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Yea, he must pipe and whistle to catch this;
Yet if he does so, that bird he will miss.
If that a pearl may in a toad's head dwell,
And may be found too in an oyster-shell
If things that promise nothing do contain
Wha better is than gold; who will disdain,
That have an inkling of it, there to look,
That they may find it? Now my little book
(Though void of all these paintings that may make
It with this or the other man to take)
Is Eot without those things that do excel
What do in brave, but empty notions dwell.

"Well, yet I am not fully satisfied,
That this your book will stand, when soundly tried."

Why, what's the matter? "It is dark.” What
“But it is feigned." What of that? I trow (thoughp
Some men by feigned words, as dark as mine,
Make truth to spangle and its rays to shine.
“But they want solidness.” Speak, man, thy mind.
“They drowa the weak; metaphors make us blind."

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IEN at the first I took my pen in hand
us for to write, I did not understand

at I at all should make a little book rd

such a mode; nay, I had undertook in make another, which, when almost done, >d fore I was aware, I this begun.

had thus it was: I writing of the way

race of saints, in this our gospel day,

suddenly into an allegory 9

ut their journey, and the way to glory,
2 more than twenty things which I set down:

done, I twenty more had in my erowu;
they again began to multiply,
sparks that from the coals of fire do fly.
then, thought I, if that you breed so fast,
ut you by yourselves, lest you at læst
Iuld prove ad infinitum, and eat out
book that I already am about.
, so I did; but yet I did not think

iow to all the world my pen and ink
ruch a mode; I only thought to take

rew not what: nor did I undertake
reby to please my neighbour : no, not I;
Id it my own self to gratify.
either did I but vacant seasons spend

his my scribble: nor did I intend
i to divert myself in doing this
sa worser thoughts which make me do amiss.
is I set pen to paper with delight,
quickly had my thoughts in black and white.
having now my method by the end,

I pulled, it came, and so I penn'a town; until it came at last to be, length and breadth, the bigness which you see.

Vell, when I had thus put mine ends together,
lowed them others, that I might see whether
ey would condemn them, or them justify:
d some said, Let them live; some, Let them die :
me said, John, print it; others said, Not so;
me said, It might do good; others said, No.
Now was I in a strait, and did not see
zich was the best thing to be done by me;
last I thought, Since ye are thus divided,
rint it will; and so the case decided.
r, thought I, some I see would have it done,
ough others in that channel do not run;
prove, then, who advised for the best,
us I thought fit to put it to the test.
(further thought, if now I did deny.
ose that would have it, thus to gratify;

1xot know, but hinder them I might
that which would to them be great delight.
r those which were not for its coming forth,
aid'o them, Offend you I am loth;
it si ce your brethren pleased with it be,
rbear to judge, till you do further see,
If at thou wilt not read, let it alone;
ime love the meat, some love to pick the bone,
a, that I might them better palliate,
lid too with them thus expostulate :-
May I not write in such a style as this?
such a method too, and yet not miss

end-thy good? Why may it not be done ?
irk clouds bring waters, when the bright bring

ja, dark or bright, if they their silver drops
inse to descend, the earth, by yielding crops,
wes praise to both, and carpeth not at either,
at treasures up the fruit they yield together;
la, so commixes both, that in their fruit
one can distinguish this from that; they suit
er well when hungry; but if she be full,
le spews out both, and makes their blessings null.
You see the ways the fisherman doth take
catch the fish; what engines doth he make!
hold how he engageth all his wits;
so his snares, lines, angles, hooks, and pets,
It fish there be, that neither hook nor line,
or snare, nor net, nor engine can make thine;
ley must be groped for, and be tickled too,
. they will not be catch'd, whate'er you do.
How does the fowler seek to catch his game

divers means! all which one cannot name;
18 guns, his nets, his lime-twigs, light, and bell;
e creeps, he goes, he stands, yea, who can tell
fall his postures? Yet there's none of these
ill make him master of what fowls he please,

Solidity, indeed, becomes the
Of him that writeth things divine to men;
But must I needs want solidness, because
By metaphors I speak? Were not God's laws,
His gospel laws, in olden time 'held forth
By types, shadows, and metaphors? Yet loth
Will any sober man be to find fault
With them, lest he be found for to assault
The highest wisdom? No, he rather stoops,
And seeks to find out by what pins and loops,
By calves and sheep, by heifers and by rams,
Ey birds and herbs, and by the blood of lambs,
God speaketh to him; and happy is he
That finds the light and grace that in them be.

