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PUBLIC PAPERS OF THE PRESIDENTS

OF THE UNITED STATES

Lyndon B. Johnson

Containing the Public Messages, Speeches, and

Statements of the President

1963-64

(IN TWO BOOKS)

BOOK 1-NOVEMBER 22, 1963 TO JUNE 30, 1964

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 Price $6.75

FOREWORD

THIS VOLUME begins in tragedy and ends in hope. The tragedy is irreparable. The fulfillment of hope rests on the effort of the American Nation in years to come.

The sweep and bulk of this collection of my speeches, messages, and other public documents reveal the enormous range of problems and issues which confront the institution of the American Presidency. Yet they are only a small reflection of the skill and labor which those problems and issues command. Behind almost every paper in this collection lie long hours of work-often the culmination of a lifetime of experience and training—by devoted men and women in every profession and occupation. Officials of the executive branch at every level, Congressmen and educators, scientists and labor leaders, businessmen and farmers, have helped directly to shape the thought and contents of this book. If the final judgment and the expression of that judgment are the President's, his capacity to do his work must depend on the devotion and concern of thousands of others. Without this help the task of being President of the United States would be beyond the scope

of

any man. This book is more than a record of my administration. It is a reflection of the American Nation in the middle of the sixth decade of the twentieth century. To the perceptive mind it reveals our problems and dangers, the silent assumptions of our society, our faithfulness to the future we are shaping and our fidelity to the values transmitted

from our past.

It has been a period of forward movement, innovation, and continuing danger.

In this year, as in every year for a generation, we faced the peril of conflict with powers wishing to expand their dominion by force. This time, attention and danger centered especially on Viet-Nam. There,

and in every continent of the world, we have held fast to our 20-year policy: to resist aggression, to help others achieve and maintain their independence, and to pursue lasting peace. It is a tribute to the American Nation that as we are unwavering in our resistance to conquest, we are equally unmoved, despite constant danger and recurrent crisis, in our quest of the dream of a world liberated from the threat of war.

Here at home we have made important and sweeping progress in almost every area of American life. In health and education, conservation and housing we have succeeded in transforming the dreams and intentions of an entire generation into laws and action. We have mounted the final assault on poverty and oppression. And we have begun the towering climb towards improving the quality of life for every American. For if the achievement of this period is immense compared with the past, it still falls short of the needs of our people and the dream of a Great Society.

Nor would any brief commentary do justice to these months if we did not applaud and take heart from our progress toward racial justice. The struggle will be long and difficult and often painful. But, for the first time since the Civil War, we can realistically hope that we are approaching the time of freedom and complete equality for all our people.

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