On motion of Rev. Dr. Sears, the Institute adjourned to half-past 7 o'clock.

At the hour appointed, Rev. Dr. Levi W. Leonard, of Dublin, N. H., delivered a Lecture on 66 The Present Condition and Wants of Common Schools.On motion of Mr. Allen, of Boston, it was

Voted, That when the Institute adjourn, it adjourn to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning, to listen to the representation of Phonetics, by Dr. Stone, of Boston.

It was voted, that the topics suggested by Dr. Leonard's lecture be discussed during the remainder of the evening session.

Rev. Dr. Sears, of Newton, being called upon by the President, remarked that he agreed with the lecturer, that there were some points in which the elementary education in our schools should be improved. The object of elementary education was not so much to give the mind knowledge as to give it discipline. The mental habit, the power to use the intellect in the right way, was what was needed. He thought there were too many studies pursued in our elementary schools. It was far better to give instruction in a few branches, and have that instruction thorough. Elementary education was like laying the foundation of a building. We needed to lay a solid, substantial, enduring foundation. If we did this, a great and good work for life was done, and the whole life might be employed in carrying forward the superstructure. As in science there were a few principles from which the whole science might be evolved, so it was in education; there was a beginning from which all must proceed. Superficiality destroys the interest of the pupil. We must stimulate his intellectual nature by giving to him a knowledge of intellectual power. The pupil

must be made to feel that he has within him an intellectual nature, and not be overtasked and wearied and discouraged by the prosecution of too great a number of studies.

Mr. Sherwin, of Boston, said, that thoroughness in teaching could not be too strongly insisted upon. We were in an error in urging the child's mind too rapidly, and putting before him subjects which he was unable to comprehend except quite superficially. There was a great deficiency in reading and spelling among the pupils in our common schools. He agreed with the lecturer in regard to the necessity of a more general study of the natural sciences in our schools.

Mr. Sullivan, of Boston, remarked, that the subject of moral training, which had been introduced by the lecturer, was one of great importance. The necessity of a moral as well as intellectual instruction in our schools, had already been alluded to. The tendencies of the age were to break away from all moral restraint. The moral training of our youth was too much neglected.

The speaker referred to a system of moral instruction, which he had adopted in his own school with beneficial results. He was accustomed to require his pupils to recite, every Monday morning, the text which they had heard discoursed from on the previous Sabbath. This text he remarked upon, and made it a rule of action during the week, constantly referring to it. He also used other means to exert a moral influence upon his pupils. This duty of moral instruction was incumbent on every teacher. Its good effects would be perceived in every department of the school. He urged upon teachers to adopt in their schools some method of moral training.

On motion of Mr. Philbrick, of Boston, the following resolutions were laid on the table :

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Resolved, That Normal Schools, or Institutions for the thorough training of teachers, are essential elements in a comprehensive system of public instruction.

Resolved, That we rejoice in what has been done by such schools where they have been established, and recommend the establishment of such institutions in the States where they do not exist.

The meeting was then adjourned until Wednesday morning, at 9 o'clock.

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WEDNESDAY, AUG. 13. * The Institute assembled at the hour appointed, when prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Leonard.

At half-past 9 o'clock, a Lecture was delivered by Henry K. Oliver, Esq., of Lawrence, Mass., on Teachers' Morals and Manners."

At the close of the lecture a recess of five minutes was taken.

At 11 o'clock, Mr. Thomas Cushing, Jr., of Boston, gave a Lecture on " The Teacher in the Nineteenth Century.


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At half-past 2, P. M., John D. Philbrick, Esq., of Boston, was appointed Secretary, pro tem.

The Report of the Committee on Nominations was submitted by Mr. W. D Swan, and was accepted.

Voted, To proceed to the choice of Officers.

Messrs. Bates, Cushing and King were appointed to receive and count the votes ; when it appeared that the candidates nominated by the Committee were unanimously elected.

On motion of Mr. Philbrick, it was voted that the name of Hon. Horace Mann be added to the list of Vice Presidents.

As amended, the List of Officers for 1851–2 is as follows, viz:


Gideon F. Thayer, of Boston, Mass.


Thomas Sherwin, Boston, Mass.
John Kingsbury, Providence, R. I.
Samuel Pettes, Boston,
Barnas Sears, Newton, Mass.
Horace Mann, West Newton, Mass.
Benjamin Greenleaf, Bradford,
George N. Briggs, Pittsfield,
David Kimball, Needham,
William Russell, Merrimac, N. H.
Henry Barnard, Hartford,
William H. Wells, Newburyport,
Edwin D. Sanborn, Hanover,
Alfred Greenleaf, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Nathan Bishop, Boston,
William D. Swan, Boston,
Charles Northend, Salem,
Samuel S. Greene, Providence, R. I.
Roger S. Howard, Bangor, Me.
Benjamin Labaree, Middlebury, Vt.
Edwin Wyman, St. Louis,
Thomas Cushing, Jr., Boston,
Rufus Putnam, Salem,
Ariel Parish, Springfield,
Leander Wetherell, Rochester, N. Y.
Ethan A. Andrews, New Britain, Ct.
Thomas Baker, Gloucester,
John Batchelder, Lynn,
Daniel Leach, Roxbury,

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Daniel Mansfield, Cambridge,
Samuel W. King, Lynn,
D. P. Galloup, Salem,
A. A. Gammell, Providence,
Elbridge Smith, Cambridge,
Solomon Jenner, New York,
F. N. Blake, Barnstable, Mass.
Charles Hutchings, Wilmington, Del.
Leonard Hazeltine, New York,
David S. Rowe, Westfield, Mass.
Samuel W. Bates, Boston,
D. B. Hagar, West Roxbury.


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