cxecution unto the law, which otherwise was but My Lord of Pembroke, my Lord of Arundel, twrluum cadaver et bona peritura.

my Lord Zouch, and Mr. Secretary Lake, were Thus much touching the legal part of my ad- new sworn of the council here. vertisement un:o you. I will give your lordship an account in two lines of the complement of the country, time, and place. The country affords more profit and better con

TO TIIE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. tentment than I could ever promise myself by my reading of it.

MY VERY GOOD LORD, The king was never more cheerful in body and I have sent enclosed a letter to his majesty conmind, never so well pleased: and so are the Eng- cerning the strangers ; in which business I had lish of all conditions.

formerly written to your lordship a joint letter The entertainment very honourable, very gene- with my Lord of Canterbury, and my lord ral, and very full: every day feasts and invita- privy seal,* and Mr. Secretary Winwood. tions. I know not who paid for it. They strive, I am, I thank God, much relieved with my by direction, to give us all fair contentment, that being in the country air, and the order I keep; so we may know that the country is not so contempt- that, of late years, I have not found my health ible, but that it is worth the cherishing.

better. The lord provost of this town, who in Eng Your lordship writeth seldomer than you were lish is the mayor, did feast the king and all the wont; but when you are once gotten into Englords this week; and another day all the gentle- land you will be more at leisure. God bless and men. And, I confess, it was performed with prosper you. state, with abundance, and with a general content. Your lordship's true and devoted There is a general and a bold expectation, that

friend and servant, Mr. John Murray shall be created a baron of this

Fr. Bacon. country, and some do chat, that my Lord of Gorhambury, July 29, 1617. Buckingham's Mr. Wray shall be a groom of the bed-chamber in his place.

There hath been yet no creation of lords since his majesty did touch Scotland; but of knights

TO THE LORD KEEPER. many, yet not so many as we heard in England;

MY HONOURABLE LORD, but it is thought all the pensioners will be knights to-morrow. Neither are there any more English who, in this business of Sir John Bennet's,

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter. lords sworn of the privy council here, save my hath altogether followed your lordship’s direction. Lord of Buckingham. The Earl of Southampton, Montgomery, and

His majesty hath at length been pleased to

despatch Mr. Lowder, s according to your lordHay, are already gone for England. I have made good profit of my journey hither;

ship's desire, for the place in Ireland. What the for I have gotten a transcript of the speech which cause of the stay was, I shall impart to your your lordship did deliver at your first and happy

lordship when I see you, being now too long to

relate. sitting in Chancery, which I could not gain in England. It hath been showed to the king, and little book you sent me to present unto him; but,

His majesty hath not yet had leisure to read the received due approbation. The God of heaven, all-wise and all-sufficient, guard and assist your it to him again.

as soon as I see the fittest opportunity, I will offer Jordship in all your actions: for I can read here

His majesty, God be thanked, is very well; whatsoever your lordship doth act there; and

and I am exceeding glad to hear of your health, your courses be such as you need not to fear to

that you are of so good terni proof, which is the give copies of them. But the king's ears be wide and long, and he seeth with many eyes, most to the trial, which I wish may long continue

best of it, being you are in those businesses put All this works for your honour and comfort. I pray God nothing be soiled, heated, or cooled in in that strength, that you may still do his majesty

and the carriage. Envy sometimes attends virtues,

your country that good service, whereof we and not for good; and these bore certain proprielies and circumstances inherent to your lordship’s

Edward, Earl of Worcester.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006, mind; which men may admire, I cannot express.

