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TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
MT VERY GOOD LORD,

MY VERY GOOD LORD, unbek

After my last letter yesterday we entered into I am doubly bounden to the king for his maconference touching the Suffolk cause, myself, jesty's trust and acceptation; whereof the one I and the commissioners, and the two chief jus- will never deceive; the other, though I cannot tices. The fruit of this conference is, that we deserve, yet I will do my best, and perhaps as all conceive the proceedings against my lord him- much as another man.

self to be not only just and honourable, but in This day the evidence went well; for the soliadgire

same principal parts plausible in regard of the citor* did his part substantially: and, a little to

public ; as, namely, those three points which warm the business, when the misemployment of Dajest

touch

upon the ordnance, the army of Ireland, treasure, which had relation to the army of Ireand the money of the cautionary towns; and the land, I spake a word, that he that did draw or two chief justices are firm in it.

milk treasure from Ireland was handled, did not I did also in this cause, by the assent of my emulgere, milk money, but blood. But this is

lords, remove a part; for Mr. Attorney had laid but one of the little things that I wrote of before. 1

it upon Serjeant Daviest to open the information, The king, under pardon, must come hither which is that which gives much life or coldness with two resolutions; the one, to remit all imto the cause. But I will have none but trained portunity touching this cause to the lords in court men in this cause; and I cannot forget that the of justice; the other, to pursue the designs first allotting of the opening of the information in this taken at Windsor, and then at Hampton Court, cause of the Dutch (I mean the main cause) to a for his commission of treasury: wherein I do my mean fellow, one Hughes, did hurt, and was part, and it is reasonably well; but better would never well recovered.

it be if instruments were not impediments. I
By my next I will write of the king's estate : ever rest
and I

Your lordship’s most obliged friend
Your lordship’s most obliged friend

and faithful servant, and faithful servant,

Fr. Verulam, Canc.
FR. VERULAM, Canc. October 27, Wednesday.
October 14, 1619

Friday will not end the business; for toe

morrow will but go through with the king's TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

*

evidence. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

This morning the duket came to me, and told
me the king's cause was yesterday left fair; and

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.
if ever there were a time of my Lord of Suffolk's MY HONOURABLE LORD,
submission, it was now; and that if my Lord of

This bearer, a Frenchman, belonging to the Suffolk should come into the Court and openly ambassador, having put an Englishman in suit acknowledge his delinquency, he thought it was for some matters between them, is much hindered a thing considerable. "My answer was, I would and molested, by often removing of the cause not meddle in it; and, if I did, it must be to dis- from one court to another. Your lordship knows, suade

any such course; for that all would be but that the French are not acquainted with our mana play upon the stage, if justice went not on in ner of proceedings in the law, and must therefore This I thought it my duty to be ignorant of the remedy in such a case.

His let the king know by your lordship.

course was to his majesty; but I thought it more I cannot express the care I have had of this

proper

that your lordship would be pleased to cause in a number of circumstances and discre- hear and understand this case from himself, and tions, which, though they may seem but small then to advise and take order for his relief, as matters, yet they do the business, and guide it

your

lordship in your wisdom shall think fit. right.

So, commending him to your honourable favour,
God ever keep your lordship.

I rest
Your lordship’s most obliged friend

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, and faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. FR. VERULAM, Canc.

Royston, 27th of October, 1619.

Your lordship shall do well to be informed of Sir Henry Montagu of the King's Bench, and Sir Henry every particular, because his majesty will have Hobart of the Common Pleas.

et ir John Davies, author of Nosce teipsum, knighted in account of it at his coming.
February, 1607–8, and made serjeant at law in 1612. He had
been Attorney-General of Ireland.

* Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards lord keeper of the Lodowick, Duke of Lenox: he was created Duke of Rich- great seal. mond, May 17, 1623, and died February 11, 1623-4.

| Harl. MSS. vol. 7006. Vol. III -16

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the right course.

