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THE

UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE,

NEW SERIES.

CONTAINING

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS

IN

HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY, THE BELLES LETTRES,
POLITICS, AMUSEMENTS,

&c. &c.

VOL. XII.

JULY to DECEMBER, INCLUSIVE.

1809.

LONDON:
PRINTED FOR SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES,
(Successors to Mr. H. D. SYMONDS), No. 20, Paternoster-Rów;
By whom Communications (post paid) are received.

[Price 10s. 6d. Half Bound.)

Printed by C. Squire, Furnival's-Inn Court.

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THE

UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE,

N° LXVIII.–VOL. XII.)

For JULY, 1809.

[New SERIES.

“ We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning obtain in any other cause, if we can be numbered ainong the writers who have given ardour to virtue, and confidence to truth."--DR. JOHNSON.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. The ADVENTURES and Travels, in comfortable circumstances. As they various Parts of the Globe, of were, at the same time, upright and Henry Vogel. Translated from honest, so they had the happiness of the German.

being beloved and prized by the inhaSIR,

bitants of the place. Their marriage

was regarded, by all, as a pattern of I

German, containing an account was a blissful' union, in which each of the travels and adventures of a party finds the highest comfort in Derson of the name of Henry Vogel, mutually administering to each other's into almost every quarter of the globe. joy, that union was enjoyed by my I read it with much pleasure; and, parents. as no translation of it has been given, My mother indeed (as well as I can in England, I have thought that it recollect) was not handsome in perwould not be an uninteresting subject son or countenance, but she was the for the pages of the Universal Maga- more agreeable in her discourse. She zine. Not only aniusement but in- possessed penetration and taste, but struction will be derived. I send you, without appearing learned or witty: herewith, a portion of the translation, her mind was gentle, her deportment and, if it is inserted, I will supply, a refined, and her heart full of goodsimilar quantity each month till the ness. With all these advantages, she whole is completed.

sought only to keep the affections of I remain, Sir,

my father, to encrease them, and Your obedient servant,

more especially to fuifil every duty of her life according to her capacity. If

my father was compelled to ride Kensington, July 4, 1809.

out upon business, or if he was inPART THE FIRST. vited to the company of a friend, she CHAPTER 1.

took the opportunity of visiting some

of her friends or relations with us Parentage and Education.

children; but this she never did when Before I make the reader acquainted he was at home, that she might not with the history of my life, with the lose any of his conversation. events of my thirty years absence from In the minds of her children she my native country, and with the cause inculcated the most implicit obediof that absence, I think it will be eace and the most profound reverence necessary to communicate to him towards their father, and in no case some information of my parents, my did she ever seek to be preferred to youth, and my education ; that so he him. Her household she regulated may be better enabled to understand upon the simple principles of order, many parts of the following history. substantial economy, and the dis

Pockelsloh was the place where, charge of becoming duties. Gossips in 1740, I first saw the light. My and newsmongers she could never parents rented there some excellent endure: bad servants she either adland, and by strict economy they had monished or discharged: good ones gradually established themselves in she prized' and rewarded If she

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noticed any improper conduct in any this too without any unnecessary deone about the house, she took notice lay. They also accustomed us, from of it very pointedly; and if she had our infancy upwards, to intrepidity, convincing proofs of it, she made it for they considered timidity and fear known to my father. In this manner as magnifying dangers ; and even her household . was managed with where there were none, they so un-comfort, and her conduct was in- fixed the faculties that often a very structive and useful.

prudent man acted like a fool under My father on the contrary, possessed their influence. From our tenderest a fine understanding, which had been infancy they strove to make us healthy improved by a rational education.- both in body and mind; and, in or His principles were correct, and his der that we might not, like the generesolutions fixed; at the same time, rality of children, be perpetually however, he had an irritability of plagued with colds, coughs, and cafeeling which arose from a warmth tarrhs, we were always, as much as of character that was indissolubly possible, in the open air, or else in united to him. He was sincere and what was pure and temperate. We unfeignedly noble-minded: he might were washed every day, whatever be easily provoked by offence, and might be the state of the weather. forgave easily when his passion had In warm weather, this was done in subsided.

a brook that flowed by our house ; His partiality for my mother was in cold weather, we were dipped into very strong; his love was sincere; a large tub filled of water. Beer, his house establishment good; and wine, and brandy were never given his generosity and gratitude were to us. Our beverage was pure spring without bounds. The various duties water, and we were not allowed to of life occasioned him much trouble drink either between or after meals. and many cares; but the impressions In the heat of summer we were al.. which they left were obliterated by lowed butter-milk, or the yelk of an the tenderness and assiduity of my egg beat up in water, and, in order mother : and thus, as the soft and that our simple fare might be duly the strong, with each other mingled, concocted, we never were allowed to produce the finest harmony of tone, be at our studies more than three so also the energy of my father's mind hours a day till after our eighth year. and the goodness of his heart, united To this early education I am doubts with the tender gentleness of my mo- less indebted for the vigorious conther, caused that mutual excellence stitution that I possess, anù without whence arose that mutual happiness which I could never have undergone which was the admiration of all who half what I have endured, and thereknew them.

