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with De be far enough from it for aught I yet see. But I year's gift, a plain cap of essay, in token that if

beseech your lordship to reserve this secretly to your lordship in any thing shall make me your tingitin pourself only, till our meeting at Hampton Court, sayman, I will be hurt before your lordship shall les allest bis majesty should be highly offended for a be hurt. I present therefore to you my best sercause that I know.

vice, which shall be my all-year's gift. sparkse

better of reconciliation from Lord Buckingham,

after his majesty's return from Scotland. n the



Sir George Chaworth and I am agreed, so that TO THE LORD KEEPER.*

now I shall retain the grace of my place, and yet MF HONOURABLE LORD,

he rewarded. The king hath no ill bargain; for, lary deep ry

Lest Mr. Secretaryf should be come away be- he hath four times as much as he was offered by for the delivery of this packet, I have thought fit Sir George, of increase ; and yet I take upon me to direct it to your lordship, with this letter to to content my servants, and to content him. Neveryour lordship about the Court of Wards, and theless, I shall think myself pleasured by his apolher to the lords from his majesty. Which is majesty, and do acknowledge, that your lordship all I have now to write, but that I ever rest hath dealt very honourably and nobly with me. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, I send enclosed a letter, whereby your lordship

G. BUCKINGHAM. signifieth his majesty's pleasure to me; and I Newmarket, the 7th of December, 1617.

shall make the warrant to Mr. Attorney. I desire it may be carried in privateness. I ever rest

Your lordship's true friend

and devoted servant, TO THE LORD KEEPER.


This New Year's eve, 1617. hes

I have acquainted his majesty with your lordship's letter, who hath followed your directions therein, and written to the lords accordingly; which is all I have now to write to your lordship,

TO SIR JAMES FULLERTON.* but that I shall ever rest

I PResume to send his highness this pair of Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, small candlesticks, that his light, and the light G. BUCKINGHAM.

of his posterity upon the church and commonNewmarket , the 9th of December, 1617.

wealth, may never fail. I pray you do me the Endorsed,

favour to present it to his highness, with my best Mly Lord of Buckingham to your lordship, showing and humblest service. the king's liking of your opinion and choice of

Your most affectionate names for sub-commission.

and assured friend,

Fr. Bacon, C.S.


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TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.+ Your lordship's letters patentsố are ready. I Mx HONOURABLE LORD, would be glad to be one of the witnesses at the His majesty having given order to Mr. Solidelivery ; and, therefore, if the king and your lord-citorf to acquaint your lordship with a business ship will give me leave, I will bring it to-morrow

touching alehouses,g that, upon consideration at any hour shall be appointed. Your lordship's ever,

* He had been surveyor of the lands to Prince Charles, FRA. Bacon. when Duke of York; and was groom of the stole to him 1617.

when king. He died in January, 1630-1.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006. I was bold to send your lordship, for your new Sir Thomas Coventry.

The lord chancellor, in his letter to the Marquis of Buck• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

ingham, dated January 25, 1617, printed in his works, has the Sir Thomas Lake ; his colleague, Secretary Winwood, following passage : "For the suit of the alehouses, which died October 27, 1617; and Sir Robert Naunton succeeded to concernelh your brother, Mr. Christopher Villiers, and Mr. the past of secretary, January 8, 1617-8, from that of Surveyor Patrick Maule, I have conferred with my ford chief justice

and Mr. Solicitor thereupon, and there is a scruple in it, that 1 Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

it should be one of the grievances put down in Parliament: For the title of Marquis of Backingham to himself and the which, if it be, I may not, in my duty

and love to you, advise you to deal in it; if it be not, I will mould in the best manner,

New Year's eve,

of the Court of Wards.

nale deirs of his body.

