despatch, as a business very commendable and

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. worthy to be taken in hand.

MY HONOURABLE LORD, For the Earl of Ormonde, his majesty made no I have written a letter unto your lordship, which other answer, but that he hopeth he is not so will be delivered unto you in behalf of Dr. Steward; unmannerly, as to go away without taking leave and, besides, have thought fit to use all freedom of his majesty.

with you in that, as in other things; and, thereFor Sir Robert Mansell's account, his majesty fore, have thought fit to tell you, that he being a saith he is very slow, especially being but a sum- man of very good reputation, and a stout man, mary account, and that he promised to bring it in that will not yield to any thing, wherein he conbefore: and therefore would have him tied to the ceiveth any hard course against him, I should be day he hath now set, without any farther delay. sorry he should make any complaint against you.

This last his majesty commanded me to put in And, therefore, if you can advise of any course, after I had written and signed my letter. how you may be eased of that burden, and freed Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, from his complaint, without show of any fear of

G. BUCKINGHAM. him, or any thing he can say, I will be ready to Royston, the 13th of November, 1618.

join with you for the accomplishment thereof:
and so, desiring you to excuse the long stay of
your man, I rest
Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,


From Newmarket, 3d of December, 1618. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

Having formerly moved your lordship in the business of this bearer, Mr. Wyche, of whom, as I understand, your lordship hath had a special TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. care to do him favour, according to the equity of My VERY GOOD LORD, his cause; now, seeing that the cause is shortly Yesternight we despatched the Lord Ridgeto be heard, I have thought fit to continue my way's account. Good service is done. Seven recommendation of the business unto you, desir- or eight thousand pounds are coming to the king, ing your lordship to show what favour you law- and a good precedent set for accounts. fully may unto Mr. Wyche, according as the There came to the seal about a fortnight since justness of the cause shall require: which I will a strange book passed by Mr. Attorney to one Mr. acknowledge as a courtesy from your lordship, Hall; and it is to make subjects, (for so is denizaand ever rest

tion,) and this to go to a private use, till some Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, thousand pounds be made of it. The number

G. BUCKINGHAM. one hundred denizens. And, whereas, all books Newmarket, the 18th of November, 1618.

of that nature had an exception of merchants, (which importeth the king not much in his customs only, for that is provided for in the book, but many other ways,) this takes in merchants

and all. I acquainted the commissioners with it, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

and by one consent it is stayed. But let me I send your lordship the bill of the sheriff of counsel his majesty to grant forth a commission Hereford and Leicester, pricked and signed by

of this nature, so to raise money for himself, being his majesty, who hath likewise commanded me to

a flower of the crown: and Hall may be rewarded send unto your lordship these additions of instruc- out of it; and it would be to principal persons, tions, sent unto him by the surveyor and receiver

that it may be carried with election and discretion, of the Court of Wards; wherein, because he whom to admit to denization, and whom not.

God ever bless and prosper you. knoweth not what to prescribe without understanding what objections can be made, his plea

Your lordship's most faithful sure is, that your lordship advise and consider of

and obliged friend and servant, them, and send him your opinion of them, that he


December 8, 1618. way then take such course therein, as shall be fit.

His majesty commanded me to give you thanks for your care of his service, and so I rest

Your lordship's faithful servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I thank your lordship for the favour, which I Nez'market, 220

understand Sir Francis Engelfyld hath received Endorsed, 1618.



• Ilari. MSS. vol. 7006.

• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.
+ Ibid.

from your lordship upon my last letter, where- upon the reason you allege, whereof his majesty unto I desire your lordship to add this one favour will speak farther with you at bis return. more, (which is the same that I understand your The letter, which you sent me about my Lord fordship granted him at Christinas last,) to give of Ormonde's son, is not according to his majes. him liberty for the space of a fortnight, to follow ty's meaning; but I would have you frame anhis business in his own person; whereby he may other to my lord deputy to this purpose: “That bring it to the more speedy end, putting in his majesty having seen a letter of his to Sir security according to the ordinary course, to ren- Francis Blundell, advertising, that the Earl of der himself prisoner again as soon as that time Ormonde's son, and some other of his kindred, is expired: which is all that I desire for him, and did victual and fortify their houses; his majesty in which I will acknowledge your lordship’s hath thereupon commanded you to write unto him, favour towards him; and ever rest

that if the ground of information be true, (which Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, he may best know,) that then he send for the said

