To the Reader......


To the present Age and Posterity.


The Preface.....


The Particular Topic-Places; or, Articles of

Inquisition touching Life and Death..... 469

Nature durable, and not durable....... 470

Desiccation, prohibiting of Desiccation, and

inteneration of that which is desiccated

and dried...

... 472

Length and shortness of life in living crea-

tures ......


Alimentation or Nourishment; and the way of

nourishing ...


Length and Shortness of Life in Man...... 479

Medicines for long life....


The Intentions.....


I. The operation upon the spirits, that

they may remain youthful, and reiain

their vigour..


II. The operation upon the exclusion of

the air.....

... 496

III. 'The operation upon the blood, and the

sanguifying heat....


IV. The operation upon the juices of the



V. The operation upon the bowels of their

extrusion of aliment....


VI, The operation upon the outward parts

for their attraction of aliment....... 504

VII. The operation upon the aliment itself,

for the insinuation thereof......... 504

VIII. The operation upon the last act of assi-

milation ....


IX. The operation upon the inteneration of

that which begins to be arefied, or the

malacissation of the body.... 506

X. The operation upon the purging away of

old juice, and supplying of new

juice; or of renovation by turns.... 508

The porches of death....


The differences of youth and old age........ 511

Movable canons of the duration of life and

form of death..


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MISCELLANEOUS TRACTS, (translated from Of the variety of the bodies which yield

the Latin.)

sound; and the instruments; and of

The Ebb and Flow of the Sea ..


the species of sounds which occur.... 540

The Alphabet of Nature.......


Of the multiplication, majoration, diminu-

Catalogue of Bodies attractive and not attractive 532

tion, and fraction of sound........... 540

Inquisition of the Conversion of Bodies...... 533 of the repercussion of sounds and echo..... 541

The Masculine Birth of Time. ... ... ... 533, 534

Of the consents and dissents of audibles and

The History and first Inquisition of Sound and

visibles, and of other so called spiritual




... 541

Of the generation of sound, and the first

Of the quickness of the generation, and ex-

percussion ......


tinction of sound, and the time in which

of the lasting of sound, and its perishing and

they are effected........

... 543


Of the affinity, or non-affinity, which sound

Of the confusion and perturbation of sounds 537

hath with the motion, local and per-

Of the accessory aids and impediments of

ceptible, of the air in which it is car.

sound; of the stay of sound; and the

ried .....


diversity of mediums.......


Of the communication of the air percussed

of the penetration of sounds............. 538

and elided with the ambient air, and

Of the carriage of sounds, and their direction

bodies, or their spirits.....


or spreading; and of the area which
sound fills, together and severally..... 539INDEX ......

..... 537




the like things are as her majesty shall be made After the remembrance of my humble duty, capable of them; wherein, knowing what authorthough I know, by late experience, how mindful ity your lordship's commendations have with her your lordship vouchsafeth to be of me and my majesty, I conclude with myself, that the subpoor fortune, and since it pleased your lordship, stance of strength which I may receive, will be during my indisposition, and when her majesty from your lordship. It is true, my life hath been came to visit your lordship, to make mention of so private, as I have had no means to do


lordme for my employment and preferment; yet being ship service; but yet, as your lordship knoweth, now in the country, I do presume that your lord- I have made offer of such as I could yield ; for, ship

, who of yourself had an honourable care of as God hath given me a mind to love the public, the matter, will not think it a trouble to be solicited so, incidently, I have ever had your lordship in therein. My hope is this, that whereas your lord- singular admiration ; whose happy ability her ship told me her majesty was somewhat gravelled majesty hath so long used, to her great honour upon the offence she took at my speech in parlia- and yours. Besides, that amendment of state or ment; your lordship’s favourable endeavour, who countenance, which I have received, hath been hath assured me that for your own part you con- from your lordship. And, therefore, if your lordstrue that I spake to the best, will be as a good ship shall stand a good friend to your poor ally, tide to remove her from that shelve. And it is you shall but " tueri opus” which you have benot unknown to your good lordship, that I was gun. And your lordship shall bestow your benefit the first of the ordinary sort of the Lower House upon one that hath more sense of obligation than that spake for the subsidy: and that which I after of self-love. Thus humbly desiring pardon of so spake in difference, was but in circumstance of long a letter, I wish your lordship all happiness. time, which methinks was no great matter, since Your lordship's in all humbleness to be comthere is variety allowed in counsel, as a discord manded. in music, to make it more perfect.

