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shall wait upon heroic deeds,” the renown of Quebec will derive its chief lustre from the reflected glories of England, her might, valor and enduring genero
Prudens futuri temporis exitum
cras vel atra
Quod fugiens semel hora vexit.
RICHARD MONTGOMERY was a gentleman of good family, in the North of IRELAND, and connected by marriage with Viscount RANELAGH of that Kingdom. He had been Captain in the 17th Regiment of Foot, and had fought successfully the battles of ENGLAND, under the immortal WOLFE, on the Piains of Abra. ham. He afterwards married the daughter of Judge LIVINGSTON, of Livingston Manor, on the North River, who was living in 1818. MONTGOMERY imbibed the prevalent politics of his father-in-law's family, and joined the cause of the Colovists against the mother country.
MARSHALL, however, in his life of WASHINGTON, remarks, that, though he had embraced the American cause with enthusiasm, he had become wearied with its service. ... ... He bad determined to withdraw from the army, and had signified, before marching from Montreal, his resolution to resign the commission which had been conferred upon bim.” MARSHALL adds as a probable incentive to the storming of Quebec on the 31st December, 1775," the desire of closing his military career with a degree of brilliancy suited to the elevation of his mind, by the conquest of Quebec, and the addition of Canada to the United States."
The excellence of his qualities and disposition procured him an uncommon share of private affection, as his abilities and services had of public esteem. Soon after his death, the Con. tinental Congress ordered a magnificent Cenotaph to be erected
to his memory, in St. Paul's Church, New-YORK, with the following inscription ;
MONTGOMERY falls ! Let no fond breast repine,
What nobler fate can patriot virtue crave ! The following matter of fact relating to the disinterment of the remains of this officer is unquestionably authentic. In the year 1818, a request having been made to the Governor-inChief, Sir John Sherbrooke, for leave to disinter the remains of General Montgomery, in order that they might be conveyed to New-York, and there re-interred, His Excellency acceded to the request, which came to him on the part of Mrs. Montgomery, the widow of the General. Mr. JAMES THOMPSON, an old gentleman of respectability, serving in the Engineer De. partment at Quebec, (a Serjeant under General Wolpe at the conquest,) who bore arms during i he siege of the winter 1775-6 in defence of the city, and on the morning after the attack, had found the body of the deceased General, and afterwards saw it interred in one of the bastions near St. Lewis-Gate, by order of the British Commander, was now ordered to explore the place of interment and dig up the remains. This he accordingly did in the presence of one of His Excellency's Aides-de-Camp, Captain Freer ; and although the spot where the body had been deposited was entirely altered in appearance, from the demolition of an old building or powder magazine which was near it, and the subsequent construction of a range of barracks, he hit upon the foot of the coffin, which was much decayed, but of the identity whereof there could not be a doubt, no other body having been interred in its immediate neighbourhood, except those of the General's two Aides, M.Pherson and Cheeseman, which were placed on each side of their master's body, in their clothes, and without coffins. Mr. Thompson gave the following affidavit of the facts in order to satisfy the surviving relations and friends of General MONTGOMERY, that the remains which had been so disinterred after the lapse of forty-two years by the same hand that had interred them, were really those of the late General :
“ I, JAMES THOMPSON, of the city of Quebec, in the Province of Lower Canada, do testify and declare-that I served in the capacity of an Assistant Engineer during the siege of this city, invested during the years 1775 and 1776 by the American forces under the command of the late Major General RICHARD MONTGOMERY. That in an attack made by the American troops under the immediate command of General MoNTGOMERY, in the night of the 31st December, 1775. on a British post at the southernmost extremity of the city, near Près-de-Ville, the General received a mortal wound, and with him were killed his two Aides-de-Camp, McPherson and Cheeseman, who were found in the morning of the 1st January, 1776, almost covered with snow.
