nious in nature, and therefore you may think, (if MY EVER BEST LORD, NOW BETTER THAN YOURSELF,

it please you,) I do it in judgment. God ever Your lordship’s pen or rather pencil hath por

preserve you.

Your lordship's most faithful trayed towards me such magnanimity and noble

and devoted friend and servant, ness and true kindness, as methinketh I see the image of some ancient virtue, and not any thing Gorhambury, April 13, 1617.

Fr. Bacon, C. S. of these times. It is the line of my life, and not the lines of my letter, that must express my

I purpose to send the precedents themselves by thankfulness: wherein, if I fail, then God fail

my Lord of Brackley, but I thought fit to give me, and make me as miserable as I think myself you some taste of my opinion before. at this time happy, by this reviver, through his majesty's singular clemency, and your incomparable love and favour.

God preserve you, prosper you, and reward you, for your kindness to Your raised and infinitely obliged friend IT MAY PLEASE your MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, and servant,

Mr. Vicechamberlain, hath acquainted myself Fr. Bacon, C. S.

and the rest of the commissioners, for the marSeptember 22, 1617,

riage with Spain, which are here, with your majesty's instructions, signed by your royal hands, touching that point of the suppression of

pirates, as it hath relation to his negotiation; MY SINGULAR GOOD Lord,

whereupon, we met yesterday at my Lord I am now for five or six days retired to my Admiral's at Chelsea, because we were loath to house in the country: for I think all my lords are draw my lord into the air, being but newly upon willing to do as scholars do, who, though they his recovery. call them holy-days, yet they mean them play We conceive the parts of the business are days.

four: the charge; the confederations, and who We purpose to meet again on Easter Monday, shall be solicited or retained to come in; the and go all to the Spittall sermon for that day, forces and the distributions of them; and the and therein to revive the ancient religious manner, enterprise. We had only at this time conference when all the counsel used to attend those amongst ourselves, and shall appoint, (after the sermons; which some neglected in Queen holidays,) times for the calling before us such as Elizabeth's time, and his majesty's great devo- are fit, and thereupon, perform all the parts of lion in the due hearing of sermons himself with your royal commandments. his counsel at the court, brought into desuetude. In this conference, I met with somewhat, But now, our attendance upon his majesty by which I must confess was altogether new to me, reason of his absence, cannot be, it is not amiss and opened but darkly neither; whereof I think to revive it.

Mr. Vicechamberlain will give your majesty I perceive by a letter your lordship did write some light, for so we wished. By occasion some days since to my Lord Blackley, that your whereof I hold it my duty in respect of the great lordship would have the king satisfied by prece- place wherein your majesty hath set me, (being dents, that letters patents might be of the dignity only made worthy by your grace,) which maketh of an earldom, without delivery of the patent it decent for me to counsel you ad summas rerum, by the king's own hand, or without the ordinary to intimate or represent to your majesty thus solemnities of a creation. I find precedents much. somewhat tending to the same purpose, yet not I do foresee, in my simple judgment, muen matching fully. But, howsoever, let me, accord-inconvenience to ensue, if your inajesty proceed ing to my faithful and free manner of dealing to this treaty with Spain, and that your counsel with your lordship, say to you, that since the draw not all one way. I saw the bitter fruits of king means it, I would not have your lordship, a divided counsel the last parliament; I saw no for the satisfying a little trembling or panting of very pleasant fruits thereof in the matter of the the heart in my Lord or Lady Blackley, to expose cloth. This will be of equal, if not of more yonr lordship's self, or myself, (whose opinion inconvenience; for, wheresoever the opinion of would be thought to be relied upon,) or the king, your people is material, (as in many cases it is our master, to envy with the nobility of this not,) there, if your counsel be united, they shall realm; as to have these ceremonies of honour be able, almost, to give law to opinion and dispensed with, which, in conferring honour, rumour; but if they be divided, the infusion have used to be observed, like a kind of Doctor will not be according to the strength and virtue Bullatus, without the ceremony of a commence of the votes of your counsel, but according to ment: the king and you know I am not ceremo- the aptness and inclination of the popular. This

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I leave to your majesty in your high wisdom to gave me the seal; and what rules and resolutions remedy. Only I could wish that when Sir John I had taken for the fulfilling his commandments. Dighy’s instructions are perfected, and that he is I send your lordship a copy of that I said. My ready to go, your majesty would be pleased to Lord Hay, coming to take his leave of me two write some formal letter to the body of your days before, I told him what I was meditating, counsel, (if it shall be in your absence,) signify- and he desired of me to send him some rememing to them your resolution in general, to the end brance of it; and so I could not but send him that, when deliberation shall be turned into reso- another copy thereof. Men tell me, it hath done lution, no man, howsoever he may retain the the king a great deal of honour; insomuch, that, inwardness of his opinion, may be active in some of my friends that are wise men, and no contrarium.

vain ones, did not stick to say to me, that there "The letters of my lords of the council, with was not these seven years such a preparation for your majesty, touching the affairs of Ireland, a Parliament; which was a commendation I conwritten largely and articulately, and by your fess pleased me well. I pray take some fit time majesty's direction, will much facilitate our to show it to his majesty, because if I misunderlabours here, though there will not want matter stood him in any thing, I may amend it, because of consultation thereupon. God ever preserve I know his judgment is higher and deeper than your majesty safe and happy.

mine. Your majesty's most devoted

I take infinite contentment to hear his majesty and obliged servant, is in great good health and vigour; I pray God

Fr. Bacon, C. S. preserve and continue it. Thus wishing you well
London, April 19, 1617.

above all men living, next my master and his,
I rest
Your true and devoted friend and servant,

FR. Bacon, C. S.

Dorset House, which putteth

me in mind to thank your

Jordship, for your care of
I send your lordship, according to the direction

me touching York House,
of your letter, a note of the precedents that I May 8, 1617.
find in my Lord Brackley's business; which do
rather come near the case than match it. Your
lordship knoweth already my opinion, that I
would rather have you constant in the matter,

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGIIAM. than instant for the time.

I send also enclosed an account of council My verY GOOD LORD, business, by way of remembrance to his majesty, I shall write to your lordship of a business, which it may please you to deliver to him. which your lordship may think to concern my.

The queen returneth her thanks to your lord-self; but I do think it concerneth your lordship ship, for the despatch of the warrant, touching her much more. For, as for me, as my judgment is house; I have not yet acquainted the lord not so weak to think it can do me any hurt, so treasurer and chancellor of the exchequer with my love to you is so strong, as I would prefer it; but I purpose to-morrow to deliver them the the good of you and yours before mine own partiwarrant, and to advise with them for the executing cular.

It seemeth Secretary Winwood hath officiously I have received the king's letter with another busied himself to make a match between your from your lordship, touching the cause of the brother and Sir Edward Coke's daughter: and as officers, and Sir Arthur Ingram, whereof I will we hear he doth it rather to make a faction than be very careful to do them justice.

out of any great assection to your lordship: it is Yesterday I took my place in Chancery, which true, he hath the consent of Sir Edward Coke I hold only from the king's grace and favour, and (as we hear) upon reasonable condilwns for your your constant friendship. There was much ado, brother, and yet no better than without question and a great deal of world. But this matter of may be found in some other matches. But the pomp, which is heaven to some men, is hell to mother's consent is not had, nor the young gentleme, or purgatory at least. It is true, I was glad man's, who expecteth a great fortune from her to see, that the king's choice was so generally mother, which without her consent is endangered. approved; and that I had so much interest in This match, out of my faith and freedom towards men's good wills and good opinions, because it your lordship, I hold very inconvenient, both for maketh me the fitter instrument to do my master your brother and yourself. service, and my friend also.

First, He shall marry into a disgraced house, After I was set in Chancery, I published his which in reason of state is never held good majesty's charge, which he gave me when he Next, Ile shall marry into a troubled house of


the same.

man and wife, which in religion and Christian ' match of Sir John Villiers, which I take to be discretion is disliked.

magnum in parvo: preserving always the laws Thirdly, Your lordship will go near to lose all and duties of a firm friendship to my Lord of such your friends as are adverse to Sir Edward Buckingham, whom I will never cease to love, Coke, (myself only except, who out of a pure and to whom I have written already, but have not love and thankfulness shall ever be firm to you.) heard yet from his lordship.

