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of the property of deceased persons; against retribution; against the old-time method of settling disputes; all of which are allied to our system of heathen religion and detrimental to our highest civilization and progress.

Peter Jacob (Kana Goot), Fannie Jacob (Gooch Clah), Charlie Koo
Keeda, Peter Johns (Tug Hoo), Kittie Johns (Su woodoha), Charlie
(Shamuk Saih), Marion (Chich I See), Johnson (Na Woosh Katl),
Gunus Guah Wrosh da doo oo, Metrius (Ou duway), Mamie (Nah E
Woo doo Sheedt), Dick On Ku Duh Tseen, Mana (Gett Jah), Frank
Joseph (Ooh Goo), Nellie Joseph (Nu Nak), Charlie Davis (Yan
Shoog), Susie Davis (Shtoo Sa), Katlean, Nadania (Con Teen), Luke
Beverage Simeon, Mary Beverage Simeon, James Howard (Shtoo Wa),
Louisa Howard (Kadtay), Ben Bailey (Gee Gi), Maria Bailey (See Ji),
Billy Louis (Shi Ish), Katy Louis (See Ya), Edward Willard, Nas-
tasia (Shdu Gawk), Moses Toyaat, Jane Toyaat, John Darrow, Ida M.
Darrow, Stephen Brice, Mrs. Stephen Brice, Eaton Hunter, Emma
Hunter, John Newell, Elin Newell, Anna Hines, Phebe Andrews,
Rudolph Walton, Daisy Walton, Joseph Kanuhty, Nellie Kajeershu,
Frederick Davis, Mary Davis, Annie Ali Gi geh, Stephen Szach.
Shaw, Doh cal utch, Emily Gush geh, Maria Wellss, Mary Sha
geb, Justina White, Phebe Dass, Annie Shkolat, See ay, Shda
wteen, John Bartlett, Samuel Napes, Carrie Williams, D. N. Canboen,
Minnie Canboen, Francis Andrew, George Williams, John James,
Mary James, Johnson Kuhday, Susie Kolty, Ray James, David
Hickok, Mary Ogden, Duh hl ot, Donamok, Joe Keetgen, Charlie
Kosay, Jennie Dahlu nooh, John Willard, Jennie Willard, Peter
Simpson, Mary Simpson, Jacob Dakenock, Olga Dakenock, Jimmie
Albert, Jennie J. Albert, William Da yut Koo, Mary Da yut Koo,
Pete Carlson, Joe Onshoo, Augustus Hart, Gusb Geh Hart, Charlie
Seward, Mary Seward, Nellie La Koony, Susie Kajees Ooh, Cecilia
(Ou Kil ut), Wotiana Oushawitty, Alicia (Koohl yak), Anna Stacia
A Hlide goo, Da Yikta Ivan, Edward Marshall, Notsish, Mary Mar-
shall, Koo da Neek, Maria, George Dawson, Kittie Dawson, George
Howard, Lottie Howard, William Wells, Maud Wells, Thomas Cook,
Mattie Cook, John Sloane, Lucy Sloane, Ralph Young, Oscar Bates,
Annie Bates, John Paddy, Kittie Shka Koo noos, Able Spencer,
Shawut Geb Spencer, Susie Keelton, I. P. Neilsen, Mary Neilsen,
John Shdu glaw, Alfred Andrew, Albert Grant, Mary Williams,
Harriet Anderson, Carrie Anderson, Paulina Johnson, Lizzie James,
George Bartlett, Susie Bartlett, Esther Gibson, Selma Gamble, George
J. Beck, Margart Saxman, Susan Davis, Francis H. Willard, John E.
Gamble, E. C. Heizer, May Sheets, Sadie Martindale, Lucile Owen.

These people should be encouraged to preserve their spirit of selfrespect and self-support. They should be admitted to the enjoyment of all the rights and advantages and immunities of citizens of the United States, with proper qualification upon their right of suffrage when that is extended.

The Aleuts extend from Kodiak Island to Attu, the western extremity of our possessions. They were brought under the influence of the Greek Catholic Church, principally through the labors of one noble man, Bishop Veniaminoff. Their chief occupation has been hunting the sea otter. Of late years this animal has almost disappeared, and many of the Aleutians are left almost destitute in consequence. They lack leaders and teachers to help them to conform to new conditions. There is plenty of work in connection with the canneries which these people could soon learn to do well, but on account of their inclination to drunkenness and liability to stop work in the very busy part of the season no institution would be safe in depending upon them. Still, if the priests and cannery people would work in harmony, in many places these people could be brought to do this work well. It would result in bettering their condition and would relieve the cannery of import

ing Chinese each year-a matter which is each season more difficult, owing to the demand by the increase of canning plants and to our restriction laws.

There are places where these Aleuts might turn their energies to stock raising and to the cultivation of the soil. Right here the Government could step in and lend a helping hand in giving them a start. This could be wisely done through the agents of the Agricultural Department. A few of these people have started in this direction and have made favorable progress.

The people at Atka and Attu are much neglected. They have a fine native industry which is almost a fine art, namely, basket weaving. While their best pieces bring very high prices in the markets, the Aleuts do not get their proper share.

Verbal messages have been sent by Toyon Richteroff to the governor that a few white men this past season have persisted in debauching his people who reside near Lake Illiamna, on the Alaska Peninsula. Two men have defied this chief and have kept many of the people drunk through the season, so that they have failed to secure food for themselves and families for the winter. An effort will be made to round up these culprits as soon as Judge Wickersham gets his court established at Valdez.

ESKIMOS.

Too much can hardly be said in praise of these people as a native stock. Their mental capacity is greater than any others. (See an interesting account of Dr. Wyman's tests as given in Dall's Alaska and its Resources, p. 376.) Eskimo children who are at the Indian school at Carlisle stand at the head of their classes. In adapting himself to his hard environment no race has shown finer qualities. He is kind and hospitable to a fault. To the ways of most of what we call civilization he is a child.

We have invaded his country and have killed and driven off the whales, walrus, seals, and caribou, and in places have made fish scarce. We have gone along the shores of Bering Sea and have burned up the driftwood on the beach, set fire to the tundra, have driven off the birds, and in our mad hunt for gold we have burrowed under his rude barrabbara and allowed it to tumble, even when the inmates were sick and dying.

This has all been so sudden that he has been fairly stunned. The reindeer skins, for which he bartered with his neighbors and out of which he made his winter clothes, is now almost beyond his reach, for they have gone up several hundred per cent in price and are gathered by trading schooners. We should be very solicitous for these fine people and not let them go to destruction without an effort to protect and save them.

In central Alaska we have natives scattered branches, the White and the Copper rivers. North American Indian. Some of them are live, while others are doing well.

along the Yukon and its They are more like the having a hard time to

Nearly one-half, or 30,000, of our population are natives, and their status has never been fixed by Congress. Article III of the treaty says:

The uncivilized tribes will be subject to such laws and regulations as the United States may from time to time adopt in regard to aboriginal tribes of that country.

It is now time that this matter should be taken in hand. It is therefore recommended that the Secretary of the Interior be authorized to appoint a commission of 5 persons who shall inquire into the present condition, the rules, and customs of the native tribes in Alaska, and report the same to Congress for its guidance and action. This report should be very full and profusely illustrated.

AGRICULTURE.

When this subject is mentioned many people become incredulous at once. After what has been said above about the difficulty of acquiring title to lands, it can be understood by thinking people why this fundamental industry of the nation has been held in check. Notwithstanding all drawbacks, much advance is made each year. Every other industry and every citizen of the district is vitally concerned in the success of agriculture here. At present our base of food supplies is 1,000 miles way. If it is possible to change that base and have it at our very doors, a mighty foundation will have been laid for future progress. No other enterprise will be more benefited than mining.

The stations which have been established under the authority of the Agricultural Department are doing good work. They have to begin with the ground in its wild state and make all manner of experiments, the records of which are carefully kept. Each station keeps a record of the weather. Several reports have been published by the Department, and these should be read by those who are seeking definite information on this subject. Bulletin No. 1.-Suggestions to Pioneer Farmers in Alaska, by Prof. C. C. Georgeson, the special agent in charge-will save intending settlers much labor and expense. The season now closing has been a wet one in southeast Alaska and a dry one in the west and northwest parts. The rye which was planted last fall at the experiment farm at Sitka matured well and was harvested in August, and the yield was good. Flax sown in the spring has matured seeds and good fiber. The vegetable gardens for the most part have been a success. The yield of potatoes is good and the quality all that could be desired. The crop of wild apples around Sitka is the most abundant known. Many have gathered them in quantities for jelly and marmalade. The native berries have been plentiful, and those who have cultivated the raspberry, currant, and gooseberry have been well rewarded for their labors. In time Alaska. will become noted for the abundance and the excellence of these small fruits.

A few persons have planted fruit trees. It is believed that the hardy varieties of apples and pears can be grafted upon the native apple stock and that they will thrive well. We read now in the Dawson papers of her citizens having lawn parties. We read that Mr. W. G. Leuker has made a shipment of vegetables and grains which have been grown in the Yukon Valley, near Dawson, to be exhibited at the Toronto fair. The vegetables include celery, rhubarb, lettuce, onions, turnips, cauliflower, cabbage, rutabagas, potatoes, etc., and the grains consist of oats and wheat fully matured and of the best quality. These are from above the sixty-fourth parallel, which runs through Greenland and Iceland on the eastern side of the continent. Those who are interested in the subject of temperature will find the tables, as given in last year's report of Prof. C. C. Georgeson, worthy of study.

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