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The Prang Educational Company, Boston.—This company showed work done by their classes instructed by correspondence; also, samples of models and other supplies kept by them.

Dixon's Crucible and Pencil Company, New Jersey, made a very fine display of pencils.

M. A. Olmsted, Chicago.—In this exhibit were shown Johnson's wall maps; relief maps; globes; sixty-five natural history plates, to be used in the study of natural history, composition and drawing; twelve industrial charts, to be used in composition exercises and oral instruction in the industries; also, geological and botanical charts, dissected geometrical blocks, and many things which cannot be noted.

Mr. Smith, of Peoria, Illinois, had on exhibition Smith's American Manikin, which has removable metal plates, making it easy to handle and durable in use.

The following Publishing Companies made displays of educational books and papers, music books and charts, school books, etc.: A. Hanagan, Chicago; E. L. Kellogg, New York and Chicago; Ellsworth, New York; Silver Burdett & Co., Boston; R. S. King Publishing Company, Chicago; Goodyear & Palmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa; and D. F. Ames & Co., New York.

ADDRESSES, PAPERS

AND

DISCUSSIONS

OF THE

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

AND ITS

DEPARTMENTS.

1889.

OPENING SESSION.

ADDRESSES OF WELCOME.

HON. ROBERT L. TAYLOR, GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE. Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen of the National Educational Association: Tennessee, with open doors, receives the nation's professors to-day, and with open arms the ladies. In the name of all the people, I bid you welcome, thrice welcome, to our hearts, our hearths, and our homes.

We are happy to greet you, not alone to be honored by so distinguished a body of men and women, and not alone for the privilege of being permitted to aid in the consummation of the exalted purposes which you have in view; but also that we may know you personally, and that you may learn something of our people, our institutions and our country; that you may see this God-favored land, where fruits and flowers in rich luxuriance grow, and where majors and colonels and sweet politicians bloom and blossom like the rose forevermore.

We are especially delighted to welcome you, because we believe that this great meeting will bind us together in a closer and more intimate relationship and fraternity of spirit, and will powerfully convince and impress us with the great truth that we are one people with a common destiny, and with interests inseparable. This immense presence, and the eminent character of its constituents, impresses me as a wonderfully conclusive demonstration of the fact that the thought of the country is rapidly and grandly progressing in the great field of education. Improvement in method, and the marvelous achievement and development all along the line of educational effort within the past quarter of a century, are glorious evidences of the advancement of our civilization and the perpetuity of our government.

All honor to the teachers of America! Like the light of the morning, they bring to our homes the blessings of health, happiness and life; and to the nation they bring prosperity and peace.

Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen, the peculiar work committed to your charge as an Association is, to infuse a broad national fraternity of sentiment and feeling into our educational system; and this happy meeting of so many educators of broad and comprehensive views, this bringing together of the representatives of widely separated localities and divergent interests and opinions, is the wisest and best movement that could have been inaugurated to reach that result. The nation will be stronger, and the people happier and more prosperous, as society approaches that ideal state of solidity and harmony of sentiment and effort which wipes out sectional lines and local prejudices, and makes us one and inseparable. Teach the rising generation that we are one people, with one destiny, with equal duties and equal privileges; that obligation is reciprocal; that as the harmony of the spheres is the absence of friction, so the harmony of humanity is the absence of conflict and hatred; that the whole fabric of our beautiful sys. tem of free government can rest alone upon an enlightened Christian public opinion.

In this lovely city, Mr. President, you will find the waters of knowledge flowing freely. It is the “Athens of the South,” because its institutions of learning are unexcelled and the enthusiasm of its people is unequaled; and all over the State, from the mountains that kiss the eastern skies to the plains that border the Father of Waters, the fountains forever flow. The people are athirst for the blessings of education. Our teachers are alert and at work, and there is a grand harmonious movement throughout our State to elevate the standard of education, and to extend its blessings to all, which gives prophecy of a new régime: a more solid foundation upon which society may build the fabric of her institutions, and upon which the State may more securely rest.

Ladies and gentlemen of the National Educational Association, I present you with the keys of this city and with the end of the latch-string of all the doors of the people of the Volunteer State. I invite you to go, when you would rest from your labors here, and climb our mountain-peaks that bathe their towering heads in the violet morning, and look out upon as rich a heritage as God ever gave to man. I invite you to walk out into our fertile valleys, where Nature in her most lavish mood has decked the land with richest fruitage; to drink deeply of the crystal waters and bare your brows to the softest zephyrs that sweep up from flower-land, and to enjoy the hospitality of our happy people.

Again I welcome you to the land of the free and the home of the brave.

ODE. *

MRS. ODIA H. NEWHOUSE, NASHVILLE.

North, South, East, and ocean-bound West
Amongst us now has each an honored guest;
Then ring out, bells, your most jubilant chimes
In welcoming all from those distant climes.
Our hearts, homes and altars are open to each
Naught do we withhold ; but place in your reach
All the goods that our Father has so
Lavishly bestowed on His creatures below.

* Read by Hon. Frank M. Smith after his address of welcome in behalf of the teachers of Tennessee. It has been impossible to secure this address in time for publication.

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