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REPORT

OF THE

OHIO STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE,

FOR THE YEAR 1891.

To the General Assembly of Ohio:

In compliance with section 3693 of the Revised Statutes, the State Board of Agriculture respectfully submits herewith its forty-sixth annual report.

April 2, 1891, section 341 of the Revised Statutes of Obio was amended to read as follows:

Sec. 341. That it shall be the duty of the secretary of the State Board of Agricul. ture to furnish to the supervisor of public printing, all matters for the annual volume of the State Agricultural report, not later than March 15 of each year, and it shall be the duty of the commissioners of public printing to so arrange in letting contracts for public printing, folding, stitching and binding, that the agricultural reports of the State shall be completed and delivered to the Secretary of State by the first day of June, annoally, and to be by him forwarded to the parties entitled to receive the same by tbe first day of July following."

Frequent inquiries by members of the General Assembly have been made for this report since July 1, 1892, and it is proper here to say that the first lot of copy was furnished the State printer as early as February 15, 1892, and at no time has the printer been without copy, until during the week of the State Fair, a call came for the index and this introduction. As the index can not be made until the following report is printed and furnished the Secretary of the Board, there has been a delay, as it was impossible to prepare an index in addition to the multifarious duties incident to the fair. Had the printing been done in accordance with the above section of the statute, there would have been no delay.

Twenty-four thousand copies of the Agricultural report are printed annually, of which nineteen thousand are distributed by the Secretary of State to members of the Legislature, exchanges and so on, and five thousand come to the State Board of Agriculture.

A few years since great numbers of the report were left in the store room because the contingent fund was not sufficient to pay postage and express charges.

Since we have adopted the plan of distributing through the farmers institutes, the supply is exhausted before the close of the year, and we' could profitably use ten thousand copies to meet the increasing demand for these reports.

The report of Farmers' Institutes embraces 327 pages, and to meet the urgent calls for it, ten thousand copies extra, in pamphlet form, have been issued.

The increasing interest in agricultural and live stock improvement among the tax payers and producers is a gratifying feature in the work of the Board of Agriculture, and it is unfortunate that the reports can not appear earlier.

The statistical matter in this report is not so full as in former reports, because the returns of assessors, on which our acreage of cereals is based, are not available at the time we are required by law to furnish copy for the printer.

The number of institutes reported is greater than in any former year, and there are from several counties more petitions for institutes than can be held under the present division of the per capita fund. .: A financial statement, showing receipts and disbursements by the Board for institutes, will be found on pages 346–349. The reports of expenditures by local societies will be found on pages 350-353.

By the courtesy and help of the officers of the Agricultural Experiment Station, ard of the presidents and some of the professors of the three State universities, and by careful arrangement of circuits to save travel, the Board has been enabled to hold more institutes, at less cost than bas any other State, notwithstanding in some western states the speakers and officers of their institutes are furnished free transportation, while in Ohio our speakers pay the railways full rates.

The increasing use of commercial fertilizers has enlarged the work of sampling, analyzing and reporting fertilizers. The demand for the fertilizer reports has made it necessary to increase our issue, and yet many general agents are unable to get as many copies as they have agents.

The State Fair was very successful and gave the Board means for painting buildings and making other needed improvements on the Fair Grounds, which are said to be the most complete and attractive in the country. All of which is very respectfully submitted.

L. N. BONHAM, Secretary.

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PAGE Agriculture, State Board, transactions of............. Agricultural Convention, proceedings of.....

29-75 List of delegates.... President's address.......................

................... 31-34 Treasurer's report.

35-38 Report of Auditing Committee........

38-39 Committees ...........

'39 Nomination for members of Board ..............

40-42 The Rusts and Smuts of Wheat, address by Prof. W. A. Kellerman........... 43–45 Memorial from Breeders' Associations..... Resolutions submitted ..............

............................ 50-53 Remarks by Governor McKinley ...........

51-53 Resolutions considered..........................

53–72 Election of members .............

72-73 Special Attractions and sale of Privileges, paper by Hon. A. H. Kling...... 73-74 A Special rather than a General Purpose Breed of Cattle, by 0. E. Bradfute.. 103-106 Armstrong, Prof. T., address by, on Where the Draft Horse Excels and Payo..... 134-136 Agricultural Progress, by J. R. Woodward........ ..... ..............

.. 381-385 At What Age Should Hogs Intended for Breeders be Brought to Maturity, by L. C. Peterson

450-452 A Poem, by Mrs. S. E. Coffman..........

................................. 497-498 A Little Thank-offering, by Mrs. Geo. Mentzer ........... ....................... 499-501 Ackley, Miss A. C., on What Shall Our Young People Read.......................... 506-509 Annual Report Ohio Experiment Station. (See Appendix 1, A.) Annual Report Board of Live Stock Commissioners. (See Appendix 4, A.) Annual Report Dairy and Food Commissioner. (See Appendix 5, A.) Annual Report State Horticultural Society. (See Appendix 9, A.) Auditing Committee Report............

............. 38-39

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Black, President J. M., address by ........

31-34 Bradfute, E. O., address by, on A Special Rather than a General Purpose Breed of Cattle .......

................ 103-106 Branson, Miss E. J., The Country Home and its Influence.............................. 495-497 Breeders' Association Memorial................................... Bethel, Edward, address by, on Reforms Needed in our Methods of Handling

and Marketing Wool .......................................................................... 162-165 Best Manner of Operating a Small Farm, and Advantages of Small Farming,

by L. D. Moore ................................................................................ 394-395 Bishop, T. L., on Preparation of the Land for a Wheat Crop....

420-422 Brigham, J. H., on Roads and Road-making .....................

486-491 Brown, Waldo F., Incidental Profits of the Farm.............

............. 370-373

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