the work.

Alaska is part of the Department of the Columbia, which is at present commanded by Brig.-Gen. George M. Randall.


Transactions of the custom-house, district of Alaska, for the year ended June 30, 1902. ·

Number of vessels entered from foreign ports.
Number of vessels cleared for foreign ports.
Number of vessels entered from domestic ports.
Number of vessels cleared for domestic ports.
Number of entries of merchandise for duty.

Number of entries of merchandise free of duty

Number of entries for warehouse.

Number of entries for export to adjacent British provinces

Number of entries from warehouse for consumption

Number of entries from warehouse for exportation to adjacent British provinces ...

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1, 731







$2,335, 850 353, 318

$72, 461. 19

3, 081. 12 1, 490.00 4, 741. 11

32.90 2,320. 13

84, 126. 45


Commissions allowed and paid to collector or surveyor.

Salaries of collectors, deputies, clerks, inspectors, weighers, storekeep

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We have a kindly feeling for this branch of our Government. When others left us it stayed with us, and now when the burden is

great it bears it well even in the face of complaints occasionally. It is a great thing to get the mail regularly to a mining camp. It makes men more contented. It does not take a very close observer to detect this in Alaska. The communications which have been received from Gen. W. S. Shallenburger, Second Assistant, and Gen. J. L. Bristow, Fourth Assistant Postmasters General, will be found to contain much information. They are given in Appendixes M. and N.


Protection of game.--On June 7 the President approved an act for the protection of game in Alaska, and for other purposes. For text of this law, see Appendix O.

The law has worked for good already, for many have been making inquiries about it. The natives in southeast Alaska will no longer kill deer simply for the hides which they can not sell. The professional hunter who has been killing for the markets will cease.

The law will be difficult to execute in a country like this, but its mere creation will work a reformation. The section which provides that "Any marshal or deputy marshal may arrest without warrant any person, etc.," opens the door wide for the grafter and blackmailer.

There should be at least one game warden for each judicial division. Their quarterly reports will suggest amendments to make the law more efficient and workable.

On June 13 an act to redivide the district into three recording and judicial divisions became a law. See Appendix P.

The line dividing the second and third divisions is very arbitrary and must remain so for some time. It may cause a good deal of trouble and expense in the Koyukuk district, making it doubtful whether one must go to Nome or Valdez to be in the right court.

If the law contained a proviso that the judges or a majority of them with the approval of the Attorney-General might change the boundaries from time to time, as necessity demands, future contingencies would have been provided for, and Congress relieved of further action.

If anyone will take a glance at the map of Alaska and notice the topography of the third judicial division he can understand that the court can not enforce the laws well unless it is provided with independent means of transportation.

It will not do to let the court officers any longer depend on either the Navy or Revenue-Cutter Service for the means of getting about. The thing does not work well. The court must be entirely free and go and come as it can arrange best for each community. This it can not do when it considers itself only a guest of another branch of the service.

The vessels should be seaworthy and large enough to accommodate the officers of the court, prisoners, and witnesses. The vessel can be in the custody of the marshal and furnished with small arms and a Gatling gun. All the crew should be sworn in as deputy United States marshals and undergo a certain discipline. Such a vessel thus equipped and always ready for service would have a strong moral effect in keeping down lawlessness.

This will be a new thing for the Department of Justice to take on, but it should not hesitate if it does not wish the court to remain helpless in Valdez for the greater part of the year.


We want to be represented in these institutions. There are boys here who are reading of generals and admirals, and some of them aspire to attend these schools that they in time may be prepared to become generals and admirals. We are sure that the material is good and we are anxious that the district may have its quota at these places of instruction.


This matter was brought forward again in last year's report. A former governor in his report of 1885 and again in the next report made an extended plea for such an institution. No move has ever been made. If the commission which has been above suggested is authorized, it is recommended that they be particularly instructed to report as to the necessity for such service in one or more hospitals.


There is to be a big show at St. Louis to display to the world the wonderful things that have been done since the Louisiana purchase by President Jeffersor. We all look forward to the opening with the keenest interest, and every fellow who can raise the car fare intends to go. Just how great a place Alaska shall fill depends upon the will of Congress, for it has our money in its bank at Washington.

We can send the Eskimo, some of them short and thick, and others, men and women over 6 feet, strong and powerful. He can bring his dogs and reindeer, his spears, harpoons, lines, nets, traps, kyak, and oomiak, his house and his workshop. He can give an exhibition of his tools and how he works. Hé can bring his masks and drums, and show how he makes fun for the winter. The Aleut might come and show how he used to chase the sea otter in his bidarka of wonderful construction-exhibit his bow and arrow and let us see how he used to live in his barabara and how he dressed in his parka and kamalayka. The women from Atka and Attu could show their fine basketry, which every lover of art admires. Then we have the natives from the river valleys the Yukon, Koyukuk, Tanana, Kuskoquim, and Copper—with all their variation in modes of living, hunting, and traveling. We have the Thlingits, Hydahs, and Tsimsheans, with their slaves, communal houses, great canoes, tools, fighting gear, and totem poles.