Of Godstow, in Oxfordshire, who was sent to Brussels to But I will wade no farther time herein, lest I should the archduke, to expostulate with himn concerning a libel on seem eloquent. I have been too saucy with your the king, imputed to Erycius Puteanus, and entitled , Isaari

Casauboni Corona Regia. lordship, and held you too long with my idleness. He had been solicitor to the queen, but finding her dislike He that takes time from your lordship robs the lo him, he was willing to part with his place for that of ore gublic. God give your body health, and your of the barons of the exchequer in Ireland ; for which he

was recommended by the lord keeper to the Earl of Butkiige g.wl heaven.

ham, in a letter dated at Whiteball, May 21, 1617

lear so general approbation that it much rejoiceth

TO THE LORD KEEPER me, who rest

Your lordship's, ever at command,

His majesty hath spent some time with Sir Falkland, the 5th

Lionel Cranfield, about his own business, of July, 1617.

wherewith he acquainted his majesty. He hath had some conference with your lordship, upon whose report to his majesty of your zeal and

care of his service, which his majesty accepteth TO THE LORD KEEPER.

very well at your hands, he hath commanded Sir

L. Cranfield to attend your lordship, to signify MY LORD:- I have received your lordship's letter by your man; but having so lately imparted service; unto whose relation I refer you. His

his farther pleasure for the furtherance of his my mind to you in my former letters, I refer your lordship to those letters without making a need majesty's farther pleasure is, you acquaint no less repetition, and rest

creature living with it, he having resolved to rely Your lordship's at command,

upon your care and trust only. G. BUCKINGHAM.

Thus, wishing you all happiness, I rest Ashion, the 25th of Aug. 1617.

Your lordship’s faithful friend

and servant, Endorsed.

G. BUCKINGHAM. To my honourable lord, Sir Francis Bacon, October 26, 1617.

Knight, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of




Give me leave, I beseech your lordship, for MY VERY GOOD LORD,

want of other means, by this paper to let your I have reformed the ordinance according to his lordship understand, that notwithstanding I rest majesty's corrections, which were very material. in no contempt, nor have to my knowledge broken And for the first of phrasis non placet, I understand his majesty, nay, farther, I understand my- the trust, either for the payment of money, or

any order made by your lordship, concerning self, the better for it. I send your lordship there- assignment of land; yet, by reason of my close fore six privy seals; for every court will look to imprisonment, and the unusual carriage of this have their several warrant. I send also, two bills cause against me, I can get no counsel who will, for letters patents, to the two reporters: and for in open court, deliver my case unto your lordship. the persons, I send also four names, with my I must, therefore, humbly leave unto your lordcommendations of those two, for which I will ship's wisdom, how far your lordship will, upon answer upon my knowledge. The naines must be filled in the blanks; and so they are to be wife without her husband's privity, extend the

my adversary's fraudulent bill, exhibited by the returned.

most powerful arm of your authority against me, For the business of the Court of Wards, your who desire nothing but the honest performance lordship's letter found me in the care of it. of a trust, which I know not how to leave if I Therefore, according to his majesty's command-would. So, nothing doubting but your lordship ment, by you signified, I have sent a letter for his will do what appertaineth to justice, and the emimajesty's signature. And the directions themselves are also to be signed. These are not to be

* This gentleman was very unfortunate in his behaviour, returned to me, lest the secret come out; but to with regard to those who had the great seal; for in Hilary be sent to my Lord of Wallingford, as the packets Term, of the year 1623-4, he was fined three thousand use to be sent.

pounds by the Star Chamber, for casting an imputation of

bribery on the Lord Keeper Williams, Bishop of Lincoln. I do much rejoice, to hear of his majesty's MS. letter of Mr. Chańberlain, to Sir Dudley Carleton, health and good disposition. For me, though I dated at London, 1623–4. Sir Francis had been committed to am incessantly in business, yet the reintegra- which he was charged, by Sir John Bennet, with having tion of your love, maketh me find all things said before suficient witness, “ that he could prove this holy easy.

bishop judge had been bribed by some that fared well in their

A few days after the sentence in the Star ChamGod preserve and prosper you.

ber, the lord keeper sent for Sir Francis, and told him he Your lordship's true friend,

would refute his foul aspersions, and prove upon him that he and devoted servant,

scorned the pell of the world, or to exact, or make lucre, of

any man; and that, for his own part, he forgave him every Fr. Bacon.

penny of his fine, and would crave the same mercy towards York House,

him from the king.–Bishop llacker's Lise or Arcbhishop ructober 18, 1617.

