, about three inches square, be nailed to the lower edge of it, for the purpose of holding a candle. About twenty-five minutes before the time of the greatest eastern or western elongation of the pole-star, as shown by the tables of elongations, let the theodolite be placed at a convenient point and leveled.
Side 110 - Then, the difference between the sum of the northings and the sum of the southings will be...
Side 126 - ... the east, and the reverse when the elongation is west. At the time the star attains its greatest elongation, it will appear to coincide with the vertical spider's line for some time, and then leave it, in the direction contrary to its former motion. As the star moves...
Side 19 - AXIOM is a self-evident truth ; such as, — 1. Things which are equal to the same thing, are equal to each other. 2. If equals be added to equals, the sums will be equal. 3. If equals be taken from equals, the remainders will be equal. 4. If equals be added to unequals, the sums will be unequal. 5. If equals be taken from unequals, the remainders will be unequal. 6.
Side 125 - Take a board, of about one foot square, paste white paper upon it, and perforate it through the centre ; the diameter of the hole being somewhat larger than the diameter of the telescope of the theodolite. Let this board be so fixed to a vertical staff, as to slide up and down freely : and let a small piece of board, about three inches square, be nailed to the lower edge of it, for the purpose of holding a candle.