That Mrs. Prentice who kept an Hotel, at Quebec, and with whom General Montgomery had previously boarded, was brought to view the body, after it was placed in the Guard Room, and which she recognised by a particular mark which he had on the side of his head, to be the General's. That the body was then conveyed to a house, (Gobert's, )* by order of Mr. Cramahé, who provided a genteel coffin for the General's body, which was lined inside with flannel, and outside of it with black cloth. That in the night of the 4th January, it was conveyed by me from Gobert's house, and was interred sis feet in front of the gate, within a wall that surrounded a powder magazine near the ramparts bounding on St. Lewis-Gate. That the funeral service was performed at the grave by the Reverend Mr. de Montmolin, then Chaplain of the garrison. That his two Aides-de-Camp were buried in their clothes without any coffins, and that no person was buried within twenty.five yards of the General. That I am positive and can testif, and declare, that the coftin of the late General Montgomery, taken up on the morning of the 16th of the present month of June, 1818, is the identical coitin deposited by me on the day of his burial, and that the present coffin contains the remains of the late General. I do further testify and declare that subsequent to the finding of General Montgomery's body, I wore his sword, being lighter than my own, and on going to the Seminary, where the American officers were lodged, they recognized the sword, which affected them so much, that numbers of them wept, in consequence of which I have never worn the sword since.
“ Given under my hand, at the city of Quebec, Province of Lower Canada, 19th June, 1818.
*Gobert's house was at the corner of St. Lewis and St. Ursule streets, on the site of the house now numbered 42, St. Lewis Street.
COLONEL LE COMTE DUPRE'.
This gentleman commanded the Canadian Militia during the siege of 1775.6. He had first received a commission from the Marquis DUQUESNE, Governor General of Canada, as Captain. In June, 1755, he was appointed Major, and in the following November, Lieutenant Colonel. In consequence of his behaviour during the siege, on the 4th March, 1778, he was appointed Colonel Commandant for the City and District of Quebec, by General Sir Guy Carleton. He continued in this extensive command for more than twenty years, and his conduct deservedly obtained the friendship, confidence, and gratitude of all the Militiamen of the District.
The following anecdote deserves to be known, it occurred in November, 1775:
The enemy was at the gates of the city, when three serjeants of the Canadian Militia formed a conspiracy to admit the Americans through a small wicket near the powder magazine, where one of them commanded a guard. Colonel DUPRE', going his rounds one night about eleven o'clock, became suspicious, and soon discovered this plot, and communicated it to Lieutenant Governor CRAMAHE'. ' The serjcants were secured, and kept in prison until the following May. They were then tried, and admitted that the city had been saved by the sagacity of Colonel DUPRE'. The Americans, enraged at the discovery of the plot, did all the damage they could to the Colonel's property. Four hundred were quartered at his house and land near Quebec, which they ruined. At his seigniory they destroyed his flour, and broke in pieces his furniture. On being offered a grant of land as a reward for his services, and as a compensation for his losses, he refused to accept it, saying, that he served out of regard to his country and his king, and required no remuneration.
CHAPTER THE TWENTIETH.
GEOLOGY.-GENERAL CHARACTER OF THE ENVIRONS.
No Picture of Quebec, in these enlightened days, will be considered complete, if it do not contain some information upon the geological structure of the site of that City and its environs, which are the subjects of its delineations. It is not consistent with the nature of the work, to enter into details; but, avoiding these, we propose to give a condensed outline of those geological features which will be most likely to come under the observation of the intelligent traveller. As, however, it it is usual to introduce geological descriptions by a topographical outline of the country they embrace, in conformity with that custom, the following slight one is offered.
The site of the metropolis of Lower Canada, when viewed from the river, must in all times, have fixed the eye of the stranger, whether crowned with modern architecture, as in the present day, or by the primeval forest, as Champlain first saw it; a sight which might well draw from his followers the esclamation of Quel bec, whence some writers derive Quebec. *
* This, however, is a disputed point. It appears by a reference to page 118 of this volume, that so far back as the time of Henry V. the word Quebec occurs in the Arms of the Earl of Suffolk. This interesting fact was introduced for the first time by A. Stuart, Esq. into a paper which he read before the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec.