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Stone: thus Rodestan would mean either the Cross - Stone, i.e. the stone indicating the locality where two roads crossed each other : or the Road-Stone, likewise alluding to the proximity to some highway. It will be easily understood how exactly the position of Rudston supports either of these derivations. Roman Roads inters acé close by, and the Monolith is in the South-East angle of this cross-way. One of these roads leads from Flamborough on the East to Malton on the West; and the other from Beverley on the South to Reighton on the North. Another road from York joins this last a little South of this cross-way.

It is not surprising, therefore, that the Saxons seeing this huge Monolith near the roads gave it the name of Podestan, which has since been changed into the present form Rudston.

I trust that my readers will deem these remarks so pertinent to the subject under consideration, that with me, they will feel assured that this is the proper and legitimate meaning of the name.

* This is the road spoken of before as leading to Sledmere, known now as the Kilham road.

In reviewing the remarks upon the Mon. olith, they may briefly be summed up under the following heads :

1.—That originally it was a glacial deposit.

II.-That it was erected by the Phænicians

who traversed the German Ocean in their capacity as werchants to Sweden. That they landed somewhere in this NorthEastern Coast and formed a Colony at

Rudston. II. That here the Druids established one

of their temples, and this remaining Stone one of a trilithite which formed an altar therein.

was

V.—That in Roman and Anglo - Saxon

times it was known as marking the roads which cross at this particular

place. V.-This brings us down to the time of the

Normans, when, as before remarked, there are evident signs of the tower having then been built. Of the latter portions of the Church I have spoken previously, so I need not here remark upon them. But it may be asked, “If originally there were so many Druidical

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Stones, what has become of them ?" This question, I think, may very easily be answered. Doubtless, the larger stones were used in the erection of the Church, and the smaller or refuse in making the roads of the parish. Heathen temples have thus given way to Christian Churches, which are not only landmarks, but “the glory of our land.” At the extreme N.E. corner of the Churchyard are to be found two Cists, which Canon Greenwell dug out of a barrow in a field, belonging to Sir H. S. Boynton, Bart., between the Burton Agnes and Wold Gate roads, in the autumn of 1869. In the autumn of 1871, I erected them as they now stand. As far as possible, they represent their original positions and proportions ; the only material difference being that they are about three inches narrower than the space they formerly occupied. This is occasioned by the stones having been exposed to the weather for two years, when consequently, the outer edges perished, somewhat, by exposure. It is to be hoped that this specimen of ancient British burials will remain undisturbed for ages; as like the Monolith, it is a "rare thing to look upon."

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Much more might be written upon the ancient and modern works of this parish, but it was my desire at the onset, to be as brief in my remarks as I possibly could, knowing that long pamphlets are tedious to the great body of “Sight-Seeing” readers : and I, therefore, have given as concise and plain a history as I possibly could, of the origin and development of the Monolith, name of the Village, &c.

In conclusion I may say, that, however near, or distant these pillars and altars may be found to each other, they are but corroborating evidences of the truth of the Scriptural assertion, that all the Nations of the earth had one common origin : and whether they occur on the shores of the Baltic, or the coast of Coromandel ; the banks of the Nile, the Niger, or the Ganges, they mark the course and progress of those, who, in the earliest ages of the world, penetrated into the untrodden regions of the earth, and then settled infant Colonies that are now become mighty Nations, though, equally ignorant of their origin, and of the progressive steps by which they have attained to their present eminence in the scale of National importance.

Having thus given a condensed, though, I trust not an uninteresting compilation, respecting this rustic village, its ancient monuments and landmarks : it may be interesting and instructing to reflect, that within its precints is a “Spot" dedicated from the earliest ages to Sacred purposes. There, the material building, with its ancient tower, points heavenward : there, its very name-All Saints, brings back to memory, “ The noble army of martyrs," and "the spirits of just men made perfect:" there, the ever restless 66

vane” wafted by the morning and evening breezes, recalls to mind the forefathers of this locality, who, in the middle ages of this country, worshipped within this sacred space : that they performed their religious services where the Anglo-Saxon and the Roman offered up their prayers ; and that in times, yet anterior, the ancient Briton there in devotion consecrated himself unto his God: and thus, the inscription upon the “ leading bell,” which still surmons those within its sonorous sounds, is no inappropriate inscription for past ages and present days, “ Voco, Veni, Precare,” which may be literally translated :-“I call, come thou, pray.”

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