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section 7 (a) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, and the labor boards which are to be set up under the code authorities, any cases in which unfair advantage of the present situation has been taken by employers may be adequately adjusted. If normal employment conditions do not return by the expiration of the act, it may be extended. It is to be hoped, however, that by June 1935 labor conditions will have so far returned to normal that the labor boards may be dropped.

May I summarize then, my objections to the Wagner bill:

1. It opens the way for unscrupulous and irresponsible members of the labor groups to foist themselves on employees. Under the bill the employer cannot refuse to recognize such a racketeer provided he represents the choice of his employees and presumably may not inquire under what pressure the choice was made, lest he be accused of influencing his men.

2. The normal relationships of management and men are peaceful. The setting up of a National Labor Board for a minimum period of 5 years will inject into the whole labor situation a mechanism which is unnecessary and unwarranted in periods of reasonable employment. By the very fact of its existence, I believe this Board would tend to encourage labor agitation and give opportunity for minor disputes and differences of opinion to be magnified and distorted.

3. The National Industrial Recovery Act in section 7 (a) adequately provides for any temporary inequality in bargaining power because of the present lack of jobs.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you, Mr. Goodman.
The committee stands adjourned until 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.

(Whereupon, at 1 p.m., a recess was taken until 10 a.m., Apr. 3, 1934.)

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

UNITED STATES SENATE

SEVENTY-THIRD CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2926

A BILL TO EQUALIZE THE BARGAINING POWER OF EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES, TO ENCOURAGE THE AMICABLE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES BETWEEN EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES, TO CREATE A NATIONAL

LABOR BOARD, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

PART 3

APRIL 4 TO APRIL 9, 1934

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

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DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts, Chairman ROYAL S. COPELAND, New York

WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho PARK TRAMMELL, Florida

JESSE H. METCALF, Rhode Island HUGO L. BLACK, Alabama

FREDERIO C. WALCOTT, Connecticut LOUIS MURPHY, Iowa

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

JAMES J. DAVIS, Pennsylvania JOHN E. ERICKSON, Montana

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
MAY 14 1934

729,

Stutement of--

Balleisen, L. L.
Berry, Paul D.
Bowen, Ivan
Brenckman, Fred (brief)
Brooks, S. G..
Carr, Miss Charlotte.
Cleary, Thomas
Colley, Robert F.
Conn, C. W.
Doragoff, Nathaniel
Drew, Walter (brief)
Dunne, William F..
Dyer, Dr. Gus W.
Eastman, Whitney H.
Edelman, John W.
Edwards, Harold.
Elliott, William S.
Erickson, Charles -
Fakler, Herman (brief)
Fisher, Wagner.
Fullmer, G. L.
Gillespie, Ben B.
Girdler, Thomas M.
Gordon, Niel -
Grimm, John
Hill, T. Arnold (brief).
Hook, Charles R..
Kelly, John T. (brief).
Larkin, John.
Larkin, J. M.
Levy, Jerome (brief)
Madden, Jacob F..
Maloney, Francis C.
MacKenzie, A. G..
McDermott, William G.
Merritt, Walter G. (brief)
Miller, Nathan L.
Mitchell, Guy E.
Moore, James
Murphy, Martin.
Oliver, Frank.--
Pierce, Charles P.
Pinchot, Mrs. Cornelia Brice-
Polier, Isadore (brief).
Purnell, Frank.
Ransom, Lloyd H.-
Reymond, M. H. (brief).
Robinson, Robert Lee.
Roderick, Eugene R..
Shields, John P.
Skinner, Arnold.
Smith, H. Garrish (brief)
Sullivan, Daniel J.
Smith, Ellwood H.
Smith, Hal H...

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Statement of-Continued.

Taylor, Wm. E. (brief)
Thompson, A. F.
Vickers, Leslie.
Weed, Hugh H. C.
Weir, Ernest T
Williams, Whiting.
Wolf, George E.
Woods, William W. (brief)
Woolford, Edgar.
Young, Arthur H.
Young, George W
Young, James T.

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