ship with about 900 men marched to Friday's Ferry on the Congaree. The orders of Cruger were to abandon the post as soon as the loyalists had made their election whether to follow him, or remain and protect themselves, and then to pursue his route along the southern bank of the Edisto to Orangeburg.

Lee kept close upon the enemy's left and rear, until his arrival at Friday's Ferry, the point of his expected junction with the regiment of Stuart, where a detachment of his dragoons under Captain Eggleston, fell upon a foraging party of his lordship, and brought off 45 prisoners, without the loss of a man. His lordship here found himself in a critical situation, for trusting with confidence to his being joined at this place by Lieutenant Colonel Stuart, the greater part of his army had been left with Colonel Cru. ger; but fortunately for him, Lee was equally disappointed in not meeting with Generals Sumpter and Marion, whom he had expected to fall in with before his arrival at the ferry their junction would have been the means of entirely cutting off his lordship. Lee of himself, however, was unable to offer him any further interruption, and without waiting to know the cause of Colonel Stuart's failure to meet him, his lordship continued his march down the Edisto to Orangeburg, and on the following day was joined there by Stuart with his regiment, and a convoy of provisions.

General Greene, in the mean time, who had received intelligence of the march of Stuart from Charleston, with a heavy convoy, had ordered Marion and Washington to make an attempt upon him under the idea that that they would be in time afterwards to join Lee. This attempt, to which Lord Rawdon owed

his lucky escape at the Congoree, failing as we have seen, General Greene called in his light troops, and the militia under Sumpter and Marion, leaving Pickens to watch the motions of Colonel Cruger, and marched to a small branch of the North Edisto, within four miles of his Lordship's position at Orangeburg, where his united force arrived on the morning of the 12th July. In the evening General Greene reconnoitered his Lordship's position, and finding it too strong to be attacked with any promise of speedy success, and knowing that Cruger was on his way from Ninety Six with an additional force of 1400 men, he contented himself with offering battle; and upon its being declined, he retired with the troops on the same evening to a distance of seven miles. On the following day he detached the light troops under Sumpter, Marion and Lee, towards Charleston, and moved with the main body of his army by slow marshes to the high hills of Santee, which he reached on the 16th of July.

The detachment marched by three different routes under their respective commanders, and after breaking up the post of Dorchester, and dispersing a body of mounted refugees, they united at Monk's Corner, then occupied by the 19th regiment, under Lieutenant Colonel Coates. Their object of attacking this post, was defeated by the escape of the enemy during the night, who very adroitly eluded the vigilance of all these officers, set fire to their stores, and retreated to the eastern side of Cooper river. Lee pursued the next morning and overtook them near Quinby bridge, eighteen miles distant. The enemy's rear guard consisting of 100 men, surrendered upon the first charge of Lee's dragoons without firing a musket, and leav


ing them in charge of a few militia horse, Lee continued his pursuit after the main body. His advance company under Captain Armstrong, came in sight of them just after they had passed Quinby bridge, where they had halted for their rear guard: they had removed the fastenings of the plank that covered the bridge, so as to be ready as soon as their rear guard had passed it to throw them into the creek. Hazardous as it was for the cavalry to pass it in this situation, Armstrong pushed over with the first section of his company, and several of the planks were thus thrown entirely off, leaving its passage still more hazardous for the second section, which nevertheless, led on by Lieutenant Carrington, made the leap over the chasm, and joined their commander. Most of the enemy fled in terrour at the bold attack of Armstrong, leaving their gallant commander Coates in single combat with the American Captain. Lieutenant Colonel Coates had placed himself on the side of a wagon, where with equal courage and dexterity, he successfully defended himself, until his men were sufficiently recovered from this sudden panick to rally and come to his assistance. Lee in the mean time arrived at the bridge with his third section, and found it now wholly impassable; the creek was not fordable; and Armstrong and Carrington were compelled to relinquish the victory they had so gallantly won, and save themselves, by a rapid movement up the creek, which they crossed at the first fording place and rejoined their corps. Marion came up soon after with the infantry of the legion, but the enemy had by this time posted themselves so strongly in a house, that these officers were unable to dislodge them; and finding themselves within reach of attack from Charleston, they deemed


it prudent to retire, and in a few days the whole army were united at Greene's position on the high hills of Santee.

The enemy lost in these several skirmishes many killed and wounded, and upwards of 140 prisoners, besides all the baggage of the 19th regiment, and its military chest, together with several wagons and 100 horses. Thus closed the laborious, active and diversified campaign of South Carolina for the season; and though General Greene had been unfortunate in most of his general engagements, the wisdom of his measures will not be called in question. He had an ar- • duous duty to perform, which he executed in a manner, that raised him daily in the confidence and esteem of his army and the country. He had difficulties to encounter in every step of his progress, enough to have appalled a mind less firmly devoted to the great cause of the country. He had sworn to recover the southern states from the enemy, or die in the attempt; and so far, even without any brilliant victories, he had succeeded in driving their invaders from most of their strong holds, and reestablishing in both the Carolinas and Georgia, the authority of the United States.


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Events of 1781 continued.-Capture of Mr. Laurens on his way to Holland.-Maryland accedes to the confederation.-Death of General Phillips.—Cornwallis enters Virginia.—Marquis de la Fayette forms a junction with General Wayne.-American stores destroyed at the Point of Fork-Baron Steuben escapes with his levies-Tarleton enters Charlotteville-Narrow escape of the Governour and Legislature of Virginia.-Extensive destruction of Tobacco and other American property by the British army.— The enemy are intercepted by the Marquis in their attempt upon Albemarle-Baron Steuben succeeds in joining the Marquis.— Cornwallis retires down the James river-Skirmish between Butler and Simcoe on the Chickahominy-Battle of Greenspring-Cornwallis crosses the river and retires to Portsmouth-Moves from thence to Fork and Gloucester.-Affairs of the North-Washington and Count Rochambeau plan an attack against New-York-Sir Henry Clinton is deceived, and the allied armies move to Virginia.-Arrival of the Count de Grasse.-Action between the French and British fleets off the Capes of Virginia.-The Count de Barras enters the Chesapeake. -Washington joins the Marquis de la Fayette and St. Cimon at Williamsburg. The combined armies move towards York.— General Greene moves from the hills of Santee.-Execution of Colonel Hayne at Charleston.-Temper with which Greene marches to the enemy-Battle of the Eutaw Springs.-The enemy retire to Charleston.-Expedition of Arnold against NewLondon.

SLOW as had been the progress of the United States towards independence at home, the success of their correspondence abroad, had been great beyond their most sanguine hopes and expectations. Russia was almost the only European power which had refused to receive their agents, or to acknowledge their independence; France and Spain were already among

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