October 21, 1619.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

cause my first letter was written in the epitasis, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

or trouble of the business; and my second in the I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, beginning of the catastrophe, or calming thereof, who commanded me to give your lordship thanks (wherein, nevertheless, I was fain to bear sp for your speed in advertising those things that pass, strongly into the weather, before the calm fciand for the great care he seeth you ever have of lowed,) and since every day hath been better and his service.

better, I thought good to signify so much, that I send your lordship back the bill of sheriffs his majesty may be less in suspense. for Sussex, wherein his majesty hath pricked the

The great labour was to get entrance into first, as your lordship wished.

the business; but now the portcullis is drawn His majesty would not have you omit this up. And though, I must say, there were some opportunity of so gross an oversight in the blots in the tables, yet, by well playing, the game judges, to admonish them of their negligence in is good. suffering such a thing to come to his majesty,

Roland is passing well justified; for both his which needed his amending afterwards; and, credit is by very constant and weighty testimony withal, to let them know, that his majesty ob- proved, and those vast quantities, which were serveth that every year they grow more and more thought incredible, or at least improbable, are careless of presenting fit men unto him for that now made manifest truth. place; and that you advise them to be more wary

Yet I find a little of the old leaven towards the hereafter, that they may give his majesty better first defendants, carried in this style and characsatisfaction. And so I rest

ter: “I would this that appears now, had apYour lordship's faithful friend and servant,

peared at first. But this cometh of haste and G. BUCKINGHAM.

precipitation;" and the like. But yet, I hope, Royston, November 14, 1619.

the corruption and practice upon the ore tenus, and the rectifying of Rowland's credit, will satisfy my lords upon the former proofs. For I

would be very sorry that these new defendants TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

(which, except one or two, are the smaller flies) MY VERY GOOD LORD,

should be in the net, and the old defendants, This day afternoon, upon our meeting in which are the greater flies, should get through. council, we have planed those rubs and knots, God preserve you. which were mentioned in my last, whereof I Your lordship’s most obliged friend thought good presently to advertise his majesty.

and faithful servant, The days hold without all question, and all delays

FR. VERULAM, Canc. diverted and quieted.

November 26, 1619. Sir Edward Coke was at Friday's hearing, but

Endorsed, in his nightcap; and complained to me he was

Touching the Dutch business. ambulent, and not current. I would be sorry he should fail us in this cause. Therefore, I desire his majesty to signify to him, by your lordship, (taking knowledge of some light indisposition of his,) how much he should think his service disadvantaged in this cause, if he should be at

MY HONOURABLE LORD, any day away; for then he cannot sentence.

I do, from time to time, acquaint his majesty By my next, I will give his majesty some with your letters, wherein he ever perceiveth account of the tobacco and the currants. I

your vigilant care in any thing that concerneth ever rest

his service; and hath commanded me to give you Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful servant,

thanks in his name, who is sure your endeavours

will never be wanting, when any thing is to be FR. VERULAM, Canc.

done for the advancement of his affairs. November 20, at evening, 1619.

According to your lordship's advice, his majesty hath written to the commissioners of the

treasury, both touching the currants and the tobacTO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. ✓co,t the plantation whereof his majesty is fully

resolved to restrain ; and hath given them order MY VERY GOOD LORD,

I know well his majesty taketh to heart this business of the Dutch,* as he hath great reason, + Lord Bacon, in his letter of November 22, 1619, mentions įs respect both of honour and profit. And be- that there was offered two thousand pounds increase yearly,

for the tobacco, to begin at Michaelmas, as it now is, and • Merchants, accused in the Star Chamber for exporting three thousand pounds increase, if the plantations here within gold and silver coin.

land be restrained.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,

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and his lady.

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forthwith to set out a proclamation to that effect; retractation of his wicked opinions in writing. not intending in that point to stand upon any The form was as good as may be. I declared to doubt of law, nor to expect the judges' interpre- him, that this court was the judgment-seat; the tation; nor to allow any freehold in that case; mercy-seat was his majesty : but the court would bet holding this the safest rule, Salus reipublicæ commend him to his majesty: and I humbly pray Suprema lex esto. And so I rest

his majesty to signify his pleasure speedily, beYour lordship's faithful friend and servant, cause of the misery of the man; and it is a rare

G. BUCKINGHAM. thing for a sectary, that hath once suffered smart Newmarket, Nov, 27, 1619.

and shame, to turn so unfeignedly, as he seemed to do.

