that now another Southern man presides in the White House, and is steadfastly looking after the defense of this nation (applause), and is upholding the principles of the Declaration of Independence as enunciated by Thomas Jefferson. (Applause.) That is all I wanted to say.

PRESIDENT WATKINS: Ladies and Gentlemen I am sure that we are all delighted to have Mr. Malone with us, and trust that he will remain during the remainder of our deliberations. We always enjoy his genial personality, and his presence is always a source of encouragement.

MR. W. B. SWANEY: Mr. President, I believe that there are some other facts in connection with the Chattanooga Bar and this service flag that the Tennessee Bar Association should know about, and which ought to be made a permanent record. The Chattanooga Bar is and was peculiarly situated when this country declared war on Germany, in that it was situated so closely to one of the largest training camps in the country. Now, of the young men whose names appear on that service flag, 95 per cent of them went into the training camp. I know about this, because I have written over forty letters recommending them; some of them my personal friends, some young men whom I had taught in the Law School, and who afterwards became practitioners and who had made their mark in the legal profession, and who are now in the service of their country. Now these men have made good in the training camps as soldiers. The reason for this was not because they came from prominent families; it was not because of their social standing, but it was because they had trained minds. It is because they have been made familiar with the principles of the Constitution and the principles of the Declaration of Independence, and they possess that true American courage. We have more officers of the army that come from the legal profession than all of the rest of the professions together, and that is the reason why the army stands so high. In France and Great Britain Great Britain especially-the army is a regular profession and usually their officers are members of the nobility. It is a well-known fact that many lawyers have become officers in our army and have made for themselves very brilliant


There is just one other thing that this Association ought to know, and that is the older members of the Association who have sons in the army. Col. Watkins has two sons in the service of his country. (Applause.) The Hon. Foster V. Brown has two sons

A VOICE: Three.

MR. SWANEY: There is one other member of the bar who as a young man served as Secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association, afterwards became a good lawyer and a member of the Bar, and who now on every Sunday afternoon teaches a volunteer Sunday school here in Chattanooga, and who now has four sons in the army.

A VOICE: What is his name?

MR. SWANEY: Mr. J. B. Milligan. They have all gone in the defense of their country and some of them, if not all of them, have become officers. I think these facts ought to be made a matter of record. I cannot name all of them.

JUDGE J. J. LYNCH: There is one thing that strikes me, Mr. President, as very significant. I appreciate all that has been said about the members of the Bar who have gone into the training camps and have become officers and are now doing their duty, but I have in mind one man who went into the army as a private from the Chattanooga Bar, and I raise my hat to him whenever I think of the splendid sacrifice that he has made, for he is now in France. He had every qualification that was necessary to enable him to enter a training camp. He was not required to go; he had a wife and baby. I saw his struggles day by day, the struggle between his duty to his wife and child and his duty to his country, and finally when John B. Hyde could stand it no longer he arranged with his people at home to take care of his wife and child, and today he is on the battle fields of France, risking his life as an humble private. I take off my hat to John B. Hyde. (Applause.) PRESIDENT WATKINS: Any other remarks?

MR. B. E. TATUM: I am sure there has been enough said

on this subject, but I just want to make one suggestion: I think that there has been entirely too much said, and is being entirely too much said, throughout the country in regard to the distinction between the private who was drafted and the one who volunteered. I think we ought to quit talking about the man who was drafted into the army and the man who volunteered to go into the army. Our Government has adopted the selective draft system, and there is just as much honor due the man who is drafted and goes as there is the man who volunteers to go. (Applause.)

MR. JOSEPH H. ACKLIN: Great honor is due Chattanooga for having a member of its Bar who has four sons in the army, But Chattanooga is not alone in that position. There are others. There is in this hall at the present time, and a member of this Association, a very modest man, but one well known to the people of the State of Tennessee, a gentleman from Sparta, who has four sons in the army, and they are all Spartans (applause)-Mr. L. B. Hill.