FR. BACON, But I may justly doubt, her majesty's impres

June 6, 1595. upon

this particular, as her conceit otherwise of

my insufficiency and unworthiness, which, SIR FRANCIS BACON TO THE LORD TREASURER though I acknowledge to be great, yet it will be the less, because I purpose not to divide myself My LORD, between her majesty and the causes of other men,

With as much confidence as mine own honest as others have done, but to attend her business and faithful devotion unto your service, and your only: hoping that a whole man meanly able, may honourable correspondence unto me and my poor do as well as half a man better able. And if her estate can breed in a man, do I commend myself majesty thinketh that she shall make an adven- unto your lordship. I wax now somewhat ancient; ture in using one that is rather a man of study one-and-thirty years is a great deal of sand in the than of practice and experience, surely I may re- hour-glass. My health, I thank God, I find con: member to have heard that my father, an example

, firmed; and I do not fear that action shall impair I confess, rather ready than like, was made solici- it: because I account my ordinary course of study tor of the augmentation, a court of much business, and meditation to be more painful than most parts when he had never practised, and was but twenty- of action are I ever bear a mind, in some middle seven years old; and Mr. Brograve was now in place that I could discharge, to serve her majesty; my time called attorney of the duchy, when he had not as a man born under Sol, that loveth honour; practised little or nothing, and yet hath discharged nor under Jupiter, that loveth business, for the VOL. III.-1







contemplative planet carrieth me away wholly:

SIR FRANCIS BACON TO THE LORD TREASURER but as a man born under an excellent sovereign, that deserveth the dedication of all men's abilities. Besides, I do not find in myself so much self-love, My SINGULAR GOOD LORD, but that the greater parts of my thoughts are to Your lordship's comfortable relation of her deserve well, if I were able, of my friends, and majesty's gracious opinion and meaning towards namely of your lordship; who being the Atlas of me, though at that time your leisure gave me not this commonwealth, the honour of my house, and leave to show how I was affected therewith ; yet the second founder of my poor estate, I am tied upon every representation thereof it entereth and by all duties, both of a good patriot, and of an striketh more deeply into me, as both my nature unworthy kinsman, and of an obliged servant, and duty presseth me to return some speech of to employ whatsoever I am, to do you service. thankfulness. It must be an exceeding comfort Again, the meanness of my estate doth somewhat and encouragement to me, setting forth and putmove me: for though I cannot accuse myself, that ting myself in way towards her majesty's service, I am either prodigal or slothful, yet, my health is to encounter with an example so private and donot to spend, nor my course to get. Lastly, I mestical, of her majesty's gracious goodness and confess that I have as vast contemplative ends, benignity; being made good and verified in my as I have moderate civil ends: for I have taken father, so far forth, as it extendeth to his posterity. all knowledge to be my providence;* and if I Accepting them as commended by his service, could purge it of two sorts of rovers, whereof during the nonage, as I may term it, of their own the one with frivolous disputations, confutations, deserts, I, for my part, am very well content, that and verbosities: the other with blind experiments I take least part, either of his abilities of mind, and auricular traditions and impostures, hath com- or of his worldly advancement; both which he mitted so many spoils ; I hope I should bring in held and received, the one of the gift of God imindustrious observations, grounded conclusions, mediately, the other of her majesty's gift; yet, in and profitable inventions and discoveries; the the loyal and earnest affection which he bare to best state of that providence.* This, whether it her majesty's service, I trust my portion shall not be curiosity, or vainglory, or nature, or, if one be with the least: nor in proportion with the take it favourably, philanthropia, is so fixed in youngest birth. For methinks his precedent my mind, as it cannot be removed. And I do should be a silent charge upon his blessing unto easily see, that place of any reasonable counte- us all, in our degrees, to follow him afar off, and nance doth bring commandment of more wits than to dedicate unto her majesty's service both the use of a man's own, which is the thing I greatly affect. and spending of our lives. True it is, that I must And for your lordship, perhaps, you shall not find needs acknowledge myself prepared and furnished more strength and less encounter in any other. thereunto with nothing but with a multitude of And if your lordship shall find now or at any lacks and imperfections; but calling to mind how time, that I do seek or affect any place, whereunto diversely, and in what particular providence God any that is nearer ùnto your lordship shall be con- hath declared himself to tender the state of her current, say then that I am a most dishonest man. majesty's affairs, I conceive and gather hope, that And if your lordship will not carry me on, I will those whom he hath in a manner pressed for not do as Anaxagoras did, who reduced himself her majesty's service, by working and imprinting with contemplation unto voluntary poverty: but in them a single and zealous mind to bestow their this I will do, I will sell the inheritance that I duties therein; he will see them accordingly aphave, and purchase some lease of quick revenue, pointed of sufficiency convenient for the rank and or some office of gain, that shall be executed by standing where they shall be employed : so as, deputy, and so give over all care of service, and under this her majesty's blessing, I trust to receive become some sorry bookmaker, or a true pioneer a larger allowance of God's graces. And as I in that mine of truth, which, he said, lay so deep. may hope for this, so I can assure and promise for This which I have writ unto your lordship, is my endeavour, that it shall not be in fault; but rather thoughts than words, being set down with what diligence can entitle me unto, that I doubt out all art, disguising, or reservation: wherein I not to recover. And now seeing it hath pleased have done honour both to your lordship's wisdom, her majesty to take knowledge of this my mind, in judging that that will be best believed of your and to vouchsafe to appropriate me unto her serlordship which is truest; and to your lordship's vice, preventing any desert of mine with her good nature, in retaining nothing from you. And princely liberality; first, I humbly do beseech even so, I wish your lordship all happiness, and your lordship, to present to her majesty my more to myself means and occasion to be added to my than humble thanks for the same: and withal, laithful desire to do you service.

having regard to mine own unworthiness to reFrom my lodging at Gray's Inn.

ceive such favour, and to the small possibility in

me to satisfy and answer what her majesty conProvince.

ceiveth, I am moved to become a most humble

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