God ever bless and keep you.

Your most obliged friend and faithful servant, TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR,

FR. VERULAM, Canc.

December 1, 1619.
NT HONOURABLE LORD,

I have presented both the submissions to his
majesty. His answer is, he cannot alter that

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. which was allowed of by the lords of the last Star Chamber day, except first they be acquainted My very good LORD, with it, and the consent of the Lady Exeter be On Friday I left London, to hide myself at Kew; likewise had, because the decree doth necessarily for two months and a half together to be strongrequire it. So I rest

bent is too much for my bow. And yet, that the Your lordship’s humble servant, king may perceive, that in my times of leisure I

G. BUCKINGHAM. am not idle, I took down with me Sir Giles MomEndorsed,

pesson,* and with him I have quietly conferred Touching the submissions of Sir Thomas Lake of that proposition, which was given me in

charge by his majesty, and after seconded by your lordship. Wherein I find some things I like very well, and some other, that I would set by. And one thing is much to my liking, that the

proposition for bringing in his majesty's revenue TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

with small charge is no invention, but was on MY VERY GOOD LORD,

foot heretofore in King Philip's and Queen Mary's I acquainted this day, the bearer with his ma- time, and had a grave and mighty opinion for it. jesty's pleasure, touching Lake'st submission; The rest I leave to his relation, and mine own which, whether it should be done in person or in attendance. writing, his majesty signified his will thus: that

I hope his majesty will look to it, that the fines it should be spared in open court, if my Lady of now to come in may do him most good. Both Exeter should consent, and the board think fit. causes produce fines of one hundred and fourscore The board liked it well, and appointed my Lord thousand pounds, whereof one hundred thousand Digby, and Secretary Calvert, to speak with my may clear the anticipations; and then the assignlady, who returned her answer in substance, that ations may pass under the great seal, to be enroll. she would, in this and all things, be commanded able; so as we shall need to think of nothing but by his majesty: but if his majesty left it to her the arrears in a manner, of which I wish the liberty and election, she humbly prayed to be twenty thousand pounds to the strangers (with excused. And though it was told her, that this the interest) be presently satisfied. The remain answer would be cause that it could not be performed this term; yet she seemed willing rather sioners, as bloody and cruel in their proceedings against him, it should be delayed, than dispensed with.

and a papal clergy. He was sentenced to fine and imprison.

ment, not for holding those opinions, (for those were examin. This day also Traske,f in open court, made a

able in the Ecclesiastical Court, and not there, but for making of conventicles and commotions, and for scandalizing the king, the bishops, and clergy. Dr. Fuller, in his Churck

History of Britain, book x. p. 77, 64, mentions bis having * John Traske, a minister, who was prosecuted in the Star heard Mr. Traske preach, and remarks, that his voice had chamber for maintaining, as we find mentioned in the Reports more strength than any thing else he delivered; and that after of the Lord Chief Justice Hobart, p. 236, that the Jewish his recantation be relapsed, not into the same, but other opiSabbath ought to be observed and not ours; and that we nions, rather humorous than hurtful, and died obscurely at ought to abstain from all manper of swine's flesh; and those Lambeth, in the reign of King Charles 1. meals which the Jews were forbidden in Leviticus, accord

* Who, in the parliament, which began, January 30, 1620-1, ing to Bishop Andrews, in his speech in the Star Chamber on was sentenced to be degraded, and rendered incapable of that occasion, printed among his lordship’s works. Mr. bearing any office, for practising several abuses, setting up Traske being examined in that court, confessed, that he had

new inns and alehouses, and exacting great sums of money divulged those opinions, and had laboured to bring as many of the people, by pretence of letters patents granted him for 10 them as he could; and had also written a letter to the that purpose. But he fled into foreign parts, finding himself king, wherein he seemed to tax his majesty with hypocrisy, abandoned by the Marquis of Buckingham, on whom he had and expressly inveighed against the bishops high commis- I depended for protection.