Williams, Part I., p. 83, 84.




nent place of equity your lordship holdeth, I
must, since I cannot understand from your lord- My HONOURABLE LORD,
ship the cause of my late close restraint, rest,

The certificate being returned upon the comduring your lordship's pleasure,

mission touching Sir Richard Haughton's alum Your lordship's close prisoner in the Fleet,

mines, I have thought fit to desire your lordship's

Fr. Englefyld. furtherance in the business, which his majesty Oct. 28, 1617.

(as your lordship will see by his letter) much affecteth as a bargain for his advantage, and for the present relief of Sir Richard Haughton.

What favour your lordship shall do him therein MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I will not fail to acknowledge, and will ever rest I have thought good to renew my motion to

Your lordship’s faithful servant, your lordship, in the behalf of my Lord of Hun

G. BUCKINGHAM. tingdon, my Lord Stanhope, and Sir Thomas

Endorsed, Gerard; for that I am more particularly ac

Received, November 16, 1617. quainted with their desires; they only seeking the true advancement of the charitable uses, unto which the land, given by their grandfather, was

TO THE LORD KEEPER. I intended : which, as I am informed, was meant My HONOURABLE LORD, by way of a corporation, and by this means, that I have acquainted his majesty with your lordit might be settled upon the schoolmaster, usher, ship’s letter, who liketh well of the judges' opiand poor, and the coheirs to be visitors. The nion you sent unto him, and hath pricked the tenants might be conscionably dealt withal; and sheriff of Buckinghamshire in the roll you sent, so it will be out of the power of any feoffees to which I returned signed unto your lordship. abuse the trust; which, it hath been lately His majesty takes very well the pains you have proved, have been hitherto the hindrance of this taken in sending to Sir Lionel Cranfield; and good work. These coheirs desire only the ho- desireth you to send to him again, and to quicken nour of their ancestor's gist, and wish the money, him in the business. misemployed and ordered to be paid into court by Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, Sir John Harper, may rather be bestowed by

G. BUCKINGHAM. your lordship's discretion for the augmentation of the foundation of their ancestors, than by the his household, wherewith he would have your

His majesty liketh well the course taken about censure of any other. And so I rest Your lordship's servant,

lordship, and the rest of his council, to go forward. G, BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, the 17th November, 1617.
Theobalds, November 12.


My Lord of Buckingham showing his majesty's ap

probation of the courses held touching the household.



TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.I Though I had resolved to give your lordship no Mr very good Lord, more trouble in matters of controversy depending The last letter of my lord's, whereof the conclubefore you, with what importance soever my let- sion, indeed, is a little blunt, as the king calleth ters had been, yet the respect I bear unto this it, was concluded in my absence, which hath been gentleman hath so far forced my resolution, as to but once since I came to this town; and brought recommend unto your lordship the suit, which, I me by the clerk of the council, as I sat in ain informed by him, is to receive a hearing before Chancery. Whereupon I retired to a little closet you on Monday next, between Barneby Leigh and I have there, and signed it, not thinking fit to Sir Edward Dyer, plaintiffs, and Sir Thomas Thynne,& defendant; wherein I desire your lord For my opinion, I despatched it the morrow ship’s favour on the plaintiffs so far only as the following. And till Sir Lionel Cranfields be justice of their cause shall require. And so I rest Your lordship's faithful servant,

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.


* In answer to his lordship's letter from Newmarket, No

vember 19, 1617, printed in Lord Bacon's Works. Newmarket, the 15th of November.

He was originally a merchant in the city of London, in Endorsed, 1617.

troduced to the king's knowledge by the Earl of Northamp

ton, and into his service by the Earl of Buckingham, being Harl MSS. vol. 7006,

| Ibid. the great projector for reforming the king's household, d. 1 Eldest son of Sir John Thynne, knight, who died, Novem- vancing the customs, and other services; for which he was ber 21, 1604. This Sir Thomas's younger son by his first made lord treasurer, Baron Cranfield, and Earl of Middlesex; wife, Mary, daughter of George, Lord Audley, was father of but being accused by the House of Commons for misdemean Thomas Thynne, Esq.; assassinated by the followers of ors in his office, he had a severe sentence passad upon bim Count Conigsmark, February 12, 1682-3.