G. BUCKINGHAM. earl's son, and the principal of his kindred to Newinarket, the 10th of December, 1618.

appear before him: and if they appear, and give him satisfaction, it is well; but if they refuse to

appear, or give him not satisfaction, though they TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. appear; that then he assemble what forces he can, My very goop LORD,

be they never so few, and go against them, that I send you herewith the copy of a letter which he may crush the rebellion in the egg.” we, the commissioners for Ormonde's cause, have

I have reinembered his majesty, as I promised written to the Deputy of Ireland, according to his your lordship, about the naming you for a commajesty's pleasure, signified by Sir Francis Blun- missioner to treat with the Hollanders: but, bedell; which I humbly desire his majesty would sides that you have so many basinesses, both of the peruse, that if it do not attain his meaning, as Star Chamber, and others in the term time, when we conveyed it, we may second it with a new this must be attended as well as in the vacation, letter.

whereby this would be either too great a toil to We have appointed Monday morning for these you, or a hindrance to his majesty's service; he mint businesses, referred by his majesty to certain thinketh it could not stand with the honour of commissioners, and we will carry it sine strepitu. your place to be balanced with those that are sent

The patent touching Guinea and Bynny for the from the state, so far unequal to his majesty, and trade of gold, stayed first by myself, and after by being themselves none of the greatest of the state. his majesty's commandment, we have now settled Therefore, his majesty holdeth it not fit or worthy by consent of all parties.

of you to put you into such an employment, in Mr. Attorney, by my direction, hath made, upon which none of your predecessors, or any of the his information exhibited into the Star Chamber, chief counsellors, have been ever used in this a thundering motion against the transportation of kind, but only in a treaty of marriage or conclugold by the Dutch; which all the town is glad sion of a peace; as when the Constable of Castile of; and I have granted divers writs of ne exeat was here, when the commissioners on both sides regnum, according to his majesty's warrant.

had their authority under the great seal of either Sir Edward Coke keeps in still, and we have kingdom, with direct relation to their sovereigns, miss of him; but I supply it as I may by my far differing from this commission, which is now farther diligence.

God ever bless you and keep given to these men, and whereunto his majesty you.

is to frame the course of his. As for the part Your lordship's most faithful and

which concerneth Scotland, the choice hath not bounden friend and servant,

been made of the chancellor of Archbishop of St. FR. VERULAM, Canc.

Andrew's, but of men nearer the rank of those December 11, 1618.

that come hither to treat. As yet his majesty I forget not your doctor's matter. I shall delayeth to give any commission at all, because speak with him to-day, having received your he would first be informed from the lords, both lordship's letter; and what is possible shall be of the points and form of their commission, which done. I pray pardon my scribbling in haste. his majesty hitherto understandeth to be, with

authority to overrule and direct their merchants in what they shall think fit; which, if it be su,

then his majesty holdeth it fit for his part, to MY HONOURABLE LORD,

appoint the whole body of the council with like

As for me, I shall be I have acquainted your majesty with your letter, power over his merchants. who is very well pleased with your care of his ever ready upon any occasion to show myself service, in making stay of the grant of denizens

Your lordship's faithful friend ard servanı,

G. BUCKINGHAM. • Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Newmarket, the 14th of December, 1618

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gone into England. He tells me, that Galileo MY VERY GOOD LADY AND Cousin,

had answered your discourse concerning the flux I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may and reflux of the sea, and was sending it unto express my good affection and wishes towards me; but that Mr. White hindered him, because your ladyship, being so near unto me, and the his answer was grounded upon a false supposidaughter of a father, to whom I was in the tion, namely, that there was in the ocean a full passages


my fortune much obliged. So, with sea but once in twenty-four hours. But now I my loving commendations, in the midst of busi- will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White ness, I rest

a discreet and understanding gentleman, Your affectionate kinsman

though he seem a little soft, if not slow; and and assured friend, he hath in his hands all the works, as I take

FR. VERULAM, Canc. it, of Galileo, some printed, and some unprinted. York House, this 25th of January, 1618.