ever rest

thereof, you might certify your opinion unto his of whom you write, Sir John Cotton, I know no majesty, whether it be fit to be granted or not; I cause in the world why I should have displaced have thought fit to desire your lordship to give it him, but that it was certified unto me, that it was what favour and furtherance you may, if you find his own desire to resign : wherein, if I was abused, it reasonable, and not prejudicial to his majesty's I will restore him. But if he did consent, and, service, because it concerneth Mr. Patrick Maule, now it is done, changeth his mind, then I would and my brother, Christopher Villiers, whose bene- be loath to disgrace the other, that is come in. fit I have reason to wish and advance by any just Therefore, I pray your lordship, that I may know courses. And so I rest

and be informed from himself, what passed touchYour lordship's faithful servant, ing his consent; and I will do him reason.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Thus, with my thanks to your lordship, I will Royston, the Ilth of Jan. 1617.

Your lordship's true friend
and most devoted servant,

Fr. Bacon, Canc.

January 20, 1617. MY HONOURABLE Lord,

Endorsed, Sir John Cottont having acquainted me with a to the Marquis of Buckingham, concerning Sir petition he intended to exhibit to his majesty,

John Cotton's resigning the place of Custos Ro that, without any apparent fault committed by tulorum of Cambridgeshire. him, he was put from his office of custos rotulorum ; I have persuaded him to forbear the presenting of his petition until I had written to your lordship, and received your answer. I have, therefore,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR." thought fit to signify unto your lordship, that he MY HONOURABLE LORD, is a gentleman of whom his majesty maketh good

Since I received your lordship's letter, Sir esteem, and hath often occasion to use his service; Lionel Cranfield being here, hath informed his and, therefore, besides that he is a man of good majesty of the whole proceeding in his business years, and hath served long in the place, I know of the household; which his majesty liketh very his majesty, out of these respects, will be loath he well, and is glad it is approved by your lordship, should receive any disgrace. I desire, therefore, of whose care and pains therein he receiveth very to understand from your lordship the reasons of

good satisfaction. his remove, that, if I cannot give satisfaction to

In the business touching Sir John Cotton, your the gentleman himself, I may at least make an- lordship dealeth as nobly as can be desired; and swer to his majesty for that act of your lordship's, so, if it should come in question before his mawhich is alleged to be very unusual, unless upon jesty, I would answer in your behalf. I leave some precedent misdemeanor of the party. Thus, Sir John Cotton to inform your lordship by his having in this point discharged my part in taking letter of the business, and ever rest the best course I could, that no complaint should

Your lordship's faithful servant, come against you to the king, I rest

G. BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's faithful friend,

Newmarket, the 24th of January, 1617.

G. BUCKINGH/M. Newmarket, the 16th of January, 1617.



I have been entreated by a gentleman, whom I My very good Lord,

much respect, to recommend to your lordship's I do not easily fail towards gentlemen of quality, favour Mr. John Huddy, between whom and Mr. to disgrace them. For, I take myself to have some Richard Huddy there is, as I am informed, a interest in the good wills of the gentlemen of cause to be heard before your lordship in the England, which I keep and cherish for his ma- Chancery on Saturday next. My desire unto jesty's special service. And, for this gentleman, your lordship is, that you would show the said

John Huddy what favour you lawfully may, and and help it forward." A patent for licensing alehouses

as his cause will bear, when it cometh before being afterwards granted to Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Frances Mitchel, and greatly abused by them, they were you, for my sake. Which I will not fail to punished for those abuses by the Purliament, which met acknowledge, ever resting January 30, 1620-1.