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Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.
Sir Thomas Lake's.

may serve for the king's present and urgent occa- chequer* hath promised his majesty that he will
sions. And if the king intend any gifts, let them be no more sick, whereby you shall have this
stay for the second course, (for all is not yet done,) comfort, that the burden will not lie upon your
but nothing out of these, except the king should lordship alone.
give me the twenty thousand pounds I owe Peter The little leisure I had at Theobalds made me
Vanbore out of his fine, which is the chief debt bring your man down hither for this answer,
I owe. But this I speak merrily. I ever rest which I hope your lordship will excuse; and
Your lordship's most obliged friend ever hold me for
and faithful servant,

Your lordship's faithful friend
FR. VERULAM, Canc.

and servant, Kew, December 12, 1619.

G. BUCKINGHAM.

Royston, 19th of Jan. After I had written this letter, I received from

Endorsed, 1619. your lordship, by my servant, his majesty's acceptation of my poor services; for which I pray your lordship to present to his majesty my most humble thanks. I have now other things in my

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. mind for his majesty's service, that no time be lost. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

In the midst of business, as in the midst of a way, one should not stay long, especially when I

crave no direction, but only advertise. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.*

This day we met about the commission; the MY HONOURABLE LORD,

commonwealth's commission, for the poor and His majesty hath been pleased, out of his gra- vagabonds, &c. We have put it into an exceedcious care of Sir Robert Killigrew, to refer a suit ing good way, and have appointed meetings once of his, for certain concealed lands, to your lord- in fourteen days, because it shall not be aslack. ship and the rest of the commissioners for the I was glad to hear from the two chief justices, treasury; the like whereof hath been heretofore that whatsoever appears in the country to come granted to many others. My desire to your lord- from primum mobile, (that is, the king's care,) ship is, that, he being a gentleman whom I love works better than if it came from the law. Thereand wish very well unto, your lordship would fore we have ordered that this commission shall show him, for my sake, all the favour you can, in be published in the several circuits in the charges furthering his suit. Wherein your lordship shall of the judges. For the rest hereafter. do me a courtesy, for which I will ever rest For the proposition of Sir Giles Mompesson we Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, have met once. Exchequer-men will be exche

G. BUCKINGHAM. quer-men still; but we shall do good. Royston, December 15, 1619.

For the account, or rather imparting, of the commissioners of treasury to the council, I think it will but end in a compliment. But the real

care (and I hope good purpose) I will not give TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

over, the better, because I am not alone. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

For the Star Chamber business, I shall, as you I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, write, keep the clock on going, which is hard to who for that business, whereof Mr. Chancellor do, when sometimes the wheels are too many, of the Exchequer brought the message to his and sometimes too few. But we shall do well, majesty to Theobalds, returned the answer by especially if those whom the king bath hitherto him. As for that, whereof Sir Giles Mompesson made bondmen, (I mean, which have given bonds spake to your lordship, his majesty liketh very for their fines,) he do not hereafter make freemen. well, and so do all others with whom his majesty

For Suffolk's business, it is a little strange, hath spoken of it; and, therefore, he recommend that the attorney made it a question to the cometh it to your care, not doubting but your lord- missioners of treasury, whether Suffolk should ship will give all your furtherance to it, being not be admitted to the lease of the extent of his your own work, and so much concerning his

own land, which is the way to encourage him not majesty's honour and profit; and will speak

pay

his fine. But when it was told him, that farther with your lordship of it at his return to the contrary course was held with the Earl of London. For those other businesses of the Star Chamber, to agree for his fine; then he turned, as his man

Northumberland, and that thereby he was brought which his majesty hath recommended to your

ner is. lordship, he hopeth you will keep the clock still going, his profit being so much interested there * Sir Fulke Greville, who surrendered that office in Sepin, especially seeing Mr. Chancellor of the Ex-tember, 1621, being succeeded in it by Sir Richard Weston.

