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νύν, ώ Καλλιόπης θύγατερ, πολυηγόρε Φρόντι,
δείξεις εί τι φρονείς και τι περισσον έχεις.
έν κόσμοισι βίον σώμα λαβόνθ' έτερον
δύντι κατά φθιμένων και στέφος αθάνατον,
PHILISCUS, in Vit. x, Or.
Est Atticus, quoniam certe Athenis est et natus et mortuus et functus omni civium munere.
CICERO, Brutus, 16.
This Edition of Sixteen of the Extant Speeches of Lysias is an attempt to restore to the list of Greek prose writers read in schools and colleges an author who has fallen into pretty general, and I think undeserved, neglect. For this neglect it is difficult to give satisfactory reasons. He writes excellent Greek; he is not hard; he is not (unless I am blinded by partiality for a companion of so many months) dull. plies us with many illustrations of Athenian life and manners, much information concerning Athenian law and Hellenic politics and history.
In making my selection I have been influenced by considerations of space.
I have wished, however, to give all that was really valuable; and I have therefore rejected those Speeches the genuineness of which has been seriously doubted (except in the case of the Speech for the Soldier'); those, again, which were repetitions or epitomes of other speeches; and finally, I have chosen one out of two or more which
referred to the same or similar subjects. The result thus obtained has left, I hope, enough to enable any student to obtain a thorough acquaintance with our author; though I much regret that various considerations seemed to make it necessary to omit the υπέρ Ερατοσθένους. . In every case the entire speech, so far as we possess it, is given.
An Editor of a classical author has two points to deal with,— Text and Exposition. The text of Lysias rests mainly on one MS.,
preserved at Heidelberg, which is neither early nor good. It has, however, employed the acumen of a long list of scholars. Of the older I may mention Canter, Markland, J. Tailor, Reiske, Dobree: and of more recent, Baiter and Sauppe in the Oratores Attici'; C. Scheiber in the Taubner Series, from which this is printed ; and C. G. Cobet, whose edition I have not seen, but whose emendations, both in the Tractate of 1847 and the Varice Lectiones of 1873, I have carefully studied. Madvig, in the Adversaria Critica of 1871, has also propounded a few emendations. With the labours of such a company before him a modern editor has little to do but to pick and choose when there is diversity, sheltering himself from the