Be not too forward therefore to conclude
That I want solidness-that I am rude :
All things solid in show not solid be;
All things in parable despise not we;
Lest things most hurtful lightly we receive,
And things that good are of our souls bereave,
My dark and cloudy words, they do but hold
The truth, as cabinets enclose the gold.

The prophets used much by metaphors
To set forth truth: yea, whoso considera
Christ, his apostles too, shall plainly see,
That truths to this day in such mantles be.

Am I afraid say that holy writ,
Which for its style and phrase puts down all wit,
Is every where so full of all these things,
Dark figures, allegories P. Yet there springs
From that same book, that lustre, and those rays
of light, that turn our darkest nights to days.

Come, let my carper to his life now look,
And find there darker lines than in my book
He findeth any; yea, and let him know,
That in his best things there are worse lines too,

May we but stand before impartial men,
To his poor one I durst adventure ter,
That they will take my meaning in these lines
Far better than his lies in silver shrines.
Come, truth, although in swaddling clothes, I find
Informs the judgment, rectifies the mind;
Pleases the understanding, makes the will
Submit, the memory too it doth fill
With what doth our imagination please ;
Likewise it tends our troubles to appease."

Sound words, I know, Timothy is to use,
And old wives' fables he is to refuse;
But yet grave Paul him no where doth forbid
The use of parables, in which lay hid
That gold, those pearls, and precious stones that were
Worth digging for, and that with greatest care.

Let me add one word more. O man of God,
Art thou offended? Dost thou wish I had
Put forth my matter in another dress ?
Or, that I had in things been more express P.
Three things .et me propound; then I submit
To those that are my betters, as is fit.

1. I find not that I am denied the use
Of this my method, so I no abuse
Put on the words, things, readers, or be rude
In handling figure or sinilitude,
In application, but all that.I may
Seek the advance of truth this or that way.
Denied, did I say? Nay, I have leave
(Example too, and that from them that have
God better pleased, by their words or ways,
Than any man that breatheth now-a-days)
Thus to express my mind, thus to declare
Things unto thee that excellentest are.

2. I find that men as high as trees will write
Dialogue-wise: yet no man doth them slight
For writing #0 : indeed, if they abuse
Truth, cursed be they, and the craft they use
To that intent; but yet let truth be free
To make her sallies upon thee and me,
Which way it pleases God : for who knows how,
Better than he that taught us first to plough,
To guide our minds and pens for his design?
And he makes base things usher in divine.

3. I find that holy writ in many places
Hath semblance with this method, where the cases
Do call for one thing, to set forth another:
Use it I may then, and yet nothing smother
Truth's golden beams : nay, by this method may
Make it cast forth its rays as light as day.

And now, before I do put up my pen, I'll show the profit of my book; and then Commit both ihee and it unto that hard [stand. That pu

the strong down, and makes weak ones
This book it chalketh out before thine eyes
The man that seeks the everlasting prize;
It shows you whence he comes, whíther he goes;
What he leaves undone; also what he does :
It also shows you how he runs and runs
Till he unto the gate of glory comes.
It shows, too, who set out for life amaio,
As if the lasting crown they would obtain :
Here also you may see the reason why
They lose their labour, and like fools do die.

This book will make a traveller of thee,
If by its coursels thou wilt ruled be;
It will direct thee to the Holy Land,
If thou wilt its directions understand:
Yea, it will make the slothful active be;
The blind also delightful things to see.

Art thou for something rare and profitable !
Wouldest thou see truth

within a fable ?
Art thou forgetful? Wouldest thou remember
From New-year's day to the last of December?
Then read my fancies; they will stick like burs,
And may be, to the helpless, comforters.

This book was writ in such a dialect,
As may the minds of listless men affect :
It seems a novelty, and yet contains
Nothing but sound and honest gospel strains.

Wouldst thou divert thyself from melancholy?
Wouldst thou be pleasant, yet be far from folly?
Wouldst thou read riddles and their explanation ?
Or else be drowned in thy contemplation ?
Dost thou love picking meat? Or wouldst thou gee
A man i' the clouds, and hear him speak to thee?
Wouldst thou be in a dreann, and yet not sleep?
Or wouldst thou in a moment lau-b and weep?
Wouldest thou lose thyself and catch ng harm,
And find thyself again without a charın ? [what,
Wouldst read thyself, and read thou know'st not
And yet know whether thou art blest or not,
By reading the same Inies ? Ob then come hither,
And lay my book, thy head, and heart together



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Go now, my little Book, to every place

As to be trimm's, new cloth'd, and deck'd with "eins,
Where my first Pilgrim has but shown his face; That it might show its features and its limbs.
Call at their door: if any say, Who's there?

Yet more, so comely doth my Pilgrim walk,
Then answer thou, Christiana is here.

That of him thousands daily sing and talk.
If they bid thee come in, then enter thou,

If you draw nearer hoine, it will appear
With all thy boys: and then, as thou know'st how, My Pilgrim knows no ground of shame or fear.
Tell who they are, also from whence they caine; City and country will him entertain,
Perhap they'll know them by their looks or name: With, Welcome, Pilgrim; yea, they can't refrain
But if they should not, ask them yet again,

Froin smiling, if my Pilgrim be but by,
If formerly they did not entertain

Or shows his head in any company. One Christian, a Pilgrin? If they say

Brave gallants do my Pilgrim hug and love, They did, and were delighted in this way;

Esteem it much; yea, value it above Then let them know, that these related were

Things of a greater bulk; yea, with delight Unto him; yea, his wife and children are.

Say, iny lark's leg is better than a kite. Tell them that they have left their house and home; Young ladies and young gentlewomen too Are turned Pilgriins; seek a world to come;

Do no small kindness to my Pilgrim show: That they have met with hardships in the way; Their cabinets, their bosoms, and their hearts, That they do meet with troubles night and day; My Pilgrim has ; 'cause he to them and parts That they have trod on serpents, fought with devils; His pretty riddles in such wholesome strains, Have also overcome a many evils;

As yield them profit double to their pains Yea, tell them also of the next who have,

of reading; yea, I think I may be bold Of love to pilgrimage, been stout and brave

To say, some prize him far above their gold. Defenders of that way; and how they still

The very children that do walk the street, Refuse this world, to do their Father's will.

If they do but my holy Pilgrim meet, Go tell them also of those dainty things

Salute him will, will wish him well, and say, That pilgrimage unto the Pilgriins brings.

He is the ouly stripling of the day. let them acquainted be, too, how they are

They that have never seen him, yet admire Beloved of their King, under his care;

What they have heard of him, and nuch desire What goodly mansions he for thein provides; To have his company, and hear him tell Though they meet with rough winds and swelling Those Pilgrim stories which he knows so well. tides,

Yea, some that did not love him at the first, How brave a calm they will enjoy at last,

But call's him fool and noddy, say they must Who to the Lord, and by his ways hold fast.

Now they have seen and heard him, hiin commend:
Perhaps with heart and hand they will embrace And to those whom they love, they do him send.
Thee, as they did my firstling, and will grace

Wherefore, my Second Part, thou need'st not be
Thee and thy fellows with good cheer and fare, Afraid to show thy head; none can hurt thee,
As show well they of Pilgrims lovers are.

That wish but well to him that went before;

'Cause thou com'st after with a second store OBJECTION I.

Of things as good, as rich, as profitable,
But how if they will not believe of me

For young, for old, for stagg'ring and for stable.
That I am truly thine ? 'cause some there be
That counterfeit the Pilgrim and his name,

Seek, by disguise, to see in the very same;
And by that means have brought themselves into

But some there be that say, He laughs too loud.
The hands and houses of I know not who,

And some do say, His head is in a cloud.

