Indo-European Poetry and Myth
OUP Oxford, 24. mai 2007 - 525 sider
The Indo-Europeans, speakers of the prehistoric parent language from which most European and some Asiatic languages are descended, most probably lived on the Eurasian steppes some five or six thousand years ago. Martin West investigates their traditional mythologies, religions, and poetries, and points to elements of common heritage. In The East Face of Helicon (1997), West showed the extent to which Homeric and other early Greek poetry was influenced by Near Easterntraditions, mainly non-Indo-European. His new book presents a foil to that work by identifying elements of more ancient, Indo-European heritage in the Greek material. Topics covered include the status of poets and poetry in Indo-European societies; metre, style, and diction; gods and other supernatural beings,from Father Sky and Mother Earth to the Sun-god and his beautiful daughter, the Thunder-god and other elemental deities, and earthly orders such as Nymphs and Elves; the forms of hymns, prayers, and incantations; conceptions about the world, its origin, mankind, death, and fate; the ideology of fame and of immortalization through poetry; the typology of the king and the hero; the hero as warrior, and the conventions of battle narrative.
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1 Poet and Poesy
2 Phrase and Figure
3 Gods and Goddesses
4 Sky and Earth
5 Sun and Daughter
6 Storm and Stream
7 Nymphs and Gnomes
8 Hymns and Spells
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Achilles Aesch Æsir Agni ancient appears Armenian As´vins attested Avestan battle Beowulf called Campanile Campanile 1977 Celtic century Chapter chariot cognate cows Cú Chulainn daughter Dawn deity Dioskouroi divine Dyeus earth EIEC epithet fame father fire formula Germanic giants god’s goddess gods Graeco-Aryan Greek Grimm Grímnismál Gylf Hávamál heaven Heracles hero hero’s Hesiod Hittite Homeric horses Hymn Iliad Indo-European Indo-Iranian Indra Iranian Jonval killed king language Latin Latvian Lithuanian Luwian Maha¯bha¯rata Mannhardt Mannhardt 1936 Meid mortal mother motif myth mythical mythology narrative Norse nymphs Old English Old High German Old Irish Oldenberg 1917 parallel Perkunas phrase Pind poem poet poetic poetry praise prayer Puhvel reference riddle Rigveda ritual river root saga Schmitt serpent similar Skáldsk Slavonic sometimes song storm-god story Sun’s syllables Táin texts tradition Vedic verb verse Vries warriors Watkins Welsh West word Y Gododdin Zeus