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RELATING TO THE
NAVY AND MARINE CORPS,
JULY 1, 1865.
PUBLISHED BY THE NAVY DEPARTMENT.
NOTE.-Such laws and parts of laws only as are in force at the date of this publication, (July 1, 1865,) are given. They are chronologically arranged, and the volume and
page of the Statutes at Large, where they may be found, are indicated. This compilation does not include private acts, nor relief acts, excepting such as are of general application, and embraces only such votes of thanks to the officers and seamen of the navy as have been passed by Congress during the recent rebellion.
THE UNITED STATES.
We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more
perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
All Legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives shall be composed of mem- Repres'utatives, bers chosen every second year by the people of the several States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature. No
person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- Qualifications of tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years
representatives. a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among Apportionment the several States which may be included within this Union, and direct taxes. according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not Census exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall years. have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled
* The Constitution of the United States went into effect on the first Wednesday in March, 1789.-Owings vs. Speed, 5 Wheaton, 420.