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Advantages peculiar to the United States
Profpects and Advantages of an European Settler
General Information to European Settlers
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
GRAND DIVISIONS OF THE UNITED STATES.
THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC, of which we have in the pre
ceding volume given a general account, confifts of three grand divifions, denominated the NORTHERN, or more properly EASTERN, MIDDLE, and SOUTHERN States.
The first divifion, the Northern or Eaftern States, comprehends
DISTRICT of MAINE, be
longing to Maffachusetts.
Thefe are called the New-England States, and comprehend that part of America, which, fince the year 1614, has been known by the name of NEW-ENGLAND.
The fecond divifion, the Middle States, comprehends
TERRITORY, N. W. of OHIO,
The third divifion, the South States, comprehends
TERRITORY S. of OHIO,
Of each of thefe we fhall now treat particularly in their order, Vol. II.
Or NORTHERN or EASTERN STATES.
SITUAUION, BOUNDARIES, &c.
NEW-ENGLAND lies between 41 and 46 degrees N. Lǝt, and
between degree 30 minutes, and 8 degrees E. Long. from Philadelphia; and is bounded north by Lower-Canada; caft, by the province of New-Bruniwick, and the Atlantic Ocean; fouth, by the fame ocean, and Long-Iiland found; weft, by the State of New-York. It lies in the form of a quarter of a circle. Its weft line, beginning at the mouth of Byram river, which empties into Long-Illand found at the fouth-weft corner of Connecticut, lat. 41 degrees, runs a little east of north, until it frikes the 45th degree of latitude, and then curves to the eastward almoft to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Its climate is very healthful, as is evinced by the longevity of the inhabitants; for it is cftimated that about one in feven of them live to the age of feventy years; and about one in thirteen or fourteen to eighty years and upwards.
North-west, weft, and fouth-west winds, are the most prevalent. Eaft and north-caft winds, which are unelaftic and difagreeable, are frequent at certain feafens of the year, particularly in April and May, on the fea coafts. The weather is lels variable than in the Middle and especially the Southern States, and more fo than in Canada. The extremes of heat and cold, according to Fahrenheit's thermometer, are from 20° below, to 100° above 0. The medium is from 48° to 50°. The inhabitants of New-England, on account of the drynefs of their atmosphere, can endure, without inconvenience, a greater degree of heat than the inhabitants of a moifter climate. It is fuppofed by fome philofophers, that the difference of moisture in the atmofphere in Pennfylvania and New-England is fuch, as that a perion might bear at leaft ten degrees of heat more in the latter than in the former.
The quantity of rain which falls in England annually, is computed to be twenty-four inches; in France eighteen inches, and 1a New England from forty-eight to fifty inches; and yet in New-England they fuffer more from drought than in either of the forementioned countries, although they have more than double the quantity of rain. Thele facts evince the remarkable diynch of the atmosphere in this caftern divifion of the United