« ForrigeFortsett »
mons, Mr. SPEAKER acquainted them that the House bad unanimously resolved, that the thanks of the House be given to the Admirals and Generals employed in the glorious and successful expedition against Quebec, and Mr. Speaker gave the said Members the thanks of the House accordingly.
Tuesday, 19th February. A subscription was set on foot at Leeds, for the relief of the widows and orphans of our brave countrymen who fell before the walls of Quebec, and on the Plains of Minden, a charity highly deserving imitation.
May, 1760. Letters were received from Halifax, stating that Lord ColVille bad sailed from that port with all his squadron for the St. Lawrence, so that, in all probability, he would get up the river before it is possible for any vessels from France to arrive.
Promotions in August, 1760. Honorable Richard Maitland, to be Adjutant General to the troops in Canada, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
Saturday, October 4th, 1760. This day Major Barré and Captain Deane arrived express in the Vengeance Frigate, from Quebec, io 23 days, with the news of the surrender of Montreal and all Canada.
Sunday, 5th. Early this morning Mr. Secretary Pitt waited upon His MAJESTY with the above important news. At noon the Park and Tower guns were fired.
Wednesday, 15th. By the Union, Dennis, arrived at Portsmouth from Quebec, came advice, that Colonel Fraser with 800 men from Quebec, invested and took Fort Jacques Cartier, September 9th, before he knew of the surrender of Montreal. It was defended by the Marquis d'Albergotti, who held out until he was reduced to thirty pounds of powder.
Thursday, 16th. The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of London waited upon His MAJESTY, at Kensington, with an Address on the reduction of all Canada. The honor of Knighthood was conferred upon the Sheriffs, Alderman Kite, and William Hart, Esquire.
CHAPTER THE EIGHTEENTH.
THE SIEGES CONTINUED.--BATTLE NEAR SILLERY
WOOD-THE FRENCH RAISE THE SIEGE-GENERAL MURRAY'S DESPATCH.
It has been stated that, on the fleet under Admiral SAUNDERS returning home after the successful expedition of 1759, General MURRAY was left Governor of Quebec, with a garrison of five thousand men. Other accounts make the number six thousand, which appears more nearly correct. They were first employed in repairing upwards of five hundred houses which had been almost entirely destroyed by the fire of the English batteries at Pointe Lévi; and in putting the fortifications in a condition fit for defence. Several affairs of posts occurred during the winter, which all redounded to the advantage of the British. Sr. Foy and LORETTE were occupied by General MURRAY as outposts ; and those of the French at LAKE CALVAIRE, ST. AUGUSTIN, and Maison Brulée, were successively attacked and dispersed.
Owing to the rigour of the climate, and the constant living on salted provisions, without vegetables, the scurvy—the same disease which had proved so fatal to the little band of Jacques Cartier, in 1535---broke out amongst the garrison in so inveterate a manner, that before the end of April a thousand men were dead, and two thousand more rendered unfit for service.
The main force of the French army, which had been cantoned during the winter between JACQUES CARTIER and THREE RIVERS, was in the spring collected in the neighborhood of MONTREAL, under the command of M. DE LEVI, an officer of merit, activity and enterprise. It consisted of ten battalions of regular troops, making about four thousand five hundred men--which had been reinforced by six thousand disciplined Canadian Militia—two hundred of whom were mounted and acted as cavalry-and by two hundred and fifty Indians-amounting in all to ten thousand seven hundred and fifty effective men. This statement is taken from the French account: the English accounts at the time stated them to be fifteen thousand men. The first intention of M. de Levi had been to capture QUEBEC by a coup de main during the depth of winter ; and to that end he had provided snow shoes, scaling ladders, and fascines.' He had also a large depot of provisions at Pointe Levi. These, however, were immediately captured by a detachmeut of the English garrisoni, which marched across the ice for the purpose. Finding that the vigilance of General Murray, and of his outposts, was not to be baffled, the French commander altered his plans, and resolved to attempt the reduction of Quebec by a regular siege, which he flattered himself he could bring to a termination before the place could be relieved by Lord ColVILLE's Fleet, then lying at Halifax. He was favored in such an operation by the absence of all British naval forces in the St. Lawrence, while he had six French frigates of from forty-four to twenty
six guns each, which secured to him the command of the river between MONTREAL and QUEBEC.
On the 17th April, 1760, M. DE LEVI, having embarked bis baggage and military stores in small craft and batteaux, under convoy of his frigates, reached POINTE AUX TREMBLES with his army by land. The stores being disembarked at St. Augustin, on the 27th, he arrived at the Plains of Abraham by the way of the St. Foy road.
The French accounts state that the advanced post of the British at the ford of Cape Rouge River, consisting of the Light Infantry, would have been cut off but for the following incident: On the 27th April, a sentinel, on board the Race-horse sloop of war, hearing cries upon the river, informed Captain MACARTNEY therewith; who ordered out a boat, and brought on board a French soldier, belonging to the artillery, who had been floating up and down on a field of ice. The poor fellow, although treated with all humanity, was unable for nearly two hours to give any account of himself. He then stated, that he had formed one of the crew of a batteau belonging to the French Army under M. DE LEVI, consisting of ten thousand men, who were advancing to the attack of QUEBEC. On this information it is said that the post at Cape Rouge was called in, the French all the while pressing close upon the rear.
General MURRAY, for reasons explained in his despatches, resolved to bazard a battle; and accordingly marched out of Quebec on the morning of the 28th April, with all his troops fit for duty, amounting to no more than three thousand men. on the celebrated PLAINS OF ABRAHAM, where so many laurels had been gathered the year before : and with great gallantry made a powerful attack on
He took post