Some say, His words and stories are so dark,

They know not how by them to find his mark.
'Tis true some have of late, to counterfeit
My Pilgrim, to their own my title set;

Yea, others half my name, and title too,

One may (I think) say, Both his laughs and cries
Have stitched to their books to make them do; May well be guess'd at by his watery eyes.
But yet they, by their features, do declare

Some things are of that nature as to make
Themselves not mine to be, whose e'er they are. One's fancy chuckle, while nis heart doth ache.

If such thou meet'st with, then thine only way, When Jacob saw his Rachel with the sheep, Before them all, is to say out thy say

He did, at the same time, both kiss and weep. In thine own native language, which no man

Whereas some say, A cloud is in his bead; Now useth, nor with ease disse ble can.

That doth but show his wisdom's covered if, after all, they still of you shall doubt,

With his own mantle, and to stir the mind Thinking that you like gipsies go about,

To search well after what it fain would find. In naughty wise the country to defile;

Things that seem to be hid in words obscure Or that you seek good people to beguile

Do but the godly mind the more allure With things unwarrantable--send for me,

To study what those sayings should contain And I will testify you pilgrims be ;

That speak to us in such a cloudy strain. *a, I will testify that only you

I also I now a dark similitude Hy Pilgrims are, and that alone will do.

Will on the curious fancy inore intrude,

And will stick faster in the heart and head,

Than things from similes not borrowed.
But yet, perhaps, I may inquire for him

Wherefore, my Book, let no discouragement
Of those who wish him damned life and limb: Hinder thy travels: behold thou art sent
What shall I do, when I at such a door

To friends, not foes; to friends that will give place
For Pilgrims ask, and they shall rage the more? To thee, thy Pilgrimns, and thy words einbrace.

Besides, what my first Pilgrim left conceal'd

Thou, my brave second Pilgrim, bast revealed!

What Christian left lock'd up, and went his way,
Fright not thyself, my Book, for such bugbears

Sweet Christiana opens with her key.
Are nothing else but ground for groundless fears.
My Pilgrim's book has trave led sea and land,

Yer could I never come to understand
That it was slighted, or turned out of door,

But some loved not the method of your first :
By any kmgdoin were they rich or poor.

Romance they count it, throw't away as dust. In France and Flanders, where men kill each other

If I should meet with such, what should I say? My Pilgrim is esteemi'd a friend. a brother.

Must I slight them as they slight me, or nay?
til Holland, too, is said, as I am told,
My Pilgrim is with some worth more than gold.

Highlanders and wila Irish can agree
My Pityrins should faniviar with them be.

My Christiana, if with such thou meet,
Tis in New England under 10 à advance,

By all means, in all loving wise them greet;

Render them not reviking for revile :
there so much loving countenance, But if they frown, I prythee on them smile:

Perhaps 'tis nature, or some ill report,
Has made them thus despise, or thus retort.

Some love no tish, some love no cheese, and som
Love not their friends, nor their own house or horue
Some start at piy, sight chicken, love not fowl,
More than they love a cuckoo or an owl.
Leave such, my Christiana, to their choice,
And seek those who to find thee will rejoice;
By no means strive, but in most humble wise
Present thee w them in thy Pilgrim's guise.

Go, then, my little book, and show to all entertain and bid thee welcome shall,
What thou shall keep close shut up from the rest;
And wish what thou shalt show them may be blessa
To them for good, and make them choose to be
Pilgrims by better far than thee and me.
Go then, I say, tell all men who thou art;
Say, I am Christiana, and my part
Is now, with my four sons, to tell you what
It is for men to take a Pilgrim's lot.

Go also, tell them who and what they be
That now do go on pilgrimage with thee;
Say, Here's my neighbour, Mercy; she is one
That has long time with me a pilgrim gone :
Come, see ber in her virgin face, and learn
'Twixt idle ones and pilgrims to discern.
Yea, let young damsels learn of her to prize
The world which is to come, in any wise.
When little tripping maidens follow God,
And leave old doating sinners to his rod,
"Tis like those days wherein the young ones cried
Hosanna! when the old ones did deride.

Next tell them of old Honest, whom you found,
With his white hairs, treading the Pilgrim's groumu
Yea, tell them how plain-hearted this man was;
How after his good Lord he bare the cross.
Perhaps with some grey head this may prevail
With Christ to fall in love, and sin bewail.