The ethnology of Alaska is a large subject. How shall we tell of the wonders of the north Pacific-salmon, halibut, cod, herring, oolachan, sharks, porpoises, hair seals, sea lions, fur seals, thrashers, belugas, walrus, and whales? They are all here. Gold-found in veins of white quartz-in veins mixed with other minerals. Gold in stratas of the sand upon Nome's shores. Gold in the flats beneath the frozen tundra. We could show how men got over the Chilcoot Pass, built their frail boats, and shot Miles Canyon and White Horse Rapids. There is copper, lead, tin, silver, and iron to tell of. The woodsspruce, hemlock, red cedar, yellow cedar, alders, wild apples, berries of many kinds. Then the furs and the animals which wore them; the fur seal, the fox-black, silver, red, white, and blue--marten, mink, wolverine, bear-white, black, and brown-beaver, fisher, and ermine. We can take potatoes, cabbages, cauliflower, turnips, radishes, let

tuce, celery, rhubarb, horse-radish, peas, beets, carrots, parsnips, kohl rabbi, oats, rye, barley, wheat, and flax, and our grasses of many kinds. We can not transport our scenery of inland passage, moun tain and glacier, but we might try to give the dwellers of the plains some idea of what they are. All these and those things not mentioned are worthy of a separate shelter at that exhibition. It will require great care and labor to assemble them and it will be the work of many hands. The people are ready and anxious to join to help make it a success by loaning private collections, by contributing to certain objects, and by personal help. Is it, therefore, asking too much of Congress that at least $100,000 of the license money which has been collected be devoted to this purpose? The distances are great, transportation costly, and the rate of wages high. We need that amount of money to make a creditable showing.


The clerks of the courts collect the money and are under heavy bonds for the care and custody of it. They are instructed by the Attorney-General to enter and report this money under two heads: Schedule A, license moneys received from business carried on in incorporated towns; Schedule B, license moneys received for business carried on outside of incorporated towns. By the kindness of the Department of Justice this office has been furnished with copies of the clerks' reports as follows: Division No. 1, first, second, and fourth quarters for fiscal year 1902; division No. 2, for fractional quarter ending July 13, 1901; quarter ending September 30, 1901; quarter ending December 31, 1901, and quarter ending March 31, 1902; division No. 3, first, second, third, and fourth quarters for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902. These are to be found in full in Appendix AA and will tell who are paying the money. It is regretted that they could not be made complete for one whole year. The amounts reported by Mr. W. J. Hills, the clerk for division No. 1, for the abovementioned quarters, are $80,770.02.

Whole amount collected for the year
Paid to United States Treasurer
Paid for court expenses.

$84, 183. 82

60, 942. 66 21, 734. 84

Eighteen thousand dollars of the above amount paid to the United States Treasurer came from within incorporated towns. This subtracted from that would leave $42,942.66 covered into the Treasury of the United States from division No. 1, one-half of which would be available for school purposes outside of incorporated towns-that is, $21,471.33. Mr. Hills's statement is as follows:

Statement of license collected outside of incorporated towns in division No. 1, district o
Alaska, during the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1901, and ending June 30, 1902.
Total amount received from license during the fiscal year
Balance on hand July 1, 1901 ..



Paid to United States Treasurer

Court expenses paid....

Balance on hand July 1, 1902.

$84, 183.82

15, 229.50

99, 413.32

$60, 942.66
21, 734. 84
16, 735.82

99, 413. 32

It appears that the court expenses are paid out of funds in either Schedule A or B. The totals of the amounts collected during the quarters above indicated in Division No. 2 is $140,013.62. Nine thousand four hundred and sixty dollars is the only part of this sum that was covered into the Treasury, and it is from Nome, which is incorporated. The sum collected within its limits was $82,449.21, one-half of which, $41,224.601, would be available for school and other municipal purposes. The amount collected outside of the incorporation was $57,564.41. In the absence of any statement of any amount having been covered into the Treasury of the United States, except the above mentioned amount, which comes from the clerk, it is presumed that the money, with the exception of whatever balance there may have been on hand, has been spent for court expenses.

In Division No. 3 the total amount collected for the quarters given in the appendix is $14,865. Eagle is incorporated, and the sum collected there was $3,970, one-half of which would be the available school fund for the town. Mr. A. R. Heilig, the clerk of the division, reports that he has covered into the United States Treasury, from licenses collected outside of incorporated towns, $5,209.42.

The total amount collected in the three divisions for the quarters mentioned is $235,648.64; of this sum $75,612.08 has been sent to the United States Treasury. The part of this sum which came from limits outside of incorporated towns is $48,152.08, one-half of which, $24,076.04, is the whole amount available for school purposes under the direction of the Bureau of Education.

There has been some complaint about the injustice of the system, but not generally from those who pay the money. Some who pay not a cent are the loudest in their cries against it. Some who pay large sums say that the law does not discriminate rightly. Yukon River steamers can not run longer than three or four months, and they are taxed $1 a ton, the same rate for vessels as in southeast Alaska, where they can run the year through. Some of these river boats can make but two trips in a season, yet they pay as much as $700 license. It would be well to do away with every burden upon transportation.

The handling of such a business does not properly belong to a court. It belongs to the Bureau of Internal Revenue, and that office should be charged with this duty. Most of the money that is now collected is expended upon the orders of the courts. This was allowed, no doubt, because when these courts were about to be organized the sums which they would need for jails, clerk hire, etc., could not be anticipated and provided for by regular appropriations. This reason does not hold now and the whole business should be taken out of the hands of the courts and placed in charge of the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue, where it properly belongs and will be in harmony with the system of collecting and disposing of public funds. Read the letter of Mr. A. R. Heilig, clerk of Division No. 3, which is given in Appendix Q.


Schools in the incorporated towns are doing well, mainly because the law provides enough money to conduct them up to a certain standard. Nome has a much larger sum than is needed at present for her schools and she devotes much of it to municipal purposes. Juneau has gone ahead and built up a good school which fairly meets their wants. They have sought good teachers, paying none less than $100 per month.

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