He hath his discourse of the fiux and refux of the sea, which was never printed; as also a discourse of the mixture of metals. Those which

are printed, in his hand, are these: the Nuncius TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. *

sidereus ; Macchie solari, and a third Delle Cose, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

che stanno su l'acqua, by occasion of a disputaLest my often writing may make your lordship tion, that was amongst learned men in Florence, conceive that this letter hath been drawn from about that which Archimedes wrote, de insidentiyou by importunity, I have thought fit, for pre- bus humido. venting of any such conceit, to let your lordship I have conceived that your lordship would know, that Sir John Wentworth, whose business not be sorry to see these discourses, of that I now recommend, is a gentleman whom I es- man; and therefore I have thought it belongteem in more than an ordinary degree. And ing to my service to your lordship, to give therefore I desire your lordship to show him bin a letter of this date, though it will not be what favour you can, for my sake, in his suit, there so soon as this. The gentleman hath no which his majesty hath referred to your lordship: pretence or business before your lordship, but is which I will acknowledge as a courtesy unto willing to do your lordship all humble service; me, and rest

and, therefore, both for this reason, as also upon Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, my humble request, I beseech your lordship to

G. BUCKINGHAM. bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I am Newmarket, January 26, 1618.

beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall receive honour hy it. And I most humbly do

your lordship’s reverence. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

Your lordship's most obliged servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TOBIE MATTHEW. I being desired by a special friend of mine, to

Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619. recommend unto your lordship's favour, the case of this petitioner, have thought fit to desire you, for my sake, to show him all the favour you may in this his desire, as you shall find it in reason to

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.* deserve; which I shall take as a courtesy from MY HONOURABLE LORD, your lordship, and ever rest

His majesty hath commanded me to signify Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, unto your lordship, that it is his pleasure you put

G. BUCKINGHAM. off the hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur

Manwaring and Gabriel Dennis, till toward the I thank your lordship for your favour to Sir end of the term; because his majesty is graciously John Wentworth, in the despatch of his pleased to be at the hearing thereof himself. business.

And so I rest Newmarket, March 15, 1616.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,


Roystou, April 13, 1619.


TANFIELD, LORD CHIEF BARON OF THE EX. It may please your lordship, there was with CHEQUER.* me this day, one Mr. Richard White, who hath My LORDS,—His majesty having been moved spent some little time at Florence, and is now by the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, in the

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behalf of Philip Bernardi, whom he is to send

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. about some special employment over the seas, MY VERY good Lord, to the Duke of Savoy, that before his going,

I am much bounden to his majesty, and like. the business mentioned in this petition may be wise to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses ended, hath commanded me to recommend the

I have had with his majesty, and now by his same unto your lordship's care, that with all

royal and real favour,* that he loveth me, and expedition the cause may be heard and ended by acknowledgeth me for the servant that I am, or your lordships, according to his majesty's refer- desire to be. This, in me, must turn to a great ence ; or lefi to the determination of the Court alacrity to honour and serve him with a mind less of Chancery, where it is depending, and where

troubled and divided. And, for your lordship, the party assureth himself of a speedy end.

my affection may and doth daily receive addition, And so I rest your lordship’s

but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. very assured friend at command, G. BUCKINGHAM.

I pray present my humble thanks to his majesty;

and I am very glad his health confirmeth ; and I Royston, the 19th of April, 1619.

hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury ;
there is sweet air as any is. God preserve and
prosper you both. I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged

friend and faithful servani, My very gooD LORD,

FR. VERULAM, Canc. I think fit to let your lordship understand what May 9, 1619. passed yesterday in the Star Chamber, touching Suffolk's* business. There came to me the clerk of the court in the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. inner chamber, and told me that my Lord of Suf- MY HONOURABLE LORD, folk desired 10 be heard by his council, at the * His majesty was pleased, at the suit of some sitting of the court, because it was pen *** him. who have near relation to me, to grant a license

I marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, for transportation of butter out of Wales, unto who should have let me know as much, that I one Lewis and Williams, who, in consideration might not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that the patent should be passed in their names,

entered into articles for the performance of certain I called, presently, Mr. Attorney to me, and conditions agreed upon between them, which, now asked him whether he knew of the motion, and that the patent is under the great seal, they utterly what it was, and how he was provided to answer refuse to perform. My desire, therefore, to your it. He signified to me, that my lord would desire lordship is, that you would call the said Lewis to have the commission for exaruinations in Ire- and Williams you, with the other parties, land, to be returnable in Michaelmas term. 1 or some of them, who shall be ready at all times said it might not be, and presently drew the coun

to attend your lordship; and, out of your concil, then present, to me, and made Mr. Attorney sideration of the matter, according to equity, to repeat to thern the passages past, and settled it, take such course therein, that either the said that the commission should be returnable the first agreement may be performed, or that they which day of the next term, and then, republication refuse it may receive no benefit of the patent; granted, that it might, if accidents of wind and which, upon reason thereof, was passed in their weather permit, come to hearing in the term. names.