Tell them also how Master Fearing went
On pilgrimage, and how the time he spent
In solitariness, with fears and cries;
And how at last he won the joyful prize.
He was a good man, though much down in spirit,
He is a good man, and doch bife inherit.

Tell them of Master Feeble-mind also,
Who not before, but still behind would go :
Show them also how he had like been slain,
And how one Great-Heart did his life regaiu.
This man was true of heart, though weak in gran
One might true godliness road in his face.
Then tell them

of Master Ready-to-Halt,
A man with crutches, but much without fault:
Tell them how Master Feeble-mind and he
Did love, and in opinion much agree:
And let all know though weakness was their chance
Yet sometimes one could sing, the other dance,

Forget not Master Valiant-for-the-Truth,
That man of courage, though a very youth.
Tell every one his spirit was so stout,
No man could ever ake bim face about;
And how Great-heart and he could not forbear;
But put down Doubting Castle, slew Despair!

Overlook uot Master Despoudency,
Nor Much-afraid, his daughter, though they lie
Under such mantles as may make them look
(With some) as if their God had them forsook.
They softly went, but surs; and at the end,
Found that the Lord of Pilgrims was their friend.

When thou hast told the world of all these things
Then turn about, my Book, and touch these strings
Which, if but touched, will such music make,
They'll make a cripple dance, a giant quake.
These riddles, that lie couched within thy east
Freely propound, expound! and for the rest
Of thy mysterious lines, let them remain,
For those whose nimble fancies shall them gain,

Now may this little Book a blessing be
To those th tlove this little book and me;
And may its buyer have no cause to say,
His money is but lost or thrown away.
Yen, may this second Pilgrim yield that fruit
As may with each good Pilgrim's fancy suit ;
And may it some persuade that go astray,
To turn their feet and heart to the right way,
Is the hearty prayer of

The Author,


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SI walked through the wilderness of this world, I lighted Then said Evangelist, Why not willing to die, since this life on a certain place where was a den, and laid me down is attended with so many evils? The man answered, Because in that place to sleep: and as I slept, I dreamed a I fear that this burden that is upon my back will sink me dream. I dreamed, and behold, I saw a man clothed lower than the grave, and I shall fall into Tophet, Isa. XXX. 33. with rags, standing in a certain place, with his face And, sir, if I be not fit to go to prison, I am not fit to go to

from his own house, a book in his hand, and a reat judgment, and from thence to execution; and the thoughts of burden upon his back, Isa. Ixiv 6; Luke xiv. 33; Psa. xxxviii. 4. these things make me cry.

I looked, and saw Then said Evangelist, If this be thy condition, why standest
him open the book, thou stili? He answered, Because I know not whither to go.
and read therein; Then he gave him a parchment roll, and there was written
and as he read, he within, “Fee from the wrath to come,Matt, iii. 7.
wept, and trem. The man, therefore, read it, and, looking upon Evangelist
bled; and not be. very carefully, said, Whither must I fly? Then said Evan-
ing able longer to gelist (pointing with his finger over a very wide field), Do you

contain, he brake see yonder wick t-gate? Matt. vii, 13, 14. The man said, No. OL

out with a lamen. Then said the other, Do you see yonder shining light? Psa. table cry, saying, cxix. 105; 2 Pet. i. 19. He said, I think I do. Then said Evan. "What shall I do?” gelist, Keep that light in your eye, and go up directly thereto, Acts ii. 37 ;. xvi. so shalt thou see the gate; at which, when thou knockest, it 30; Hab. i. 2, 3. shall be told thee what thou shalt do. So I saw in my dream

In this plight, that the man began to run, Now he had not run far from his

therefore, he went own door, when his wife and children, perceiving it, began to home and restrained himself as long as he could, that cry after him to return; but the man put his fingers in his his wife and children should not perceive his distress; ears, and ran on, crying, Lite! life ! eternal life! Luke xiy. but he could not be silent long, because that his trouble 26. So he looked not behind him, Gen. xix. 17, but fled towards increased. Wherefore at length he brake his mind to his the middle of the plain. wife and children, and thus he began to talk to them. O The neighbours also came out to see him run, Jer, xx. 10; my dear wife, said he, and you the children of my and as he ran some mocked, others threatened, and some cricd bowels, I, your dear friend, am in myself undone by reason of after him to return; and among those that did so, there were a burden that lieth hard upon me; moreover, I am certainly two that resolved to fetch him back by force. The name of informed that this our city will be burnt with fire from hea.

