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reached, and three times, with courage never equalled in history, France bared her breast to the foe and threw into the fight all the glories of her manhood, and shouted, "You shall not pass." (Applause). And I have often thought that, if we could have put ourselves in France's place, if American men had been killed and wounded by the millions, if American cities had been razed to the ground, if American churches had been violated, if American women had suffered from crimes unspeakable, if American children had been butchered before the eyes of their helpless parents, we would never have had any doubt as to why we went into the war. It was, of course, provoked by the fact that Germany fired upon our own people, but that was not what brought us into the war. We went into the war for selfpreservation. Because we knew that, if France had failed, if Germany had covered the fifty miles between her and Paris, the channel ports would have been turned, and the Atlantic ocean would have been a ditch seven days wide. Flanders would have come to Massachusetts and to Maryland and to Georgia; American cities would have been destroyed, American churches violated, American women ravished, and American children butchered.
So, let us make no mistake about it. Let us tell it to our children, so that they may know forever, as we kiss the soil of our beloved country, that we fought for America. (Applause).
But more than that. More than that. We fought for peace. Perhaps it is because I am a Quaker, but I am one of those who believe that the reason why one hundred millions of men, women and children answered the call and followed our great leader into the war in April, 1917, was because our people believed it was a war against war, because our people believed it was a war which would bring peace to the world (applause). You know, I am a Quaker. I don't suppose you know about Quakers down here. In Pennsylvania we are not so rare. My people came to this country when William Penn pushed the good ship Welcome up the Delaware to try that great experiment in the woods, and from that day to this they have been Quakers. There are eight or nine generations, and the chief tenet of the Quaker faith is opposition to war and everything that pertains to war. And yet, I have been for this war from the first day to the last, because I believed it was a great war against
war in the world. My wife is a Quaker, through many generations, and yet, every boy of military age in her family, and in mine, though everyone of them is descended from a Quaker, was in the uniform of his country (applause).
Why, the war itself was the greatest argument against war that the world has ever witnessed. Every fairhaired boy that lies today beneath the soil in any part of Europe, every stricken mother and grief-bent father, every widowed wife and orphaned child in all the lands that knew the war, is the argument, swelling up to heaven with more eloquence than has been heard since the morning stars sang together, in support of the Christian doctrine, the American doctrine, of peace on earth, good will to men.
And so, we fought for these things,—for liberty, for America, and for peace,—these three, and the greatest of these is peace, for peace means liberty for everyone; peace means America forevermore, and peace means the bright noon-time of that glorious day that was ushered in by the Master when He blessed a weary world, "My peace I give unto you, my peace I leave with you.'
I tell you, my friends, the wonderful victory of American arms, the tremendous sacrifices of American manhood, and the devotion of womanhood will all be but a vain and futile thing if we do not make certain that out of this great victory shall come a greater liberty, a better America and a surer peace upon earth. (Prolonged applause, the audience rising).
MR. G. T. FITZHUGH: Mr. President, I move that the thanks of this Association be extended to AttorneyGeneral Palmer, both for his presence and for his masterful and inspiring address, and that as a slight token of our appreciation, and in the hope that he will be amongst us again, that he be elected an honorary member of this Association.
The motion was seconded and unanimously carried.
THE PRESIDENT: The motion is carried, and Mr. Attorney-General, I have the pleasure of extending to you the invitation of this Association to become an honorary member of it. I welcome you, sir.
COL. W. A. COLLIER: Mr. President, at the request of a supreme member of the Bar, I move that the able
speech just delivered by the Attorney-General be published in our paper
THE PRESIDENT (Interrupting): The motion is out of order. The speech of the Attorney-General, will, as a matter of course, be published in our proceedings.
What is the further pleasure of the Association? will proceed with the regular business of the Association.
Gentlemen, the next business of the Association is the election of our officers. Nominations for President of the Bar Association are now in order. Does the chair hear any nominations?
MR. LEE WINCHESTER: Mr. President, and gentlemen, this is the year that the presidency of the Association goes to Midddle Tennessee. I desire to place in nomination a man, who has, during the past year, served most actively, enthusiastically and intelligently as VicePresident for that district; a lawyer of distinction, and, although not as matured in years as some of our previous presidents, yet a man who is at the threshold of a great career, a lawyer of marked ability, and I desire to submit to the convention the name of our present Vice-President, Mr. Giles L. Evans, of Fayetteville.