And herein I desire your lordship to And, upon motion in open court, it was ordered make what expedition you can; because, now is accordingly.

the season to make provision of the butter that, God ever preserve and prosper you.

for this

year, is to be transported, whereof they God this great easterly wind agree well with his take advantage to stand out. And so I rest

Your lordship’s faithful
Your lordship's most obliged

friend and servant,
friend and faithful servant,


Greenwich, May 14, 1619.
May 6, 1619.

Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton.


'Though it be nothing, and all is but duty, yil, * Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who had been made I pray, show his majesty the paper enclosed, that lord treasurer in 1614. He was accused of several misdemeanors in that office, together with his lady, and Sir John Bingley, * Probably the grant made to hiin, about this time, of her ladyship's agent; and an information preferred against twelve hundred pounds a year. them all in the Star Chamber.

that weight.

I pray



+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

his majesty may see how careful his poor servant And, therefore, since his coming to Windsor is s, upon every emergent occasion, to do him what prolonged, I thought to keep day by letter, prayhonour he can. The motion made in court by the ing your lordship to commend my most humble king's sergeant, Crew,* that the declaration might service to his majesty, and to let him know, that be made parcel of the record, and that I hear since I see his majesty doth me the honour as to otherwise of the great satisfaction abroad, encou- rely upon my care and service, I lose no time in rageth me to let his majesty know what passed. that which may pertain thereunto. I see the God ever preserve and prosper you both. straits, and I see the way out; and what lieth in Your lordship’s obliged friend one man, whom he hath made great, and trained,

and faithful servant, shall not be wanting. And, I hope, if God give

FR. VERULAM, Canc. me life for a year or two, to give his majesty Endorsed,

cause to think of me seven years after I am dead. June 29, 1619. My lord to my lord marquis, en

I am glad the time approacheth, when I shall closing the form of a declaration used in point of have the happiness to kiss his majesty's hands, acknowledgment in the Lady Exeter’st cause. and to embrace your lordship, ever resting

Your lordship's most obliged friend
and faithful servant,


York House, Aug. 28, 1619. I PURPOSED to have seen you to-day, and receive your commandments before the progress; but I came not to London till it was late, and found you

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. were gone before I came. Nevertheless, I would My HONOURABLE Lord, not fail to let your lordship understand, that, as I find every day more and more occasions whereby Thomas Digby, wherein he complaineth of great

His majesty, upon a petition delivered by Mr. you bind me to you; so, this morning, the king wrongs done unto him, hath been pleased, for his of himself did tell me some testimony, that your more speedy relief and redress, if it prove as he lordship gave of me to his majesty even now, allegeth, to refer the consideration thereof unto when you went from him, of so great affection

your lordship. And, because he is a gentleman, and commendation, (for I must ascribe your com- whom I have long known and loved, I could not mendation to affection, being above my merit,) as but add my desire to your lordship, that if you I must do contrary to that that painters do; for find he hath been wronged, you would do him so they desire to mike the picture to the life, and I much favour, as to give him such remedy as the must endeavour to make the life to the picture, it equity of his case may require. For which I will hath pleased you to make so honourable a descrip-ever rest tion of me. I can be but yours, and desire to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, better myself, that I may be of more worth to

G. BUCKINGHAM. such an owner.

Royston, Oct. 8, 1619. I hope to give the king a good account of my time this vacation.

If your lordship pass back by London, I desire 10 wait on you, and discourse a little with you: My Honourable Lord, if not, my prayers shall go progress with you,

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, and my letters attend you, as occasion serveth.

who hath given order to Mr. Secretary Calvert to God ever preserve and prosper you.

signify his pleasure for the proceeding in that Your lordship's most obliged

business, whereof you write, without any farther friend and faithful servant,

delay, as your lordship will more fully underFR. VERULAM, Canc.

stand by Mr. Secretary, who for that purpose is July 1, 1619.

to return to London against the day of hearing.

I have no answer to make to your former letter, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

and will add no more to this, but that his majesty MY VERY GOOD LORD,

hath a great confidence in your care of his ser

vice. And so I rest This day, according to the first appointment, I thought to have waited upon his majesty, and to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. have given him an account of my cares and pre

Royston, Oct. 10, 1619. parations for his service, which is my progress.

Endorsed, * Sir Randolph Crew, made Chief Justice of the King's Showing his majesty's acceptation of your lordBench, January 26, 1624. + Countess of Exeter, accused of incest and other crimes


's care, in particular in the business against

the Earl of Suffolk. by the Lady Lake, wite of Secretary Lake, and their daughter 1119 Lady Roos.


Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

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