the one was Obstinate, and the name of the other Pliable. Now Spen; in which fearful overthrow, both myself, with thee my by this time the man was got a good distance from then; wife, and you my sweet babes, shall miserably come to ruin, but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they except (the which yet I see not) some way of escape can be did, and in a little time they overtook him. Then said, found, whereby we may be delivered. At this his relations the man, Neighbours, wherefore are ye come? They said, were sore amazed; not for that they believed that what he had

To persuade you to go back with us. But he said, "hat can said to them was true, but because they thought that some

by no means be; you dwell, said he, in the city of Destruction, frenzy distemper had got into his head; therefore, it drawing the place also where I was born : I see it to be so; and dying towards night, and they hoping that sleep mighi settle his there, sooner or later, you will sink lower than the grave, into brains, with all haste they got him to bed, But the night was a place that burns with fire and brimstone; be content, good as troublesome to him as the day; wherefore, instead of sleep neighbours, and go along with me. ing, he spent it in sighs and tears. So when the morning was OBST. What! said Obstinate, and leave our friends and come, they would kno

he did. He told them, Worse and comforts behind us ! worse ; he also set to talking to them again; but they began to CHR. Yes, said Christian (for that was his name), because be hardened. They also thought to drive away his distemper that all which you forsake is not worthy to be compared with by harsh and surly carriage to him ; sometimes they would a little of that I am seeking to enjoy, 2 Cor. iv. 18; and if you deride, sometimes they would chide, and sometimes they would

will go along with me, and hold it, you shall fare as I myself; quite neglect him. Wherefore he began to retire himself to

for there, where I go, is enough and to spare, Luke rv. 17. his chamber, to pray for and pity them, and also to condole Come away, and prove my words. his own misery; he would also walk solitarily in the fields,

OBST. What are the things you seek, since you leave all thi sometimes reading, and sometimes praying: and thus for world to find them? some days he spent his time.

Cur. I seek an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and Now I saw, upon a time, when he was walking in the

that fadeth not away, 1 Pet. i. 4, and it is laid up in heaven, and fields, that he was (as he was wont) reading in his book, and

safe there, Heb. xi. 18, to be bestowed, at the time appointed, on greatly distressed in his mind; and as he read, he burst out, as

them that diligeutly seek it. Read it so, if you will, in my book. he had done beforo, crying, “What shall I do to be saved ?"

Opst. Tush! said o'stinate, away with your book; will Acts xvi. 30, 31.

you go back with us or no? I saw also that he looked this way, and that way, as if CHR. No, not I, said the other, because I have put my

he would run; yet hand to the plough, Luke ix. 62.
he stood still, be- OBST. Come, then, neighbour Pliable, let us turn again, and
cause (as

per- go home without him; There is a company of these crazy. ceived) he could headed coxcombs, that when they take a fancy by the end, are not tell which way wiser in their own cyes than seven měn that can reuder a

I looked reason. then, and saw a P.1. Then, said Pliable, Don't revile; if what the good man named Evan.

Christian says is true, the things he looks after are better than gelist coming to ours: my heart inclines to go with my neighbour. him, and asked, OBST. What! more fools still! Be ruled by me and go back, Wherefore


who knows whither such a brain sick fellow wilt lead you ? thou cıy?

Go back, go back, and be wise.
He answered, Sir, Cur. Nay, but do thou come with thy neighbour, Pliable;
I perceive by the there are such things to be had which I spoke of, and many

book in my hand, more glories besides. If you believe not me, read l:ere in this that I am condemned to die, and after that to come to book; and for the truth of what is expressed therein, behold, judgment, Heb. ix. 27; and I find that I am not willing all is confirmed by the blood of Him that mide it, llcb. ix. to do the first, Job xvi. 21, 22, nor able to do the second; 17-21. Ezek. xxii, 14.

?11. Well, reighbour Obstinate, said Pliable; } begiu ta


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