fore it is that I have thought it necesOf such parents, I, as well as two sary to advert to it. sisters and a brother, had the happi As my parents were constantly ness to be born, and by such parents sedulous to unfold the qualities of to be educated. Our education, in- our minds and bodies, and as they deed, was not conducted upon those always took care that this unfolding new principles which have arisen should not be injurious, but applied since my absence from Germany. to such purposes as might be beneficial However, as both my parents were in future, so they resolved, as we adpossessed of a good understanding vanced in years, to procure a domestic and good morals, so they were also tutor, who might complete what they considered, in those times, as rational; had begun, and by which means they and they united their endeavours so might have us under their eye. Such vigorously in this task, that they saw, a one, they thought, might become with pleasure, the gradual success of our second father, our instructor in their labours.

virtue, and their own friend, who Accurately to comprehend our would seek to form our hearts to all minds was one of their chief cares; that was good. and they strove, according to our dif They imagined that the safest way ferent characters, to qualify us for to proceed, in crder to obtain such a corresponding pursuits in life, and man, would be to apply to a professor

of any university; and as there was Latin if it is meant that he should a very near relation of ours, who was devote himself to any of the learned a professor at Griefswaide, my father professions. But a teacher should not, wrote to him, told him what he want- as our's did, occupy the greater part ed, and what were his intended terms, of the day in that single pursuit. and also explained his domestic ar In natural history, which has so rangements, and his present mode of many attractions for children, in geoeducating us. We soon received an graphy, letter writing, in history, and answer, in which he felicitated him- in a correct pronunciation of our naself that he was so lucky as to find a tive tongue, nothing was done ; in young man who would completely short, his repulsive manner of instrucanswer my father's views.

tion rather frightened us from study After a few weeks, Mr. Reimann than incited us to it. The smallest (for so he was called) arrived. As he mistake was punished with the stick promised a great deal at first, nothing or with a sound box on the ear, and of which he accomplished, so he was in this manner a whole half year received, by my parents, as the best passed ere our good parents even befriend of their children, and treated gan to suspect that their intentions as our greatest benefactor. He had respecting us were not likely to be a pleasing exterior, and a very pre- fulfilled; and who knows how long possessing manner. Perhaps both they might have reposed confidence these had deceived the professor, and in ihis hireling, had they not been induced him to recommend this man put on their guard, partly by his own whom he probably knew nothing else irregular inode of living, and partly of but his outside, for he was in no by the warning of our new parson. manner fit to pursue that rational and Soon after the arrival of REIMANN, appropriate education which our pa- our parson, whose name was Diedrents had begun.

RICH, a young man, agreeable and To him order, cleanliness, and mo- entertaining, and a true father of his rality were wholly unknown. He flock, was put into fear, one Saturday went through his seven hours of evening, by three thieves, who had teaching mechanically, every day, stolen into his house and concealed without any concern whether his in- themselves there for some time. He structions were intelligible, whether was about thirty-four years old, and they were what we needed, or whe- unmarried. As he was man of some ther they were useful. That cu- property, and had a predilection for riosity which is so natural to every husbandry, he had purchased the farm young contemplator of the world, of on which he lived, and kept no serknowing the why and wherefore of vant but an old housekeeper who was things, never incited him to conduct rather deaf. As there was no person our uninformed minds along a path therefore on whom he could rely in where we might elicit truths by our this affair, and as he already heard own efforts, which would have thrown the thieves in the adjoining room light upon our knowledge.

where the communion plate was kept, The greatest part of the day was he resolved to fasten himself into his spent in Latin ; I may say laboriously own chamber: but when at last they spent, for the whole instruction con- attacked him, and strove to break the sisted in learning words and such like. door open, he began to cry for help Had his mode of teaching been ap- out of the window. Had he cried propriate, I should not have men- out thieves, and not fire, there would tioned this ; for I am firmly convinced have been plenty of those who ran that the Greek and Latin languages to the alarm ready to seize the depreare what no really learned man can dators; but they escaped, for every do without, and of which the phi- 'one was looking for the fire and nolosopher and the theologian have as body for thieves. much need as the physician and the This unfortunate accident was fotlawyer. The Latin language is, and lowed by sad consequences to the will long remain, the only door through worthy DIEDRICH, aud the common which we must arrive at every species people lost in him a man whom they of knowledge. A boy must also learn had cause to value in every respect.

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