MR. DOUGLASS: I second the nomination.
THE PRESIDENT: The name of Mr. Giles L. Evans has been presented for President of the Association, and his nomation has been seconded. Are there any further nominations? The chair hears none.
MR. HILLSMAN TAYLOR: I move that the nomination be closed, and that the secretary be instructed to cast the vote of this convention for Mr. Evans for president.
The motion was duly seconded.
THE PRESIDENT: That requires a unanimous consent to carry that motion.
The motion was unanimously carried.
PRESIDENT WILSON: The motion prevails, and Mr. Evans is elected president of the Association, upon the casting of the ballot.
Mr. Secretary of the Association, we will hear from you.
THE SECRETARY: Mr. President, and gentlemen of the convention, it affords me great pleasure to cast the vote of our entire Association for Mr. Giles L. Evans, of Fayetteville, for our next president.
The retiring president appointed Mr. D. W. De Haven and Judge I. H. Peres as a committee to conduct the new president to the chair, and President Evans was accordingly conducted to the chair, and presided over the further deliberations of the Association.
JUDGE JULIAN WILSON: Mr. President, I have the pleasure of surrendering to you, sir, the presidency of the Association, and give you the gavel of the President, and present to the Association its new President, Mr. Giles Evans.
PRESIDENT EVANS: Gentlemen of the Bar Association, as you all know, it is provided by the constitution and by-laws of the Association, that the inaua gural address of the president is always made the next year. But before proceeding with the business of the Association, I desire to say that I very much appreciate this honor conferred upon me, and will do my best to emulate the example of my predecessors.
Nominations are now in order for Vice-President of the Association for West Tennessee.
JUDGE JULIAN WILSON: Mr. President, I nominate for Vice-President for West Tennessee, Mr. Hillsman Taylor, of Trenton, Tennessee.
THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Hillsman Taylor has been nominated.
MR. BEJACH: Mr. President, I move that the nomination be closed and that the vote of the Association be cast for Mr. Taylor. (The motion was duly seconded and unanimously carried).
THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Secretary, we will hear from you. Will you cast the vote for Mr. Taylor?
THE SECRETARY: I take pleasure in casting the vote of the convention for Mr. Hillsman Taylor for vicepresident of the Tennessee Bar Association for West Tennessee.
THE PRESIDENT: The next in order is the election of a vice-president from Middle Tennessee. Who will you have for your vice-president from Middle Tennes
MR. ABE WALDAUER: Mr. President, I desire to place in nomination an able soldier, who stood side by side with me, over there, Sergeant Barton Brown, of Nashville.
THE PRESIDENT: You have heard the nomination. Are there any other nominations.
MR. HILLSMAN TAYLOR: I desire to second that nomination, and I now move that the nominations be closed, and that the secretary cast the entire vote of the Association for Mr. Barton Brown for vice-president from Middle Tennessee.
The motion was unanimously carried.
THE PRESIDENT: The secretary will cast the vote of the Association for Mr. Barton Brown of Nashville, as vice-president.
THE SECRETARY: I take pleasure in casting the vote of the Association for Mr. Barton Brown for vicepresident for Middle Tennessee.
THE PRESIDENT: The next in order is the election of a vice-president from East Tennessee. Whom will you have for vice-president from East Tennessee? Are there any nominations?
MR. LEE WINCHESTER: I nominate Mr. C. H. Smith of Knoxville, a former secretary of the Association.
JUDGE JULIAN WILSON: I second the nomination.
THE PRESIDENT: Mr. C. H. Smith of Knoxville has been nominated. Are there any other nominations ?
JUDGE I. H. PERES: I move that the nominations be closed, and that the secretary cast the vote of the entire Association for Mr. C. H. Smith, for vice-president from East Tennessee.
The motion was duly seconded and unanimously carried.
THE PRESIDENT: The secretary will cast the vote of the Association for Mr. Chas. H. Smith, of Knoxville for vice-president from East Tennessee.
THE SECRETARY: I cast the vote of the Association for Mr. Chas H. Smith of Knoxville for vice-president from East Tennessee.