He had been created Lord Brooke of Beauchamp's Court, • Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Jan. 9, 1620-1.

to

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For the errors, we have yet so much use of the

TO MR. SECRETARY CALVERT.
service of Sir Henry Britten in bringing in the MR. SECRETARY,
énes, (indeed more than of the attorney,) as we I have received your letter of the 3d of this
cannot, without prejudice to his majesty's ser- present, signifying his majesty's pleasure touch-
vice, enter yet into them; and, besides, Sir Ed-ing Peacock's* examinations, of which I will
ward Coke comes not abroad.

have special care.
Mr. Kirkham hath communicated with me, as My Lord Coke is come to town, and hath sent
matter of profit to his majesty, upon the coals me word, he will be with me on Monday, though
relemred by his majesty to us of the treasury; he be somewhat lame. Howsoever, the service
Wherein I hope we shall do good, the rather, shall be done.
because I am not alone.

I was made acquainted, by your letter to Secre-
The proclamation for light gold Mr. Secretary tary Naunton, with his majesty's dislike of the
Calvert

, I know, hath sent to his majesty; and sending to him of the jolly letter from Zealand.
therefore of that I say no more.

I will now speak for myself, that when it was For the raising of silver by ordinance, and not received, I turned to the master of the wards, f by proclamation, and that for the time to come, and said, “Well, I think you and I shall ever we have given order to finish it. I hear a whis- advise the king to do more for a Burlamachi, pering, that thereupon the commissioners of the when he seeketh to his majesty by supplication navy, the officers of the household, the wardrobe, and supplying the king at the first word, than for may take occasion to break the book and the all the rest upon any bravados from the Burgoundertakings, because the prices may rise, which masters of Holland and Zealand :” who answered I thought good to signify to his majesty. And, very honestly, that it was in the king's power to to speak plainly, I fear more the pretence than make them alter their style when he would. But the natural effect.

when another of us said, we could not but in our
God evermore preserve your lordship. I rest own discharge send the king the letter, scilicet
Your lordship's most obliged friend negandum non fuit; though indeed my way is
and faithful servant,

otherwise.
FR. VERULAM, Canc. I have at last recovered from these companions,
January 20, 1619.

Harrison and Dale, a copy of my Lord of Ban-
gorst book, the great one, and will presently set

in hand the examinations. God keep you.
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

Your assured friend,
MY HONOURABLE LORD,

FR. VERULAM, Canc.
I have acquainted his majesty with your letter,

February 5, 1619,
who is very well pleased therewith, finding in
you a continual care of his service. In that
point of the Star Chamber business, his majesty
saith there is a mistaking: for he meant not the May it PLEASE Your Majesty,
Dutchmen's business, but that motion which Sir Edward Coke is now afoot, and, according
your lordship made unto him, of sitting in the to your command, signified by Mr. Secretary
Star Chamber about the commissions, which you Calvert, we proceed in Peacock's examinations.
had not leisure to read till he came down to For, although there have been very good diligence
Royston

, and hath reason to give you thanks for used, yet certainly we are not at the bottom; and
it, desiring you to prepare it, and study the point, he that would not use the utmost of his line to
(of which he will speak more with you at his sound such a business as this, should not have
return to London,) being a matter worthy your due regard neither to your majesty's honour nor
thinking on, and his majesty's practice.

safety. For the last point of your letter, his majesty

* He was a minister of the University of Cambridge. He saith it cannot but proceed of malice, that there was committed to the Tower for pretending that he had, by should be any such plot, which he will not sorcery, infatuated the king's judgment, in the cause of sir endure, but he will account those that whisper of Thomas Lake.-- Camd. Annal. Regis Jacobi I., p. 54. it in that sort, enemies of his service; and will

Dr. Lewis Bayly, born at Caermarthen in Wales, and put them out of their places that practise it. And educated in Exeter College, Oxford. 80 I rest

of Evesham in Worcestershire, and chaplain to Prince

Henry, and rector of St. Matthew's, Friday street, in London
Your lordship’s faithful

He was promoted to the bishopric of Bangor in 1616.
friend and servant,

the 15th of July, 1621, he was committed to the Fleet, but on G, BUCKINGHAM.

what account is not related by Camden, Annales Regis Jacobi

I., p. 72, who mentions the circumstance of the bishop's im-
Nermarket, Jan. 22, 1619.

prisonment, but that he was soon after set at liberty. He
was the author of the well known book, The Praclice of
Piety.

TO THE KING.

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+ Sir Lionel Cranfield.

He had been minister

On

• Hart, MSS. vol. 7006.

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