Your lordship's faithful servant for Landwade, in Cambridgeshire, knight. He served

G, BUCKINGHAM. many years as knight of the shire for that county, and died in Newmarket, the 28th of January, 1617. 10:20, at the age or seventy-seven. His eldest son, Sir John Cotton, was created a baronet, July 14, 1641.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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I understand that his majesty hath been pleased His majesty marvelleth, that he heareth nothing
to refer a suit unto him by two of his servants, of the business touching the gold and silver
Robert Maxwell and John Hunt, for the making thread ;f and therefore hath commanded me to
of sheriffs and escheators' patents, to your lord- write unto your lordship to hasten the despatch
ship’s consideration. My desire unto your lord- of it; and to give him as speedy an account

And so I rest
ship on their behalf is, that you would show thereof as you can.
then thus much favour for my sake, as with as

Your lordship's faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. such expedition as may be, and your lordship's

Newmarket, 7th of February.
other occasions may permit, to certify your

Endorsed, 1617.
opinion thereof unto his majesty; which I will
be ready to acknowledge, and ever rest
Your lordship’s faithful servant,

Newmarket, the 4th day of February, 1617.


I understand by this bearer, Edward Hawkins,

how great pains your lordship hath taken in the TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.*

business, which I recommended to you concernMY HONOURABLE LORD,

ing him, and how favourably your lordship hath Though I had resolved not to write to your

used him for my sake. For which I give your lordship in any, matter between party and party ; lordship many thanks, and will be ever ready to Set at the earnest request of my noble friend, acknowledge your favour toward him by all the the Lord Norris, to whom I account myself much testimonies of beholden, I could not but recommend unto your

Your lordship's faithful friend,

G. BUCKINGHAM. lordship’s favour a special friend of his, Sir Thomas

Theobalds, the 12th of February, 1617.
Monk, who hath a suit before your lordship in
the Chanceryt with Sir Robert Bassett; which,
upon the report made unto me thereof, seemeth so
reasonable, that I doubt not but the cause itself

will move your lordship to favour him, if, upon

MY HONOURABLE LORD, the hearing thereof, it shall appear the same

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, unto your lordship, as at the first sight it doth into me. I therefore desire your lordship to who liketh well of the course you mention in the show in this particular what favour you lawfully end of your letter, and will speak with you farther may, for my sake, who will account it as done of it at his return to London. In the mean time, unto myself; and will ever rest

he would have your lordship give direction to the

Master of the Rolls] and Mr. Attorneys to stay
Your lordship's faithful servant,

the examination. And so I rest
Newmarket, the 4th day of Feb. 1617.

Your lordship's most assured

to do you service,


Hampton Court, the 18th of March, 1617.

I have sent enclosed a letter to his majesty
about the public charge I am to give the last Star

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR OF IRELAND.** Chamber day, which is this day sevennight, to My Lord CHANCELLOR, the judges and justices before the circuits. I I will not have you account the days of my not pray deliver it to his majesty with speed. I send answering your letter. It is a thing imposed also some papers appertaining to that business, upon the multitude of my business to lodge many which I pray your lordship to have in readiness, things faithfully, though I make no present return. if his majesty call for them. I ever rest

Your conjunction and good understanding with Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant,

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006. Fr. Bacon, Canc. # A patent for the monopoly of which was granted to Sir February 6, 1617.

Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis Mitchel, who were punished
for the abuse of that patent by the Parliament, which met

January 30, 1620-1.
# Lord Bacon was afterwards accused by the House of Harl. M88. vol. 7006.

Commons of having received of Sir Thomas Monk one hun-

Il Sir Julius Cæsar.

1 Sir Henry Yelverton. dred pieces ; which he did not deny, but alleged, that it was

** Dr. Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin, who died April 10, 1619.

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* Hart, MSS. vol. 7006.

after the suit was ended.




the deputy I approve and commend; for I ever

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.. loved entire and good compositions, which was MY HONOURABLE LORD, the old physic, better than fine separations. Whereas it hath pleased his majesty to recom

Your friendly attributes I take as effects of mend unto your consideration a petition exhibited affection; which must be causes of any good by Mr. Fowle, together with the grievances and offices, wherewith I can requite you.

request for the rectifying of the work of gold and We conceive that kingdom is in growth. God silver thread; and now understandeth that your send soundness to the increase; wherein I doubt lordship hath called unto you the other commisnot but your lordship will do your part. God sioners in that case, and spent some time to hear keep you.