by the lords in 1621.



able to execute his part in the sub-commission, it sure your lordship, that should have been no will, in my opinion, not be so fit to direct it. He excuse to me, who shall ever assign both to the crept to me yesternight, but he is not well. I causes of the subject, yea, and to my health, but did his majesty's message to him touching the the leavings of times after his majesty's business tobacco; and he said he would give his majesty done. But the truth is, I could not speak with very real and solid satisfaction touching the Sir Lionel Cranfield, with whom of necessity I

was to confer about the names, till this afterThis is all for the present I shall trouble your noon. lordship withal, resting ever

First, therefore, I send the names by his adYour lordship’s true friend and devoted servant, vice, and with mine own good allowance of those,

Fr. Bacon. which we wish his majesty should select; whereNovember 20, 1617.

in I have had respect somewhat to form, more to the avoiding of opposition, but most to the service.

Two most important effects his majesty's letter

hath wrought already : the one, that we perceive MY HONOURABLE LORD,

his majesty will go through stitch, which goeth His majesty liketh very well of the draught to the root of our disease. The other, that it your lordship sent of the letter for the sub-com- awaketh the particular officers, and will make mission, and hath signed it as it was, without their own endeavours and propositions less perany alteration, and sent it to the lords. Which functory, and more solid and true for the future. is all I have to write at this time, but that I ever Somewhat is to be done presently, and somewhat rest your lordship's faithful friend and servant, by seasonable degrees. For the present my ad

G. BUCKINGHAM. vice is, his majesty would be pleased to write Newmarket, the 2d of December, 1617.

back to the table, that he doth well approve that we did not put back or retard the good ways we were in of ourselves; and that we understood his

majesty's right; that his late direction was to TO THE LORD KEEPER.

give help, and not hindrance to the former courses ; MY HONOURABLE LORD,

and that he doth expect the propositions we have His majesty hath been pleased to refer a peti- in hand, when they are finished : and that for the tion of one Sir Thomas Blackstones to your lord- sub-commissions, he hath sent us the names he ship, who being brother-in-law to a gentleman hath chosen out of those by us sent and prowhom I much respect, Sir Henry Constable, I pounded; and that he leaveth the particular have, at his request, yielded to recommend his directions from time to time, in the use of the subbusiness so far to your lordship's favour, as you commissioners, wholly to the table. shall find his case to deserve compassion, and may This Iconceive to be the fairest way; first to seal stand with the rules of equity. And so I rest the sub-commission without opening the nature Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, of their employments, and without seeming that

G. BUCKINGHAM. they should have any immediate dependence upon New market, the 4th of December.

his majesty, but merely upon the table.

As for that which is to be kept in breast, and to Endorsed, 1617.

come forth by parts, the degrees are these:

First, to employ the sub-commissioners in the reconsidering of those branches, which the several

officers shall propound. TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

Next, in taking consideration of other branches MY VERY GOOD LORD,

of retrenchment, besides those which shall be Your lordship may marvel, that together with propounded. the letter from the board, which you see passed The third, to take into consideration the great so well, there came no particular letter from my- and huge arrears and debts in every office; self; wherein, though it be true, that now this whether there be cause to abate them upon deceit very evening I have made even with the causes or abuse; and at least how to settle them best, of Chancery, and comparing with the causes both for the king's honour, and avoiding of heard by my lord, # that dead is, of Michaelmas clamour, and for the taking away, as much as term was twelvemonth, I find them to be double may be, that same ill influence and effect, where so many and one more; besides that the causes by the arrear past destroys the good husbandıy that I despatch do seldom luin upon me again, as and reformation to come. his many times did; yet, nevertheless, I do as The fourth is to proceed from the consideration

of the retrenchments and arrears to the improve * Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,

# Ibid. 1 Chancellor Ellesmere.



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All these four, at least the last three, I wish not discovery upon the discourse you had with me In be stirred in till his majesty's coming.

