struction of such sidewalk within thirty days from the time of such ordinance taking effect. In case any property owner shall fail or neglect to build and construct such sidewalk in front of his property within the time allowed by this ordinance, such sidewalk shall be constructed under the supervision of the street commissioner at the expense of such owner of the property, and the same shall be recovered in a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction within this city.


SEC. 13. Whenever any sidewalk is not in good condition and repair, it shall be the duty of the city marshal to notify the owner or owners or agent of the land or property in front of which said sidewalk is in need of repair, to have the same repaired at their charge and expense within such time as the marshal shall deem in his judgment such repairs can be made. Should such owner or agent fail or refuse to make the repairs ordered within such time, it shall be the duty of the marshal, under the direction of the street commissioner, to cause such repairs to be made or such sidewalk to be reconstructed in conformity with the provisions of this ordinance at the expense of the owner of the property, and the same shall be recovered in a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction within this city.


SEC. 14. The common council shall from time to time establish by ordinance gutters for the purpose of carrying off water at such places as said council shall deem necessary. The gutters shall commence at the outer edge of the sidewalk

and extend 8 inches toward the center of the streets and shall be at least 3 inches in depth, and shall be brought to the grade established by the common council.


SEC. 15. All persons owning real property situated upon either side of the streets when required by ordinance shall make or cause to be made or put down a gutter of the description named in the foregoing section in front of and along the entire length of all property which they own, possess, or have control of.


SEC. 16. The marshal shall notify the owners of property, by direction of the common council, when they are required to build gutters in front of their property or to repair the same, and it shall be the duty of the persons so notified to build said gutter upon the established grade and keep the same in perfect repair at their own expense.


SEC. 17. If any person or persons shall refuse or neglect to construct or repair such gutter when notified by the marshal, as directed by the council, then the same shall be constructed or repaired, as the case may be, by the marshal, under direction of the street commissioner, and the whole cost of such construction or repair shall be charged to the person or persons owning such property in front of which such gutter has been constructed or repaired, and said amount shall be recovered from the owner of the property in a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction in this city.


SEC. 18. This ordinance shall be published on the 13th day of June and the 20th and 27th days of June, 1901, in the Daily Alaska Dispatch, a newspaper published in the city of Juneau, and shall be posted in three public places in said city and shall take effect and be in force from and after the 14th day of June, 1901. Passed and approved this 11th day of June, A. D. 1901.




For many years the schools of Alaska were under the management of the Bureau of Education, and appropriations were made by Congress each year for their support. In certain localities the bureau of education had direct control of the schoolsemploying teachers, providing schoolhouses, etc.; in others, the different church denominations received a pro rata amount from the money appropriated by Congress, which practically gave them control of their own schools.

On May 3, 1900, Congress provided a code of laws for Alaska, by which a most liberal provision was made for educational purposes. It provided that every branch of business should pay a tax, varying from $10 to $1,500 and $2,000 per year, the latter sums being fixed for saloons and wholesale liquor dealers, respectively, in incorporated towns. Fifty per cent of all the money thus collected from taxes in each town was to be turned into the school fund after a municipal organization had been effected. This law provided for a common council of seven members and a school board of three directors.

The large sum collected by the Federal Government for licenses made it evident that more money would be available for school purposes than would be needed. This fact caused Congress, during the session of 1900-1901, to pass an amendment to the Alaska Code, which provided that any surplus remaining in the school fund after defraying all necessary school expense could be, by order of the district court, converted into the city treasury for municipal purposes.

An election was held in Nome on November 6, 1900, to vote upon municipal organization, which was defeated on account of not receiving the necessary two-thirds of all votes cast. On April 9, 1901, a second election was held in Nome, which was successful. Immediately after the town organization had been effected the question arose between the council and school board as to which body had control of the expenditure of the school fund, the former maintaining that all bills contracted by the school board should be first authorized by the council, the school board insisting that it should have absolute management of its own affairs. This disagreement arose on account of the uncertain language of the law.

The city treasurer, who is ex officio school treasurer, refused to honor warrants issued by the school board, and a contract for the construction of a school building was not approved by the council, which resulted in preventing the transaction of school business for several months.

The contention over the management of the school fund continued for a period of over six months, until November 4, 1901, when the United States district court for the district of Alaska, second division, rendered a decision in favor of the school board. Steps were immediately taken for the prosecution of the work. A high-school building was erected, and an excellent school system was inaugurated.

The school board take this opportunity of urging upon Congress the necessity of immediately changing the law, so as to make a different provision for the expenditure of school moneys. As long as the law remains as it is antagonism will continue between the council and school board, the former endeavoring to keep the expenditures for educational purposes at a minimum, that as large an amount of money as possible may be turned into the city treasury for municipal expenditures. This difficulty might be obviated by providing for a specific percentage of all moneys collected from licenses to be turned over to the city treasurer for municipal purposes. The board would urge further upon Congress the importance of a most liberal law for education in Alaska. The experience of the present board during the past winter has demonstrated the fact that great good can be accomplished by extending to the public the most liberal educational facilities possible. The long winter, extending over a period of seven months, and the severity of the weather, confine within a small territory a large number of people who are prevented from engaging in any kind of manual labor, and the opportunities for attending school are quickly and eagerly embraced.

The policy of the present school board has been most liberal in this direction. Early in the winter a night school for adults was inaugurated, which had an attendance of 35 pupils of both sexes. A class in bookkeeping, which had an attendance at one time of 53 men and women, was in operation most of the winter.

In the large hall of the high-school building once each week a literary society has held regular sessions, the school board furnishing lights and fuel free of cost, and the interest in this direction was so great that the capacity of the hall was not sufficient to accommodate the large number who desired to attend.

Early in January arrangements were made for a series of lectures, to be given in the high-school building, upon geology, mineralogy, and assaying. The interest felt in these lectures was so great and the attendance so large that it is the hope of the board that the coming year will see inaugurated a special department for instruction in these branches. It should embrace the erection of a building provided with proper appliances for the study of geology, mineralogy, chemistry, and assaying. These appliances should include the best text-books procurable, an ample supply of necessary chemicals, and the apparatus for a thorough demonstration of chemistry and assaying.

We believe such an institution will be a valuable acquisition to this part of Alaska. A winter course of study with competent instructors would equip men with knowledge to prospect this vast region of Alaska intelligently, and perhaps be the means of making valuable discoveries.

There are many settlements in this section of Alaska not large enough to support a municipal form of government, and, consequently, they have no money for the maintenance of public schools. The past winter has demonstrated that as soon as the mining season closes many families will come to Nome each winter in order to take advantage of the excellent school system here established.

There are two schools in Nome, the high school in the new building, which contains four rooms, and the bridge school, in a building of one room on the Sandspit, where the primary grade only is taught. In the high school are taught the primary, grammar, and high school grades. The high-school building was constructed in winter, under great difficulties, but will compare favorably with buildings of a like character in the States. It is 30 by 76 feet, and has two stories. The rooms are furnished with modern desks and appliances, and electric lights. Nearly $3,000 was expended for school books, furniture, etc., and the books are furnished to the pupils free of cost. This building was erected at a cost of $9,600.

The amount of money derived from licenses for school purposes during the past year amounted to $42,738.26, of which amount $7,962 was transferred to the city treasury and $30,949.44 expended for educational purposes, leaving $3,728.38 to defray expenses of the balance of the present fiscal year.

The following corps of teachers have been employed in the high-school building and bridge school during the past year:

J. A. Riley, principal and teacher of high-school grade; salary, $250 per month.
Cora B. Young, teacher of grammar grade; salary, $150 per month.
Florence Mauzy, teacher of primary grade; salary, $150 per month.

Alice L. Staples, teacher of primary grade in bridge school; salary, $150 per month.

Martha Steele, teacher of night school; salary, $125 per month.

Ada M. Whaite, teacher of music; salary, $75 per month.

M. N. Kimball, teacher of bookkeeping; salary, $125 per month.

R. W. James, lecturer on geology, $10 per lecture.

J. Potter Whittren, lecturer on mineralogy, $10 per lecture.

P. Esch, lecturer on practical mining and assaying, $10 per lecture.

Three janitors have been employed as follows:

E. A. Ludlow, at $60 per month.

Harvey Brace, at $50 per month.

George Nolen, at $50 per month.

The course of studies in the various departments of the Nome public schools is printed on the following pages; also the names, sex, and ages of all the children enrolled:

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Writing: Instruction to entire class in writing on blackboards, paper, and in copy books.


Memory work: Recitations, quotations, rules of politeness.

Conversation lessons: Topics of local and national interest, historical and patriotic stories, stories relating to morals and manners, stories relating to kindness to animals.

Language work: Use of capital letters, use of period, use of question mark, use of comma, paragraphing, sentence building, and composition work.

Reading: Second grade-Completed Appleton's First Reader; begun Appleton's Second Reader; begun Baldwin's Second Reader.

First grade-Higher division, begun part 2, Appleton's First Reader; half through Baldwin's First Reader. Lower division, Baldwin's First Reader, 25 pages; Appleton's First Reader.

Spelling: Second grade-Words from reader, names of days of week, words used in composition and sentence work.

First grade--Words from reader, words as they appear in sentence work.

Arithmetic: Second grade-Tables through 5's and multiplication by counting by 2's, 3's, 4's, and 5's, forward and backward; addition and subtraction in easy combinations.

First grade-Addition and subtraction to 12; reading and writing numbers to 100.

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First grade (14 pupils): Number work, reading, phonics and spelling, writing, sentence building, and music.

Second grade (8 pupils): Reading, writing, spelling, number work, language, sentences, stories (oral and written), poems, and music.

Third grade (9 pupils): Arithmetic, reading, writing, spelling, language, primary geography, and music.

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Fourth grade: Reading, spelling, writing, arithmetic, history, geography; English— supplemented by reading, dictation, reproduction (oral and written), nature work;


Fifth grade: Arithmetic, reading, spelling, history, geography, grammar; Englishmemory gems, nature work, defining and analysis, dictation, reproduction; writing and music.

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Reading: Tom Brown at Rugby, Tom Brown at Oxford; selections from best authors.

Arithmetic: Milne's Standard Arithmetic, supplemented by Robinson Revised. Language: Maxwell's Advanced Grammar; dictation exercises and short essays. Orthography: Lists of selected words are placed on the blackboard each day, to be written and defined the next day by the class.

History: McMaster's History of the United States to the Revolution, supplemented by other works.

Geography: Natural Advanced Geography, completed; Geography of Alaska; Plants and Animal Life of Alaska; General Resources of the Country; Mining and Other Industries; Ocean Currents and Their Influence on the Climate, etc. Civil government: Peterman's Civil Government.

Physiology: Steele's Physiology and Hygiene.

Drawing: The Prang Elementary Course.
Music: Full course by regular instructor.


Reading: Selections from the best English and American authors; outlines of Roman and English history.

Arithmetic: Milne's Arithmetic, completed; Robinson's Revised reviewed.

Geography: Physical Geography, completed, including map drawing; Geography of Alaska.

Language: Maxwell's Advanced Grammar, supplemented by other works on language, including dictation, exercises, essays, etc.

Physiology and hygiene: Steele's, completed and reviewed.
Orthography: Same plan as in the seventh grade.

History: McMaster's History, completed and reviewed.

Civil government: Peterman's Civil Government, reviewed.
Bookkeeping: Bryant & Stratton's complete course.
Drawing: The Prang system.

Music: Instruction in the art of reading music and singing twice each week by a regular instructor.


[J. A. Riley, principal.]

First year: Algebra, literature, general history, rhetoric, bookkeeping, geometry, Latin, and music.

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