what the opposers could object, and perceiveth Your lordship's very loving friend, by a relation of a good bave made

Fra. Bacon, Canc. into the business; and is now informed, that York House, April 15, 1618.

there remaineth great store of gold and silver thread in the merchants' hands, brought from foreign parts, besides that which is brought in daily by stealth, and wrought here by underhand

workers; so that the agents want vent, with My Lord Chief JUSTICE,

which inconveniences it seemeth the ordinary I thank you for your letter, and assure you, course of law cannot so well meet; and yet they that you are not deceived, neither in the care I are enforced, for freeing of clamour, to set great have of the public in that state, nor in my good numbers of people on work; so that the commowishes, and the effects thereof, when it shall lie dity lying dead in their hands, will in a very in my power towards yourself.

short time grow to a very great sum of money. I am glad to receive your testimony of my lord To the end, therefore, that the undertakers may deputy, both because I esteem your judgment, not be disheartened by these wrongs and losses, and because it concurreth with my own. his majesty hath commanded me to write unto

The materials of that kingdom, which is trade your lordship, to the end you might bestow more and wealth, grow on apace. I hope the form, time this vacation in prosecuting the course you which giveth the best living of religion and jus- have so worthily begun, that all differences being tice, will not be behind, the rather by you, as a reconciled, the defects of the commission may be good instrument. I rest

also amended, for prevention of farther abuses Your lordship's assured friend, therein; so as the agents may receive encourageFr. Bacon, Canc.

ment to go on quietly in the work without disYork House, ** of April, 1618.

turbance. And I rest
Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,


From Bewly, the 20th day of Aug., 1618.
I will not go about to excuse mine own fault,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. by making you believe his majesty was backward

Most HONOURABLE LORD, in your business; but upon the first motion he gave me directions for it, which it was my negli

Herewithal, I presumed to send a note enclosed,

both of my business in Chancery, and with my gence, as I freely confess, that I have no sooner performed, having not been slack in moving his Lord Roos, which it pleased your lordship to demajesty, but in despatching your man.

All is

mand of me, that so you might better do me good in utroque genere.

It done which your lordship desired; and I will

may please your lordship, give order, according to his majesty's directions, after having perused it, to commend it over to the so that your lordship shall not need to trouble care of Mr. Meautys for better custody. yourself any farther, but only to expect the

At my parting last from your lordship, the speedy performance of his majesty's gracious grief I had to leave your lordship’s presence, pleasure.

though but for a little time, was such, as that I will take the first opportunity to acquaint being accompanied with some small corporal inhis majesty with the other business, and will disposition that I was in, made me forgetful to ever rest,

say that, which now for his majesty's service I Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

thought myself bound not to silence. I was G. BUCKINGHAM.

credibly informed and assured, when the Spanish Theobalds, the 8th of May, [1618.]

ambassador went away, that howsoever Ralegb

and the prenticest should fall out to be proceeded Sir William Jones, to whom, upon his being called to that post, the lord keeper made a speech, printed in his works. * Earl. MSS. vol. 7006. rl. MSS. vol. 7006.

+ Who, on the 12th of July, 1618, had insulted Gondomar,

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withal, no more instances would be made here- , thread business; as also of the profit that shall any
after on the part of Spain for justice to be done way accrue unto him thereby. Wherefore his
erer in these particulars : but that if slackness pleasure is, that you shall, with all convenient
were used here, they would be laid up in the speed, call unto you the Lord Chief Justice of the
deck, and would serve for materials (this was the King's Bench,* the attorney-general,t and the
very word) of future and final discontentments. solicitor, f and consider with them of every of
Now, as the humour and design of some may the said particulars, and return them to his ma-
carry them towards troubling of the waters, so I jesty, that thereupon he may resolve what pre-
know your lordship's both nature and great place sent course to take for the advancement of the
require an appeasing them at your hands. And execution thereof. And so I rest
I have not presumed to say this little out of any Your lordship’s faithful servant,
mind at all, that I may have, to meddle with mat-

ters so far above me, but out of a thought I had, Theobalds, the 4th of Oct., 1618.
that I was tied in duty to lay thus much under
your lordship's eye; because I know and con-
sider of whom I heard that speech, and with how
grave circumstances it was delivered.