And, lastly, and chiefly, (believe it,) It will But, first, I have three suits to make to your greatly weaken and distract the king's service; majesty, hoping well you will grant them all. for though, in regard of the king's great wisdom The first is, That if there be any merit in drawand depth, I am persuaded those things will not ing on that match, your majesty would bestow the follow which they imagine; yet, opinion will do thanks not upon the zeal of Sir Edward Coke to a great deal of harm, and cast the king back, and please your majesty, nor upon the eloquent persuamake him relapse into those inconveniencies sions or pragmaticals of Mr. Secretary Winwood, which are now well on to be recovered.

but upon them that, carrying your commandments Therefore, my advice is, and your lordship and directions with strength and justice, in the shall do yourself a great deal of honour, if, ac- matter of the Governor of Diepe, in the matter cording to religion and the law of God, your lord of Sir Robert Rich, and in the matter of protectship will signify unto my lady your mother, that ing the lady, according to your majesty's comyour desire is, that the marriage be not pressed or mandment, have so humbled Sir Edward Coke, proceeded in without the consent of both parents, as he seeketh now that with submission which and so either break it altogether, or defer any as your majesty knoweth) before he rejected further delay in it till your lordship's return: and with scorn: for this is the true orator that hath this the rather, for that (besides the inconvenience persuaded this business, as I doubt not but your of the matter itself) it hath been carried so majesty in your excellent wisdom duth easily harshly and inconsiderately by Secretary Win- discern. wood, as, for doubt that the father should take My second suit is, That your majesty would away the maiden by force, the mother to get the not think me so pusillanimous, as that I, that start hath conveyed her away secretly; which is when I was but Mr. Bacon, had ever (through ill of all sides. Thus, hoping your lordship will your majesty's favour) good reason at Sir Edward not only accept well, but believe my faithful ad- Coke's hands, when he was at the greatest, vice, who by my great experience in the world should now that your majesty of your great goodmust needs see further than your lordship can. ness hath placed me so near your chair, (being as I ever rest

I hope by God's grace, and your instructions, Your lordship’s true and most devoted made a servant according to your heart and hand,) friend and servant,

fear him or take umbrage of him, in respect of Fr. Bacon, C. S. mine own particular.

My third suit is, That if your majesty be I have not heard from your lordship since I sent resolved the match shall go on, after you have the king my last account of council business, but heard my reasons to the contrary, I may receive I assure myself you received it, because I sent at therein your particular will and commandments the same time a packet to Secretary Laque, who from yourself, that I may conform myself therehath signified to me that he hath received it.

unto, imagining with myself (though I will not I pray your lordship deliver to his majesty this

wager on women's minds) that I can prevail more little note of Chancery business.

with the mother than any other man. For, if I July 12, 1617.

should be requested in it from my Lord of Buckingham, the answers of a true friend ought to be, That I had rather go against bis mind than against his good : but your majesty I must obey; and,

besides, I shall conceive that your majesty, out IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, of your great wisdom and depth, doth see those

I think it agreeable to my duty, and the great things which I see not. obligation wherein I am tied to your majesty, to Now, therefore, not to hold your majesty with be freer than other men in giving your majesty many words, (which do but drown matter,) let faithful counsel, while things are in passing; me most humbly desire your majesty to take into and more bound than other men in doing your your royal consideration, that the state is at this commandments, when your resolution is settled time not only in good quiet and obedience, but in and made known to me.

