and appointing teachers. This left the board free to provide for the selection and nomination of teachers by a standing committee.

When the House bill reached the Senate, the scandals connected with the appointment of teachers in Cincinnati were receiving much public attention, and there was a strong demand for reform. As a remedy for the evil, the Senate Committee on Schools prepared an amendment, making it the duty of the Superintendent of Schools to appoint all teachers, with the consent of the board, and authorizing either the superintendent or the board to remove teachers for cause,

When I learned that such an amendment to the House bill had been proposed, I saw that it imperiled the superintendent's tenure, and I asked the president of the board to join me in a telegram to the Senate committee, urging that the appointment of teachers. be not imposed upon the superintendent, but that it be vested in a standing committee of the board. The joint telegram was sent, but it failed to change the purpose of the Senate. The amendment was adopted, and the House bill, thus amended, became a law.

The board of education elected under the new law revised the rules and regulations of the schools, and those relating to the appointment of teachers and the supervision of the schools were put into full harmony with the provisions of the law, and this was done by an unanimous vote. The salary of the superintendent was increased from $3,500 to $4,500, and the incumbent was unanimously reëlected for a term of two years, the longest term allowed by law.

In view of this favorable action of the board, I felt it to be my duty to accept the reëlection and assume the responsibility of organizing the new system. This I did, fully realizing that it involved changes in school administration that might not be agreeable to all the members of the board, and that the opposition to the law, thus awakened, might be transferred to the superintendent. But my duty was not only clear, but imperative, and the policy adopted had the approval of nearly all the members of this reform board.

An experience of over two years under the law has convinced me that the vesting of the selection and appointment of teachers in the superintendent is a wise provision in large cities, wherein the members of the board are elected by wards - a wise provision, not for the superintendent, but for the schools. It is believed that in no other way can teachers be so wisely selected; and a wise selection of teachers is certainly the most important duty in school administration. So far as the superintendent's tenure is concerned, it is undoubtedly better to vest the nomination of teachers in a standing committee of the board. When, however, this duty is imposed upon the superintendent, the law should in some way afford him needed protection.

I may be permitted to add, that the new system is now fully organized in Cincinnati, and the provisions of the law are well understood, and it is believed that its administration will be attended with less and less objection, and less peril to the superintendent. In all such radical changes, the chief difficulty is met in first putting them into operation.









MASONIC THEATER, NASHVILLE, TENN., July 17, 1889. The Kindergarten Department was called to order at 3 P. M., President Sheldon in the chair.

A brief address of welcome was given by Gideon W. Baskette, editor of the Daily Banner, Nashville, to which President Sheldon responded.

W.T. Harris, of Massachusetts, then read a paper on "The Kindergarten Method contrasted with the Methods of the American Primary School.”

Miss Nora A. Smith, of San Francisco, then "told a story”- prefacing this with some remarks as to the uses and value of story-telling to the young

On suggestion of the President, Miss Smith was chosen Secretary pro tem., in the unavoidable absence of the Secretary of the Department, Mrs. Kate D. Wiggin.

The President then announced the following as Committee on Nominations of Officers for the coming year: Mrs. Hailmann, of Indiana; Miss Smith, of California; Miss Williams, of Arkansas.

“The Principles and Methods of Educating our Girls for Parenthood" was the subject of a paper by Mrs. Eudora L. Hailmann, of La Porte, Indiana.

Miss Crossie followed with a discussion of the subject.
Mrs. Stuart then sang a solo; after which the Department adjourned.


The meeting was called to order at 3 P. M., by President Sheldon.
A greeting was read, from Mrs. S. B. Cooper, of San Francisco.
The Secretary 'was instructed to make appropriate response.
The California Froebel Society also sent greetings.
The Secretary was instructed to report to the Pacific Coast Kindergartners

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