I beseech Jesus to give continuance and in-

crease to your lordship’s happiness; and that, if

I send the commission for making Lincoln's
it may stand with his will, myself may one day Inn Fields into walks, for his majesty's signature.
have the honour of casting some small mite into It is without charge to his majesty.
that rich treasury. So I humbly do your lordship We have had my Lord of Ormondes before us.
reverence, and continue

We could not yet get him to answer directly,
The most obliged of your lordship's

whether he would obey the king's award or no.
many faithful servants,

After we had endured his importunity and imperti-

nences, and yet let him down to this, that his
Nottingham, this 21st of August, 1618.

majesty's award was not only just and within his

submission, but in his favour; we concluded in TO MR. (AFTERWARDS SIR) ISAAC WAKE, HIS few words, that the award must be obeyed, and MAJESTY'S AGENT AT THE COURT OF SAVOY.

if he did refuse or impugn the execution of it in Me. Wake,—I have received some letters from Ireland, he was to be punished by the justice of you; and hearing from my Lord Cavendish*

Ireland: if he did murmur or scandalize it here, how well he affects you, and taking notice also

or trouble his majesty any more, he was to be
of your good abilities and services in his majesty's punished in England. Then he asked, whether

, and not forgetting the knowledge I had, he might be gone. For that, we told him, his
when young, of your good father, f I thought my- majesty's pleasure was to be known.
self in some measure tied not to keep from you my Sir Robert Mansell hath promised to bring his
good opinion of you, and my desire to give you summer account this day sevennight. God pre-
any furtherance in your fortunes and occasions,

serve and prosper you.
whereof you may take knowledge and liberty to

Your lordship's most obliged use me for your good. Fare you well.

friend and faithful servant,
Your very loving friend,


November 12, 1618.
York House, this lst of Sept., 1618.

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His majesty is desirous to be satisfied of the MY HONOURABLE LORD,
fitness and conveniency of the gold and silver I send your lordship the commission signed by
the Spanish ambassador, on account of a boy's being hurt by his majesty, which he was very willing to
bim as he was riding. (Camdeni Annales Regis Jacobi I., p.
33.) They were proceeded against by commissioners, at * Sir Henry Montagu.
Guildhall, on Wednesday, the 12th of August following; + Sir Henry Yelverton.

Sir Thomas Coventry.
seven being found guilty, and adjudged to six months' im. Walter, Earl of Ormonde, grandfather of James, the first
prisonment, and to pay five hundred pounds apiece. Two Duke of Ormonde. This earl, upon the death of Thomas,
others were acquitted. MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Earl of Ormonde and Ossory, succeeding to those honours,
Dudley.Carleton, London, August 15, 1618.

should have inherited likewise the greatest part of the estate : *Williaz Cavendish, son and heir of William, created but his right was contested by Sir Richard Preston, Lord Baron Cavendish Hardwicke in Derbyshire, in May, 1605, Dingwell, supported by the favour of King James I., who and Earl of Devonshire, July 12, 1618.

made an award, which Walter, Earl of Ormonde, conceiving Arthur Wake, rector of Billing in Northamptonshire, io be unjust, refused to submit

to, and

was, by the king's
master of the hospital of St. Joba in Northampton, and order, committed to the Fleet, where he remained eight
Christ Church, Oxford.

years before the death of that king; but in 1625 recovered his
He had been created Lord Verulam on the 12th of July, 1618. liberty,
Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

|| Harl. Mss. vol. 7006.

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