good affection and disposition. Your majesty's I shall, therefore, most humbly crave pardon prerogative and authority having risen some just from your majesty, if in plainness and no less degrees above the horizon more than heretofore, humbleness I deliver to your majesty my honest which hath dispersed vapours: your judges are in and disinterested opinion in the business of the good temper, your justices of peace (which is the




body of the gentleman of England) grow to be queen's bill, which I send your lordship. The loving and obsequious, and to be weary of the payment is not out of lands, but out of the cushumour of ruffling; all mutinous spirits grow to toms, and so it can be but the rent. Your lordbe a liule poor and to draw in their horns, and not ship remembereth, it is but in a case which, I the less for your majesty's disauctorizing the man hope, shal. never be; that is, after his majesty's I speak of. Now, then, I reasonably doubt, that death, if she survive. God ever bless and direct if there be but an opinion of his coming in with you. the strength of such an alliance, it will give a Your lordship's most faithful and turn and relapse in men's minds into the former

devoted friend and servant, state of things hardly to be holpen, to the great

Fr. Bacon, C. S. weakening of your majesty's service.

Gorhambury, this Again, Your majesty may have perceived that,

25th of July, 1617. as far as it was fit for me in modesty to advise, I was ever for a Parliament, (which seemeth to me to be cardo rerum, or summa summarum, for the present occasions.) But this my advice was ever conditional, that your majesty should go to a Par- My very gooD LORD, liament with a council united and not distracted; I now only send my best wishes, to follow you and that your majesty will give ine leave never to at sea and land, with due thanks for your late expect, if that man come in. Not for any differ- great favours. God knows whether the length ence of mine own, (for I am omnibus omnia for of your voyage will not exceed the size of my your majesty's service,) but because he is by na- hour-glass; but whilst I live, my affection to do ture unsociable, and by habit popular, and too old you service shall remain quick under the ashes of now to take a new ply. And men begin already my fortune. to collect, yea, and to conclude, that he that raiseth such a sinoke to get in, will set all on fire when he is in.

It may please your majesty, now I have said, I SIR,- In this solitude of friends, which is the have done : and, as I think I have done a duty not base court of adversity, where nobody, almost, unworthy the first year of your last high favour, will be seen stirring, I have often remembered 1 most humbly pray your majesty to pardon me, this Spanish saying, Amor sin fin, no tiene fin. if in any thing I have erred; for, my errors shall This bids me make choice of your friend and mine always be supplied by obedience; and so I con- for his noble succours; not now towards the asclude with my prayers for the happy preservation piring, but only the respiring of my fortunes. I, of your majesty's person and estate.

who am a man of books, have observed, that he Your majesty's most humble, bounden,

hath both the magnanimity of the old Romans, and most devoted servant,

and the cordiality of the old English, and, withal, Fr. Bacon, C. S.

I believe he hath the wit of both : sure I am, that, From Gorhambury,

for myself, I have found him in both my fortunes, this 25th of July, 1617.

to esteem me so much above my just value, and to love me so much above the possibility of deserving, or obliging on my part, as if he were a

friend created and reserved for such a time as this. TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

You know what I have to say to the great lord, My very GOOD LORD,

and I conceive it cannot pass so fitly to him, by I do think long to hear from your lordship, the mouth of any, as of this gentleman; and touching my last letter, wherein I gave you my therefore do your best (which, I know, will be of opinion touching your brother's match. As I then power enough) to engage him, both in the subshowed my dislike of the matter, so the carriage stance and to the secrecy of it; for I can think of of it here in the manner I dislike as much. If

no man but yourself to be used by me in this, your lordship think it is humour or interest in me who are so private, so faithful, and so discreet a that leads me, God judge my sincerity. But, I friend to us both; as, on the other side, I dare must say, that in your many noble favours to swear he is, and know myself to be as true to wards me, they ever moved and Aowed from

you as your own heart. yourself, and not from any of your friends whatsoever; and, therefore, in requital, give me leave that my counsels to you again be referred to your

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. happiness, and not to the desire of any of your friends. I shall ever give you, as I give my mas- My very good Lord, ter, safe counsel, and such as time will approve.

