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but his Barometer relied mainly for its support upon the county patronage, and its existence was a brief one. The next newspaper experiment in Williams County was planned in Columbus in the winter of 1842–13, and originated with a few leading Democratic politicians, among whom were United States Senator Benjamin Tappan, of Steubenville, James J. Faran, of Cincinnati, Gen. James B. Steedman, of Lucas County, Dr. William Trevitt and Col. S. Medary, of Columbus, and a number of others. In discussing the most eligible point for the location of the new press, Bryan, although then the county seat, was not discussed, the town having scarcely any population or business, except during court terms and tax-paying seasons, and a greater portion of the year the roads were in such a state that an interdict was almost placed upon travel. And so Defiance, the recognized business town in the county, and regarded as the most eligible political center of any place in Northwestern Ohio, was determined upon as the point for the establishment of the new paper. Accordingly, a journal, entitled the North-Western, by J. B. Steelman & Co., was established in the spring of 1843. Its life was precisely twelve months, and when No. 52, Vol. I, was closed, the publication was suspended indefinitely. Steedman, with his brother-in-law, Elijah Dodd, had a contract with the State for rebuilding the Providence dam, and the *Co.,” H. S. Knapp, had another establishment on his hands, che Kalida Venture, a Democratic publication, which he could not afford to discontinue, and under these untoward circumstances, the NorthWestern never fully realized the anticipations of its projectors and friends. Mechanically, the paper was a rare specimen of typographical excellence, its managing printer and supervisor being Stephen T. Hosmer, a good workman, and known throughout the Maumee Valley. The printing material was sold to Samuel A. Hall, in May, 1844, and shipped aboard a canal boat for some place in Indiana, then not fixed upon by him when he left Defiance, but he accompanied his freight in person, and floated himself and it down to Logansport, Cass Co., Ind., whence he at once systematized his material and soon commenced the Democratic Pharos. Through his enterprise the paper acquired large reputation, and, although Mr. Hall deceased several years ago, the journal he founded in the spring of 1844 is to-day recognized as a power in that State.

October 31, 1815, is the date of commencement of Bryan's effort to establish a printing office. Thomas H. Blaker undertook this experiment, and issued the North-Western, Democratic in politics, but having only short life.

November 19, 1816, J. W. Wiley, who had been associated with I. G. Yearick, in the publication of the Defiance Democrat, succeeded Mr. Blaker, and named his journal the Williams County Democrat. This

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same year, Wiley enlisted in the Mexican war, and became First Lieutenant of Capt. Daniel Chase's company, and after that war closed, he established a newspaper at Puget's Sound, Washington Territory, and there closed his earthly career.

In 1847, William A. Hunter, an eccentric gentleman, who had, in his life-time, some unfortunate journalistic experience at Carrollton, Carroll County, and at Ashland, Ashland Co., Ohio, removed his family to Bryan, and had charge of the Democratic organ; but after the county seat conflict between Bryan and West Unity occurred, he transferred his printing material to the latter place; and here, in May, 1851, Hunter and T. S. C. Morrison started the Equal Rights, a Free-Soil Democatic organ. The firm, politically, were not altogether in harmony, and Mr. Morrison removed to Napoleon, and identified bimself conspicuously in what was then orthodox Democratic journalism, held several county offices, and died there, leaving scarcely sufficient momey to pay his funeral expenses. He was a brilliant writer, who would have been one of note, had he lived. Mr. Morrison's death, occurring in manhood's prime, was widely deplored. Mr. Hunter's offiicial life is given among the county records, and appears on other pages. He is now a resident of Iowa, and in affluent circumstances.

Judge Joshua Dobbs established a Democratic newspaper in 1852, at Montpelier. Its career was a brief one. Van Buren Shouf, now a wellknown citizen of Bryan, was his printer and manager.

The next effort to establish a Democratic paper, was made by Robert N. Patterson. his issue of May 18, 1882, the editor sketches its business career follows:

“To-day begins the twentieth volume of the Bryan Democrat. The first number was published April 30, 1863. From the initial number to the present it has continued under one management. During nineteen years, only three weeks' publication were missed—one in 1863 for repairs on the building, one in 1865 for removal of the office, and one in 1871 for the holidays. With the exceptions named it has always been printed on time, never was a day late, and never issued a half-sheet. From a small venture occupying a single rooin it has 'grown up with the country,' and is now one of the largest and best appointed printing establishments in the country.”

The Williams County Gazette was established by Isaac R. Sherwood, in December, 1857, and entered upon its second volume December 30, 1858. Its dimensions were about one-half the present size of the Press. The issue of March 31, 1859, contains the salutatory of J. Palmiter, as editor, and from this time forward until September 22, 1859, the publication of the Gazette was continued by Sherwood and Palmiter, when Mr.

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Sherwood retired and was succeeded by L. E. Rumrill. October 27, 1859, the name of the paper was changed to Williams County Leader, and Mr. Rumrill, after a publishing experience of six weeks, retired, and Mr. Sherwood resumed his management of the paper, and added one column to each page, and continued its publication until the rebellion occurred, when, at the first war meeting held at Bryan, and having, meantime, been elected and qualified as Probate Judge of Williams County, he came forward at the meeting and enrolled his name the first on the list of volunteers. Mr. Sherwood served in the three months' service throughout the West Virginia campaign. His career as a soldier and a civilian had some features so unusual that it may be proper to briefly sketch them in this place. He entered the military service as a volunteer in the Fourteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry and rendered hard work as a private throughout the West Virginia campaign. He was offered promotion, but refused it. His name being first upon the roll, he pledged himself to go through his first campaign with a musket. But he re-enlisted under the three years' call, and was commissioned First Lieutenant in the One Hundred and Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, of which regiment he became Adjutant. February 12, 1864, Sherwood became Licutenant Colonel of the One Hundred and Eighty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and for gallantry throughout his brilliant military experience, was brevetted Major General, an honor he justly won. But now we resume the newspaper history. J. H. and I. R. Sherwood continued the Williams County Leader. Starr and Spencer had charge of the Republican Standard, May 7, 1857, and their issue of that date is No. 2, Vol. II, which would indicato nearly the date of its establishment. As its name would suggest, the politics of the Standard was Republican. July, 1857, the name of Alvan Spencer appears as editor, and December 24, Mr. Spencer retired, having transferred his interests to I. R. Sherwood. In 1868, Gen. Sherwood having received the nomination for Secretary of State, on the Republican ticket, resigned the editorial management into the hands of Robert N. Traver, though Gen. Sherwood continued as publisher. In the issue of August 26, 1869, Gen. Sherwood announced the sale of his interest in the Union Press to Gen. C. P. Hayes, and in the issue of October 28, 1869, the name was changed to the Bryan Press, and the dimensions of the sheet considerably enlarged. July 2, 1874, Gen. Hayes sold his Press to D. B. Singer, and the latter's salutatory appears in the issue of that date. Gen. Hayes removed to Illinois and purchased a newspaper establishment, and in less than two years after he settled in that State he was elected to Congress, and served two terms. Mr. Sin ger continued in charge of the paper until November 15, 1877, when he sold to Bowersox & Gillis-C. A. Bowersox, editor, and S. Gillis, business manager. This firm continued until November 28, 1878, when the

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