this day.* For I do freely confess, that your God ever preserve and prosper you.

offer of submission unto me, and in writing, if so Your lordship's true friend

I would have it, battered so the unkindness that I and devoted servant, had conceived in my heart for your behaviour toFR. Bacon. wards me in my absence, as, out of the sparks of

my old affection towards you, I went to sound Your lordship will be pleased to have a little his majesty's intention towards you, specially in care of the bestowing of this letter.

any public meeting; where I found, on the one York House, this 6th of December, 1617.

part, his majesty so little satisfied with your late answer unto him, which he counted (for I protest I use his own terms) confused and childish, and his rigorous resolution on the other part so fixed,

that he would put some public exemplary mark My Lord, I have received so many letters late- upon you; as I protest the sight of his deep conly from your lordship, that I cannot answer them ceived indignation quenched my passion, making severally: but the ground of them all being only me upon the instant change from the person of a this, that your lordship feareth I am so incensed party into a peacemaker; so as I was forced against you that I will hearken to every informa- upon my knees to beg of his majesty, that he lion that is made unto me; this one letter may would put no public act of disgrace upon you. well make answer unto them all. As his majesty And as I dare say, no other person would have 18 not apt to give ear to any idle report against been patiently heard in this suit by his majesty men of your place; so for myself

, I will answer but myself; so did I (though not without diffithat it is far from my disposition to take any ad- culty) obtain thus much, that he would not so far vantage in that kind. And for your lordship's un- disable you from the merit of your future service, kind dealing with me in this matter of my brother's, as to put any particular mark of disgrace upon time will try all. His majesty hath given me your person. Only thus far his majesty protestcommandment to make this answer in his nameeth, that upon the conscience of his office he canto your letter to him, that he needeth not to make not omit (though laying aside all passion) to give any other answer to you, than that which in that a kindly reprimand at his first sitting in council, letter you make to yourself, that you know his to so many of his counsellors, as were then here majesty to be so judicious, that whatsoever he behind, and were actors in this business, for their heareth, he will keep one ear open to you ; which ill behaviour in it. Some of the particular errors being indeed his own princely disposition, you committed in this business he will name, but may be assured of his gracious favour in that kind. without accusing any particular persons by name.

I will not trouble your lordship with any longer Thus your lordship seeth the fruits of my discourse at this time, being to meet you so shortly, natural inclination. I protest, all this time past where will be better trial of all that hath passed, it was no small grief unto me to hear the mouth of than can be made by letters. So I rest

so many upon this occasion open to load you with Your lordship's at command, innumerable malicious and detracting speeches,

G. BUCKINGHAM. as if no music were more pleasing to my ear, than Warwick, Sept. 5, 1617.

to rail of you : which made me rather regret the ill-nature of mankind, that, like dogs, love to set

upon them that they see snatched al. THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM TO THE LORD KEEPER, And to conclude, my lord, you have hereby a

fair occasion so to make good hereafter your MY LORD,—I have made his majesty acquainted reputation, by your sincere service to his majesty, with your note concerning that wicked fellow's as also by your firm and constant kindness to speeches, which his majesty contemneth, as is your friends, as I may (your lordship's old friend) usual to his great spirit in these cases. But notwith- participate of the comfort and honour that will standing his majesty is pleased that it shall be thereby come to you. Thus I rest at last exactly tried whether this foul-mouthed fellow was Your lordship's faithful friend and servan:, taken either with drunkenness or madness, when he

G. B. spake it. And as for your lordship's advice for setting up again the commissioners for suits, his The force of your old kindness hath made me majesty saith, there will be time enough for think- set down this in writing unto you, which some, ing upon that, at his coming to Hampton Court. that have deserved ill of me in this action, would

But his majesty's direction, in answer of your be glad to obtain by word of mouth, though they letter, hath given me occasion to join hereunto a

* At Windsor, according to Sir Anthony Weldon, who may * This seems to be the letter to whin the lord keeper re- perhaps be believed in such a circumstance as this Bee Court fwrned an answer, September 22, 1617, printed in his works. and Character of King James I., p. 129


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