Yesterday, I know, was no day; now I hope I I received, yesterday, from Mr. Attorney, the shall hear from your lordship, who are my anchor

in these floods. Meanwhile, to ease my heart, I

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. nave written to his majesty the enclosed, * which, My very gooD LORD, I pray your lordship, to read advisedly, and to I send your lordship the certificate* touching deliver it, or not to deliver it, as you think good. the enrolment of prentices. We can find no God ever prosper your lordship.

ground for it by law. Myself shall ever be ready Yours ever, &c.

to further things that your lordship commendeth; FR. ST. ALBAN, Canc. but where the matter will not bear it, your lordMarch 25, 1620.

ship I know will think not the worse, but the bet-
ter of me, if I signify the true state of things
to your lordship; resting ever

Your lordship's true friend

and devoted servant,
Since my last to your lordship, I did first send York House, this 29th of October, 1617.

Fr. Bacon, C. S. for Mr. Attorney-General, and made him know, that since I heard from court, I was resolved to further the match and the conditions thereof, for your lordship's brother's advancement the best I

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. could. I did send, also, to my Lady Hatton, and My very good Lord, some other special friends, to let them know, I The liking which his majesty hath of our proceed. would in any thing declare myself for the match; ing, concerning his household, telleth me that his which I did, to the end that, if they had any majesty cannot but dislike the declining and terapprehension of iny assistance, they might be dis- giversation of the inferior officers, which by this couraged in it. I sent also to Sir John Butler, time he understandeth. ind after by letter to my lady, your mother, to There be but four kinds of retrenchments: 1. lender my performance of any good office towards The union of tables ; 2. The putting down of the match or the advancement from the mother. tables; 3. The abatement of dishes to tables; 4, This was all I could think of for the present. The cutting off new diets and allowance lately

I did ever foresee, that this alliance would go raised; and yet perhaps such as are more necesnear to leese me your lordship, that I hold so sary than some of the old. dear; and that was the only respect particular to In my opinion the first is the best and most myself that moved me to be as I was, till I heard feasible. The lord chamberlain's table is the from you. But I will rely upon your constancy principal table of state. The lord steward's and nature, and my own deserving, and the firm table is much frequented by Scottish gentlemen. tie we have in respect of the king's service. Your lordship's table hath a great attendance ;

In the mean time I must a little complain to and the groom of the stole's table is much resortyour lordship, that I do hear my lady your mother ed to by the bedchamber. These would not be and your brother Sir John do speak of me with touched; but for the rest, (his majesty's case consome bitterness and neglect. I must bear with sidered,) I think they may well be united into the one as a lady, and the other as a lover, and one. with both for your lordship's sake, whom I will These things are out of my element, but my make judge of any thing they shall have against care runneth where the king's state most laboureth: me. But I hope, though I be a true servant to Sir Lyonel Cranfield is yet sick, for which I am your lordship, you will not have me to be a vassal very sorry; for methinks his majesty, upon these 10 their passions, specially as long as they are tossings over of his business from one to others governed by Sir Edward Coke and Secretary Winwood, the latter of which I take to be the

* The Certificate :worst; for Sir Edward Coke I think is more According to his majesty's comniand, signified by your lord modest and discreet. Therefore your lordship ship’s letters, we have advisedly considered of the petition

touching the enrolnient of apprentices' indentures, and heard shall do me right, and yet I shall take it for favour the petitioners' counsel, and do find as followeth: if you signify to thein that you have received sa 1. That the act of parliament 5° Eliz. doth not warrant the tisfaction from me, and would have them use me erccting of an office to enrol such indentures in cities, lowns

corporate, or market towns. But if any such enrolment sliould friendly, and in good manner. God keep us from be, it must be by the officers there, who are assigned to per. these long journeys and absence, which make form sundry other things touching apprentices and servants.

2. That in country villages (for which the suit carries most misunderstandings and give advantage to untruth,

colour) we cannot give the suitors hope, that any profit will and God ever prosper and preserve your lordship. be there made warrantable by law. Your lordship's true and

Thus we have (according to our duties) certified our opinions devoted friend and servant,

of this petition, submitting the same, nevertheless, to his

majesty's great wisdom; and rest, FR. Bacon, C. S.

Oct. 25, 1617.

At your lordship's command, Qorhambury, this 3d of Aug. 1617.

FR. Bacon, C. S.


See p. 22

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