MR. L. B. HILL (Applause): Mr. Chairman, and Ladies and Gentlemen and Members of the Bar Association: I have enjoyed very much this programme here of the Chattanooga Bar Association in presenting this service flag. I have enjoyed very much the patriotic sentiments that have been expressed. I know nothing that I could say that would add to what has already been said. I can only say this in reply to the statement of Col. Acklin: That I have the honor to have in the army four sons, three of whom are now in France. (Applause.) I can only say that, while I feel anxious about them, I feel as the mother of those boys does, that it is better to have them there than to have them at home under conditions that exist in this country today. (Applause.)

MR. JEPTHA BRIGHT: In regard to the service being rendered to our country by the boys who are the sons of the members of the Chattanooga Bar-forty in number-I don't know whehter there are forty or more-I desire to call your attention to the fact that we have a member of the Chattanooga Bar who has only two sons in the army. I refer to Senator J. B. Frazier. (Applause.)

JUDGE FRANK WILSON: I know of a lady, who is a widow, in Middle Tennessee, who has five sons in the armyall privates-and the youngest son is 16 years old, and he tried to make them believe he was 18, so that he could get in, and he says that as soon as he is 18 he is going in. (Applause.)

HON. J. B. FRAZIER: Mr. Chairman, and Ladies and Gentlemen: Every man, every American, no matter how much he loves his boys, if he has the spirit of a father or the love of human liberty and justice, is willing and anxious that those boys may maintain the traditions of our great country, even at the sacrifice of their lives. (Applause.) (Applause.) It is no small thing, Mr. Chairman, for a mother or father to tell their boys good-bye and see them go to war, see them sail across the seas. It touches the hearts of all. I sympathize with every mother in America and every father in America who is sending their boys across. Those boys, Mr. Persident, that went from the Chattanooga Bar, just like the boys that went from every other section of our great country. felt that the time. had come when America's honor and America's right demanded that America should get into this great struggle, in order to maintain the history of our great Republic, the rights of our Constitution and the principles of our people. (Applause.) They went into this struggle for the cause of freedom, and to them, Mr. Chairman, belongs the honor. Every mother and father feels, who have given up their boys with aching hearts but with smiles on their lips, that when the time came they would do their duty. They have sent them away, Mr. President, with the conscious faith that wherever they might go, under whatever conditions they might serve, that they would do their full duty as true men and as brave American citizens. (Applause.) We honored them and we honored ourselves. In honoring them, those who are left behind have the duty and responsibility to see that whatever may be necessary in money or equipment, in arms or the essentials of the army, shall not be lacking to enable them to successfully accomplish the great purpose to which they have dedicated their lives. Those who are left behind must see after those things. We must do our duty and respond generously to the demands which are made upon us. I feel that we cannot do

200 much; we cannot give too much; we cannot sacrifice too much for those boys who are fighting for the accomplishment of the objects of this great war. So, we must see that this duty is performed, and performed well. We must see that everything possible is done for the comfort of those boys who have gone forth to do our work and to fight our battles. Those boys are going over there, and they are going fast, and it is the American boys that constitute the army of America, an arry resplendent with courage, an army inspired with noble. purposes, and they will never stop until they have fixed beyond all question and for all time to come that the nations of the world, both great and small, may live in peace and security. (Applause.) I hope they will not stop until the last invading foe is driven from the fair land of France. I hope these boys will not stop until every German foe has been swept from Belgian soil, and so far as possible that brave little country has been restored to its heroic people. (Applause.) (Applause.) I hope they will not stop, Mr. President, until they have crossed the Rhine and determined, once and for all, that German militarism shall not prevail in the world. (Applause.) And God grant that when their work is done they may march back home and bless and enrich this country in the years that are to come. (Applause.)

HON. M. N. WHITAKER: Mr. Chairman, and Ladies and Gentlemen: I have just arrived, and I do not know how far the programme has proceeded.

PRESIDEIT WATKINS: It has just started, General.

MR. WHITAKER: Then I am in time?

PRESIDENT WATKINS: You are in time. Proceed. MR. WHITAKER: Senator Frazier said that he was very uch in sympathy-and that is a sentiment with which we all agree with the mothers who have had to kiss their boys goodbye, and who have gone to France. Every true man, every kindhearted man, is very much in sympathy with those mothers. Somehow or other, however, I am very much in sympathy with the mothers who have no boys to send. (Applause.) I am very much in sympathy with mothers who have sons who have

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