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discredit of differing from one under the Ægis of another; generally, however, being careful to differ from Reiske, and never but with the utmost diffidence from Cobet. In a few places in the multitude of counsellors I have ventured to take a line of my own; but cases of great doubt are not unusually frequent, and on the whole the text may be said to be, considering the weakness of its MS. authority, in a fairly satisfactory condition.
Of commentaries upon Lysias there is no great abundance. No edition that I Exposition. am aware of has appeared in England since the Variorum of 1828, which contains the Latin notes of Tailor, Markland, Reiske, and others, the life by Tailor, and his Lectiones, and the Adversaria of Dobree. I have also used Dr. R. Rauchenstein's Selections, Leipzig, 1848, and J. H. Bremi's, Gotha, 1826. There is an English translation of some of the speeches by Dr. J. Gillies, London, 1778, which I have occasionally looked at; and a Selection of Four Speeches, with English notes, by Dr. J. M. Whiton of Boston, U.S.A., 1875. But practically the Commentary for good or ill is my own, and has all the advantages and disadvantages of being the first of its kind.
I must, however, acknowledge, as every English student of the Attic Orators must do, great and perpetual obligations to Professor Jebb. In a subject which he has treated with his usual brilliancy and thoroughness, any subsequent worker must continually refer to his authority. I have had constantly before me his Attic Orators, 1876, and have occasionally also consulted his notes in the selections from the Orators, 1880. The Attic Orators is an indispensable aid to an English student. I have also used constantly Mitchell's edition of Reiske's Indices Græcitatis in singulos Oratores Atticos; and I would recommend to every student Mr. Hicks' recently published Manual of Greek Inscriptions as throwing much light on the history of the period. Such a work is a real boon to many to whom the Corpus Inscriptionum of Böckh is unattainable or unusable.
Finally, I have to thank Mr. H. Broadbent, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, and Assistant Master at Eton, for much kind and valuable help in the correction of the proofs.
My object in the Commentary has been to bring before the student, as far as possible, the circumstances, social and historical, in which the Speeches were delivered ; and at the same time to direct his attention to an accurate study of the language. The Indices are arranged with the view to enable a student to find readily whatever information is to be found in the Notes on points of historical or grammatical criticism. The event which overshadowed or influenced the whole time of Lysias' active life in Athens during his second sojourn there was the eight months' Tyranny of the Thirty. I have therefore given a somewhat detailed account of it, drawn almost entirely from Xenophon and Lysias, in the Appendix.