« ForrigeFortsett »
from the severity of this climate during the winter, and the absolute necessity of executing works of more immediate importance, last autumn, before the frost set in. I wanted the assistance of Major Mackellar, the chief engineer, dangerously wounded in the action ; his zeal for, and knowledge in the service is well known ; but the alacrity of the garrison made up for every defect.
“My journal of the siege, which accompanies this, sets forth, in full, what was done: and I flatter myself, the extraordinary performances of the handful of brave men I had left will please His Majesty as much as they surprised us who were eye-witnesses to them.
“ Great praise is due to Commodore Swanton, and the Captains Schomberg and Deane ; I have not words to express the readiness, vivacity, and valour they showed in attacking and destroying the enemy's squadron. Captain Deane bas lost his ship, but it was in a good cause, and he has done honor to his country.
" The morning of the 17th of May, I intended a strong sally, to have penetrated into the enemy's camp, which, from the ioformation of the prisoners I had taken, and the concurrent account of deserters, I conceived to be very practicable.
" For this purpose I had ordered the regiments of Amherst, Townshend, Lascelles, Anstrather and Highlanders, with the grenadiers and light infantry, under arms; but was informed by Lieutenant M'Alpin, of my battalion (whom I sent out to amuse the enemy with small sallies) that their trenches were abandoned.
" I instantly pushed out at the bead of these corps, not doubt. ing but we must have overtaken and forced their rear, and had ample revenge for the 28th of April ; but I was disappointed, for they had crossed the River Cap Rouge, before we could come up to them. However, we took several prisoners, and much baggage, which woulå otherwise have escaped They left their cainp standing; all their baggage, stores, magazines of provision and ammunition, 34 pieces of battering candon, four of which are brass 12 pounders, ten field pieces, six mortars, four petards, a large quantity of scaling ladders, and entrenching tools beyond number, and have retired to their former asylum, Jacques Cartier. From the information of prisoners, deserters, and spies, provisions are very scarce ; ammunition does not abound; and the greatest part of the Capadians have deserted them.
At present they do not exceed
5000 men. The minute I am joined with that part of my garrison which was sent from hence last autumn, I shall endeavor to co-operate with Mr. Amherst, towards completing the reduction of this country; though, if rightly informed, he can bardly act by the lakes before the month of July, of which I am the more convinced, because from the intelligence forwarded to him last February, of the enemy's designs, by Lieutenant Montresor, he would certainly have been upon them before now, had it been at all practicable.
“ Major Maitland, the bearer of these despatches, who has acted as Adjutant General this last winter, is well acquainted with all our transactions here : be has a thorough knowledge of the country, and can give you the best lights with regard to the measures farther to be taken, relative to His Majesty's views in Canada.
“ I cannot finish this long letter, without observing how much I think myself obliged to the Lieutenant Governor, Colonel Burton; his activity and zeal were copspicuous during the whole course of this severe winter's campaign, and I flatter myself, Sir, you will be pleased to lay his services before His Majesty.
“P. S.-Since I bave wrote the above, a nation of Indians has surrendered, and entered into an alliance with as.
I have the honor to be, with regard,
ADMIRALTY OFFICE.-- Captain Schomberg arrived with despatches from Lord Colville, dated at Quebec, the 24th May, giving an account, that having on the 14th May received advice that the enemy had besieged Quebec, he got under sail with the utmost despatch, and anchored above Pointe Lévi the 15th, where he received a message from the General, earnestly recommending the speedy removal of the Freuch naval force, consisting of two frigates, two armed ships, and many smaller vessels. In consequence of which, he ordered Captain Schombers, and Captain Deane, to slip the cables and attack the enemy; but they were no sooner in motion, than the enemy fled in hurry and disorder. Tbe Pomona, one of the frigates, was driven on shore above Cape Diamond; the Atalanta, the other frigate, ran ashore, and was burnt at Pointe aux Tremble, about ten leagues from the town; and most of the other ships and vessels were likewise driven asbore, or effectually destroyed.
The night following, the enemy raised the siege of Quebec very precipitately, leaving their cannon, small arms, stores, &c. behind them. The Lowestoffe run upon some aukuown rocks, in pursuit of the enemy, and was irrecoverably lost, but the officers and men were saved,
All attempts to recover possession of QUEBEC having thus completely failed, the Marquis de VauDREUIL determined to take his last stand on behalf of French dominion at MONTREAL. To this point he called in all his detachments, and here he collected and concentrated his remaining strength. But the net was fast closing around him—the fate of CANADA was already decided—General Amherst was approaching from Lake CHAMPLAIN—and the armies from Quebec and LAKE ONTARIO having arrived on the same day before MONTREAL, a capitulation was signed on the 8th September, and the conquest of Canada was completed in little more than two years from the reduction of LOUISBOURG.
The intelligence of the surrender of MONTREAL and of the whole Province -- which was looked
upon by the nation as a worthy termination to the expedition of Wolfe—was received in London on the 4th October, and the despatches were published in the London Gazette on the 6th.
His MAJESTY GEORGE II. outlived the glorious news only a few days. On the 16th, he received an Address of congratulation from the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council-men of LONDON. On the 25th, in the midst of the hearty rejoicings of the people for the acquisition of so immense an extent of Empire, the King was suddenly seized with ill
ness, and soon expired in the 77th year of his age, and the 34th of his reign.
His MAJESTY GEORGE III. had the gratification of receiving the homage of his new subjects. In the summer of 1763, the Chevalier ChausSEGROS DE LERY and his lady were presented at Court, and were the first of His MAJESTY's Canadian subjects who had that honor. The young and gallant Monarch, on receiving Madame DE LERY, who was a very beautiful woman, observed to her, -" If all the ladies of Canada are as handsome as yourself, I have indeed made a conquest."
CHAPTER THE NINETEENTH.
THE SIEGES CONTINUED.-ARNOLD'S EXPEDITION IN
1775-SIEGE OF QUEBEC—DEATH MONTGOMERY.
The invasion of Canada by the troops of the American Congress rendered the year 1775 remarkable in the annals of the Province. The principa points which will demand our attention are the expedition of Arnold, the storming of Quebec, and the death of Montgomery.
Canada, supposed to be perfectly secure, had been left almost destitute of regular troops, nearly all of which had been removed to Boston. The whole force of this description consisted of only two Regiments of Infantry, the 7th Fusileers, and the 26th, amounting to no more than eight hundred men. Of these the greater part were in garrison at St. John's, the rest dispersed through the various posts. The Province was, however, extremely fortunate in the character, talents and resources of the Governor, General Carleton.
On the 17th September, 1775, Brigadier General Richard Montgomery, who had formerly been in the British service, appeared at the head of an army, before the Fort of St. John's ; which, after a gallant defence, surrendered on the 3rd November, the gar.